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Beusite

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About BeusiteHide

Formula:
Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Colour:
Reddish-Brown to pinkish brown
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Hardness:
5
Specific Gravity:
3.60 - 3.70
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named by Cornelius S. Hurlbut, Jr. and Lorenzo Francisco Aristarain in 1968 for Alexei Alexandrovich Beus [1923- ], a Russian geochemist and mineralogist at Moscow Polytechnical Institute.
Beusite-Graftonite Series.

The correct formula (IMA CNMMN 2017 redefinition) is: MnMn2(PO4)2. Due to some recent finds of new species among the group this mineral is likely to be renamed to beusite-(Mn). Compare beusite-(Ca).


Classification of BeusiteHide

Approved
Notes:
Redefined by the IMA
Approval Year:
1968
Approval History:
Redefined by IMA february 2017 as Mn2+Mn2+2(PO4)2.
8.AB.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
B : With medium-sized cations
38.3.3.2

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
3 : (AB)3(XO4)2
19.12.39

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn

Physical Properties of BeusiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Reddish-Brown to pinkish brown
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{010} good, {100| poor
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.60 - 3.70 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.71 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BeusiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.685 - 1.708 nβ = 1.688 - 1.711 nγ = 1.700 - 1.723
2V:
Measured: 25° to 45°, Calculated: 54°
Birefringence:
0.020
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.015
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v strong
Optical Extinction:
X = b; Z ^ 37°
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of BeusiteHide

Formula:
Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
IMA Formula:
Mn2+Mn2+2(PO4)2

Crystallography of BeusiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.78 Å, b = 11.52 Å, c = 6.15 Å
β = 99.42°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.762 : 1 : 0.534
Unit Cell V:
613.66 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.52 (100)
2.95 (20)
2.93 (30)
2.88 (60)
2.86 (60)
2.74 (20)
2.71 (60)
2.65 (40)
Comments:
ICDD 36-401

Type Occurrence of BeusiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Granite pegmatite.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of BeusiteHide

Other Language Names for BeusiteHide

German:Beusit
Russian:Беусит
Simplified Chinese:磷铁锰矿
Spanish:Beusita

Relationship of Beusite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Beusite-(Ca)CaMn2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
GraftoniteFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Graftonite-(Ca)CaFe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Graftonite-(Mn)MnFe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Qingheiite7 photos of Beusite associated with Qingheiite on mindat.org.
Fillowite3 photos of Beusite associated with Fillowite on mindat.org.
Lithiophilite1 photo of Beusite associated with Lithiophilite on mindat.org.
Muscovite1 photo of Beusite associated with Muscovite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AB.BorisenkoiteCu3[(V,As)O4]2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.05FarringtoniteMg3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m
8.AB.10FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4Orth.
8.AB.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10SickleriteLi1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4Orth.
8.AB.10SimferiteLi(Mg,Fe3+,Mn3+)2(PO4)2Orth.
8.AB.10TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10KarenwebberiteNa(Fe2+,Mn2+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.AB.15Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.15Chopinite(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.20GraftoniteFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.25XanthiositeNi3(AsO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.30LammeriteCu3(AsO4)2Mon.
8.AB.30Lammerite-βCu3(AsO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.35McbirneyiteCu3(VO4)2Tric.
8.AB.35StranskiiteZn2Cu(AsO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
8.AB.35PseudolyonsiteCu3(VO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.40LyonsiteCu3Fe4(VO4)6Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

38.3.3.1GraftoniteFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
19.12.6RobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2OTric.
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.11Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.12Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.13Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet.
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3Orth.
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2OOrth.
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
19.12.22Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.23Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.
19.12.24LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
19.12.30Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36Trig.
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.35LudlamiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.36GraftoniteFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OOrth.
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.40MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.45StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6Mon.
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe3+6(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon.
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
19.12.52Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2Mon.
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.12.55EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
19.12.57ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ccc2
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon.
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.65Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe2+2Mn2+2Al2(PO4)10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Fluorescence of BeusiteHide

Not fluorescent.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BeusiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hurlbut, C.S. et al. (1968) Beusite, a new mineral from Argentina, and the Graftonite-Beusite Series. American Mineralogist: 53: 1799-1814.
Canadian Mineralogist (1990) 28: 141 structure.
American Mineralogist (1991) 76: 1985-1989.
Tait, K. T., Hawthorne, F. C., Wise, M. A. (2013) The crystal chemistry of the graftonite-beusite minerals. Canadian Mineralogist 51, 653-662.
CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 403–409.

