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Hydromagnesite

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Formula:
Mg
 
5
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Colourless to white; ...
Hardness:
Name:In allusion to the composition, being a HYDRated MAGNESium carbonate.


A low-temperature hydrothermal mineral occurring in veinlets in serpentine and altered magnesium-rich igneous rocks; also as an alteration product of brucite in periclase marbles.

Classification of Hydromagnesite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/E.01-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.DA.05

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
A : With medium-sized cations
Dana 8th edition ID:16b.7.1.1

16b : HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
7 : Miscellaneous
Hey's CIM Ref.:11.3.7

11 : Carbonates
3 : Carbonates of Mg
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Type Occurrence of Hydromagnesite

Type Locality:Castle Point, Hoboken, Bergen Hill, Hudson Co., New Jersey, USA
Year of Discovery:1827
Associated Minerals at type locality:
DolomiteBruciteArtiniteAragonite

Occurrences of Hydromagnesite

Geological Setting:Low-temperature, hydrothermal environments in serpentine and altered magnesium-rich igneous rocks.

Physical Properties of Hydromagnesite

Lustre:Vitreous, Silky, Pearly, Earthy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Colourless to white; colourless in transmitted light
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
On {010}.
Parting:Possible parting on {100}.
Density (measured):2.236 g/cm3

Crystallography of Hydromagnesite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 10.11Å, b = 8.94Å, c = 8.38Å
β = 114.58°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.131 : 1 : 0.937
Unit Cell Volume:V 688.78 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Crystals small, occurring as tufts, rosettes, or crusts of acicular or bladed crysta;s elongated [001] and flattened {100}. Massive, chalky.
Twinning:Twin plane {100} and composition face {100}. Twinning very common, polysynthetic.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Hydromagnesite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.523 nβ = 1.527 nγ = 1.545
2V:Measured: 30° to 90°, Calculated: 52°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.022

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:none

Chemical Properties of Hydromagnesite

Formula:
Mg
 
5
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2·4H2O
Essential elements:C, H, Mg, O
All elements listed in formula:C, H, Mg, O

Relationship of Hydromagnesite to other Species

Common Associates:
PyroauriteOpalMagnesiteDolomiteDeweylite
CalciteBruciteArtiniteAragonite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.DA.05Dypingite
Mg
 
5
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
5.DA.05Giorgiosite
Mg
 
5
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 5-6H
 
2
O
5.DA.05Widgiemoolthalite
Ni
 
5
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
5.DA.05UM1986-10-CO:ClHMgMnZn
Mg
 
5
(Zn,Mn)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH,Cl)
 
12
· H
 
2
O
5.DA.05UM1987-01-CO:HMgS
Mg
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O ?
5.DA.10Artinite
Mg
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.10Indigirite
Mg
 
2
Al
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 15H
 
2
O
5.DA.10Chlorartinite
Mg
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)Cl · 2H
 
2
O
5.DA.15Otwayite
Ni
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
5.DA.15Zaratite
Ni
 
3
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.20Kambaldaite
NaNi
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.25Callaghanite
Cu
 
2
Mg
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
5.DA.30Claraite
(Cu,Zn)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.35Hydroscarbroite
Al
 
14
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
36
· nH
 
2
O
5.DA.35Scarbroite
Al
 
5
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
13
· 5H
 
2
O
5.DA.40Caresite
Fe
2+
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
[CO
 
3
] · 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.40Quintinite
Mg
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
[CO
 
3
] · 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.40Charmarite
Mn
2+
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
[CO
 
3
] · 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.45Stichtite-2H
Mg
 
6
(Cr,Al)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.45Brugnatellite
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
 
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
13
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.45Chlormagaluminite
Mg
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
Cl
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.45Hydrotalcite-2H
Mg
 
6
Al
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.45Pyroaurite-2H
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.45Zaccagnaite
Zn
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
[CO
 
3
] · 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.50Comblainite
Ni
 
4
Co
 
2
(OH)
 
12
[CO
 
3
] · 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.50Desautelsite
Mg
 
6
Mn
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.50Hydrotalcite
Mg
 
6
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.50Pyroaurite
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.50Reevesite
Ni
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
(CO
 
3
) · 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.50Stichtite
Mg
 
6
Cr
 
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.50Takovite
Ni
 
6
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.50UM1998-10-CO:CoHNi
Co
 
6
Fe
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O ?
5.DA.55Coalingite
Mg
 
10
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
24
[CO
 
3
] · 2H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
11.3.1Magnesite
MgCO
 
3
11.3.2Barringtonite
MgCO
 
3
· 2H
 
2
O
11.3.3Nesquehonite
MgCO
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
11.3.4Lansfordite
MgCO
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
11.3.5Pokrovskite
Mg
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
2
11.3.6Artinite
Mg
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
11.3.8Giorgiosite
Mg
 
5
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 5-6H
 
2
O
11.3.9Dypingite
Mg
 
5
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
11.3.10Eitelite
Na
 
2
Mg(CO
 
3
)
 
2
11.3.11Mcguinnessite
(Mg,Cu)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
2

Other Names for Hydromagnesite

Synonyms:
Hydrocarbonate of MagnesiaHydromagnesite (of Wachmeister)HydromagnocalciteIdromagnesitePencatite
Predazzite
Other Languages:
German:Hydromagnesit
Idromagnesit
Lancasterit
Japanese:ハイドロマグネサイト
Russian:Гидромагнезит
Simplified Chinese:水菱镁石
Spanish:Hydromagnesita
Idromagnesita
Lancasterita
Varieties:
Leesbergite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:None.

