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Chiat'ura Mn deposit (Chiaturskoe Mn deposit), Chiat'ura, Imereti Region, Georgiai
Regional Level Types
Chiat'ura Mn deposit (Chiaturskoe Mn deposit)Deposit
Chiat'ura- not defined -
Imereti RegionRegion
GeorgiaCountry

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View of the Chiat’ura manganese mining area, ca. 1910.

Chiat'ura Mn deposit, Chiat'ura, Imereti Region, Georgia
View of the Chiat’ura manganese mining area, ca. 1910.

Chiat'ura Mn deposit, Chiat'ura, Imereti Region, Georgia
View of the Chiat’ura manganese mining area, ca. 1910.

Chiat'ura Mn deposit, Chiat'ura, Imereti Region, Georgia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 15' North , 43° 17' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.25000,43.28333
GeoHash:G#: szwb2gmun
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Chiat’ura12,803 (2017)5.5km
Kats’khi2,000 (2017)7.7km
Sach’khere6,140 (2017)15.4km
Shorapani1,699 (2018)24.1km
Zestap’oni25,891 (2014)24.6km


One of the world’s largest manganese producers, Chiat'ura alone accounted for half of the world’s manganese trade before World War I.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
AsiaContinent
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


6 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apatite'
Reference: Shkol'nik, E. L.; Zhegallo, E. A.; Baturin, G. N.; Khamkhadze, N. I.; Eganov, E. A.; Kuz'mina, T. G. (2010): Phosphorites of the Chiatura manganese deposit and specific features of their formation. Lithology and Mineral Resources 45, 275-284.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
KPotassium
K Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Miocene
5.333 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3147907
Carpatian, Crimea, Caucasus

Age: Miocene (5.333 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{clay}, Minor{sand,sandstone,limestone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3192978
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bolton, Barrie R.; Frakes, Lawrence A. (1985): Geology and genesis of manganese oolite, Chiatura, Georgia, U.S.S.R. Geological Society of America Bulletin 96, 1398-1406.
Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Shkol'nik, E. L.; Zhegallo, E. A.; Baturin, G. N.; Khamkhadze, N. I.; Eganov, E. A.; Kuz'mina, T. G. (2010): Phosphorites of the Chiatura manganese deposit and specific features of their formation. Lithology and Mineral Resources 45, 275-284.


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