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Symplesite

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Formula:
Fe
2+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
System:TriclinicColour:Light green, greenish ...
Hardness:
Member of:Symplesite Group
Name:Named by Johan Friedrich August Breithaupt in 1837 from the Greek 'ουν' and 'πλησιαζειν' meaning 'to bring together' because of its relationship with other minerals.
Dimorph of:Parasymplesite


Symplesite Group.
May be intergrown with parasymplesite.

The Fe2+ may oxidise to a significant degree to Fe3+ (see ferrisymplesite) with an accompanying change in colour and optical properties analogous to Vivianite.

Classification of Symplesite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/C.14-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.CE.45

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O about 1:2.5
Dana 8th edition ID:40.3.8.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
3 : A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.9.6

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
9 : Arsenates of Fe
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Type Occurrence of Symplesite

Type Locality:Tännig, Bad Lobenstein, Thuringia, Germany
Year of Discovery:1837
Geological Setting of type material:Oxidised zone of arsenic-bearing hydrothermal deposits.
Associated Minerals at type locality:
ScoroditeRoselitePharmacosideriteParasymplesiteErythrite
Annabergite

Physical Properties of Symplesite

Lustre:Sub-Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Comment:Pearly lustre on cleavage planes.
Colour:Light green, greenish black, light blue, indigo blue
Streak:White, bluish white.
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Flexible
Cleavage:Perfect
On {110}, perfect.
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Translation gliding:T {1_10}, t[001].
Density (measured):2.96 - 3.01 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.02 g/cm3
Comment:Measured value on Lobenstien material.

Crystallography of Symplesite

Crystal System:Triclinic
Class (H-M):1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:P1
Space Group Setting:P1
Cell Parameters:a = 7.87Å, b = 9.41Å, c = 4.72Å
α = 99.92°, β = 97.38°, γ = 105.96°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.836 : 1 : 0.502
Unit Cell Volume:V 325.29 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:1
Morphology:Crystals small and imperfect, elongated [001]; flattened {110} at times. Spherical aggregates with a coarsely fibrous, radial structure
Twinning:On {110}
Comment:NJMA 138:94 (1980)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
8.971 (15)
7.499 (16)
6.785 (100)
5.027 (7)
4.069 (7)
4.007 (8)
Comments:ICDD 8-172; very similar to the data for metaköttigite.

Optical Data of Symplesite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.635 nβ = 1.668 nγ = 1.702
2V:Measured: 87° , Calculated: 88°
Birefringence:0.067
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.067

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:r > v strong
Optical Extinction:Z^c = 31.5° increasing to 50° as oxidised, X perpendicular to {1-10
Pleochroism:Strong
Comments:X = ┴ (110) = Deep blue
Y = Nearly colourless
Z = ^ c 31½° = Pale Yellow

Chemical Properties of Symplesite

Formula:
Fe
2+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Fe2+3(AsO4)2·8H2O
Essential elements:As, Fe, H, O
All elements listed in formula:As, Fe, H, O

Relationship of Symplesite to other Species

Member of:Symplesite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Ferrisymplesite
Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
Metaköttigite
(Zn,Fe,Fe)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8(H
 
2
O,OH)
Common Associates:
ScoroditePharmacosideriteLimoniteErythriteAnnabergite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.CE.05Chudobaite
(Mg,Zn)
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
8.CE.05Geigerite
Mn
2+
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
8.CE.10Newberyite
Mg(HPO
 
4
) · 3H
 
2
O
8.CE.15Brassite
Mg(HAsO
 
4
) · 4H
 
2
O
8.CE.20Phosphorrösslerite
Mg(HPO
 
4
) · 7H
 
2
O
8.CE.20Rösslerite
Mg(HAsO
 
4
) · 7H
 
2
O
8.CE.25Metaswitzerite
Mn
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CE.25Switzerite
(Mn,Fe)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 7H
 
2
O
8.CE.30Lindackerite
CuCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8-9H
 
2
O
8.CE.30Ondrušite
CaCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
8.CE.30Veselovskýite
ZnCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 9H
 
2
O
8.CE.30Pradetite
CoCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 9H
 
2
O
8.CE.30Klajite
MnCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 9-10H
 
2
O
8.CE.35Bobierrite
Mg
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Annabergite
Ni
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Arupite
Ni
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Barićite
(Mg,Fe)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Erythrite
Co
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Ferrisymplesite
Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Hörnesite
Mg
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Köttigite
Zn
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Manganohörnesite
(Mn,Mg)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Parasymplesite
Fe
2+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Vivianite
Fe
2+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Pakhomovskyite
Co
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.50Cattiite
Mg
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 22H
 