References for Hydromagnesite

Reference List:

- +
Wachmeister (1827) Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar: 18.

von Kobell (1835) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 4: 80.

Silliman (1850) American Journal of Science: 9: 216 (as Lancasterite).

Weinschenk (1897) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 27: 570.

Brugnatelli (1899) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 31: 54.

Kramm (1910) Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society: 49: 344.

Wells (1910) American Journal of Science: 30: 189.

Zambonini, Ferruccio (1910) Mineralogia Vesuviana. 368 pp., Naples: 95.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 89.

Rogers (1923) American Journal of Science: 6: 37.

Hintze, Carl (1926) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3A]: 3522.

Fenoglio, M. (1927) Boll. Soc. geol. Ital.: 46: 13.

Levi and Ghiron (1932) Gazzetta chimica italiana, Rome: 62: 218.

Callaghan (1933) University of Nevada Bull. 27: 7.

Fenoglio M. (1936) Ricerche sull'idromagnesite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma 257-284.

Meixner (1937) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 363.

Kisselev (1938) Ann. Inst. Mines Leningrad: 11: 59 [Min. Abs. (1946): 9: 267].

Meixner (1938) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 8.

Cummings (1940) Bulletin of the British Columbia Department of Mines, No. 4.

Caillère (1943) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 66: 55.

Murdoch, Joseph (1951), Unit cell of hydromagnesite: (abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 62: 1465.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 271-274.

Murdoch, Joseph (1954), The unit cell of hydromagnesite: (abstract): American Mineralogist: 37: 296-297; …American Mineralogist: 39: 24-29 (1954).

Mineralogical Record (1973): 4: 18-20.

Acta Crystallographica: B33: 1273-1275.

Internet Links for Hydromagnesite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Hydromagnesite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Hydromagnesite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Antarctica
     
    • Eastern Antarctica
      • Princess Elizabeth Land
        • Ingrid Christensen Coast
    Gore, D.B., Nichols, G.T., Lehmann, C.E.R., Burgess, J.S., Baird, A.S.&, Creagh, D.C. (2000) An atlas of surficial salts of the Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica: composition, distribution and origin ANARE Report 143. 146 pp
    Australia
     
    • Australian Capital Territory
      • Brindabella Mtn
        • Cotter
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
    • Tasmania
      • Huon district
        • Weld river
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
      • Trial Harbour district
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Victoria
      • Bundoora
    • Western Australia
      • Wiluna Shire
        • Mount Keith
    Mills, S. J., Wilson, S. A., Dipple, G. M. & Raudsepp, M. (2010) The decomposition of konyaite: Importance in CO2 fixation in mine tailings. Mineralogical Magazine, 74(5), 903–917.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
        • Hirt
          • Griesserhof (Gulitzen; Gullitzen)
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
        • Hüttenberg
          • Waitschach
    Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
      • Gurktaler Alpen
        • St Veit an der Glan
          • Launsdorf
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Lower Austria
      • Waldviertel
        • Persenbeug-Gottsdorf
          • Loja
    Löffler, E. & Kolitsch, U. (2011): Die Mineralien der Loja bei Persenbeug, Niederösterreich (II). Mineralien-Welt. 22 (4): 51-62
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Stubach valley
    Strasser, A. (1989): Die Minerale Salzburgs. Salzburg. 346p
      • Salzburg
        • Untersberg massif
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Styria
      • Eisenerz
    Seemann, R. (1985): Hydromagnesit und Begleitmineralien aus dem Frauenmauer-Langstein-Höhlensystem, Hochschwab, Steiermark. Mitt. Abt. Miner. Landesmuseum Joanneum, 53, 11-21.
      • Fischbacher Alpen
        • St. Jakob-Breitenau
          • Eibegggraben
    Bojar, H.-P. & Postl, W. (2005)
      • Judenburg
    Natural History Museum Vienna collection
      • Leoben
        • Kraubath an der Mur
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
        • St Stefan ob Leoben
    Meixner (1973)
    • Tyrol
      • East Tyrol
        • Virgen valley
          • Prägraten
            • Dorferbach valley
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
          • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
            • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994); Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
    • Upper Austria
      • Gmunden
        • Hallstatt
          • Obertraun
    Journal "Die Höhle"
    Belgium
     
    • Liège Province
      • Verviers
        • Plombières-Vieille Montagne District (Plombières-Altenberg)
          • Plombières (Bleyberg)
    van Tassel, R., (1979): Minéraux artificiels ou de néoformation à Plombières et Sclaigneaux, Belgique, Bulletin de la Societe Belge de Géologie, 88 (4), 273-279
    • Namur Province
      • Andenne
    No reference listed
    Bolivia
     
