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Irarsite

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Formula:
(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Hardness:
Member of:

Classification of Irarsite

Approved
2.EB.25

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
B : M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.
2.12.3.7

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
3.12.64

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals
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Type Occurrence of Irarsite

Year of Discovery:
1966

Physical Properties of Irarsite

Hardness (Mohs):

Chemical Properties of Irarsite

Formula:
(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Os,Fe

Relationship of Irarsite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Hollingworthite (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
2.EB.05aAurostibiteAuSb2
2.EB.05bBambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2
2.EB.05aCattieriteCoS2
2.EB.05aErlichmaniteOsS2
2.EB.05aFukuchiliteCu3FeS8
2.EB.05aGeversitePtSb2
2.EB.05aHaueriteMnS2
2.EB.05aInsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
2.EB.05aKrut'aiteCuSe2
2.EB.05aLauriteRuS2
2.EB.05aPenroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
2.EB.05aPyriteFeS2
2.EB.05aSperrylitePtAs2
2.EB.05aTrogtaliteCoSe2
2.EB.05aVaesiteNiS2
2.EB.05aVillamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
2.EB.05aDzharkeniteFeSe2
2.EB.05aGaotaiiteIr3Te8
2.EB.10bAlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
2.EB.10dCostibiteCoSbS
2.EB.10aFerroseliteFeSe2
2.EB.10aFrohbergiteFeTe2
2.EB.10cGlaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
2.EB.10aKulleruditeNiSe2
2.EB.10aMarcasiteFeS2
2.EB.10aMattagamiteCoTe2
2.EB.10eParacostibiteCoSbS
2.EB.10ePararammelsbergiteNiAs2
2.EB.10fOeniteCoSbAs
2.EB.15aAnduoite(Ru,Os)As2
2.EB.15aClinosaffloriteCoAs2
2.EB.15aLöllingiteFeAs2
2.EB.15aNisbiteNiSb2
2.EB.15aOmeiite(Os,Ru)As2
2.EB.15cPaxiteCuAs2
2.EB.15aRammelsbergiteNiAs2
2.EB.15aSafflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
2.EB.15bSeinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2
2.EB.20ArsenopyriteFeAsS
2.EB.20GudmunditeFeSbS
2.EB.20Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsS
2.EB.20Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
2.EB.25CobaltiteCoAsS
2.EB.25GersdorffiteNiAsS
2.EB.25Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
2.EB.25JolliffeiteNiAsSe
2.EB.25KrutoviteNiAs2
2.EB.25MaslovitePtBiTe
2.EB.25MicheneritePdBiTe
2.EB.25PadmaitePdBiSe
2.EB.25PlatarsitePtAsS
2.EB.25TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)
2.EB.25TolovkiteIrSbS
2.EB.25UllmanniteNiSbS
2.EB.25Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS
2.EB.25ChangchengiteIrBiS
2.EB.25MayingiteIrBiTe
2.EB.25Hollingsworthite
2.EB.25KalungaitePdAsSe
2.EB.25MilotaitePdSbSe
2.EB.30UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2
2.EB.35RheniiteReS2
3.12.1Seinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2
3.12.2LauriteRuS2
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)As
3.12.4Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2
3.12.5Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
3.12.6Xingzhongite(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4
3.12.7RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
3.12.9KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16
3.12.10Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAs
3.12.12Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
3.12.13Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
3.12.14Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15
3.12.16Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5
3.12.17TelluropalladinitePd9Te4
3.12.18TemagamitePd3HgTe3
3.12.19SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTe
3.12.21KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
3.12.22Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
3.12.23Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2As
3.12.25StillwateritePd8As3
3.12.26AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25
3.12.27MajakitePdNiAs
3.12.28PalarstanidePd8(As,Sn)3
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3
3.12.30VincentitePd3As
3.12.31PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)
3.12.32StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)
3.12.34Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
3.12.35TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)
3.12.36BorovskitePd3SbTe4
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2
3.12.38Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8(Sb,As)3
3.12.40SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
3.12.41Frooditeα-PdBi2
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)
3.12.43UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2
3.12.44CooperitePtS
3.12.45Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8
3.12.47MalaniteCu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
3.12.48Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTe
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2
3.12.51PlatarsitePtAsS
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2
3.12.53DaomaniteCuPtAsS2
3.12.54Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
3.12.55StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)
3.12.56InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2
3.12.58Omeiite(Os,Ru)As2
3.12.59Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsS
3.12.60Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3
3.12.61InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16
3.12.62Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
3.12.63Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2
3.12.65TolovkiteIrSbS

Other Names for Irarsite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Irarsit
Simplified Chinese:硫砷铱矿
Spanish:Irarsita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Irarsite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist: 52: 1580.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 186.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 95(6): 700-712.

