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Koninckite

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Laurent-Guillaume de Koninck
Formula:
Fe3+PO4 · 3H2O
Colour:
Yellow; light yellow to colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Specific Gravity:
2.3
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named by Giuseppe Cesàro in 1883 in honor of Laurent-Guillaume de Koninck (3 May 1809, Leuven, Belgium – 16 July 1887, Liège, Belgium), Professor at the University of Liège, Belgium. He identified hundreds of new paleontological Paleozoic species. He received the Wollaston medal in 1875.
This page provides mineralogical data about Koninckite.


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Classification of KoninckiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1884
8.CE.55

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O about 1:2.5
40.4.2.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
4 : (AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
19.14.28

19 : Phosphates
14 : Phosphates of Fe and other metals

Physical Properties of KoninckiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Yellow; light yellow to colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
Yellow
Hardness:
3½ - 4 on Mohs scale
Density:
2.3 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of KoninckiteHide

Type:
Biaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.645 nβ = 1.656 nγ = 1.656
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.011
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of KoninckiteHide

Formula:
Fe3+PO4 · 3H2O
Common Impurities:
Al

Crystallography of KoninckiteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.95 Å, c = 14.52 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.215
Unit Cell V:
2,073.49 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Small spherical aggregates of radiating needles.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
8.42 (100)
5.99 (8)
4.48 (4)
3.85 (10)
3.77 (28)
2.98 (18)
2.83 (9)

Type Occurrence of KoninckiteHide

Other Language Names for KoninckiteHide

German:Koninckit
Simplified Chinese:针磷铁矿
Spanish:Koninckita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cacoxenite3 photos of Koninckite associated with Cacoxenite on mindat.org.
Baryte3 photos of Koninckite associated with Baryte on mindat.org.
Delvauxite1 photo of Koninckite associated with Delvauxite on mindat.org.
Quartz1 photo of Koninckite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Richellite1 photo of Koninckite associated with Richellite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CE.XBabánekiteCu3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.05Chudobaite(Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric.
8.CE.05GeigeriteMn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric.
8.CE.10NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CE.15BrassiteMg(HAsO4) · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CE.20PhosphorrössleriteMg(HPO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.CE.20RößleriteMg(HAsO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CE.25MetaswitzeriteMn3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.CE.25Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.
8.CE.30LindackeriteCuCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30OndrušiteCaCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30VeselovskýiteZnCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30PradetiteCoCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30KlajiteMnCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9-10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.35BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CE.40AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40FerrisymplesiteFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OMon.
8.CE.40HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40Manganohörnesite(Mn,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
8.CE.40ParasymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40VivianiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40PakhomovskyiteCo3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.45SymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.50CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.60KaňkiteFeAsO4 · 3.5H2OMon.
8.CE.65SteigeriteAl(VO4) · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.CE.70MetaschoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
8.CE.70SchoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 8H2OMon.
8.CE.75MalhmooditeFeZr(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.CE.75ZigrasiteMgZr(PO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.75Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Zigrasite)CaZr[PO4]2 · 4H2OTric.
8.CE.80SantabarbaraiteFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OAmor.
8.CE.85Metaköttigite(Zn,Fe,Fe)3(AsO4)2 · 8(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.14.1CyriloviteNaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
19.14.2KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.14.3Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.4Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
19.14.5Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.6NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OMon.
19.14.7LeucophosphiteKFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.8Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon.
19.14.9BurangaiteNaFe2+Al5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.10Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe)12(PO4)5(PO3OH)(OH,O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
19.14.11UshkoviteMgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
19.14.12Garyansellite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2(OH,O) · 1.5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.14.13ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
19.14.14AnapaiteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.15XanthoxeniteCa4Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.16CalcioferriteCa2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.17MitridatiteCa2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.18MélonjosephiteCaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
19.14.19DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed · Amor.
19.14.20CollinsiteCa2(Mg,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.21SegeleriteCa2 Mg2 Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pcca
19.14.22KingsmountiteCa4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon. 2 : B2
19.14.23VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.24MetavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.25ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.26SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2OTric.
19.14.27CacoxeniteFe3+24Al(PO4)17O6(OH)12 · 17H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
19.14.29Lazulite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.30ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.31Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
19.14.32Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
19.14.33ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in hot HCl or HNO3.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KoninckiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Cesàro, G. (1883) Sur la koninckite, nouveau phosphate ferrique hydrate. Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique: 11: 247-257. (in French)
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin: 679: 97.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C.(1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 763.
Powder Diffraction File (International Center for Diffraction Data) 41-1489.
Van Tassel, R. (1968) Donnees cristallographiques sur la koninckite. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 91: 487-489.
Al'tgauzen, M.N. Kuznetsova, E.G. (1973) Nature of weathering in pyrite-bearing argillaceous shales. Litologiya i Poleznye Iskopaemye: 2: 41-49.
Leonardos, O.H., Fernandes, S.M., Fyfe, W.S., Powell, M. (1987) The micro-chemistry of uraniferous laterites from Brazil: A natural example of inorganic chromatography. Chemical Geology: 60: 111-119.
Van Der Meersche, E., De Paepe, P., Stoops, G. (2010) Minerals with Belgian Roots, from hopeite (1824) to tazieffite (2009). Academia Press, Gent for the Museum for the History of Sciences, 232 pages.
Plášil, J., Majzlan, J., Wierzbicka-Wieczorek, M., Kiefer, B. (2015) Crystal structure, thermal behaviour and parageneses of koninckite, FePO4·2.75H2O. Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 1159-1173.