    • Cochabamba Department
      • Chapare Province
    Wet chemistry analysis by Dr. Fritz Berndt
    Federico Ahlfeld analysis.
    Brazil
     
    • Bahia
      • Bom Jesus da Serra (former Poções)
    Mineralogical Record (1977) 8:382-387
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Atlin Mining Division
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 230, 273.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 273.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 273.
    • Nova Scotia
      • Inverness Co.
    Tupper, W. M. (1963): Brucite, a new occurrence at Meat Cove, Nova Scotia. Can. Mineral. 7, 796-804
    • Ontario
      • Hastings Co.
        • Dungannon Township
    Ref: Sabina (1986) Geol. Survey of Canada, Misc. Report 39, 11-14.
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
        • Madoc Area
          • Madoc Township
    Ann P.Sabina (1987), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec; Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41
      • Nipissing District
        • Olrig Township
    Geological Survey Of Canada Paper 70-50.; Ann P.Sabina 2007, Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Ottawa to North Bay and Huntsville, Ontario; Gatineau (Hull) to Waltham and Temiscaming, Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 48.
      • Sudbury District
        • Levack Township
    Richard Gunter and Falconbridge internal analysis report
    • Québec
      • Chaudière-Appalaches
        • Les Appalaches RCM
          • Saint-Joseph-de-Coleraine
    GAUDARD, S. (1993) Voyages au coeur des Appalaches. Published by: Musée Minéralogique et Minier de la région de l’amiante, Thetford Mines, Québec, 178 p.
          • Saint-Julien
    SABINA, A.P. (1967) Geological Survey of canada Paper, 66-51, 170p
          • Thetford Mines
    Maggie Wilson
      • Estrie
        • Les Sources RCM
          • Asbestos
    HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. and SPERTINI, F. (2013) The Jeffrey mine, Asbestos, Québec, Canada: A mineralogical review. Mineralogical Record, 44, 375-417.
      • Outaouais
        • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
          • Chelsea
    Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 41
          • Wakefield
    Sabina, A.P. (1987) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec, Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41, 34-35 p.
    • Yukon Territory
      • Dawson Mining District
    MinRec 23:4-47
    Sabina, A.P. (1972) Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Alaska Highway, Dawson Creek, British Columbia to Yukon/Alaska border. GSC paper 72-32. Reissued (1992) as GSC Miscellaneous Report 50, 98-99.
    Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
    China
     
    • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Tonghua Prefecture
        • Ji'an Co.
    Zhaobin Su and Shaoying Jiang (1984): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 5(3), 102-108
    • Qinghai Province
      • Hainan Autonomous Prefecture
    Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12.
      • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
        • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
    Dapeng Sun, Zhanghong Gao, and Kejun Wang (1984): Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 2(4)
    • Shaanxi Province
      • Hanzhong Prefecture
        • Ningqiang Co.
    Zhaobin Su and Shaoying Jiang (1984): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 5(3), 102-108
    • Sichuan Province
      • Ya'an Prefecture
        • Shimian Co.
    Zhaobin Su and Shaoying Jiang (1984): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 5(3), 102-108
    Zhaobin Su and Shaoying Jiang (1984): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 5(3), 102-108
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
        • Xainza Co. (Shenzha Co.)
    Goto, A., Arakawa, H., Morinaga, H., and Sakiyama, T. (2003): Journal of Asian Earth Science 21, 979-988.
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
    Xiao Huiliang, Zhou Jiyuan, Wang Henian, Cui Bingfang, and Chen Shizhong (2003): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 22(3), 280-288.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Olomouc Region
    Petr Paulis (2001): Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mahren und Schlesien; Kuttna, Kutná Hora p69-73
      • South Moravia Region
        • Oslavany
          • Hrubšice
    KOVÁŘ O., LOSOS Z., (2005): Artinit z hadcového lomu u Biskoupek u Oslavan, západní Morava – nový minerál pro Českou republiku. – Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz., 13, 137-139, Praha.
      • Vysočina Region
        • Havlíčkův Brod (Německý Brod; Deutschbrod)
    Doubek, Z., Rychlý, R., Veselovský, F.: Brucit a hydromagnezit z lokality Borek jv. od Vilémova. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1983, roč. 28, č. 3, s. 317-318.
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Gard
        • Saint-Laurent-le-Minier
    Minéralogie de la mine des malines (Daniel Gol, Alain Martaud, Nicolas Meisser, Pascal Chollet) - Le regne minéral, H.S. XVI, pp 49-86.
    - Gol, D, Martaud, A., Meisser, N. & Chollet, P. (2010): Minéralogie des Malines, Gard. Le Règne Minéral, HS XVI, 49-88.
      • Pyrénées-Orientales
        • Prats de Mollo-La Preste (Prats de Molló-La Presta)
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Kaiserstuhl
        • Sasbach
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 273.
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Bamberg
    Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology (1972) 36:171-174
        • Maroldsweisach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Aachen
        • Stolberg
    Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    International Association of Collectors of Slag
      • Sauerland
        • Arnsberg
          • Hüsten
    D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Hillesheim
          • Zilsdorf
    Beyer, H., Eine Magnesium-Mineralparagenese als Folge primärer biologischer Stoffanlage und sekundärem vulkanischen Erhitzungsprozeß am Arensberg / Eifel, Der Aufschluß SB 30, 1980
        • Mayen
          • Ettringen
            • Bellerberg volcano
    [Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Eifel und dem Siegerland, Mineralien-Welt 10/3, 23, 1999] [A. Wittern: Mineralfundorte in Deutschland, Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001]
      • Lahn valley
        • Bad Ems District
          • Frücht
    Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
    Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
          • Sounion area
    Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
    Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
    Hungary
     
