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Famatinite

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Formula:
Cu
 
3
SbS
 
4
System:TetragonalColour:Deep pinkish brown
Hardness:3 - 4
Member of:Stannite Group
Name:From the type locality, Sierra de Famatina, Argentina.

Classification of Famatinite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/C.06-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.KA.10

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
K : Sulfarsenates, Sulfantimonates
A : Sulfarsenates with (As,Sb)S4 tetrahedra
Dana 8th edition ID:3.2.2.2

3 : SULFOSALTS
2 : ø = 4
Hey's CIM Ref.:6.3.3

6 : Sulphosalts - Sulphostannates, Sulphogermanates,Sulpharsenates, Sulphantimonates, Sulphovanadates and Sulphohalides
3 : Sulpharsenates and sulphantimonates
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Type Occurrence of Famatinite

Type Locality:Sierra de Famatina, La Rioja, Argentina
Year of Discovery:1873

Occurrences of Famatinite

Geological Setting:Low to moderate temperature copper deposits.

Physical Properties of Famatinite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Deep pinkish brown
Streak:Black
Hardness (Mohs):3 - 4
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
Good on {101}
Distinct on {110}
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density (measured):4.635 g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.66 g/cm3

Crystallography of Famatinite

Crystal System:Tetragonal
Class (H-M):4 2m - Scalenohedral
Space Group:I4 2m
Cell Parameters:a = 5.38Å, c = 10.76Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 2
Unit Cell Volume:V 311.44 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Massive, granular, reniform
Twinning:Polysynthetic

Optical Data of Famatinite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Strong, greenish yellow and purplish red
Colour in reflected light:Pale brownish pink
Pleochroism:Weak
Comments:Light orange, pink-violet

Chemical Properties of Famatinite

Formula:
Cu
 
3
SbS
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu3SbS4
Essential elements:Cu, S, Sb
All elements listed in formula:Cu, S, Sb
Common Impurities:Fe,As,Bi

Relationship of Famatinite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Luzonite (see here)
Member of:Stannite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Briartite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)GeS
 
4
Černýite
Cu
 
2
(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
Ferrokësterite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
Ge-stannoidite
Cu
 
8
Fe
 
2
ZnGe
 
2
S
 
12
Hocartite
Ag
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)SnS
 
4
Kësterite
Cu
 
2
(Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
Kësterite Subgroup
Keutschite
Cu
 
2
AgAsS
 
4
Kuramite
Cu
 
3
SnS
 
4
Luzonite
Cu
 
3
AsS
 
4
Permingeatite
Cu
 
3
SbSe
 
4
Petrukite
(Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)
 
3
(Sn,In)S
 
4
Pirquitasite
Ag
 
2
ZnSnS
 
4
Stannite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
Velikite
Cu
 
2
HgSnS
 
4
Common Associates:
PyriteEnargiteTetrahedriteTennantiteChalcopyrite
CovelliteSphaleriteBismuthiniteSilverGold
MarcasiteQuartzBaryte
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.KA.05Enargite
Cu
 
3
AsS
 
4
2.KA.05Petrukite
(Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)
 
3
(Sn,In)S
 
4
2.KA.10Briartite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)GeS
 
4
2.KA.10Luzonite
Cu
 
3
AsS
 
4
2.KA.10Permingeatite
Cu
 
3
SbSe
 
4
2.KA.10Barquillite
Cu
 
2
CdGeS
 
4
2.KA.15Fangite
Tl
 
3
AsS
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
6.3.1Enargite
Cu
 
3
AsS
 
4
6.3.2Luzonite
Cu
 
3
AsS
 
4

Other Names for Famatinite

Synonyms:
Stibioluzonite (of Strunz)
Other Languages:
German:Famatinit
Stibioluzonit
Russian:Фаматинит
Simplified Chinese:脆硫锑铜矿
块硫锑铜矿
法马丁矿
Spanish:Famatinita
Stibioluzonita
Varieties:
Stibioluzonite (of Schneiderhöhn & Ramdohr)

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Famatinite

Reference List:

- +
Stelzner (1873) Min. Mitt.: 242.

vom Rath (1880) Zs. Kr.: 4: 426.