Internet Links for Irarsite

Localities for Irarsite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Tamanghasset Province
Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Argentina
 
  • San Luis
Mineralogical Magazine 1997 61 : 861-877; FERRACUTTI, G.; BJERG, E. and MOGESSIE, A.. Precious and base metals in Las Águilas, Sierra de San Luis: Mineralogy, genesis and evolution. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.3, pp. 434-446.; Mineralogy and Petrology (2000) 68: 85-114
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Kambalda
        • Kambalda Nickel mines
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225
    • Kondinin Shire
Prichard, H. M., Fisher, P. C., McDonald, I., Knight, R., Sharp, D. and Williams, J. (2013): The distribution of PGE and the role of arsenic as a collector of PGE in the Spotted Quoll nickel ore deposit in the Forrestania Greenstone Belt, Western Australia. Economic Geology 108, 1903-1921.
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Mount Keith
Grguric, B.A. (2003) Minerals of the MKD5 nickel deposit, Mount Keith, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 9, No. 2 , pg. 55-71.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Leoben
Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Brazil
 
  • Amapá
    • Mazagão
      • Vila Nova
CanMin 39:377-396
  • Bahia
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
  • Goiás
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
    • Hidrolândia
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
  • Minas Gerais
The Canadian Mineralogist; August 2007; v. 45; no. 4; p. 751-773;
Brenner et al (1990) Econ Geol 85:904-920
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Curionópolis
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
  • São Paulo
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Oblast
Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
    • Gotse Delchev Obshtina
      • Rhodope Mts
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Burma (Myanmar)
 
  • Sagaing Division
    • Monywa District
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Similkameen Mining Division
      • Princeton
        • Similkameen River
Alfredo Petrov collection
      • Tulameen River
Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Alfredo Petrov collection; Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
  • Manitoba
    • Thompson Nickel Belt
      • Moab-Setting Lakes area
Y. Chen, M. E. Fleet and Y. Pan (1993) Platinum-group minerals and gold in Arsenic-rich ore at the Thompson mine, Thompson Nickel Belt, Manitoba, Canada. Mineralogy and Petrology 49:127-146; Chen, Yuan, "Precious-metal Mineralization And Sulfide-silicate Relationships In Some Canadian Nickel-copper Sulfide Deposits: Thompson Mine, Manitoba; Sudbury, Ontario; Dundonald Beach, Ontario" (1993). Digitized Theses. Paper 2231.
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Werner Lake Area
Ref.: R.J. Traill 1983
    • Sudbury District
      • Blezard Township
; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Creighton-Davies Township
Sarah A. S. Dare, Sarah-Jane Barnes and Hazel M. Prichard (2010): The distribution of platinum group elements (PGE) and other chalcophile elements among sulfides from the Creighton Ni–Cu–PGE sulfide deposit, Sudbury, Canada, and the origin of palladium in pentlandite. Mineralium Deposita 45, 765-793.; Dare, S. A., Barnes, S. J., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2010). The timing and formation of platinum-group minerals from the Creighton Ni-Cu-platinum-group element sulfide deposit, Sudbury, Canada: early crystallization of PGE-rich sulfarsenides. Economic Geology, 105(6), 1071-1096.
      • Drury Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Garson Township
LeFort, D.T. (2012) A mineralogical and fluid inclusion study of modified, contact style Ni-Cu-PGE ores in the #1 and #4 shear zones, Garson Mine, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. Unpublished M.Sc thesis, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. 189p.
      • McKim Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Jinchang Prefecture
      • Jinchuan District
Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28
  • Hebei Province
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Chengde Co.
        • Gaositai
Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15; Zuxiang Yu (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(1), 1-4
Zuxiang Yu (1995): Acta Geologica Sinica 69(3), 215-220; Zuxiang Yu (1997): Acta Geologica Sinica 71(4), 486-490
      • Luan River valley (Luanhe valley)
Yu Zuxiang (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(1), 5-8.
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Hexigten Banner (Keshiketeng Co.)
Jingbin Wang, Yuwang Wang, and Lijuan Wang (1998): Geological Exploration for Non-Ferrous Metals 7(3), 142-145
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Amdo Co. (Anduo Co.)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Yunnan Province
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Midu Co.
Min Liu (2002): Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources 10(5), 28-32; Huanbin Song, Mingqin He, Shangzhong Zhang, and Fenghuang Yi (2008): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 27, 104-108; Shengwei Wang, Xiaoming Sun, Zhenwen Liao, Bangguo Zhou, Maojin Luo, Yang Guo, Xiaofang Jiang, Huaping Zhu, Dong Ma, and Zhanwu Shen (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(6), 1259-1276
Costa Rica
 