    • Pest Co.
      • Budai Mtns
        • Budapest
    Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
    Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
    • Veszprém Co.
      • Balaton Uplands
        • Tapolcai Basin
          • Uzsa (Uzsabánya)
    Kovács, I. et al. (2009): Guide to the Bakony-Balaton Volcanic Highland, Field Trip 1, 7th September 2009. MinPet2009 field trip booklet, 23 pp.
    Iran
     
    • Kerman Province
      • Baft District
    No reference listed
    Israel
     
    • Negev
    Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
    Italy
     
    • Aosta Valley
      • Châtillon
    Paolo Pastore Collection
      • Cogne Valley
        • Cogne
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Emarese
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 273; Del Caldo A.,Moro C.,Gramaccioli C.M.,Boscardin M.-Guida ai Minerali-Fratelli Fabbri Editori (1973)
      • Lys Valley
        • Gressoney-la-Trinité
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    C.M. Gramaccioli (1975)-Minerali alpini e Prealpini-Edizioni Atlas Bergamo
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    C.M. Gramaccioli (1975)-Minerali alpini e Prealpini-Edizioni Atlas Bergamo
    • Campania
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
          • Monte Somma
            • Ercolano
              • San Vito
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
            • Pollena - Trocchia area
    Carati M., 1982. Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana. Guide Calderini, Bologna.
          • Mt Vesuvius
            • Terzigno
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
      • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
        • Salerno Province
          • Nocera
            • Lavorate
    Carati, M., (????): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel tufo grigio campano, ???
    • Emilia-Romagna
      • Parma Province
        • Borgo Val di Taro
    GMPNP collection; Pellecchia, M. & Mavris, C. (2012): Artinite e altri carbonati nella valle del fiume Taro, Parma. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2012, 10-17.
      • Piacenza Province
        • Trebbia Valley
          • Coli
    - Baldizzone, G. (2008): I minerali del piacentino – come riconoscerli dove trovarli. Baldizzone G., stampa Tipolito Farnese, Piacenza, 113 pp.; - Baldizzone, G. (2008): I minerali del piacentino – come riconoscerli dove trovarli. Baldizzone G., stampa Tipolito Farnese, Piacenza, 113 pp.
    • Latium
      • Rome Province
    Caponera, I., Fiori, S., Pucci, R., & Signoretti, E. (2007). I minerali dei Colli Albani. Un aggiornamento sugli ultimi dieci anni di ricerche. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 74-91.
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
    Onorato E. - Idromagnesite di Ariccia (Parco Chigi, Lazio). Periodico di Miner. vol I, 1930 pp. 223-224.
        • Rome
    No reference listed
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
        • Genova
          • Borzoli
    Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
    Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
      • La Spezia Province
        • Carro
    M. Boscardin - Informazioni di mineralogia italiana - Notizie del Guppo Min. Lombardo - 7, March 1970, p. 5 - (This publication later changed its name in Rivista Minealogica Italiana)
    Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia
    M. Boscardin - Informazioni di mineralogia italiana - Notizie del Guppo Min. Lombardo - 7, March 1970, p. 5 - (This publication later changed its name in Rivista Minealogica Italiana)
    Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia
    • Lombardy
      • Bergamo Province
        • Cene
          • Rossa Valley
            • Monte Bò
    Gianni Peracchi collection 2007
    Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai Minerali, Fratelli Fabbri, Ed., Milano, 208 pp.; Gianni Peracchi collection
    • Piedmont
      • Cuneo Province
        • Varaita Valley
          • Sampeyre
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Torino Province
        • Canavese District
          • Léssolo
            • Cálea
    http://www.webmineralshop.com/articoli/brosso_eng.htm
        • Lanzo Valleys
          • Ala Valley
            • Balme
    Maletto G.,Meda F.,Pelizzone G.-I minerali della Val d'Ala -Ellezeta (1976)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 273.
            • Viù
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Teulada
    Conti L, Cozupoli D., Lombardi G, Traversa g. 1970 - Segnalazione di Sjögrenite nelle contattiti presso Teulada (Sardegna meridionale) Per. Min. Roma, vol. 39 A, (special volume), pp. 119-127
        • Villaputzu
    Ciriotti M.E. and Blass.G. (2010) - Pot-pourri 2009: identificazioni UKiS AMI. Minerali italiani di interesse.. Micro (UK report), pagg. 124-127
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Ala
    Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)
          • Pilcante
    "Guida mineralogica d'Italia - I vol." V. De Michele, M. Boscardin, G. Scaini pp. 192-194. Ist. Geografico De Agostini Novara - 1975
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
        • Centa San Nicolò
          • Vigolana Mount
    Guida ai minerali. F.Fabbri Ed., Milano 1973.
        • Fassa Valley
          • Monzoni Mts
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
        • Fiemme Valley
          • Predazzo
            • Canzoccoli
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
            • Latemar Group
    Giulia Zanoni (1980) - Minerali del Gruppo del Latemar (Trento) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, n. 3, 1980
    Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
        • Terragnolo
          • Terragnolo Valley
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
        • Terragnolo Valley
          • Terragnolo
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
    • Tuscany
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Stazzema
    Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22.
    http://forum.fmal.com/viewtopic.php?t=116
      • Pisa Province
        • Castelnuovo Val di Cecina
    Brizzi, G., Meli, R., 1989. L'antica miniera di Montecastelli e i minerali delle rocce circostanti. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 13 (3): 163-178.
    • Veneto
      • Vicenza Province
        • Arsiero
          • Contrada Draghi
    Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
          • Riofreddo valley
            • Contrada Busati-Pasquali
    Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
          • Tovo valley
            • Contrada Malgarini
    Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
        • Astico Valley
          • Cogollo del Cengio
            • Astico creek
    Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
          • Pedemonte
            • Contrada Scalzeri
    Boscardin M. et alii. "I minerali nel Vicentino", Museo "G. Zannato", Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 2011
        • Calvene
    Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
        • Cogollo del Cengio
          • Astico Valley
    M. Boscardin: Località mineralogiche consigliate: Le cave della val d'Astico - Notizie del Guppo Min. Lombardo - 10, Dec 1970, p. 7 - (This publication later changed its name in Rivista Minealogica Italiana) ; M. Boscardin: Località mineralogiche consigliate: Le cave della val d'Astico - Notizie del Guppo Min. Lombardo - 10, Dec 1970, p. 7 - (This publication later changed its name in Rivista Minealogica Italiana)
        • Cornedo Vicentino
          • Spagnago
    Lapis, 15 (12), 27-32+50.
        • Crespadoro
          • Chiampo valley
    Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
        • Monte di Malo
          • Contrada Vanzi
    Pizzolaro M., De Grandis A. (1989) - Ritrovamenti mineralogici nella cava di Monte Malo (VI) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 1, pp.66-68
        • Posina
          • Borcola Pass
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
          • Pasubio massif
            • Punta della Lucche
    Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
    Boscardin M., Daleffe A., Rocchetti I., Zordan A. “I minerali nel Vicentino”, Museo “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 2011.
        • Tonezza del Cimone
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
    Guida ai minerali, Frateli Fabbri Ed., Milano (1973), pag.152.
        • Torrebelvicino
          • Riolo Valley
    Del Caldo A., Moro C., Gramaccioli C.A., Boscardin M., (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editore, Milano
        • Tretto di Schio
          • Val Munari
            • Contrade Maglio-Pornaro
    - Boscardin M., Da Meda E., Zordan A., 1988. I minerali di un nuovo giacimento di contatto presso Schio (VI) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, fasc. 2, pp.73-78
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Aichi prefecture
          • Shinshiro city
      • Kanto region
        • Chiba prefecture
          • Awa-gun
            • Kyonan-cho
    Alfredo Petrov collection
        • Saitama Prefecture
          • Kodama-gun
    Kosuge, Y. et al (1997) 10, #1, 6-9.
    • Kyushu Region
      • Fukuoka Prefecture
    Alfredo Petrov collection
    Mexico
     