Stevanović (1903), Zs. Kr.: 37: 240.

Shannon (1917), American Journal of Science: 44: 469.

Schneiderhöhn and Ramdohr (1931): 2: 469.

Harcourt (1937), American Mineralogist: 22: 517.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 387-389.

Tanelli G. (1970) - Ricerche sui minerali del gruppo dell'enargite (enargite, stibioenargite, luzonite, famatinite, stibioluzonite). Periodico di mineralogia – Roma, pp. 561-583.

Internet Links for Famatinite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Famatinite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Famatinite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Catamarca
      • Andalgalá Department
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    • Córdoba
      • Minas Department
    Sureda (1978): Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina 33(4):299-324
    • La Rioja
    [Am Min 42 (1957), 766; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
    DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina); Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    Brotkorb (2002): las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
    Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    • Salta
      • El Quevar
    Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
      • Incahuasi Valley
    ROBL, Klaus; BRODTKORB, Milka K.de and AMETRANO, Silvia. The Miocene epithermal mineralization of the Quevar Stratovolcan Complex, Salta. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 525-539
      • Organullo Mining District
    Alfredo Petrov (re-addition of previous input); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Kennedy Co.
        • Condobolin district
    Base Metal Mineralisation at Mineral Hill Central Western New South Wales, by L. McClatchie 1971 - Memoirs of the Geological Survry of N.S.W. No. 11.
      • Yancowinna Co.
        • Broken Hill
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
        • Hüttenberg
    H.Meixner (1974)
    H. Meixner: Carinthia II 146./66.:25-26 (1956)
    W. Paar, H. Meixner: Carinthia II 170./90.:65-75 (1980)
    • Salzburg
      • Saalfelden
        • Leogang
          • Hütten
            • Schwarzleograben
              • Schwarzleo District
    Paar, W. H. & Chen, T. T. (1985): Zur Mineralogie von Cu-Ni(Co)-Pb-Ag-Hg-Erzen im Revier Schwarzleo bei Leogang, Salzburg, Österreich. Mitt. österr. geol. Ges. 78, 125-148.
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
          • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
            • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
              • Gratlspitz
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
              • Hof
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
              • Maukenötz District
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
              • Reith
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
              • St Gertraudi
                • Großkogel (Reither Kogel)
    Putz, H. & Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Mineralien des Gertraudstollens und seiner Halde in St. Gertraudi, Tirol. Lapis 32 (6), 58-63.
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
            • Schwaz
              • Falkenstein District
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
    Bolivia
     
    • La Paz Department
      • Aroma Province
        • Laurani District
    Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia, Boletín No. 5 (Especial), pp 268-271 (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
    • Potosí Department
      • Antonio Quijarro Province
        • Tolapampa
    Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.
      • Potosí City
        • Cerro de Potosí (Cerro Rico)
    Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
      • Sud Lípez Province
        • Buena Vista
    USGS Bulletin # 1975.
    Bulgaria
     
    • Plovdiv Oblast
      • Rhodope Mts
        • Laki Obshtina
          • Laki (Luki)
            • Djurkovo Complex
    Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
    • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
      • Chelopech
    American Mineralogist (1966): 51: 29-36
    Canada
     