2
O
8.CE.55Koninckite
Fe
3+
 
PO
 
4
· 3H
 
2
O
8.CE.60Kaňkite
FeAsO
 
4
· 3.5H
 
2
O
8.CE.65Steigerite
Al(VO
 
4
) · 3H
 
2
O
8.CE.70Metaschoderite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(VO
 
4
) · 6H
 
2
O
8.CE.70Schoderite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(VO
 
4
) · 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.75Malhmoodite
FeZr(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CE.75Zigrasite
MgZr(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CE.75Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Zigrasite)
CaZr[PO
 
4
]
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CE.80Santabarbaraite
Fe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
8.CE.85Metaköttigite
(Zn,Fe,Fe)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8(H
 
2
O,OH)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.9.1Angelellite
Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
3
20.9.2Scorodite
FeAsO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
20.9.3Kaňkite
FeAsO
 
4
· 3.5H
 
2
O
20.9.4Ferrisymplesite
Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
20.9.5Kaatialaite
Fe(H
 
2
AsO
 
4
)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
20.9.7Parasymplesite
Fe
2+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
20.9.8Natropharmacosiderite
(Na,K)Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
4
· 6-7H
 
2
O
20.9.9Pharmacosiderite
KFe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
4
· 6-7H
 
2
O
20.9.10Kolfanite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.9.11Arseniosiderite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
20.9.12Yukonite
Ca
 
3
Fe
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
20.9.13Dussertite
BaFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
20.9.14Liskeardite
[(Al,Fe)
 
32
(AsO
 
4
)
 
18
(OH)
 
42
(H
 
2
O)
 
22
] · 52H
 
2
O
20.9.15Mapimite
Zn
 
2
Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
4
· 10H
 
2
O
20.9.16Ogdensburgite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
4
(Zn,Mn
2+
 
)(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
6
· 6H
 
2
O
20.9.17Walentaite
H(Ca,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O

Other Names for Symplesite

Other Languages:
German:Symplesit
Russian:Симплезит
Spanish:Symplesita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not fluorescent
Other Information:Soluble in acids. Turns reddish brown in strong KOH solution or in 30% H2O2.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Symplesite

Reference List:

- +
Breithaupt, August (1837): Bestimmung neuer Mineralien. 1. Symplesischer Diatom oder Symplesit. Journal für praktische Chemie: 10: 501-512.

Bořický (1868): Vh. min. Geselschaft: 3: 98.

Krenner (1886): Termés Füzetek, 10: 83, 108.

Krenner (1887): Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 13: 70.

Larsen, Esper Signus (1921): The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin: 679: 140.

Heide (1928): Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 67: 81.

Wolfe, Caleb Wroe (1940): American Mineralogist: 25: 801.

Palache, Charles, Berman, Harry, & Frondel, Clifford (1951): The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 752-753.

Structural Reports (1950): 63:303

Ito, T. and Mori, H. (1954): The Symplesite Problem. Tokyo University Faculty Science Journal: 9(2): 201-204.

Acta Crystallographica: 3: 1-6.

Schmetzer, K., Tremmel, Gerd, and Bartelke, Wolfgang (1980): Eine Paragenese Seltener Minerale aus Bou-Azzer, Marokko: Parasymplesite, Symplesite, Schneiderhoehnite, Karibibite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 1980, 138: 94-108.