    • Coahuila
      • Mun. de Cuatrociénegas
        • Cuatro Ciénegas (Cuatrociénegas de Carranza; Venustiano Carranza)
          • Limestone caves
    Forti, P. et al. (2006): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 35/1, 79–98.
    Mongolia
     
    • Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag)
      • Khan-Taishirin-Ula range
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
          • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
            • Agoudal
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
            • Aït Ahmane
    Found by Frank de Wit
    New Zealand
     
    • South Island
      • Nelson
    Railton, G. L. and Watters, W. A. (1990): Minerals of New Zealand
    Norway
     
    • Buskerud
      • Modum
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68. p. 102
    • Sør-Trøndelag
      • Oppdal
    Witsø, Tor (1994): Oppdal. Et spennende geologisk område. Oppdal. 24 pp. Published by Fridtjov Witsø, Oppdal.
        • Vinstradalen
    Witsø, T. (2005): Mineraler i Vinstradalen, Oppdal. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 72-73
      • Røros
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 102.
          • Skardet
    Collected on the dumps of the mine by Peter Andresen, 2008.
    Romania
     
    CanMin 40:1693-1703.
      • Nucet
    Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1693.
    • Buzău Co.
    Slavoaca, R., Slavoaca, D.C., 2000. Water chemistry and hydrochemical processes assessment in zones with Land slip in Buzău and Vrancea, SE Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 79, Suppl. I, 2000, p.99-101
    • Mehedinti Co.
      • Almas Mts
    Koller G.,Szakáll S.,2008
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Lake Baikal area
          • Zheleznogorsk
    [MinRec 32:500]
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    [World of Stones 12:49]
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
        • Tolbachik volcano
          • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
    Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
        • Ust'-Koksa district
    Igor V. Pekov data
    Serbia
     