    • New Brunswick
      • Charlotte Co.
        • Saint George Parish
    Parrish, I. S., 1977, Mineral Catalog for the Mount Pleasant Deposit of Brunswick Tin Mines, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 15, p. 121-126.
    • Northwest Territories
      • Mackenzie District
        • Great Bear Lake
    Lang,A.H (1952) Canadian Deposits of Uranium and Thorium. Geological Survey of Canada. Economic Geology Series No.16, p.53
    Lang,A.H (1952) Canadian Deposits of Uranium and Thorium. Geological Survey of Canada. Economic Geology Series No.16
    Lang,A.H (1952) Canadian Deposits of Uranium and Thorium. Geological Survey of Canada. Economic Geology Series No.16, p.53
            • Eldorado Mine
    Lang,A.H (1952) Canadian Deposits of Uranium and Thorium. Geological Survey of Canada. Economic Geology Series No.16
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • El Loa Province
        • Calama
          • Chuquicamata District
    R.B. Cook: "Famous mineal locality; Chuquicamata, Chile": Mineralogical Record, sept.-oct. 1973
    • Atacama Region
      • Copiapó Province
        • Maricunga belt
    Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
    • Coquimbo Region
      • Elqui Province
        • El Indio deposit
    Llaumet C./Henríquez F. (1976); "Faja de mineralización de oro, plata, cobre y arsenico en la Cordillera Andina de la III y IV región"; Primero Congreso Geológico Chileno, Vol. II.
    China
     
    • Gansu Province
      • Dingxi Prefecture
        • Min Co.
    Xinhui Liu, Jiajun Liu, and Caihua Chen (2010): Gold Science and Technology 18(4), 6-11
      • Gannan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Luqu Co.
    - Jiajun Liu, Zhiming Li, Jianming Liu, Jianping Wang, Caixia Feng, and Wenquan Lu (2005): Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition) [Jilin Daxue Xuebao (Diqiu Kexue Ban)] 35(5), 545-553.
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Jiujiang Prefecture
        • Ruichang Co.
    Qiuming Chen (1990): Nonferrous Metallurgy Design and Research 11(4), 15-22
    • Sichuan Province
      • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Songpan Co.
    Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
        • Zoigê Co. (Ruo'ergai Co.)
    Jiajun Liu, Jianming Liu, Wenquan Lu, Minghua Zheng, Yufeng Zhou, Xuexiang Gu, and Bin Zhang (1998): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 18(4), 445-451
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Haute-Loire
        • Langeac
          • Marsanges
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • Lavoûte-Chilhac
          • Ally
            • La Rodde mine
    J.J. Périchaud : "Les Gisements Métalliques du District à Antimoine de Brioude-Massiac (Massif-Central Français)", BRGM, 1968
          • Chilhac
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • Paulhaguet
          • Jax
            • La Ribeyrette & La Fauvette valleys (La Fioure; La Fiouve)
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
          • Mazerat-Aurouze
            • Aurouze
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
          • Sainte-Marguerite
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
    • Brittany
      • Finistère
        • Crozon
    R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
    • Limousin
      • Corrèze
        • Ussel
    [MinRec 1982, 5, p.261-268]
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Alpes-Maritimes
        • Isola
    Sur la présence de ménéghinite dans deux gîtes français. AICARD et coll. (1968) : Bull. Soc. Franc. Min. et Crist.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); KOLITSCH, U., GRÖBNER, J. & BAYERL, R. (1995): Die Mineralien der Silber-Antimon-Vererzungen der Grube Clara im Zeitraum 1993 bis 1995. - Erzgräber 9 (2), 61-77.
    • Bavaria
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Leonberg
          • Pfaffenreuth
    Lapis, 10 (9), 13-20+50.
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Bergisches Land
        • Overath
          • Bensberg
            • Altenbrück
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Sauerland
        • Marsberg
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Schmiedeberg
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Greece
     
    • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
      • Kykládes Prefecture
        • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
          • Tinos Island
    Tombros, S.F. (2008): Later stages of evolution of an epithermal system: Au-Ag mineralization at Apigania Bay, Tinos, Island, Cyclades, Hellas, Greece. Min.Pet. (in press)
    Econ. Geol. 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    No reference listed
    • Peloponnese Department (Peloponnisos)
      • Lakonia Prefecture (Laconia)
        • Molaoi
    http://biomine.brgm.fr/Documents/4BioMinEProducts/Deliverable/DI3_WP1_Resource%20identification_v061031.pdf
    • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
      • Évros Prefecture
        • Kirki Mines (Kirka)
    Skarpelis, N. (1999): The Agios Filippos ore deposit, Kirki (Western Thrace). A base-metal part of a high-sulfidation epithermal system. Bulletin Geological Society of Greece. 33, 51-60.
      • Komotini Prefecture (Rodopi; Rhodope)
        • Maronia
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Greenland
     
