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Carminite

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Formula:
PbFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
System:OrthorhombicColour:Carmine-red, terra ...
Hardness:
Name:Named for its carmine-red colour.
Dimorph of:Mawbyite


The lead analogue of Sewardite. The orthorhombic dimorph of Mawbyite.

A rare secondary mineral formed as an alteration product of arsenopyrite in the oxidized zones of lead-bearing deposits.
Structurally related to palermoite.

Not to be confused with caminite.

Classification of Carminite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/B.28-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.BH.30

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
H : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 = 1:1
Dana 8th edition ID:41.10.6.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
10 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.5.12

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
5 : Arsenates of Ti and Pb
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Type Occurrence of Carminite

Type Locality:Louise Mine, Bürdenbach, Altenkirchen, Wied Iron Spar District, Westerwald, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Year of Discovery:1850
Associated Minerals at type locality:
Beudantite

Physical Properties of Carminite

Lustre:Vitreous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Comment:Lustre pearly on cleavages.
Colour:Carmine-red, terra cotta-red, reddish brown; red in transmitted light.
Streak:Reddish yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
On {110}, distinct.
Density (measured):5.03 - 5.18 g/cm3
Density (calculated):5.405 g/cm3

Crystallography of Carminite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:Cccm {C2/c 2/c 2/m}
Cell Parameters:a = 16.591Å, b = 7.58Å, c = 12.285Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 2.189 : 1 : 1.621
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,544.96 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:8
Morphology:Crystals lath-like, flattened on {010}, elongated [001] and exhibiting {010}, {110}, {011} plus other forms. As needle-like crystals; tufted or spherical aggregates; fibrous, drusy, massive.

Optical Data of Carminite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 2.050 - 2.070 nβ = 2.050 - 2.070 nγ = 2.060 - 2.080
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.010

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:r < v strong
Pleochroism:Visible
Comments:X = Light yellowish red
Y = Dark carmine-red
Z = Dark carmine-red

Chemical Properties of Carminite

Formula:
PbFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Essential elements:As, Fe, H, O, Pb
All elements listed in formula:As, Fe, H, O, Pb

Relationship of Carminite to other Species

Common Associates:
WulfeniteScoroditePlumbojarositeMimetiteDussertite
CerussiteBeudantiteBayldoniteArseniosideriteAnglesite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.BH.05Thadeuite
Ca(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
2
8.BH.10Durangite
NaAl(AsO
 
4
)F
8.BH.10Isokite
CaMg(PO
 
4
)F
8.BH.10Lacroixite
NaAl(PO
 
4
)F
8.BH.10Maxwellite
NaFe
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)F
8.BH.10Panasqueiraite
CaMg(PO
 
4
)(OH,F)
8.BH.10Tilasite
CaMg(AsO
 
4
)F
8.BH.15Drugmanite
Pb(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BH.20Bjarebyite
(Ba,Sr)(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
8.BH.20Cirrolite
Ca
 
3
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(?)
8.BH.20Kulanite
Ba(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
8.BH.20Penikisite
Ba(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Ca)
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
8.BH.20Perloffite
Ba(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
8.BH.20Johntomaite
BaFe
2+
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
8.BH.25Bertossaite
(Li,Na)
 
2
(Ca,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,F)
 
4
8.BH.25Palermoite
(Li,Na)
 
2
(Sr,Ca)Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
4
8.BH.30Sewardite
CaFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BH.35Adelite
CaMg(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Arsendescloizite
PbZn(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Austinite
CaZn(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Cobaltaustinite
CaCo(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Conichalcite
CaCu(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Duftite
PbCu(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Gabrielsonite
PbFe(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Nickelaustinite
Ca(Ni,Zn)(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Tangeite
CaCu(VO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Gottlobite
CaMg(VO
 
4
,AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Hermannroseite
CaCu(PO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.40Čechite
Pb(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)(VO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.40Descloizite
Pb(Zn,Cu)(VO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.40Mottramite
PbCu(VO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.40Pyrobelonite
PbMn
2+
 