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 273.
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Revúca Co.
        • Jelšava
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
      • Rimavská Sobota Co.
        • Hnúšťa
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Košice Region
      • Gelnica Co.
        • Jaklovce (Jeckelsdorf)
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Rožňava Co.
        • Ochtiná (Achten)
    Cílek V., Bosák P., Melka K., Žák K., Langrolvá A., Osborne A.,1998: Mineralogické výskumy v Ochtinské aragonitové jeskyni. Aragonit, 3,7 - 12
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
    Minerals of South Africa
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Nelspruit District
    Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Málaga
        • Ronda Massif
    Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Málaga. Edited by Cedma. Malaga County Council 318 pg. 1 map
    • Asturias
      • Salas
        • Carlés
    Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
    • Catalonia
      • Barcelona
        • Vallès Oriental
          • Gualba de Dalt
    Col. Agustin Agudo Espinosa.
      • Girona (Gerona)
        • Ripollès
          • Molló
            • Espinavell (Espinabell)
              • Costabona Mtn
    Mata i Perelló, J.M. (1990). Els minerals de Catalunya. Institut d´Estudis Catalans
    Sweden
     
    • Västmanland
      • Hällefors
        • Hjulsjö
    Kjell Gatedal
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Puschlav (Poschiavo Valley)
        • Selva
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 219.
    • Vaud (Waadt)
      • Bex
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 219.
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Saint-Luc
    Dreier, F. (2000): Die Mine des Moulins im Val d'Anniviers (VS), Schweiz. Lapis 25 (7-8), 67-73; 86. (in German); Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    Turkey
     
    • Central Anatolia Region
      • Eskişehir Province
        • Kirka
    http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/T%FCrkei/Eskisehir/Kirka/Sarikaya
    • Eastern Anatolia Region
      • Erzurum Province
        • Kop Daglari
    Dietrich, R. and Medenbach, O. (1978): Kämmererite from the Kop Krom mine, Kop Daglan (Turkey). Mineralogical Record. 9(5), 277-287.
    Turkmenistan
     
