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Greigite

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Formula:
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
S
 
4
System:IsometricColour:metallic pinkish, ...
Lustre:Metallic, EarthyHardness:4 - 4½
Member of:Linnaeite Group > Thiospinel Group
Name:Named after J. W. Greig (1895-1977), a mineralogist and physical chemist at Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania, USA


Linnaeite Group and Thiospinel Group.
Iron thiospinel occurs always in small crystals to 0.03 mm and as an X-ray amorphous colloidal precipitate from an iron sulfide gel known as the melnikovite of Doss.

Classification of Greigite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/D.01-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.DA.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
A : M:S = 3:4
Dana 8th edition ID:2.10.1.10

2 : SULFIDES
10 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.9.5

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
9 : Sulphides etc. of Fe
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Type Occurrence of Greigite

Type Locality:Four Corners No. 3; 4 & 5 wells, Kramer-Four Corners area, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Smithsonian
Year of Discovery:1964

Occurrences of Greigite

Geological Setting:Lacustrine beds, hydrothermal veins

Physical Properties of Greigite

Lustre:Metallic, Earthy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:metallic pinkish, tarnishing to a metallic blue, sooty black when amorphous
Streak:black
Hardness (Mohs):4 - 4½
Hardness (Vickers):VHN50=401 - 423 kg/mm2
Density (measured):4.049 g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.079 g/cm3

Crystallography of Greigite

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:Fd3m
Space Group Setting:Fd3m
Cell Parameters:a = 9.876Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 963.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:8
Morphology:Balls of intergrown octahedra, cubes, granular

Optical Data of Greigite

Type:Isotropic
Colour in reflected light:Pale creamy white

Chemical Properties of Greigite

Formula:
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
S
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Essential elements:Fe, S
All elements listed in formula:Fe, S
Common Impurities:Cu,Ni,Zn,Mn,Cr,Sb,As

Relationship of Greigite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Violarite (see here)
Member of:Linnaeite Group > Thiospinel Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Bornhardtite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
Se
 
4
Cadmoindite
CdIn
 
2
S
 
4
Carrollite
Cu(Co,Ni)
 
2
S
 
4
Cuproiridsite
(Cu,Fe)Ir
 
2
S
 
4
Cuprokalininite
CuCr
 
2
S
 
4
Cuprorhodsite
(Cu,Fe)Rh
 
2
S
 
4
Daubréelite
Fe
2+
 
Cr
3+
2
S
 
4
Ferrorhodsite
(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)
 
2
S
 
4
Fletcherite
Cu(Ni,Co)
 
2
S
 
4
Florensovite
(Cu,Zn)Cr
 
1.5
Sb
 
0.5
S
 
4
Indite
FeIn
 
2
S
 
4
Kalininite
ZnCr
 
2
S
 
4
Linnaeite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
S
 
4
Malanite
Cu(Pt
3+
 
,Ir
3+
 
)
 
2
S
 
4
Polydymite
Ni
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
Siegenite
CoNi
 
2
S
 
4
-NiCo
 
2
S
 
4
Trüstedtite
Ni
 
3
Se
 
4
Tyrrellite
Cu(Co
3+
 
,Ni
3+
 
)
 
2
Se
 
4
Violarite
Fe
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
Xingzhongite
(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)
 
2
S
 
4
Common Associates:
MontmorilloniteChlorite GroupCalciteSphaleritePyrite
MarcasiteGalenaCalciteDolomite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.DA.05Bornhardtite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
Se
 
4
2.DA.05Carrollite
Cu(Co,Ni)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Cuproiridsite
(Cu,Fe)Ir
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Cuprorhodsite
(Cu,Fe)Rh
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Daubréelite
Fe
2+
 
Cr
3+
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Fletcherite
Cu(Ni,Co)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Florensovite
(Cu,Zn)Cr
 
1.5
Sb
 
0.5
S
 
4
2.DA.05Indite
FeIn
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Kalininite
ZnCr
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Linnaeite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Malanite
Cu(Pt
3+
 
,Ir
3+
 
)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Polydymite
Ni
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Siegenite
CoNi
 
2
S
 
4
-NiCo
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Trüstedtite
Ni
 
3
Se
 
4
2.DA.05Tyrrellite
Cu(Co
3+
 
,Ni
3+
 
)
 
2
Se
 
4
2.DA.05Violarite
Fe
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Xingzhongite
(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Ferrorhodsite
(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Cadmoindite
CdIn
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Cuprokalininite
CuCr
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.10Rhodostannite
Cu
 
