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Stibiocolumbite

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Formula:
Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Brown to yellow-brown
Lustre:
Adamantine, Resinous
Hardness:
Name:
The name reflects its antimony (Greek "stibi") content and similarity to columbite.
This page provides mineralogical data about Stibiocolumbite.


Classification of Stibiocolumbite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.DE.30

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
E : With medium-sized cations; with various polyhedra
8.1.6.1

8 : MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
1 : ABO4
18.1.27

18 : Niobates and Tantalates
1 : Niobates and tantalates containing neither rare earths nor U

Physical Properties of Stibiocolumbite

Adamantine, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Brown to yellow-brown
Streak:
Light yellow, yellow-brown
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{010} distinct; {100} indistinct
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
5.68 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Stibiocolumbite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 2.398 nβ = 2.419 nγ = 2.459
2V:
Measured: 73° , Calculated: 74°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.061
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r < v

Chemical Properties of Stibiocolumbite

Formula:
Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
IMA Formula:
SbNbO4
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ta

Crystallography of Stibiocolumbite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.92 Å, b = 11.79 Å, c = 5.55 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.417 : 1 : 0.471
Unit Cell Volume:
V 321.94 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Prismatic [001]. {010} and {110} striated parallel to [001]. The crystals infreqently exhibit morphological evidence of hemimorphism.

Type Occurrence of Stibiocolumbite

Relationship of Stibiocolumbite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Stibiotantalite (see here)
Other Members of Group:
BismutocolumbiteBi(Nb,Ta)O4
BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
ClinocervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
4.DE.05DowneyiteSeO2
4.DE.10Koragoite(Mn2+,Fe3+)3(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(Nb,Mn)2(W,Ta)2O20
4.DE.15KoechliniteBi2MoO6
4.DE.15RusselliteBi2WO6
4.DE.15TungstibiteSb23+WO6
4.DE.20TelluriteTeO2
4.DE.25ParatelluriteTeO2
4.DE.30BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
4.DE.30BismutocolumbiteBi(Nb,Ta)O4
4.DE.30CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
4.DE.30StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
4.DE.30ClinocervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
4.DE.35BaddeleyiteZrO2
18.1.1LithiotantiteLiTa3O8
18.1.2LueshiteNaNbO3
18.1.3NatroniobiteNaNbO3
18.1.4FranconiteNa(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
18.1.5NatrotantiteNa2Ta4O11
18.1.6IrtyshiteNa2(Ta,Nb)4O11
18.1.7Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
18.1.8Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
18.1.9CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
18.1.10RynersoniteCaTa2O6
18.1.11Microlite Group
18.1.12BelyankiniteCa1-2(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O (?)
18.1.13LatrappiteCa2NbFe3+O6
18.1.14Hochelagaite(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
18.1.15Bariomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.16ParabariomicroliteBaTa4O10(OH)2 · 2H2O
18.1.17Bariopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
18.1.18AlumotantiteAlTaO4
18.1.19SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
18.1.20Sosedkoite(K,Na)5Al2(Ta,Nb)22O60
18.1.21Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
18.1.22Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.23FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
18.1.24ChangbaiitePbNb2O6
18.1.25Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
18.1.26Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.28StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
18.1.29Natrobistantite
18.1.30Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
18.1.31Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)
18.1.32Cesstibtantite
18.1.34BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
18.1.35Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.36Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
18.1.37Gerasimovskite(Mn,Ca)(Nb,Ti)5O12 · 9H2O
18.1.38Tapiolite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
18.1.39Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
18.1.40WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
18.1.41Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
18.1.42Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
18.1.43Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6
18.1.44Columbite
18.1.45Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
18.1.46Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
18.1.47Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
18.1.48Columbite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
18.1.50Strüverite(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
18.1.51 Staringite(Fe,Mn)x(Ta,Nb)2xSn6-3xO12

Other Names for Stibiocolumbite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Stibiocolumbite

Reference List:
Penfield and Ford (1906), American Journal of Science: 22: 61.

Schaller (1915), private contr. in Dana: 74.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 767-769.

American Mineralogist (1963): 48: 1348.

Foord, E.E. (1981), Bismuthian stibiocolumbite-tantalite and other minerals from the Little Three mine, Ramona, California: Mineral Society of America – Friends of Mineralogy, symposium abstracts.

Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal, Kiev (1982): 4: 70.

Zubkova, N.V., Puscharovsky, D.Yu., Giester, G., Smolin, A.S., Tillmanns, E., Brandstätter, F., Hammer, V., Peretyazhko, I.S., Sapozhnikov, A.N., and Kashaev, A.A. (2002) Bismutocolumbite, Bi(Nb0.79Ta0.21)O4, stibiocolumbite, Sb(Nb0.67Ta0.33)O4, and their structural relation to the other ABO4 minerals with stibiotantalite (SbTaO4) structure. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2002: 145-159.

Internet Links for Stibiocolumbite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-3778.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Stibiocolumbite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • O'Grady Lake area
Canadian Mineralogist 41:117-137
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Brescia Province
      • Camonica Valley
        • Adamello-Brenta Natural Park
          • Adamello Massif
            • Mt. Foppa
Pezzotta, Federico and Guastoni, Alessandro, The New Discovery of a LCT Pegmatite in the Adamello Massif, Central Southern Alps, Italy; Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milan, Italy.
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Sørfold
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
Pakistan
 
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Baltistan
      • Skardu District
        • Haramosh Mts.
Scovill, J. (2007): Lapis 32 (4), 40-42.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Ząbkowice District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
        • Szklary (Gläsendorf)
Geologia Sudetica, 33 (1): 23-31. ; Pieczka, A.; Grew, E.S.; Groat, L.A.; Evans, R.J. (2011): Holtite and dumortierite from the Szklary Pegmatite, Lower Silesia, Poland. Mineralogical Magazine 75, 303-315.
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Rezh District
          • Lipovka pegmatite field
Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
      • Matt Valley
        • Embd
          • Kalpetran
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 387.
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
    • Pamir Mts
      • Khorog Region
        • Shakhdara Range
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
USA (TL)
 
  • California
    • San Diego Co.
      • Mesa Grande District
        • Gem Hill
Fisher, J. 2002. Gem and rare-element pegmatites of southern California. Mineralogical Record, Volume 33, Number 5: pages 390-396, photographs.
      • Ramona District
        • Ramona
Foord, Eugene E., Spaulding, Louis B. Jr., Martin, Robert F. & Mason, Roger A. (1989), Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Little Three Mine Pegmatites, Ramona District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record, 20(2): p. 123.
  • Colorado
    • Park Co.
      • Lake George
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Mineral and/or Locality  
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