(VO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.45Bayldonite
PbCu
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BH.45Vésigniéite
BaCu
 
3
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BH.50Paganoite
NiBi(AsO
 
4
)O
8.BH.55Jagowerite
BaAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BH.60Attakolite
(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)
 
4
(HPO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SiO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
8.BH.65Leningradite
PbCu
 
3
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
Cl
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.5.1Cafarsite
Ca
 
5.9
Mn
 
1.7
Fe
 
3
Ti
 
3
(AsO
 
3
)
 
12
· 4-5H
 
2
O
20.5.2Schultenite
Pb(HAsO
 
4
)
20.5.3Duftite
PbCu(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.5.4Bayldonite
PbCu
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
20.5.5Philipsbornite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
20.5.6Arsendescloizite
PbZn(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.5.7Helmutwinklerite
Pb(Zn,Cu)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.5.8Thometzekite
Pb(Cu,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
20.5.9Caryinite
(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)(Mn
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
20.5.10Ludlockite
PbFe
3+
4
As
3+
10
O
 
22
20.5.11Gabrielsonite
PbFe(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.5.13Segnitite
PbFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
20.5.14Tsumcorite
Pb(Zn,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
20.5.15Jamesite
Pb
 
2
Zn(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)
 
2
Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
10
20.5.16Mawbyite
Pb(Fe
3+
 
,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
20.5.17Arsenbrackenbuschite

Other Names for Carminite

Synonyms:
Carmine Spar
Other Languages:
German:Carminit
Carminspath
Karminit
Karminspat
Russian:Карминит
Simplified Chinese:砷铅铁矿
砷铅铁石
Spanish:Carminita

Other Information

Other Information:Slowly soluble in HCl with the separation of PbCl2 and totally soluble in HNO3.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Carminite

Reference List:

- +
Sandberger (1850) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 80: 391 (as Carminspath).

Dana, J.D. (1854) System of Mineralogy, 4th. Edition, New York: 410.

Sandberger (1858) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 103: 345 (as Carminspath).

Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 143.

Foshag (1937) American Mineralogist: 22: 479-484.

Le Mesurier (1939) Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia: 25: 137.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 912.

Rosenzweig, A. and J.J. Finney (1959) The unit cell of carminite. American Mineralogist: 44: 663–665.

Olmi, F. and C. Sabelli (1995) Carminite from three localities of Sardinia (Italy). Crystal structure refinements. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh., 553–562.

Kharisun, M.R. Taylor, D.J.M. Bevan, and A. Pring (1996) The crystal structure of carminite: refinement and bond valence calculations. Mineralogical Magazine: 60: 805–811.

Internet Links for Carminite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Carminite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Specimens:The following Carminite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Carminite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Algeria
     
    • Constantine Province
      • Guelma
        • Djebel Nador
    Jasun McAvoy specimen
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Gough Co.
        • Elsmore
    Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Austral. J. Mineral. 8, 55-60.
      • Yancowinna Co.
        • Broken Hill
    Australian Mineralogist (1997): 3: 1.
    • South Australia
      • Mt Lofty Ranges
        • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
          • Clarendon
    Kolitsch, U. and Elliott, P. (1999): Mineralogy of the Mount Malvern Mine near Clarendon, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 3-17.
    • Western Australia
      • Ashburton Shire
    [MinRec 24:203]; Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
    Ashburtonite, a new bicarbonate-silicate mineral from Ashburton Downs; J.D. Grice, E.H. Nickel, R.A. Gault; American Mineralogist, Vol 76, 001701-1707, 1991
        • Wyloo Station
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 913; Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia, 1999.
    Austria
     