Internet Links for Symplesite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Symplesite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Symplesite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • North Flinders Ranges
          • Vulkathunha - Gammon Ranges National Park
    Noble et al, 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals. SADM handbook 7
    • Tasmania
      • Huon district
        • Weld river
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
      • Waratah district
        • Magnet
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753; Ralph Bottrill EDS-analyses
    • Western Australia
      • Ravensthorpe Shire
        • Kundip
    Western Mail Newspaper (Perth), Phillips River Goldfield-Discovery of New Minerals; 27/02/1909
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
        • Hüttenberg
          • Hüttenberger Erzberg
    H. Meixner: Der Karinthin 1:2-6 (1948)
            • Lölling District
    H. Meixner: Der Karinthin 23:277-280 (1953)
    A. Brunlechner: Carinthia II 84:152-153 (1894)
          • Mosinzgraben
            • Schottenau
    M. Puttner: Carinthia II 192./112.:255-260 (2002)
    Puttner, M. (1987): Mineralien von St. Martin am Silberberg (Kärnten) und Sekundärbildungen in Schlackenhohlräumen. – Carinthia II, Klagenfurt, 177./97.: 149-157.
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
        • Kirchbach
          • Kirchbachgraben
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Hafner group
          • Malta valley
            • Petereck
    Taucher, J. (1998): Parasymplesit, Rutil, Klinochlor. Arsenopyrit und Bismuthinit aus dem Wastlkar, westlich des Hafners, Maltatal, Kärnten. - Carinthia II, Mitt. Naturwiss. Ver. f. Ktn., 188./108.: p234-235
        • Malta valley
          • Kölnbreinspitze - Lausnock area
    Collection of NHM, Vienna
      • Saualpe
        • Prebl
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Lower Austria
      • Industrieviertel
        • Gloggnitz
          • Schlossberg
    Sigmund, A. (1911): Erzvorkommen im Riebeckitgranit von Gloggnitz (N.-Ö.) und neuere Mineralfunde am steirischen Erzberg. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt., 30, 479-481;
    • Styria
      • Birkfeld
        • Gasen
    Postl, W. & Moser, B. (1987); Exel, R. (1993)
      • Schladming
        • Schladminger Tauern
          • Obertalbach valley
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989); Pribitzer, F. (1956): Die Minerallagerstätte Zinkwand bei Schladming in Steiermark (Österreich). Aufschluss, 7 (3), 59-63.
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Timiskaming District
        • Cobalt-Gowganda region
          • Cobalt area
            • Coleman Township
    Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    • Yukon Territory
      • Whitehorse Mining District
        • Carcross
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753.
            • Windy Arm
    Tyrrell & Graham (1913), Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 7, sec. 4: 13-18; Traill (1983), Geol. Soc. of Canada Paper 80-18.
    Sabina (1992), Geol. Soc. of Canada Misc. Report 50: 41.
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Copiapó Province
        • Tierra Amarilla
          • Pampa Larga district
    maurizio dini collection - quantitative analysis
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Příbram
          • Třebsko
    Kašpar, P., Řídkošil, T., Šrein, V.: Minerogeneze žíly T 1 z Třebska u Příbrami. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1983, vol. 27, nos. 1-2, s. 61-96.
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    Sehrig, M. & Dietel, J. (2011): Silber, Uran, Arsen und Heilquellen: Auf Mineraliensuche in Jáchymov, einem der ältesten Bergwerke der Welt. Lapis 36 (7-8), 67-71; 86.
      • Plzeň Region
        • Nepomuk (Pomuk)
    Litochleb, J.: Mineralogie zlatonosného zrudnění z dolu Jakub u Kasejovic (jz. Čechy). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 102-112.
        • Planá u Mariánských Lázní (Plan)
    Tvrdý, J., Řídkošil, T.: Sekundární minerály z lokality Svatá Anna v Plané u Mariánských Lázní. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1983, roč. 28, č. 3, s. 316.; http://www.mineralos.cz/lokality/plana/plana.htm
      • South Bohemia Region
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753.
    Historic mineral collection National museum of Czech Republic
      • Ústí Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
    Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Olomouc Region
        • Javorník (Jauernig)
    Sejkora, J.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 105-110.
      • Vysočina Region
        • Žďár nad Sázavou
    Staněk, J.: Parageneze minerálů pegmatitových žil z Hatí u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. nat., vol. 76, pages 19-49.
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Haut-Rhin
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
        • Thur valley (Thann valley)
          • Kruth
    Kolitsch: Aufschluss 2/1997; U. Kolitsch (1997): Neufunde von Mineralien aus einigen Vorkommen der Vogesen, Frankreich: Giromagny, Auxelles-Haut und Kruth 1. Aufschluss 48 (4), 243-256.
    • Brittany
      • Finistère
        • Châteauneuf-du-Faou
    Germain C., Saget Ph., Tissier J.P. (1990), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°1, pp: 11-19
      • Morbihan
        • Le Roc Saint-André
    Le Règne Minéral, (Hors Série 7), 42-58
    • Limousin
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Nantiat
          • Vaulry
    Queneau Patrice collection and analysed by PJ Chiappero
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Haslach
          • Schnellingen
    Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (2000): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten im Schwarzwald. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (4), 57-60.
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Böckelsbach valley
    Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Burgfelsen
    No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
    No reference listed
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Fichtelgebirge
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Oberpfälzer Wald
          • Waldmünchen
            • Althütte
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Gernrode
          • Hagental
    Thomas Luehr collection
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Marienberg District
          • Lauta
    Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
    Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753.
      • Vogtland
        • Klingenthal
          • Muldenberg
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753.
    • Thuringia
      • Bad Lobenstein
    A. Breithaupt (1837): Bestimmung neuer Mineralien. 1. Symplesischer Diatom oder Symplesit.- Journal für praktische Chemie 10, 501-512; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753.
      • Greiz
        • Neumühle
    Rüger, F. (2009): Die Mineralien des Kuhbergbruchs Neumühle in Thüringen. Lapis 34 (6), 25-30; 43-47; 70.
      • Saalfeld
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
    Zeschke, G. (1963): Das Mineralvorkommen von Kassandra und Laurion, Griechenland. Der Aufschluss, 14 (5), 125-129 (in German).
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
    Fritz Schreiber collection
              • Hilarion area
    Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
    • Macedonia Department
      • Kavála Prefecture
        • Kavála
    Andrew P. Fornadel, Paul G. Spry, Vasilios Melfos, Michael Vavelidis and Panagiotis Ch. Voudouris (2011): Is the Palea Kavala Bi–Te–Pb–Sb ± Au district, northeastern Greece, an intrusion-related system? Ore Geology Reviews, 39, 119-133.
    Italy
     
