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Plombièrite

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Formula:
[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
White to pink to ...
Name:
Name after the locality.
Plombièrite is the most hydrated phase belonging to the Tobermorite Group. It has a basal spacing of 14 Å, and is therefore often called 'Tobermorite-14 Å'.

The structure of plombièrite contains composite layers, consisting of infinite sheets of (CaO7) polyhedra, to both sides of which dreier single chains of (SiO4) tetrahedra are attached, running along the b axis. Those layers are stacked along the c axis and linked by additional calcium ions and water molecules which occupy cavities between the layers (Bonaccorsi et al., 2005).
Redefined by IMA in 2014, according to new nomenclature for the Tobermorite Group.


A very similar structure is expected for Riversideite.

Classification of Plombièrite

Redefined Approved 2014
9.DG.08

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
G : Inosilicates with 3-periodic single and multiple chains
72.3.2.3

72 : PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
3 : Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
14.5.26

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
5 : Silicates of Ca
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First Recorded Occurrence of Plombièrite

Physical Properties of Plombièrite

Colour:
White to pink to red-brown
Streak:
White

Crystallography of Plombièrite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.48 (wb)
3.17 (msb)
3.01 (msb)
2.81 (ms)
2.07 (w)
1.83 (ms)
1.67 (w)

Optical Data of Plombièrite

Type:
Biaxial
Dispersion:
r < v strong

Chemical Properties of Plombièrite

Formula:
[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Plombièrite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2O
Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
9.DG.05BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
9.DG.05FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
9.DG.05PectoliteNaCa2(HSi3O9)
9.DG.05SéranditeNa(Mn2+,Ca)2(HSi3O9)
9.DG.05WollastoniteCaSiO3
9.DG.05Wollastonite-1ACaSiO3
9.DG.07CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
9.DG.10Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
9.DG.10RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2O
9.DG.10Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
9.DG.15FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
9.DG.20JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
9.DG.25ParaumbiteK3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2O
9.DG.25UmbiteK2(Zr,Ti)Si3O9 · H2O
9.DG.30SørenseniteNa4SnBe2Si6O16(OH)4
9.DG.35XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
9.DG.40HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
9.DG.45ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2O
9.DG.45ChivruaiiteCa4(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 13-14H2O
9.DG.50Haineaultite(Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2O
9.DG.55EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
9.DG.60EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
9.DG.65ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
9.DG.70Fenaksite(K,Na)4(Fe,Mn)2(Si4O10)2(OH,F)
9.DG.70LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10
9.DG.70ManaksiteKNaMnSi4O10
9.DG.75TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]
9.DG.75TokkoiteK2Ca4Si7O17(O,OH,F)4
9.DG.75SenkevichiteCsKNaCa2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]
9.DG.80CanasiteK2Na4Ca5(Si12O30(OH,F)4
9.DG.80FluorcanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30F4 · H2O
9.DG.85MiseriteK(Ca,Ce)4Si5O13(OH)3
9.DG.90FrankameniteK3Na3Ca5(Si12O30)(F,OH)4 · H2O
9.DG.92Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
9.DG.95Yuksporite(K,Ba)NaCa2(Si,Ti)4O11(F,OH) · H2O
9.DG.97Eveslogite(Na,K,Ca,Sr,Ba)48 [(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe2+)12Si48O144(OH)12](F,OH,Cl)14
14.5.1WollastoniteCaSiO3
14.5.2Wollastonite-7T
14.5.3Wollastonite-2MCaSiO3
14.5.4RankiniteCa3Si2O7
14.5.5KilchoaniteCa6(SiO4)(Si3O10)
14.5.6LarniteCa2SiO4
14.5.7BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4
14.5.8HatruriteCa3(SiO4)O
14.5.9RosenhahniteHCa3[Si3O9(OH)]
14.5.10DellaiteCa6(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2
14.5.11AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
14.5.12XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
14.5.13FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
14.5.14HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
14.5.15JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6
14.5.16SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2O
14.5.17KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
14.5.18OkeniteCaSi2O5 · 2H2O
14.5.19RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2O
14.5.20TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O10) · 2H2O
14.5.21GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
14.5.22FoshallasiteCa3[Si2O7] · 3H2O(?)
14.5.23Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
14.5.24Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
14.5.25NekoiteCa3Si6O15·7H2O
14.5.27JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O

Other Names for Plombièrite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Plombièrite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 735-736.