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
    Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
    Hungary
     
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Rudabányai Mtns
        • Rudabánya
    Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
    Indonesia
     
    • Jawa Island (Java Island)
      • Jawa Barat Province (West Java Province)
        • Bogor District
    The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Sassari Province
        • Alghero
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.; G. P. Bernhardini, F. Corsini, AND G. Tanelli (1973) Djurleite from Calabona, Sardinia MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, VOL. 39, PP 25-29.
    • Tuscany
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Pietrasanta
            • Valdicastello Carducci
    Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P., Guillot-Deudon, C., Biagioni, C., Paar, W.H., Evain, M. (2011). Lead–antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XI. The new mineral parasterryite, Ag4Pb20(Sb14.5As9.5)S=24S58, and associated sterryite, Cu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb18-15As4-7)S=22(As–As)S56, from Pollone mine (Tuscany, Italy). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 623-638. ; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Pardini, S. & Passarino, G. (2012). Sterryite e parasterryite. I solfosali aciculari di piombo e argento della miniera del Pollone (Pietrasanta, Lucca). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2012, 76-91
          • Seravezza
    Orlandi et al., 1996. Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Min. Rec., 27: 47-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
      • Massa-Carrara Province
        • Apuan Alps
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
    Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
          • Massa
    Orlandi P., Bellé E., 2000. I minerali del marmo del bacino del Frigido, Massa. Comune della città di Massa; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp
    Japan
     
    • Kyushu Region
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Satsumasendai City
          • Iriki
    Previously reported as "stibioluzonite". (Introduction to Japanese Minerals, Geological Survey of Japan, 1970)
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
        • Balkhash (Balqash)
          • Kounrad Massif
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
      • Kayrakty (Kairakty)
    United States Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Resources Data
    • Southern Kazakhstan Province (Ongtüstik Qazaqstan Oblysy; Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
      • Karatau Range
        • Kentau
    United States Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Resources Data
    Malaysia
     
    • Borneo Island
      • Sarawak
        • Kuching
          • Bau
    Wolfram Dieter Schuh (1993) Geology, Geochemistry, And Ore Deposits Of The Bau Gold Mining District, Sarawak, Malaysia. PhD Thesis University of Arizona.
    Mexico
     
    • Sonora
      • Mun. de Moctezuma
    Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
    Papua New Guinea
     
    • Sandaun Province (West Sepik Province)
      • Frieda river complex
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
    Peru
     
    • Huancavelica Department
      • Castrovirreyna Province
    Min.Rec. 28, no.4 (1997)
    • Junín Department
      • Yauli Province
    Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
    • La Libertad Department
      • Santiago de Chuco Province
        • Quiruvilca District
    Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.; Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
    • Pasco Department
      • Pasco Province
        • Simón Bolívar District
    7th Biennial, SGA, Athens, 2003 ; Baumgartner, R. et al. (2008): Econ. Geol. 103, 493-537
    Philippines
     
    • Luzon
      • Cordillera Administrative Region
        • Benguet Province
          • Baguio District
    Econ Geol (1996) 91:243-272
    Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Legnica
        • Lubin District
    Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
    Republic of Macedonia
     
    • Kratovo-Zletovo ore District
    RMZ - Materials and Geoenvironment Vol 52 No. 3 pp 535-548 (2006)
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Aldan Shield
          • Tyry River
    Bortnikov, N.S., Gamyanin, G.N., Vikent’eva, O.V., Prokof’ev, V.Y., lpatov, V.A., and Bakharev, A.G. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(2), 87-128.
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Žarnovica Co.
        • Hodruša-Hámre (Hodritsch)
    Onačila F., Rojkovičová Ľ., Jeleň S., Hojstričová V., Štohl J., Lexa J., Žáková E. (1995) Komplexná geologická dokumentácia revíru Banská Štiavnica-Hodruša. Manuscript, Slovak Geological Survey (in Slovak).
    • Košice Region
      • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
        • Spišská Nová Ves Mining District
          • Novoveská Huta
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    South Africa
     
