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Rosemaryite

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Formula:
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Dark olive-green, dark ...
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Member of:
Name:
Named by Paul Brian Moore and Jun Ito in 1979 in honor of F. Rosemary Wyllie, wife of Peter J. Wyllie. The named assigned by them was rosemaryite-(MnNa□) based on a chemical analysis and the implicit assertion that the mineral conformed to the wyllieite group. The first non-chemical data establishing rosemaryite's definition were published by Andre M. Fransolet (1995).
Isostructural with:

Classification of Rosemaryite

Approved
8.AC.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
38.2.8.3
38.2.4.3

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
2 : (AB)5(XO4)3
19.14.3

19 : Phosphates
14 : Phosphates of Fe and other metals
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First Recorded Occurrence of Rosemaryite

General Appearance of First Recorded Material:
Dark greenish black monocrystalline masses
Year of Discovery:
1979
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
Granite pegmatite.
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Occurrences of Rosemaryite

Geological Setting:
Granite pegmatite (Buranga).

Physical Properties of Rosemaryite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Dark olive-green, dark brown
Hardness (Mohs):
4 - 4½
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{010} {1}, by analogy with ferrowyllieite
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.63 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Rosemaryite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.977Å, b = 12.388Å, c = 6.320Å
β = 114.45°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.967 : 1 : 0.51
Unit Cell Volume:
V 853.61 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Comment:
P21/n
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.19 (50)
5.451 (50)
3.487 (70)
3.024 (100)
2.842 (60)
2.726 (90)
2.693 (100)
2.062 (60)
Comments:
European J. Min. v 7, p. 567

Optical Data of Rosemaryite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.723 nβ = 1.742 nγ = 1.758
2V:
Measured: 80° , Calculated: 76°
Birefringence:
0.035
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.035
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v weak
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = Y = pale brownish yellow, Z = pale greenish yellow

Chemical Properties of Rosemaryite

Formula:
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Rosemaryite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Ferrowyllieite (see here)
Forms a series with Wyllieite (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6
Ferrorosemaryite◻NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3
Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3
Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3
Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
8.AC.05HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3
8.AC.10Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
8.AC.10ArseniopleiteNaCaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg)2(AsO4)3
8.AC.10Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)(Ca,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+)2(AsO4)3
8.AC.10Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
8.AC.10HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe22+(PO4)3
8.AC.10JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
8.AC.10Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3
8.AC.10NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
8.AC.10VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
8.AC.10FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe22+(PO4)3
8.AC.10BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3
8.AC.10YazganiteNaFe23+(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2O
8.AC.10GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)(HPO4)2
8.AC.15BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6
8.AC.15Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3
8.AC.15Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15Ferrorosemaryite◻NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3
8.AC.18ManitobaiteNa16Mn2+ 25Al8(PO4)30
8.AC.20MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
8.AC.25BerzeliiteNaCa2(Mg,Mn2+)2(AsO4)3
8.AC.25Manganberzeliite(Ca,Na)3(Mn2+,Mg)2(AsO4)3
8.AC.25Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn22+(VO4)3
8.AC.25SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3
8.AC.30BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2
8.AC.35Vitusite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2
8.AC.40Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2
8.AC.40Bario-olgite(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2 ·
8.AC.45StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
8.AC.45WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
8.AC.45MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
8.AC.45TuiteCa3(PO4)2
8.AC.45FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7
8.AC.45BobdownsiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3F)
8.AC.50Chladniite{Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
8.AC.50Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
8.AC.50JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36
8.AC.50Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe42+Na4}{Fe432+}(PO4)36
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y){(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
8.AC.50XenophylliteNa4Fe72+(PO4)6
8.AC.55HarrisoniteCa(Fe2+,Mg)6(PO4)2(SiO4)2
8.AC.60KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3
8.AC.65Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2
8.AC.70StanfielditeCa7Ca2Mg9(PO4)12
8.AC.75RonneburgiteK2MnV4O12
8.AC.80Tillmannsite(Ag3Hg)(VO4,AsO4)
8.AC.85FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8
19.14.1CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
19.14.2KidwelliteNaFe93+(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O
19.14.4Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
19.14.5Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
19.14.6NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
19.14.7LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.14.8Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.14.9BurangaiteNaFe2+Al5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
19.14.10Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)2(PO4)(OH,O)
19.14.11UshkoviteMgFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.14.12Garyansellite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2(OH,O) · 1.5H2O
19.14.13ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2
19.14.14AnapaiteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.14.15XanthoxeniteCa4Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
19.14.16CalcioferriteCa2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2O
19.14.17MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
19.14.18MélonjosephiteCaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
19.14.19DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
19.14.20CollinsiteCa2(Mg,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.14.21SegeleriteCa2 Mg2 Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.14.22KingsmountiteCa4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
19.14.23VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
19.14.24MetavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.14.25ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.14.26SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2O
19.14.27CacoxeniteFe243+Al(PO4)17O6(OH)12 · 17H2O
19.14.28KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2O
19.14.29Lazulite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
19.14.30ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
19.14.31Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
19.14.32Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
19.14.33ZaïriteBiFe33+(PO4)2(OH)6
38.2.8.1Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
38.2.8.2Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
38.2.8.4QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3
38.2.8.6Ferrorosemaryite◻NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3

Other Names for Rosemaryite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rosemaryite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1980): 65: 810-811.

European Journal of Mineralogy (1995): 7: 567.

European J. Mineralogy 18, 775-585(2006)

Internet Links for Rosemaryite

Localities for Rosemaryite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
P. Keller, F. Fontan, F. Velasco Roldan, J.C. Melgarejo i Draper : "Stanekite a new Phosphate Mineral in Pegmatites at Karibib (Namibia) and French Pyrénées (France)", European Journal of Mineralogy, 1977, 9, 475-482
        • Argelès-sur-Mer
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012). Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association française de Microminéralogie,
        • Collioure (Cotlliure)
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Sudetes Mts
      • Sowie Mts
Łodziński M. & Sitarz M. 2008: Chemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Some Phosphates Accessory Minerals from Pegmatites of the Sowie Mts (Owles Mts), SW Poland. EUCMOS, Spectroscopy Applied to Archaeology, Arts, Geology and Mineralogy, p. 278
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Gatumba District
Fransolet, A.M. (1995): Wyllieite and rosemaryite in the pegmatite of Buranga, Rwanda. European Journal of Mineralogy 7, 567-575. (in French)
USA
 
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Custer
Min.Mag.(1979) 43, 227-235
Mineral and/or Locality  
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