Internet Links for BeusiteHide

Localities for BeusiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Chubut
    • Tehuelches department
      • Nueva Lubecka
Ian Steele et al (1991). Occurrence and crystal structure of Ca-free beusite in the El Sampal IIIA iron meteorite. American Mineralogist, 76, 1985-1989.
  • Córdoba
Colombo, F., & Sfragulla, J. (2012). The Garnet–phosphate Buffer In Peraluminous Granitic Magmas: A Case Study From Pegmatites In The Pocho District, Córdoba, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1555-1571.
Colombo, F., & Sfragulla, J. (2012). The garnet–phosphate buffer in peraluminous granitic magmas: a case study from pegmatites in the Pocho district, Córdoba, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1555-1571.
Colombo, F., & Sfragulla, J. (2012). The garnet–phosphate buffer in peraluminous granitic magmas: a case study from pegmatites in the Pocho district, Córdoba, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1555-1571.
  • San Luis
    • Coronel Pringles Department
[MinRec 4:110]; Am Min 53:1799-1812
Hurlbut, C. and Aristarain, 1968, American Mineralogist, 53:1799.
      • Totoral pegmatitic field
GALLISKI M.A., CERNÝ P., OYARZÁBAL J., CHAPMAN R. and MÁRQUEZ-ZAVALÍA M. F., THE ASSOCIATION QINGHEIITE-BEUSITE-LITHIOPHILITE IN THE SANTA ANA PEGMATITE, SAN LUIS, ARGENTINA, 6 CONGRESO DE MINERALOGIA Y METALOGENIA: 157. (2002); OYARZABAL, J. and GALLISKI, M.A.. Hureaulite, Mn+25(H2O)4[PO3(OH)]2[PO4]2, from different deposits of the Totoral pegmatitic field, San Luis. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 210-216.
    • Junín department
Am Min 53:1799-1812
    • San Martín department
      • Las Aguadas
Roda-Robles, E., Galliski, M. A., Roquet, M. B., Hatert, F., & de Paeseval, P. (2012). Phosphate nodules containing two distinct assemblages in the Cema granitic pegmatite, San Luis province, Argentina: Paragenesis, composition and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(4), 913-931.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mica Creek
Brooks, J.H. and Shipway C.H.,(1960) Mica Creek pegmatites, Mount Isa, North-Western Queensland. Queensland Government Mining Journal, October 20, 1960, pp5ll-522.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Baijot, M., Hatert, F., Dal Rio, F. & Philipo, S. (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of phosphate mineral association from the Jocão pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 373-397.
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Cross Lake
      • North Group
ČERNÝ et al. (1998) Graftonite – beusite in granitic pegmatites of the Superior Province: a study in contrast. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 367-376.
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
ČERNÝ et al. (1998) Graftonite – beusite in granitic pegmatites of the Superior Province: a study in contrast. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 367-376. Ca. Min. 36, 283.
      • Cat Lake - Winnipeg River pegmatite field
ČERNÝ et al. (1998) Graftonite – beusite in granitic pegmatites of the Superior Province: a study in contrast. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 367-376.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Yellowknife Pegmatite field
Wise, M. and Cerny, P., 1990, Beusite-Triphylite Intergrowths from theYellowknife Pegmatite Field, Northwest Territories, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 28: 133-139.
Czech Republic
 