2
FeSn
 
3
S
 
8
2.DA.10Toyohaite
Ag
 
2
FeSn
 
3
S
 
8
2.DA.15Brezinaite
Cr
 
3
S
 
4
2.DA.15Heideite
(Fe,Cr)
 
1.15
(Ti,Fe)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.20Inaglyite
Cu
 
3
Pb(Ir,Pt)
 
8
S
 
16
2.DA.20Konderite
Cu
 
3
Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)
 
8
S
 
16
2.DA.25Kingstonite
(Rh,Ir,Pt)
 
3
S
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.9.1Pyrrhotite
Fe
 
1-x
S (x = 0 to 0.17)
3.9.3Pyrite
FeS
 
2
3.9.4Marcasite
FeS
 
2
3.9.6Mackinawite
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
8
3.9.7Smythite
(Fe,Ni)
 
3+x
S
 
4
(x=0-0.3)
3.9.8Achavalite
(Fe,Cu)Se
3.9.9Ferroselite
FeSe
 
2
3.9.10Frohbergite
FeTe
 
2
3.9.11Löllingite
FeAs
 
2
3.9.12Arsenopyrite
FeAsS
3.9.13Gudmundite
FeSbS

Other Names for Greigite

Synonyms:
IMA1963-007Melnikovite of Doss
Other Languages:
German:Greigit
Russian:Грейгит
Simplified Chinese:胶黄铁矿
硫复铁矿
Spanish:Greigita

Other Information

Magnetism:Ferrimagnetic
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Greigite

Reference List:

- +
Skinner, Brian John, R.C. Erd, & F. S. Grimaldi (1964), Greigite, the thiospinel of iron, a new mineral: American Mineralogist: 49: 543-555.

Internet Links for Greigite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Greigite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Greigite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Albania
     
    • Shkodër County (Shkodra County)
      • Drin valley
    V. Ferrini, L. Martarelli, C. De Vito, A. Cina and T. Deda (2003) The Koman dawsonite and realgar-orpiment deposit, northern Albania; inferences on processes of formation. The Canadian Mineralogist(April 2003), 41, Part 2:413-427
    Antarctica
     
    • Eastern Antarctica
      • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
        • Queen Fabiola Mts (Yamato Mts)
    El Gorsey, A., Yabuki, H., Ehlers, K., Woolum, D. & Pernicka, E. (1988). Qingzhen and Yamato-691: A tentative alphabet for the EH chondrites. Proceedings NIPR Symposium Antarctic Meteorites 1, 65-101.
    • Western Antarctica
      • Antarctic Peninsula
        • South Shetland Islands
    Agusto et al (2004), Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina: 59(1), March 2004.
    Argentina
     
    • Catamarca
      • Andalgalá Department
        • Capillitas Mine
    MARQUEZ-ZAVALIA, M.F.. The As-rich end-member of the jordanite-geocronite series of the Capillitas Mine, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 231-235.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Saualpe
        • Bad St Leonhard
          • Kliening
            • Mischlinggraben
    C.Auer (2013)
    Belgium
     
    • Liège Province
      • Engis
    H. Kucha et al., European Journal of Mineralogy, 1996, Vol. 8, N°1, pp. 93-102.
    Bulgaria
     
    • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
      • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
    ATANASSOVA, S. THE PRESERVED MINERAL DIVERSITY OF SEDMOCHISLENITSI DEPOSIT, VRATSA ORE REGION.
    Canada
     
    • Manitoba
      • Flin Flon District
    Economic Geology (1996) 91:1394-1413
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Copiapó Province
        • Tierra Amarilla
          • Pampa Larga district
            • Alacrán
    Am Min 73:189
    China
     
    • Anhui Province
      • Tongling Prefecture
        • Shizishan ore field
    Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Jiwu Zhang, and Guohua Chen (2005): Gold 26(5), 9-12
    Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Jiwu Zhang, and Guohua Chen (2005): Gold 26(5), 9-12
    Hongyang Li, Jingzhi Feng, Jinfang Wang, Zengqian Hou, Zhusen Yang, Congying Wang, and Wentao Chen (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(1), 70-75
        • Tongguanshan ore field
    Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
    • Guizhou Province
      • Guiyang Prefecture
        • Qingzhen Co.
    El Gorsey, A., Yabuki, H., Ehlers, K., Woolum, D. & Pernicka, E. (1988). Qingzhen and Yamato-691: A tentative alphabet for the EH chondrites. Proceedings NIPR Symposium Antarctic Meteorites 1, 65-101.
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Jiujiang Prefecture
        • Ruichang Co.
    Zhongling Wang (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(7), 14-19
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Sokolov (Falkenau an der Eger)
    Beran, P., Rojík, P.: Mineralogie a geologie lomu Lomnice v sokolovské hnědouhelné pánvi. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 77-83.
    Finland
     