Internet Links for KoninckiteHide

Localities for KoninckiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Kirchbach
        • Oberbuchach
J. Mörtl: Carinthia II 192./112.:329-330 (2002)
      • Kötschach-Mauthen
        • Dellach
          • Würmlach
Pichler (2009)
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Untersulzbach valley
        • Leutachkopf - Stocker Alp area
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2008): 1532) Monazit-(Ce) und Rutil sowie ein neuerlicher Fund von Enargit von der Wieseggrinne am Leutachkopf im Untersulzbachtal. . P. 239 in Niedermayr et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 223-274.
  • Styria
    • Leoben
Taucher, J. (2013): 1828) Koninckit und Woodhouseit vom Brandberg bei Leoben. Pp. 139-141 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXII. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
Belgium (TL)
 
  • Liège Province
    • Visé
Ann.Mem.;Soc.géol.Belgique (1884) 11, 247; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 763.; R. Van Tassel, A.-M. Fransolet and K. Abraham (1979) Drugmanite, Pb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)2(OH) · H2O, a New Mineral from Richelle, Belgium. Mineralogical Magazine 1979 43:463-467
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Pardubice Region
Jirásek, J.: Nález koninckitu u Litošic a jeho srovnání se světovými výskyty. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2005, roč. 13, s. 132-137.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Arnsberg
        • Uentrop
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Sundern
        • Hellefeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Upponyi Mts
      • Dédestapolcsány
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
      • Nekézseny
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Ireland
 
  • Co. Limerick
    • Ardagh
Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2005) J. Russ. Soc., 8(2), p.78-80.
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Pietrasanta
          • Valdicastello Carducci
Senesi F., 2000. Koninckite e altri fosfati della miniera del Pollone (Valdicastello Carducci, Lucca). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 46-48.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Nagano Prefecture
        • Chino City
K. Sakurai, S. Matsubara & A. Kato (1987): Koninckite from Suwa Mine, Chino City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Series C (Geology & Paleontology), 13, 149–156; Sakurai et al (1991) Mineralogical Journal, 15, 261-267.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Oblast
    • Turkestan Range
Daltry, Vaughn & Deliens, Michel (1994) The Type Mineralogy of Belgium . Annals of the Belgium Geological Society 116:15-28
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Novák, F. et al. (2003): Koninckit, evansit, vashegyit a volborthit z Kocihy u Rimavské Soboty. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, roč. 11, s. 159-166.
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Baix Llobregat
        • Gavà
Analyzed by XRD by Dr. Joan Vinals (Barcelona)- Col. Agustin Agudo Espinosa
Bareche, E (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Grup Mineralògic Català, Barcelona, 269 p.
      • Vallès Occidental
        • Montcada i Reixac
Mineralogistes de Catalunya (1997), VII (1): 34-55
USA
 
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Idria (New Idria)
Bradley, W.W. (1937), Thirty-third report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 33: 251; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 313; www.mineralsocal.org.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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