  • Guanacaste Province
Federica Zaccarini, Ronald J. Bakker, Giorgio Garuti, Thomas Aiglsperger, Oskar A. R. Thalhammer, Lolita Campos, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis (2010) Platinum group minerals in chromitite bodies of the Santa Elena Nappe, Costa Rica: mineralogical characterization by electron microprobe and Raman–spectroscopy. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana 62:161-171
Cuba
 
  • Holguín Province
    • Mayarí-Baracoa Belt
Gervilla, F., Proenza, J. A., Frei, R., González-Jiménez, J. M., Garrido, C. J., Melgarejo, J. C., ... & Lavaut, W. (2005). Distribution of platinum-group elements and Os isotopes in chromite ores from Mayarí-Baracoa Ophiolitic Belt (eastern Cuba). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 150(6), 589-607.
González-Jiménez, J. M., Proenza, J. A., Gervilla, F., Melgarejo, J. C., Blanco-Moreno, J. A., Ruiz-Sánchez, R., & Griffin, W. L. (2011). High-Cr and high-Al chromitites from the Sagua de Tánamo district, Mayarí-Cristal Ophiolitic Massif (eastern Cuba): constraints on their origin from mineralogy and geochemistry of chromian spinel and platinum-group elements. Lithos, 125(1), 101-121.
Dominican Republic
 
  • Monseñor Nouel Province
    • Bonao
Zaccharini et al. (2009): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 185, 335-349; Proenza, J. A., Zaccarini, F., Lewis, J. F., Longo, F., & Garuti, G. (2007). Chromian spinel composition and the platinum-group minerals of the PGE-rich Loma Peguera chromitites, Loma Caribe peridotite, Dominican Republic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(3), 631-648.
Ethiopia
 
  • Benshangul-Gumaz Province
    • Asosa region (Assosa region)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Oromia Province (Oromiya Province)
    • Gimbi
T.L. Evstigneyeva, A.S. Kudryavtsev, N.S. Rudashevskiy (1992) Minerals of the platinum-group elements from Yubdo (Ethiopia): New data. Mineral. Zhurnal, l4(l), 29-41 (in Russian)
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Econ Geol (1995) 90:445-452
Törroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kar, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper; Törnroos, Ragnar, Johanson, Bo, Kojonen, Kari 1998. Alluvial nuggets of Platinum-group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 26
    • Inari
      • Lemmenjoki
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland; Kari K. Kojonen, Andrew M. McDonald, Chris J. Stanley, and Bo Johanson (2011) Törnroosite, Pd11As2Te2, A New Mineral Species Related to Isomertieite from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. Can Mineral 49:1643-1651
    • Kemi
Stanislav S. Gornostayev, Kauko V.O. Laajoki & Ossi Leinonen (2000) The platinum-group minerals in the Kemi chromite deposit, Finland: a case study of the Elijärvi ore body. In Abstract volume and Field trip Guidebook, 2nd annual GEODE-Fennoscandian shield field workshop on Palaeoproterozoic and Archean greenstone belts and VMS districts in the Fennoscandian Shield (Vol. 28).
    • Penikat complex
      • Sompujärvi Reef
Barkov, A., Halkoaho, T., Roberts, A., Criddle, A., Martin, R., Papunen, H. (1999) New Pd-Pb and Pb-V oxides frm a bonanza-type PGE-rich, nearly BMS-free deposit in the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1507-1524.
    • Sodankylä
Gervilla, F., Kojonen, K. and Merkle, R.K.W., 2005. Platinum-group minerals in the Proterozoic Keivitsa mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract, 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume
mutanen Tapani 1997. Geology and ore petrology of Akanvaara nd Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa -satovaara layered complex, Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, bulletin 395. 233s.
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Nivala
K.K. Kojonen et al.: Can. Mineral. 42:539-544 (2004); Econ Geol (1986) 81:1236-1241
Greece
 