American Mineralogist (1954): 39: 1038.

McConnell, J.D.C. (1954): The hydrated calcium silicates riversideite, tobermorite and plombierite. Mineralogical Magazine 30, 293-305.

Mineralogical Magazine (1992): 56: 353.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1995): 124: 36.

Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., Kampf, A.R. (2005): The crystal structure of tobermorite 14 Å (plombièrite), a C-S-H phase. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 88, 505-512.

Internet Links for Plombièrite

Localities for Plombièrite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); Postl, W., Bernhard, F., Bojar, H.-P., Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1775) Magnesiochromit, Phillipsit-Ca, Chabasit-Ca und Vertumnit sowie eine Ergänzung zur Phase Ca3Ti(Fe,Al)2O8 (= Shulamitit) in einem Ca-reichen Xenolith aus dem Basaltsteinbruch in Klöch, Steiermark. Pp. 172-174 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
China
 
  • Hebei Province
    • Handan Prefecture
      • She Co.
Cao Zhengmin, Bi Yurun, and Wang Peiying (1986): Acta Scientiarium Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis 32(2)
France
 
  • Lorraine
    • Vosges
C.R.Acad.Sci.Paris,(1858) 46, 1088
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Maroldsweisach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise (München), 1983
Hungary
 
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Balaton Uplands
      • Bakony Mts
        • Sümegprága
Kónya-MÁFI,2008
      • Tapolcai Basin
        • Zalahaláp
Kónya-MÁFI,2008
Israel
 
  • Negev
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
Italy
 
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Cornedo Vicentino
        • Spagnago
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183; Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Takahashi City
          • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
            • Fuka
Henmi, C., & Kusachi, I. (1992). Clinotobermorite, Ca5Si6 (O, OH) 18· 5H2O, a new mineral from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(3), 353-358.
    • Kanto Region
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
        • Yamakita
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Alfredo Petrov collection
Romania
 
  • Brașov Co.
    • Racoş Commune
Szakáll, S., Kristály, F., 2010. Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Sfântu Gheorghe-Miercurea Ciuc-Târgu Mureş. 2010.
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
Marincea, S., Dumitraş. D-G., Ghinet, C, Fransolet, A.-M., Hatert, F. & Rondeaux, M. (2011): Gehlenite from three occurrences of high-temperature skarns, Romania: new mineralogical data. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 1001-1014
  • Harghita Co.
    • Odorheiu Secuiesc (Székelyudvarhely; Oderhellen)
      • Racoş (Racoşu de Jos)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Hunedoara
Marincea, Ş., Bilal, E., Verkaeren, J., Pascal, M.-L., and Fonteilles, M. (2001) Superposed paragenesis in spurrite-, tilleyite- and gehlenite-bearing skarns from Cornet Hill, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Dovyren Highlands
Sergey Vasiliev
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
      • Verkhnechegemskaya caldera (Verkhni Chegem caldera; Upper Chegem caldera)
A. E. Zadov data
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Asbest
[World of Stones 2:93 p35]
        • Sysert' District
          • Polevskoi (Polevskoi Zavod)
Zadov, A. E.; Grabezhev, A. I.; Pertsev, N. N.; Chukanov, N. V.; Pribavkin, S. V. (2006): Tobermorite-plombierite metasomatites of the Gumeshevsk skarn-porphyry copper deposit, Middle Urals. Doklady Earth Sciences 407A, 495-497.
UK
 
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Antrim
      • Glenoe
Nawaz, R. (1977). A second occurrence of killalaite. Mineralogical Magazine, 41, 546-548.
      • Larne
McConnell, J. D. C. (1955). The hydration of larnite (fi-Ca2SiO~) and bredigite (al-Ca2Si04) and the properties of the resulting gelatinous mineral plombierite.
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands (Argyllshire)
      • Ardnamurchan
Mineralogical Magazine 1965 34 : 1-15.
    • Strathclyde (Argyllshire)
      • Isle of Mull
Mineralogical Magazine 1965 34 : 92-106.
USA
 
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
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