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Ulrichite

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George H.F. Ulrich
Formula:
CaCu(UO2)(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Colour:
Apple-green, lime-green
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in honour of George Henry Frederick Ulrich (7 July 1830, Zellerfeld, Germany – 26 May 1900, Flagstaff Point, New Zealand), for his contributions to the mineralogy of Victoria, Australia. He was a geologist and lecturer in mining at the University of Melbourne. He was also curator of the mineral collection at the Industrial and Technological Museum in Melbourne.
This page provides mineralogical data about Ulrichite.


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Classification of UlrichiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1988
7/E.02-190
8.EA.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
E : Uranyl phosphates and arsenates
A : UO2:RO4 = 1:2
40.2a.30.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
2a : AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
19.11.19

19 : Phosphates
11 : Phosphates of U

Physical Properties of UlrichiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Apple-green, lime-green
Streak:
White
Hardness:
3 - 3½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect

Optical Data of UlrichiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.622 nγ = 1.634
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v to r < v strong

Chemical Properties of UlrichiteHide

Formula:
CaCu(UO2)(PO4)2 · 4H2O

Crystallography of UlrichiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.79 Å, b = 6.85 Å, c = 13.02 Å
β = 91.03°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.867 : 1 : 1.901
Unit Cell V:
1,140.52 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of UlrichiteHide

Synonyms of UlrichiteHide

Other Language Names for UlrichiteHide

German:Ulrichit
Spanish:Ulrichita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Turquoise4 photos of Ulrichite associated with Turquoise on mindat.org.
Libethenite3 photos of Ulrichite associated with Libethenite on mindat.org.
Opal-AN2 photos of Ulrichite associated with Opal-AN on mindat.org.
Quartz1 photo of Ulrichite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Pseudomalachite1 photo of Ulrichite associated with Pseudomalachite on mindat.org.
Schorl1 photo of Ulrichite associated with Schorl on mindat.org.
Smoky Quartz1 photo of Ulrichite associated with Smoky Quartz on mindat.org.
Powellite1 photo of Ulrichite associated with Powellite on mindat.org.
Fluorapatite1 photo of Ulrichite associated with Fluorapatite on mindat.org.
Sampleite1 photo of Ulrichite associated with Sampleite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.EA.05Orthowalpurgite(BiO)4(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 2H2OOrth.
8.EA.05Walpurgite(BiO)4(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 3H2OTric.
8.EA.05Phosphowalpurgite(BiO)4(UO2)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.EA.10HallimonditePb2(UO2)(AsO4)2 · nH2O, 0 ≤ n ≤ 0.5Tric. 1 : P1
8.EA.10ParsonsitePb2(UO2)(PO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
8.EA.20LakebogaiteCaNaFe3+2H(UO2)2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. m : Bb

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.11.1LermontoviteU(PO4)(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
19.11.2MetavanmeersscheiteU6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
19.11.3VanmeersscheiteU6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OOrth.
19.11.4Chernikovite(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2OTet.
19.11.5VyacheslaviteU(PO4)(OH) · nH2OOrth.
19.11.6MetanatroautuniteNa(UO2)(PO4)(H2O)3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
19.11.7YingjiangiteK2Ca(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)6 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
19.11.8Meta-ankoleiteK2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
19.11.9Uramphite(NH4)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2OTet.
19.11.10TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
19.11.11MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2OTet. 4/m : P4/n
19.11.12SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.11.13NingyoiteCaU(PO4)2 · 1-2H2OOrth.
19.11.14Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
19.11.15AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
19.11.16Pseudo-autunite(H3O)4Ca2(UO2)2(PO4)4 · 5H2OOrth.
19.11.17PhurcaliteCa2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2OOrth.
19.11.18Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
19.11.20BergeniteCa2Ba4(UO2)9(PO4)6O6 · 16H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.11.21Metauranocircite-IBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon. 2 : P21
19.11.22UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OTet.
19.11.23RanunculiteHAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2OMon.
19.11.24TrianguliteAl3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2OTric.
19.11.25MunditeAl(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5.5H2OOrth.
19.11.26UpaliteAl(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 7H2OMon.
19.11.27FurongiteAl13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.11.28ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2OMon.
19.11.29PhuralumiteAl2(UO2)3(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2OMon.
19.11.30MoreauiteAl3(UO2)(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
19.11.31SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
19.11.32Uranospathite(Al,☐)(UO2)2(PO4)2F · 20(H2O,F)Orth. mm2 : Pnn2
19.11.33AlthupiteAlTh(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)5O2 · 15H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.11.34Françoisite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Sm)(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 6H2OMon.
19.11.35Kivuite(Th,Ca,Pb)(UO2)4(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 7H2O
19.11.36ParsonsitePb2(UO2)(PO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
19.11.37DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmma
19.11.38DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
19.11.39PrzhevalskitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2OOrth.
19.11.40LehneriteMn2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon.
19.11.41BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2OMon. 2/m
19.11.42Vochtenite(Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH) · 12-13H2OMon.

Fluorescence of UlrichiteHide

Very strong deep yellow
fluorescence in SW UV light (Knut Eldjarn, pers. comm., 2006)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for UlrichiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Birch, W.D., Mumme, W.G., Segnit, E.R. (1988) Ulrichite: a new copper calcium uranium phosphate from Lake Boga, Victoria, Australia. Australian Mineralogist: 3(3): 125-131.
Jambor, J.L, Grew, E.S. (1990) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 75: 240-246.
Kolitsch, U., Giester, G. (2001) Revision of the crystal structure of ulrichite, CaCu2+(UO2)(PO4)2•4H2O. Mineralogical Magazine: 65: 717-724.
Burns, P.C. (2005) U6+ minerals and inorganic compounds: insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1839-1894.

Internet Links for UlrichiteHide

Localities for UlrichiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia (TL)
 
  • Victoria
    • Swan Hill Rural City
      • Lake Boga
[Austral.Mineral.(1988) 3, 125-134; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; W.D. Birch & D.A.Henry 1993. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria, The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3, pp. 14-27; D.A.Henry & W.D.Birch 1998. Sampleite and associated minerals from Lake Boga granite quarry, Victoria, Australia. Australian Mineralogist Vol. 3 Oct.-Dec. 1988, pp. 135-148
Mineral and/or Locality  
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