  • Epirus Department (Ipeiros)
    • Pindos Mtn
      • Pindos ophiolite complex
Argirios Kapsiotis, Tassos A. Grammatikopoulos, Basilios Tsikouras, Konstantin Hatzipanagiotou, Federica Zaccarini und Giorgio Garuti (2011): Mineralogy, composition and PGM of chromitites from Pefki, Pindos ophiolite complex (NW Greece): evidence for progressively elevated fAs conditions in the upper mantle sequence. Mineralogy and Petrology 101, 129-150.
  • Macedonia Department
    • Kozáni Prefecture
      • Kozáni and Grevena prefectures border area
        • Vourinos Mt ophiolite complex
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Auge, T. (1985). Platinum-group-mineral inclusions in ophiolitic chromitite from the Vourinos Complex, Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 23(2), 163-171.
Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperaturte: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.
          • Pontini and Chromion area
Kapsiotis, A., Grammatikopoulos, T. A., Zaccarini, F., Tsikouras, B., Garuti, G., & Hatzipanagiotou, K. (2006). Platinum-group mineral characterisation in concentrates from low-grade PGE chromitites from the Vourinos ophiolite complex, northern Greece. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 115(2), 49-57.
Kapsiotis, A., Grammatikopoulos, T. A., Zaccarini, F., Tsikouras, B., Garuti, G., & Hatzipanagiotou, K. (2006). Platinum-group mineral characterisation in concentrates from low-grade PGE chromitites from the Vourinos ophiolite complex, northern Greece. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 115(2), 49-57.
India
 
  • Orissa
    • Keonjhar District
Mineralogical Magazine 1997 61 : 902-906
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Vercelli Province
      • Sesia Valley
        • Quarona
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.; Econ Geol (1986) 81:113-1217
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Kamikawa Province
Urashima et al (1982) Reports of the Faculty of Science, Kagoshima University, 31, 129-140.
      • Uryu-gun
        • Uryugawa
Urashima et al (1982) Reports of the Faculty of Science, Kagoshima University, 31, 129-140.
Kenya
 
  • Rift Valley Province
Schulze, H. (1998) Noble Metal Phases in Rumuruti-chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, supplement): p. A139. (July 1998)
Madagascar
 
  • Mahajanga Province (Majunga)
    • Betsiboka Region
      • Tsaratanàna District
        • Andriamena Commune
McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352
Mongolia
 
  • Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag)
    • Khan-Taishirin-Ula range
http://www.dmitrenkogg.narod.ru/Mongoliy.htm
New Caledonia
 
  • Southern Province
    • Ouen Island
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in chromitite schlieren from the ouen island, new caledonia ophiolite
    • Pirogues River
Jan Pasava (ed) Mineral Deposits: From Their Origin to Their Environmental Impacts pp89-92
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Rødøy
      • Selsøyvik
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (11998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
  • Sogn og Fjordane
    • Vik
      • Stølsheimen
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
  • Sør-Trøndelag
    • Røros
      • Feragen
Nilson, L. P. (1990): Platinum-group mineral inclusions in chromitite from the Osthammeren ultramafic tectonite body, South Central Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology 42: 249-263
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Northern Province (Oro Province)
    • Ioma area
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 510.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/14099/EAE03-A-14099.pdf.
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sayan Mts
        • Eastern Sayan
Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
      • Kolyma area
        • Bol'shoi Anyui River Basin
          • Baimka River
            • Aluchinskii Massif (Aluchin horst)
Gornostayev, S.S., Crocket, J.H., Mochalov, A.G., and Lajoki, K.V.O. (1999) The platinum-group minerals of the Baimka placer deposits, Aluchin horst, Russian Far East. Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 1117-1129.
      • Pekul'nei Range
        • Northern Pekul'nei River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Tony Nikischer specimen and analysis; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
[CanMin 38 p1251-1264 "The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia"]
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
        • Oulanka plutonic complex
          • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
A. Yu. Barkov et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 311-316.; Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Tarkian, M., Poirier, G., & Thibault, Y. (2001). Pd–Ag Tellurides from a Cl-rich environment in the Lukkulaisvaara layered intrusion, northern Russian Karelia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(2), 639-653.
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
Gabov, D. A. (2010). PGE and Au minerals from the low-sulfide ore of the Pana Tundra Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 624-629.
        • Monche-Tundra
Yury L. Voytekhovsky, Yury N. Neradovsky (2008) The Cu-Ni-PGE and Cr deposits of the Monchegorsk area, the Kola Peninsula, Russia. 33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,)
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
[AmMin 84:195]
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Polar Urals
      • Tyumenskaya Oblast'
        • Rai-Iz (Raiz)
Jan Pašava, Ilja Knésl, Anna Vymazalová, Ivan Vavřín, Ludmila Ivanovna Gurskaya, Leonid Ruslanovich Kolbantsev (2011) Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements (PGE) in chromites from Centralnoye I, Polar Urals, Russia. Geoscience Frontiers 2:81-85
Jan Pašava, Ilja Knésl, Anna Vymazalová, Ivan Vavřín, Ludmila Ivanovna Gurskaya, Leonid Ruslanovich Kolbantsev (2011) Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements (PGE) in chromites from Centralnoye I, Polar Urals, Russia. Geoscience Frontiers 2:81-85
South Africa
 