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Ehlanzeni District
    Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Huelva
        • Alosno
          • Tharsis
            • Tharsis Mines
    Tornos, F., González Clavijo, E., and Spiro, B. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 150-169.
    Taiwan
     
    • Taiwan Province
      • New Taipei City
        • Ruifang District
    L. P. Tan, C. H. Chen and B. S. Yu (1993) Native Gold of Taiwan. Special Publication of the Central Geological Survey No. 7, pp. 79-99.
    Rozenweg A. (1975) Proceedings of the Geological Society of China 18:128-130
    Tunisia
     
    • Jendouba Governorate
      • Jendouba
        • Souk-el-Arba
    Slim-Shimi, N., Moëlo, Y., Tlig, S. & Lévy, C. (1996): Sulfide geochemistry and genesis of Chouichia and Ain el Bey copper deposits in northwestern Tunisia. Mineralium Deposita 31, 188-200.
    UK
     
    • England
      • North Yorkshire
        • North Pennines
          • Craven District
            • Settle - Malham Area
    [J.Russell Soc. 1998:41]
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:65
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213, 219, 390; Schwartz, G.M. & C.F. Park, Jr. (1932), A microscopic study of ores from Campbell mine, Bisbee, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 27: 39-51
        • Tombstone Hills
          • Tombstone District
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 219, 392; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 28.
            • Tombstone
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 219; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 27.
      • Pinal Co.
        • Pinal Mts
          • Pioneer District
            • Superior
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 219; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Hammer, D.F. & D.W. Peterson (1968), Geology of the Magma mine area, AZ, in J.D. Ridge (editor), Ore deposits of the United States, 1933-1967, A.I.M.E.: 1282-1310.
    • California
      • Alpine Co.
        • Monitor - Mogul District
          • Mogul Peak
    Eakle, Arthur Starr (1919a), Alpine County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 12; Harcourt, George Alan (1937), The distinction between enargite and famatinite (luzonite): American Mineralogist: 22: 521; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 135; Mineralogical Record (1989): 20: 129-142.
      • Inyo Co.
        • Darwin Hills
    Kelley, Vincent Cooper (1938), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin silver-lead mining district, Inyo County, California: California Division Mines Report 34: 544; Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 17; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 136; Stolburg, C.S. (1984): The mines and minerals of Darwin, Californa. Mineralogical Record 15(1): 5-18.
            • Darwin
              • Darwin Mine (Anaconda; Bernon Mine; Defiance Mine; Essex Mine; Independence Mine; Intermediate Mine; Rip Van Winkle Mine; Thompson Mine)
    Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 17; Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 59; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 175.
    • Colorado
      • Boulder Co.
        • Boulder Co. Tungsten District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Custer Co.
        • Rosita District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Hinsdale Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Mineral Co.
        • Creede District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Ouray Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Rio Grande Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • San Juan Co.
        • Red Mountain District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Idaho
      • Butte Co.
        • Lava Creek District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Missouri
      • St. Genevieve Co.
        • Weingarten
    R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    • Montana
      • Missoula Co.
        • Copper Cliff District
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
    • Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Goldfield District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
          • Goldfield
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    Frederick L. Ransome (1909) Geology and Ore Deposits of Goldfield, Nevada. USGS Professional Paper 66
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    Econ Geol (1989) 84:2115-2138
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Econ Geol (1989) 84:2115-2138
      • Nye Co.
        • Paradise Peak District
    Econ Geol (1994) 89:1228-1248
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
            • Mammoth
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Utah Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Washington
      • Chelan Co.
        • Wenatchee District
          • Wenatchee
            • Squillchuck Creek
    Lasmanis, R. (1995): Mineral News: A Compendium of Wenatchee District Mineralogy, Chelan County, Washington, p.6-7
    • Wyoming
      • Park Co.
    Rocks & Minerals 76:388-389
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
      • Angren Region
        • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
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