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Křižanov
Staněk, J.: Parageneze minerálů pegmatitových žil z Hatí u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. nat., vol. 76, pages 19-49.
Novák, M., Johan, Z., Škoda, R., Černý, P., Šrein, V., & Veselovský, F. (2008). Primary oxide minerals in the system WO3–Nb2O5–TiO2–Fe2O3–FeO and their breakdown products from the pegmatite No. 3 at Dolní Bory-Hatě, Czech Republic. European Journal of Mineralogy, 20(4), 487-499.
Staněk, J.: Asociace minerálů významnějších pegmatitových žil v Hatích u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1997, roč. 82, 3-19.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Lahti, Seppo I. (1981): On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, Southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 314
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Theisseil
Th. Wittzke
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (1994) Neue Funde. Mineralien-Welt, 2/94, 46-47.; Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
VIGNOLA, P., & DIELLA, V. (2007). Phosphates from Piona granitic pegmatites (Central Southern Alps, Italy). Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Book of Abstr.(T. Martins & R. Vieira, eds.). Universidade do Porto, Departamento de Geologia, Memórias, 8, 102-103.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Oblast
    • Turkestan Range
Jastrzębski, W., Sitarz, M., Rokita, M., & Bułat, K. (2011). Infrared spectroscopy of different phosphates structures. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 79(4), 722-727.; Handbook of Mineralogy
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Santiago Papasquiaro
Meteoritics 28:415 (July, 1993)
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib
      • Tsaobismund Farm 85
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 491 pp (in English).
Bideaux, R. Handbook of Mineralogy, v. 4, p. 67.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
Raade, G. (2007): Minerals of Norway - the (almost) complete inventory. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift,35, 69-98.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Sowie Mts
Pieczka A., Łobos K., Sachanbiński M. 2004: The first occurence of elbaite in Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 35, 3-14
    • Sudetes Mts
      • Sowie Mts
Pieczka, A., Włodek, A., Gołębiowska, B., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K. (2015): Phosphate-bearing pegmatites in the Góry Sowie Block and adjacent areas, Sudetes, SW Poland. 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, PEG 2015 Książ, Poland. Abstracts: 77-78
    • Świdnica District
Pieczka A., Golębiowska B., Skowroński A.: Ferrisicklerite and other phosphate minerals from the Lutomia pegmatite (SW Poland, Lower Silesia, Góry Sowie Mts.)
    • Ząbkowice Slaskie District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
        • Szklary (Gläsendorf)
Pieczka, A., & Gołębiowska, B. (2001). Altered pyrochlore from the Szklary rare-element pegmatite, Lower Silesia, Poland. In Mineral Deposits at the Beginning of the 21 st Century. Proceedings of the Joint sixth Biennial SGA-SEG Meeting (pp. 469-472).
Geologia Sudetica, 33 (1): 23-31. ; Pieczka, A., Evans, R. J., Grew, E. S., Groat, L. A., Ma, C., & Rossman, G. R. (2013). The dumortierite supergroup. II. Three new minerals from the Szklary pegmatite, SW Poland: Nioboholtite,(Nb0. 6⃞0. 4) Al6BSi3O18, titanoholtite,(Ti0. 75⃞0. 25) Al6BSi3O18, and szklaryite, ⃞Al6BAs33+ O15. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(6), 2841-2856.
Sweden
 
  • Ångermanland
    • Örnsköldsvik
      • Sidensjö
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998) Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 377-394
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394
  • Södermanland
    • Haninge
Canadian Mineralogist (1998) 36 (2), 377-394
      • Utö
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Larimer Co.
      • Crystal Mountain Pegmatite District (Storm Mountain District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
        • Storm Mountain
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • New Mexico
    • Cibola Co.
      • Zuni Mts
        • Zuni Mountains District
Meteoritics, vol. 28, no. 3, volume 28, page 415
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Custer
internet sources
  • Wyoming
Rocks&Min 76:23-241
      • Bridger Mts (Bridger Range)
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
Mineral and/or Locality  
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