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Silberleithe (Silberleithen; Silberleiten), Biberwier, Lechtaler Alpen, North Tyrol, Tyrol, Austria

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 21' 55'' North , 10° 54' 11'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.36528,10.90333
Other regions containing this locality:The Alps, Europe
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra
Name(s) in local language(s):Silberleithe (Silberleithen; Silberleiten), Biberwier, Lechtaler Alpen, Nordtirol, Tirol, Österreich

This ancient mining area was operated from the late 15th century until 1921. Ores produced where lead, silver, and zinc, which were processed at Biberwier until the late 19th century. Also, manganese ore was mined from manganese oxide lenses in Jurassic limestones.

Located on the northeast slope of the Silberleithe.

A 5-7 km long tourist mining trail can be walked.
See also Biberwier sublocalities.

Mineral List

11 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Carnian - Anisian
228 - 247.2 Ma

ID: 2601644

Age: Triassic (228 - 247.2 Ma)

Description: marine deposits

Comments: Upper Austroalpine (locally Lower Austroalpine in the Stubai Alps)

Lithology: Limestone, dolostone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Middle Triassic
237 - 247.2 Ma

ID: 2354105
Biogene Sedimentgesteine und Evaporite

Age: Middle Triassic (237 - 247.2 Ma)

Lithology: Biogenic carbonate rocks and evaporite

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Isser, M. v. (1881): Die Blei- und Zinkwerke der Gewerkschaft Silberleithen zu Biberwier im Oberinnthale (Tirol). – Österr. Z. f. Berg- u. Hüttenwesen, 29 (7, 8, 10): 89-90, 104-110, 129-134, 3 Fig.; Wien.

Isser, M. v. (1881): Die Blei- und Zinkwerke der Gesellschaft "Silberleithen" zu Biberwier im Oberinnthale in Tirol. Zeitschrift des Ferdinandeums für Tirol und Vorarlberg 3/25, 137-188.

Häusing, A. (1898): Die Grube Silberleithen und die neuen Aufschlussarbeiten im Liegenden der Wasserkluft. – Österr. Z. f. Berg- u. Hüttenwesen, 46 (8): 101-106, 6 Fig.; Wien.

Häusing, A. (1900): Resultate der neuen Aufschlussarbeiten der Grube Silberleithen im Liegenden der Wasserkluft. – Österr. Z. f. Berg- u. Hüttenwesen, 48 (6): 67-68; Wien.

Schlier, K. (1907): Einiges über den Bergbau auf Blei- und Zinkerze an der Silberleithen und am Wampeter Schroffen in Tirol. – Der Erzbergbau: 468-470; Berlin.

Mutschlechner, G. (1955): Der Erzbergbau in Außerfern. – Schlern-Schriften, 111: 25-52, 1 Abb., 5 Tab.; Innsbruck.

Sidiropoulos, L. (1983): Zn-Pb-Vererzungen in Breccienzonen triadischer Karbonatgesteine der Nordtiroler Kalkalpen (zwischen Telfs, Biberwier, Nassereith und Imst). Veröffentl. d. Tiroler Landesmuseums Ferdinandeum 63, 115-133.

Wolkersdorfer, Chr. (1991): Geschichte des Bergbaus im westlichen Mieminger Gebirge / Tirol. Aufschluss 42, 359-379.

Wolkersdorfer, C. (2000): Bergbau an der Silberleithe – Geschichte, Mineralisation und Entstehung der Blei-Zink-Vorkommen im westlichen Mieminger Gebirge. – 2. Aufl., 89 S., 74 Abb., 6 Tab.; Freiberg (Eigenverlag Wolkersdorfer).

Wolkersdorfer, C. & Göbel, J. (2005): Der Montan-Wanderweg Silberleithe (Biberwier/Tirol) – vom Archiv zur Idee. – Berichte der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 65: 184-185, 1 Abb.; Wien.

Simon, P. & Hanneberg, A. (2006): Zur Geschichte des Blei-Zink-Bergbaus bei Nassereith in Tirol. res montanarum 39, 66-83.

Wolkersdorfer, C., Göbel, J., Hasche-Berger, A. & Hanneberg, A. (2007): Führer zum Montan-Wanderweg Silberleithe. – 79 S., 128 Abb.; Biberwier (Bergwerksverein Silberleithe Tirol), ISBN 978-3-00-022638-0.

Hanneberg, A., Simon, P. & Wolkersdorfer, C. (2009): Galmei und schöne Wulfenite: Der Blei-Zink-Bergbau rund um den Fernpaß in Tirol. Lapis 34 (4), 21-31; 54.

Strasser, M. (2009): Hemimorphit und Cerussit vom Bergbau Silberleithe/Biberwier in Tirol. Lapis 34 (4), 32-33; 54.

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