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
        • Valtellina
          • Sondalo
    Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
      • Varese Province
        • Ceresio Valley
    Biffi P., Sbacchi M., Sinelli E., 2004. Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 232-239
    • Piedmont
      • Vercelli Province
        • Sesia Valley
    Luigi Chiappino data
    • Sardinia
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Fluminimaggiore
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 192 pp.
      • Medio Campidano Province
        • Arbus
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2, 192 pp.
        • Gonnosfanadiga
          • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
    Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1994, 193-206.
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 239 pp.
    • Sicily
      • Messina Province
        • Mandanici
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Gifu Prefecture
          • Nakatsugawa City
            • Hirukawa
              • Tohgane mine (Togane mine)
    Matsubara et al (1992) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 87, 147-148.
    • Kyushu Region
      • Oita prefecture
        • Saiki City
    Sturman (1976) Canadian Mineralogist, 14, 437-441; Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Masako Shigeoka, Hidemasa Tajima, Katsuichi Nishida and Yoshiteru Fujiwara (2009): Bendadaite and iron arsenate minerals from the Kiura mine, Oita Prefecture, Japan. 2009 Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, Abstracts Volume, Abs. R4-06, p. 100.
    Masayuki Ohnishi, Norimasa Shimobayashi, Shigetomo Kishi, Mitsuo Tanabe, Shoichi Kobayashi (2013) Talmessite from the Uriya deposit at the Kiura mining area, Oita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 108, No. 2 (April), 116-120.
    Mexico
     
    • Durango
      • Mun. de Mapimí
        • Mapimí
    No reference listed
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
    S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
    Norway
     
    • Akershus
      • Rælingen
        • Løvenstad
    Kamphaug, E.(1986): Geologien i området Blystadlia-Rælingen. NAGS-nytt 13(3), 4-13; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse, Skrifter 68, p. 125
    Romania
     
    • Maramureș Co.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753.
    Russia
     
    • Northern Caucasus Region
      • Adygea Republic (Adygeya)
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Spain
     
    • Catalonia
      • Tarragona
        • Conca de Barberà
          • Vimbodí
    Viñals, J.,Bareche,E.y Coca, J. (1990) Mines de Catalunya, Vimbodí (II).Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 4, 213-227.
    Switzerland
     
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Malcantone
        • Alto Malcantone
          • Breno
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 392-393.
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Saint-Luc
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Bassenthwaite
    [UKJMM 18:16]
          • Caldbeck Fells
    No reference listed
          • Threlkeld District
            • St John's in the Vale
    BMS Database
    USA
     
    • California
      • Santa Cruz Co.
        • Santa Cruz
    • Nevada
      • Eureka Co.
        • Lynn District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Osgood Mts
          • Potosi District
            • Adam Peak
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • South Dakota
      • Custer Co.
        • Custer District
          • Custer
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
          • Pringle
            • Cicero Peak
    Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
    • Utah
      • Tooele Co.
        • Deep Creek Mts
          • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
            • Gold Hill
    Collected by Otto Reiter. In the collection of Brent Thorne.
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