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La Poderosa Mine, Caracoles, Sierra Gorda, Antofagasta Province, Antofagasta, Chilei
Regional Level Types
La Poderosa MineMine
Caracoles- not defined -
Sierra GordaCommune
Antofagasta ProvinceProvince
AntofagastaRegion
ChileCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
23° South , 69° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~96km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


La Poderosa Mine was the principal producer of several mines (including the San Carlos and Rosario, among others) located in the Andes Mountains at elevations ranging to 15,400 feet (roughly 4,700 m) among peaks on the western edge of the Bolivian Plateau.

Copper mines were operated during the era of Spanish domination, and previously by Native Americans.

"Modern" mines were begun in 1903, with regular shipments beginning in 1906.

Earliest operations exploited ores developed in diorite intruding dacite.

Early ores ranged from 8 to 60% copper, with 6-13 oz. silver per ton, and a smaller amount of gold.

Up to 175 people were employed at one time, 95 of them working underground.

NK, March 2018

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


9 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Reference: V. Sapienza collection
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne.
Herbertsmithite
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 29(12):38-39 (2004); Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal structure refinement)
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch, unpubl. results
Mimetite var. Bellite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4,CrO4,SiO4)3Cl
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch, unpubl. results
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Reference: Collected by Terry Szenic and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Norman KIng
Schwartzembergite
Formula: Pb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Reference: Collected by Terry Szenic and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Seeligerite
Formula: Pb3(IO3)OCl3
Reference: V. Sapienza collection
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: V. Sapienza collection

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Herbertsmithite3.DA.10cCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Pseudoboleite3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Schwartzembergite4.KB.10Pb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Seeligerite4.KB.15Pb3(IO3)OCl3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
var. Bellite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4,CrO4,SiO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Diaboleite10.6.1.1Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pseudoboleite10.6.8.1Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 22 - IODATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Schwartzembergite22.1.3.1Pb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Seeligerite22.1.2.1Pb3(IO3)OCl3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Herbertsmithite-Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Mimetite
var. Bellite
-Pb5(AsO4,CrO4,SiO4)3Cl

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
H HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
H SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
H PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
OOxygen
O Mimetite var. BellitePb5(AsO4,CrO4,SiO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
O SeeligeritePb3(IO3)OCl3
O HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
O SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
O PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
SiSilicon
Si Mimetite var. BellitePb5(AsO4,CrO4,SiO4)3Cl
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
ClChlorine
Cl Mimetite var. BellitePb5(AsO4,CrO4,SiO4)3Cl
Cl DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cl SeeligeritePb3(IO3)OCl3
Cl HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Cl SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Cl PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
CrChromium
Cr Mimetite var. BellitePb5(AsO4,CrO4,SiO4)3Cl
CuCopper
Cu DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cu HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Cu PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
ZnZinc
Zn HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
AsArsenic
As Mimetite var. BellitePb5(AsO4,CrO4,SiO4)3Cl
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
IIodine
I SeeligeritePb3(IO3)OCl3
I SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
PbLead
Pb Mimetite var. BellitePb5(AsO4,CrO4,SiO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pb SeeligeritePb3(IO3)OCl3
Pb SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Pb PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Weed, W.H. (1920) The Mines Handbook: A Manual of the Mining Industry of the World. N.Y.C., W. H. Weed. Chile (South America): 14(1785).
Lapis (2004) 29(12), 38-39.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Chile
South AmericaContinent
South America PlateTectonic Plate

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