    • Lebap Province
      • South Tien-Shan Mts
        • Kugitangtau Ridge
    http://fadr.msu.ru/caves/malmin_e.html
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • North Pennines
    Green, D.I. & Young, B. (2006): Hydromagnesite and dypingite from the Northern Pennine Orefield, northern England. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society. 56, 151-154
              • Nenthead
    GREEN, D.I., McCALLUM, D. and WOOD, M. (2000) Famous mineral localities: The Brownley Hill Mine, Alston Moor District, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 31, 231-250.
    NHM London & S.Rust Collection;
      • Somerset
        • Cranmore
    Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral Relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society, vol 13, pp 3-46; Mineralogical Magazine 1977 41 : 406-408.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Coconino Co.
        • Grand Canyon National Park
          • Grand Canyon
            • Nautiloid Canyon
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 255.
    • California
      • Alameda Co.
        • Diablo Range
          • Cedar Mountain District
            • Cedar Mountain
    Dolbear, S.H. (1917), The origin and geochemistry of magnesite: Mining and Scientific Press: 114: 237-238; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 221; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 200.
    Kramm, H.E. (1910), Serpentines of the central Coast Ranges of California: American Philosophical Society Proceedings: 49: 344; Rogers, Austin Flint (1923b), The crystallography of hydromagnesite: American Journal of Science, 5th. Series: 6: 38; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 200.
          • Livermore District (Tesla District)
    [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
            • Mendenhall Springs
              • Arroyo Mocho
    Rogers, Austin Flint (1923b), The crystallography of hydromagnesite: American Journal of Science, 5th. Series: 6: 46; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 221; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 200.
          • Livermore Valley
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 221.
        • Hayward
    Harris E. Mason specimen and photo
      • Colusa Co.
        • Coast Ranges
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 273.
    Kramm, H.E. (1910), Serpentines of the central Coast Ranges of California: American Philosophical Society Proceedings: 49: 344; Rogers, Austin Flint (1923b), The crystallography of hydromagnesite: American Journal of Science, 5th. Series: 6: 47; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 200.
            • Wilbur Springs
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222, 366.
      • Fresno Co.
        • Coalinga
    Mumpton, F.A. Jaffe, H.W., and Thompson, C.S. (1965) Coalingite, a new mineral from the New Idria serpentinite, Fresno and San Benito counties, California. American Mineralogist: 50: 1895; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 200.
        • Diablo Range
          • New Idria District
            • Condon Peak
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222.
            • Wright Mountain
    Matthews, Robert Alfred (1961) Geology of the Butler Estate chromite mine. California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 71, 20 pp.: 19; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 200.
    American Mineralogist 1965: 50: 1893-1913.
      • Inyo Co.
        • Death Valley
    Bailey, Gilbert E. (1902), The saline deposits of California: California Mining Bureau Bulletin 24: 102; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222.
    Pelletier, 1962. Mineral Species & Localities of Marin County
        • Bolinas
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222.
      • Merced Co.
        • Gustine
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222.
      • Napa Co.
    Larsen, Esper Signius (1922), Optical evidence that “hydrogiobertite” is a mixture: American Mineralogist: 2: 3; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222.
      • Riverside Co.
        • Crestmore
          • Crestmore quarries
            • Chino Hill
    Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 352-381.
            • Sky Blue Hill
    Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941), Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California; American Mineralogist: 26: 352-381; Murdoch, Joseph (1951a), Unit cell of hydromagnesite: (abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 62: 1465; Murdoch, Joseph (1954a), The unit cell of hydromagnesite: (abstract): American Mineralogist: 37: 296-297; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 200.
    Rogers, Austin Flint (1918b), An American occurrence of periclase and its bearing on the origin and history of calcite brucite rocks: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 46: 583; Rogers, Austin Flint (1929), Periclase from Crestmore near Riverside, California, with a list of minerals from this locality: American Mineralogist: 14: 466; Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 352-381; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 200.
        • Jurupa Mts
          • Jurupa
    Rocks & Minerals (1943): 18: 80; MacKevett, Edward Malcolm, Jr. (1951), Geology of Jurupa Mountains, San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, California: California Division Mines, Special Report 5, 14 pp.; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 200; Mineralogical Record (1984): 15: 273-290.
      • San Benito Co.
        • Diablo Range
    American Mineralogist 1965: 50: 1893-1913.
            • Idria (New Idria)
    Whitney, J.D. (1865), Geological survey of California, Geology, 1, Report of progress and synopsis of the field work from 1860to 1864; […(abstract): American Journal of Science, 2nd. series: 41: 124, 231-246, 351-368]: 59; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222.
    Moller, W.P. (1965) Minerals of southern San Benito County, California. Gems and Minerals: 331: 28-32; O’Neil, J.R. and Barnes, I. (1971) C13 and O18 compositions in some fresh-water carbonates associated with ultramafic rocks and serpentinites; western United States. Geochimica et Cosmochmica Acta: 35: 694; Cisneros, S.L., R.E. Witkowski & D.L. Oswald (1977), Artinite from San Benito County, California: Mineralogical Record: 7: 457-460; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 201.
            • Picacho Peak
              • Clear Creek area
    Rolf Luetcke
    www.mineralsocal.org
    Mineralogical Record: 36(4): 337-363.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 279.
            • Sampson Peak
    Gale, Hoyt Stoddard (1914d), Late developments of magnesite deposits in California and Nevada: UGS Bulletin 540: 483-520; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 273; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 201.
            • San Benito Mountain Natural Area
              • San Benito Peak (San Benito Mountain)
                • West of San Benito Peak
    Cisneros, S.L., R.E. Witkowski & D.L. Oswald (1977), Artinite from San Benito County, California: Mineralogical Record: 7: 457-460; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 201.
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Lucerne Valley Limestone District
          • Lucerne Valley
    Campbell, Ian (1950), Magnesium metasomatism I dolomite from Lucerne Valley, California: Int’l. Geol. Cong. Report, 18th. sess., Great Britain, 1948, part III: 3; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 115, 222; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 146, 201.
      • San Diego Co.
        • Julian District
          • Julian
    Creasey, S.C. (1946), Geology and nickel mineralization of the Julian-Cuyamaca area, San Diego County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 27; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 202.
      • San Francisco Co.
        • San Francisco
    Mining and Scientific Press (1881), Formation of the San Francisco peninsula: Mining and Scientific Press: 42: 28; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1901), Mineralogical notes; with chemical analyses by W.T. Schaller: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 2: 316; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 201; rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/hydromagnesite.pdf