  • Eastern Cape Province
    • Alfred Nzo District
      • Insizwa
Minerals of South Africa; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
  • Free State Province
Minerals of South Africa
  • Limpopo Province
www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
Minerals of South Africa
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.
Minerals of South Africa
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
      • Lydenburg
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Cabrii, L. J., & Feather, C. E. (1975). Platinum-Iron Alloys: A Nomenclature Based on a Study of Natural and Synthetic Alloys. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 117-126.
Minerals of South Africa
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Brits (Brits District)
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 216
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 216;
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Ojén
Mineralogy and Petrology: 56: 25-50.
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Herbeira ultramafic massif
        • Cariño
Madon, M., Gil, J.I., Via, J. and Girardeau, J. (1991). Characterization and thermodynamic properties of andradite, Ca3Fe2Si3O12. American Mineralogist, 76:1249-1260.; Moreno, T., Lunar, R., Prichard, H.M., Monterrubio, S. and Ortega, L. (1999) Platinum-group element mineralization in chromitites from the ultramafic massifs of the Cabo Ortegal complex. Geogaceta, 25:135-138.; Moreno, T., Gibbons, W., Lunar, R., Prichard, H.M., Monterrubio, S. and García-izquierdo, B. (2002) Concentraciones de cromita y elementos del grupo del platino en las rocas ultramáficas del complejo de Cabo Ortegal (NO de España): implicaciones tectónicas. Bol. Soc. Esp. Min., 25:129-144.; García, B., Lunar, R. and Capote, R. (2002). Difusión de Al-Cr en espinelas durante la deformación en rocas ultramáficas de los complejos de Cabo Ortegal (NO de España) y de BraganÇa (NE de Portugal). Bol. Soc. Esp. Min., 25A:37-44.
Sweden
 
  • Västerbotten
    • Norsjö
No reference listed
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Muğla Province
      • Muğla ophiolite
N. Jb. Mineral. 185 (2009) 323-333; Uysal, İ., Tarkian, M., Sadiklar, M. B., Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Garuti, G., & Heidrich, S. (2009). Petrology of Al-and Cr-rich ophiolitic chromitites from the Muğla, SW Turkey: implications from composition of chromite, solid inclusions of platinum-group mineral, silicate, and base-metal mineral, and Os-isotope geochemistry. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(5), 659-674.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries & Galloway
      • Newton Stewart
MinMag 68(2):395-411
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle of Rum
Power, M.R., Pirrie, D., Andersen, J.C.O., and Butcher, A.R. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 762-775.
    • Shetland Islands
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; A G Gunn, R C Leake and M T Styles (1985) Platinum-group element mineralisation in the Unst ophiolite, Shetland British Geological Survey Mineral Reconnaissance report 73
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Ukraine
 
  • Cherkasy Oblast'
    • Zvenyhorodka
Gornostayev, S.S., Laajoki, K.V.O., and Popovchenko, S.E. (2002): The chromitites of the Kapitanov deposit, Ukrainian Shield. Presented at the 47th Annual GAC-MAC meeting, Saskatoon, Canada.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Borough
      • Goodnews Bay
        • Salmon River - Red Mountain District
USGS Open-File Report 01-269
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Orick District
        • Orick
          • Gold Bluffs
Snetsinger, K.G. (1972) Osarsite, a new osmium-ruthenium sulfarsenide from California. American Mineralogist: 57: 1029; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 63.
    • Sacramento Co.
      • Folsom District
        • Folsom
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 64.
    • Stanislaus Co.
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 64.
  • Oregon
    • Jackson Co.
      • Applegate District
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
    • Lancaster Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology Fall/Winter 2011
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi Mining District (Hartley Mining District)
      • Chiredzi
Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342
  • Midlands
    • Zvishavane District
      • Zvishavane (Shabani; Shabanie; Shavani)
Nashwa, Velaphi Moses. "The flotation of high talc-containing ore from the Great Dyke of Zimbabwe." (2008). MS Thesis
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