    • Lapland Region
      • Kittilä
    Paakkola, Juhani 1971. The volcanic complex and associated manganiferous iron formation of the Porkonen-Pahtavaara area in Finnish Lapland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande 247.
    France
     
    • Brittany
      • Morbihan
        • Pontivy
          • Guern
    R. Pierrot, L. Chauris, C. Laforêt and F. Pillard : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 9 : Morbihan", BRGM, 1980.
    • Corsica
      • Haute-Corse
        • Corte
          • Moïta
            • Matra
    Picot, P. and Johan, Z. (1977). Atlas des Minéraux Métalliques, BRGM, Elsevier
    • Limousin
      • Corrèze
        • Davignac
    M.Deliens, C.Lheur, W.Peraud & D.Virlogeux (2004)- Les minéraux d'uranium du Boucheron, près de Davignac (Corrèze)- Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°84, pp 3-25.
    • Poitou-Charentes
      • Deux-Sèvres
        • La Chapelle Largeau
    Le Cahier des micromonteurs, 2002, N°75, pp 8-25
    Hungary
     
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Rudabányai Mtns
    No reference listed
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Recsk
    No reference listed
    Israel
     
    • Negev
    Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Lanzo Valleys
          • Balangero
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Puglia
      • Taranto Province
    Garavelli C.L., Nuovo G. (1971) - La Greigite delle argille di Montemesola - Per. min. vol. 40, 3, pp. 305-327 and M. Boscardin (1975) - Informazioni di mineralogia italiana: 49) Greigite di Montemesola (Taranto) - Notizie del Gruppo Min. Lombardo, fasc. 1, March 1975, pag. 4
    • Tuscany
      • Grosseto Province
        • Scansano
          • Pereta
    Brizzi, G. & Meli, R. (1995): La miniera antimonifera di Pereta con un cenno a quella solfo-cinabrifera di Zolfiere in comune di Scansano (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 19:, 217-240.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Tohoku region
        • Akita prefecture
          • Odate
    Handbook of Mineralogy
        • Iwate Prefecture
          • Esashi City
    Handbook of Mineralogy
    Poland
     
    • Podlaskie
      • Suwałki District
        • Suwałki Massif
    Kucha H., Kwiecińska B., Piestrzyński A., Wieczorek A. 1979: On the genesis of graphite from magnetite rocks of Krzemianka (NE Poland). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 10, no 2, 81-88
    Republic of Macedonia
     
    Am Min 51:209-215
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
          • Vitim Plateau
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Primorskiy Kray
    Gonevchuk, V. G., Korostelev, P. G., & Semenyak, B. I. (2005). Genesis of the Tigrinoe tin deposit (Russia). Geology Of Ore Deposits C/C Of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 47(3), 223.
    • Urals Region
      • Middle Urals
        • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
          • Krasnoturjinsk (Bogolovsk; Krasnotur'insk; Krasnoturyinsk)
            • Turya river
              • Turjinsk
    No reference listed
      • Southern Urals
        • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
          • Uchaly
    Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Yakovleva, V.A., and Spiro, B. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 239-254
    Slovakia
     
    • Košice Region
      • Rožňava Co.
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Prešov Region
      • Prešov Co.
        • Červenica
    Duda,R. et. all.,1981: MIneralogia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca,Monografia 2, Bratislava, 98p
    Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
      • Vranov nad Topľou Co.
    Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
    South Africa
     
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Ehlanzeni District
    Minerals of South Africa
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Binn Valley
        • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 199.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Wadebridge District
          • St Endellion
    Handbook of Mineralogy; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    Ukraine
     
    • Crimea Oblast'
      • Crimea peninsula
    Geologiya SSSR (The geology of USSR) (1969) - Nedra (Moscou), 1969, vol. VIII, 575 p.
    USA
     
    • California
      • Alpine Co.
        • Monitor - Mogul District
          • Leviathan Peak
    [MinRec 20:129-142]
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Coastal Range
    Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Kern Co.
        • Kramer District
    www.mineralsocal.org
    Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
    Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64, 311; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988.
    Am Min 49:543-555
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Kramer-Four Corners area
    American Mineralogist (1974): 49: 543-555.
    • Michigan
      • Alger Co.
    Am Min 57:1303-1304
    • Missouri
      • Madison Co.
    R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    • Nevada
      • Churchill Co.
        • Table Mountain District
          • Cottonwood Canyon
            • Bolivia
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Mexico
      • Eddy Co.
        • Carlsbad
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. Rev. Ed., 1996
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