    Eakle, Arthur Starr (1901), Mineralogical notes; with chemical analyses by W.T. Schaller: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 2: 316; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222, 390; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 201-202, 409.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222.
      • San Luis Obispo Co.
        • Avila Beach
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222.
      • San Mateo Co.
        • Searsville Lake
    Rogers, Austin Flint (1923b), The crystallography of hydromagnesite: American Journal of Science, 5th. Series: 6: 46; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222.
      • Santa Barbara Co.
        • San Rafael Mts
          • Cachuma District
            • Cachuma Village
              • Figueroa Mountain
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222.
      • Santa Clara Co.
        • Diablo Range
          • Black Wonder District
            • East Foothills
    Rogers, Austin Flint (1923b), The crystallography of hydromagnesite: American Journal of Science, 5th. Series: 6: 46; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222.
          • Calaveras Valley
    Rogers, Austin Flint (1923b), The crystallography of hydromagnesite: American Journal of Science, 5th. Series: 6: 46; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222.
    [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
      • Sonoma Co.
        • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
          • West Mayacmas District
            • Cloverdale
    Bradley, W.W. (1940), Thirty-sixth report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 36: 222; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222.
      • Stanislaus Co.
        • Diablo Range
          • Black Wonder District
            • Copper Mountain
    Laizure, Clyde McK (1943), Discoveries in the strategic minerals; San Francisco field district: California Mining Bureau. Report 39: 53-57; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 223; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 216.
            • Red Mountain
    Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 202-203.
    Dolbear, S.H. (1917), The origin and geochemistry of magnesite: Mining and Scientific Press: 114: 237-238; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 223; O’Neil, J.R. and Barnes, I. (1971) C13 and O18 compositions in some fresh-water carbonates associated with ultramafic rocks and serpentinites; western United States. Geochimica et Cosmochmica Acta: 35: 693, 694; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 202.
    • Colorado
      • Clear Creek Co.
        • Georgetown District
          • Illinois Mine
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • El Paso Co.
        • Manitou District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Jefferson Co.
        • Clear Creek Canyon
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Indiana
      • Crawford Co.
    Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
    • Maryland
      • Baltimore Co.
        • Bare Hills
    Pearre, N. & A. V. Heyl (1960) Mineral deposits in serpentine rocks of the Piedmont Upland, Maryland, Pennsylvania and Delaware: U. S. Geological Survey: Bulletin 1082K: 707-833.
        • Blue Mount
    Rocks & Min.:12:247.
      • Cecil Co.
        • State Line District
    Mineralogical Record Vol 12 #3 May/June 1981 pp149-156
      • Montgomery Co.
        • Rockville
    minerals of washington d.c. area; L.R. Bernstein
    • Michigan
      • Ontonagon Co.
        • White Pine
    Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Nevada
      • Churchill Co.
        • Chalk Mountain District
          • Chalk Mountain
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lincoln Co.
        • Bristol and Jackrabbit Districts
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Pioche District
    American Mineralogist 10:137-139
      • Mineral Co.
        • Fitting District
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 264, 273.
      • Nye Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Gabbs District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Jersey
      • Hudson Co.
        • Bergen Hill
          • Hoboken
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 190, 273; NJ State Geol. Ann. Rpt(1900):186; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index".
    NSS Bulletin 56:27-24 (1994)
      • Doña Ana Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Eddy Co.
        • Carlsbad
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. Rev. Ed., 1996; Donald G. Davis - Extraordinary features of Lechuguilla Cave, Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 62(2): 147-157.
      • Grant Co.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 84.
      • New York City
    The New York State Museum Catalog No. 15203
    George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    Observed by David S. Bernstein- February of 2012
    George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    Collected by Steve Okulewicz
    Rocks & Minerals (1968) 43:643-647
      • Putnam Co.
        • Southeast Township
          • Brewster
    Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, 42-43 Dana, 1874
    • North Carolina
      • Cleveland Co.
        • Kings Mountain District
    Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
    • Pennsylvania
      • Berks Co.
        • Spring Township
    Gordon: Mineralogy of Pennsylvania, 1922 p. 159
      • Chester Co.
        • Westtown Township
          • West Chester
    Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania, 1965 - Lapham & Geyer, pg. 130
      • Lancaster Co.
        • State Line Chromite District
          • Fulton Township
    Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
    Personally Collected 4/12/2008, Mark J. Sigouin, Pennsylvania Licenced Professional Geologist
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 273; The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania, 1875-1922; Samuel G. Gordon, Pg. 204.
          • Little Britain Township
            • Texas
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 273; Mineralogy of Pennsylvania, S. Gordon pg. 69 (ref. Smith and Brush, 1853, 214)
      • Northampton Co.
        • Forks Township
          • Easton
            • Chestnut Hill
    Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
    • Rhode Island
      • Providence Co.
        • Lincoln
          • Lime Rock
    Michael W. Kieron collection; Rocks & Minerals (1986): 61: 286-289
    • South Dakota
      • Custer Co.
        • Jewel Cave National Monument
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills" & Matrix 10:2 pp 81-90
    Bulletin of the National Speleological Society Volume 24 Part 2: 74-87 - July 1962
    • Tennessee
      • Hickman Co.
        • Coble
    Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
      • Sevier Co.
        • Great Smoky Mountains National Park
    Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
    • Utah
      • Salt Lake Co.
        • Wasatch Mts
          • Big Cottonwood District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Virginia
      • Bath Co.
    NSS Bulletin 44:90-97 (1982)
      • Lee Co.
    Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
      • Wythe Co.
        • Wytheville
    Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Washington
      • Ferry Co.
        • Danville District
          • Danville
    Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
    www.dnr.wa.gov/geology/okanogan.htm.
        • Nighthawk District
          • Nighthawk
    Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part I, Nonmetalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
    • Wisconsin
      • Crawford Co.
        • Prairie du Chien
    Cronin, Bill, 1970, "The Sandstone Caves of Wisconsin, The Wisconsin Speleologist, vol. 9 #3, P. 53-99.; Boyd, Dick, 1965, "Moonmilk at Bridgeport Cave", Wisconsin Spaleologist, vol. 4 #2, p. 39-40.
      • Oneida Co.
    Kennedy, L.P., T.A. Harding, J.N. Schaff & A.M. Zielinski, 1991, "The Lynne Massive Sulfide Deposit, Oneida County, Wisconsin", [abst], Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 37th Annual Meeting, Eau Claire, WI., 1991, Vol. 37, part 1, p. 63.
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    Golovanov, I. M.: O nachodke chantita v mestorožděnii Kurgašinkan (UzSSR). Doklady Akademii nauk SSSR, 1959, tom. 124, no. 2, s. 398 - 401.
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Midlands
      • Zvishavane District
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 273.
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