    • Lower Austria
      • Industrieviertel
        • Bucklige Welt
          • Wiesmath
    Kolitsch, U., Bernhardt, F., Brandstätter, F. & Schachinger, T. (2010): 1658) Arsenopyrit, Bariopharmakosiderit, Baryt, Covellin, Jarosit, Karminit?, Mawbyit?, Mimetesit, Philipsbornit, Plumbojarosit, Pyrit, Pyromorphit, Schwefel, Segnitit, Sphalerit und Wulfenit vom Sperkerriegel bei Wiesmath, Bucklige Welt. Pp. 243-245 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
    • Styria
      • Birkfeld
        • Gasen
    Bojar, H.-P. (1993)
      • Fischbacher Alpen
        • Rettenegg
          • Prinzkogel (Prinzenkogel)
            • Prinzkogel mines
              • Southern District
    Jakely, D. et al. (2008)
    Belgium
     
    • Luxembourg Province
      • Stavelot Massif
        • Vielsalm
          • Grand Halleux
    Lefevre, P., (2001). La présence d'arsenic dans les filons à sulfures du Devillien de Hourt, Massif de Stavelot, Belgium. Mémoire de licence en sciences géologiques et minéralogiques, Université de Liège, année 2000-2001.
    China
     
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Baise Prefecture
        • Debao Co.
    Yi Li and Lairen Lai (1998): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 18(4), 441-444; Yi Li (2001): Guangxi Geology 14(1), 61-64; Yi Li and Lairen Lai (2003): Mineral Resources and Geology 17(2), 170-172
      • Hezhou Prefecture
    Yi Li and Lairen Lai (2004): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 24(2), 6-8
    • Hunan Province
      • Hengyang Prefecture
        • Nanyue District
    Guangming Yang (1980): Geology and Prospecting 16(7), 35-40
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Ústí Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Dubí (Eichwald)
    Sejkora, J.: Minerály ložiska Moldava v Krušných horách. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 110-116.
    Sejkora, J., Škovíra, J., Čejka, J. & Plášil, J. (2009): Cu-rich members of the beudantite-segnitite series from the Krupka ore district, the Krušné hory Mountains, Czech Republic. Journal of Geosciences, 54, 355-371.
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Bas-Rhin
        • Villé Valley
          • Urbeis
    Thierry Brunsperger collection.
    • Auvergne
      • Allier
        • Ébreuil
          • Échassières
    Pierre Le Roch & Jean-Marc Johannet collections
    Le Règne Minéral, (33), 5-25; Mestrom, P., Lustenhouwer, W. & Kars, S. (2011): Les Montmins (Massif Central, F) nader bekeken. GEA, 44 (1), 16-21 (in Dutch).
      • Puy-de-Dôme
        • Puy-Guillaume
    http://perso.wanadoo.fr/roannemineraux/micromontage.htm
    P.-C. Guiollard (2002), L'uranium du Morvan et du Forez, Ed. P.-C. Guiollard, Fichous(64), 95 pp.
    Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Brittany
      • Côtes-d'Armor
        • Gouarec
    Le Roch, P. (2009): Travaux routiers... et découvertes dans les Côtes-d'Armor, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 103, 19-22.
      • Finistère
        • Châteauneuf-du-Faou
    Germain C., Saget Ph., Tissier J.P. (1990), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°1, pp: 11-19
    • Burgundy
      • Nièvre
        • Villapourçon
          • Châtillon Forest
    GOURAULT C. (2011) - Minéralogie de la mine du Prabis ( Villapourcon, Nievre, France) . BOURGOGNE NATURE, n° 13, p. 96-116, 5 fig.
    Personally collected by Yves MOUREY in 2011
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Aude
        • Padern
    http://www.zampano.com/minmax/fundort.php3?lang=US&fp=1975&foid=1549]
      • Gard
        • Mercoirol
    Le Cahier des micromonteurs, 1995, n°4, 14-29
    • Limousin
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat
    Jean Chervet collection
        • Saint-Yrieix-la-Perche
    Queneau Patrice collection
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
        • Lunel
        • Monteils
    No reference listed
      • Tarn
        • Castelnau-de-Brassac
          • Fumade
    Favreau, G., Bernadi, G. & Gayraud, L. (2013): Fumade (Tarn): descriptions complémentaires des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 119, 3-25.
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Var
        • Le Pradet
    [UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Garonne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Rhône
        • Beaujeu
          • Les Ardillats
    Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
        • Poule-les-Echarmeaux
    Valverde J. (1999) L'ancienne mine de plomb argentifère de Longefay (Rhône), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 66(4), 14-24.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Emmendingen
          • Freiamt Pb-Cu mining District
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
    Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
        • Lahr
          • Reichenbach
            • Weiler
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Münstertal
          • Belchen
    S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Lapis 21(12), 43 (1996)
          • Hofsgrund (South field)
    Holger Klapproth collection
        • Schramberg
          • Falkenstein valley
    No reference listed
        • Todtnau
    http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Baden-W%FCrttemberg/Schwarzwald/Todtnau/Lisb%FChl
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Bavaria
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Oberpfälzer Wald
          • Vohenstrauß
            • Waidhaus
    M.E. Ciriotti - 05.06.2008 - Probed
    • Hesse
      • Odenwald
        • Lautertal (Odenwald)
          • Raidelbach
            • Katzenstein
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
          • Reichenbach
            • Hohenstein
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
    S Wolfsried collection
    Lapis, 12 (10), 23-32+58.
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • St Andreasberg District
    No reference listed
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Bergisches Land
        • Engelskirchen
          • Loope
    Habel, B. & Linder, R. (2009): Die Grube "Castor" bei Loope und ihre Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 10-23
      • Siegerland
        • Müsen
    Schnorrer, K., Pfeiffer, F. (2008): Leogangit ein neues Mineral von der ehemaligen Grube Wildermann in Müsen im Siegerland, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 59, 405-408
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Lahn valley
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
          • Frücht
    Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
      • Westerwald
        • Linz am Rhein
          • Kalenborn
            • Kasbach
    Markl, G., (1990): Die Grube Clemenslust bei Kalenborn im Siebengebirge, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 41, 185-201
        • Wied Iron Spar District
          • Altenkirchen
            • Bürdenbach
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 913.
          • Neuwied
            • Dernbach
    Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 14; Krause, W., (1988): Perroudit und Karminit von der Grube "Schöne Aussicht" bei Dernbach, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 169-175
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Harzgerode mining district
          • Mägdesprung
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
          • Straßberg
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Clausnitz - Sayda District
          • Sayda
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Ehrenfriedersdorf
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
          • Bärenstein
            • Niederschlag
    Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
        • Schneeberg District
          • Neustädtel
    Lapis 30(7/8):77 (2005)
        • Schwarzenberg District
          • Langenberg
            • Graul
    http://www.dergraul.de
    http://www.dergraul.de
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52; Niceus, G. (1986): Karminit aus der Oxidationszone von Lavrion. Lapis 11 (6), 30-31.[article doesn't state exact locality but sample is from the big Kamariza dump (G. Niceus, pers. comm. to U. Kolitsch, 2012)]
    Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
    No reference listed
    Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74; Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.; GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
    Hungary
     
    • Fejér Co.
      • Velencei Mtns
        • Lovasberény
          • Meleg Hill
    Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral species of Hungary, 2005
    • Pest Co.
      • Börzsöny Mtns
        • Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen)
    HOM Collection,Own found
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Canavese District
          • Brosso
            • Cavallaria Mount
    Barresi, A. A., & Ambrino, P., 2006. Monte Cavallaria. I minerali delle cave di quarzo "Alpetta, Piani e Rio Freddo". Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30 (2): 76-97.
    • Sardinia
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Fluminimaggiore
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 192 pp.
    • Stara, P. Rizzo, R., Tanca, G., Vinci A. (1994): Su Zurfuru. 1° parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1993, 215-236.
        • Nuxis
          • Tamara Mt.
    Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 3/1992-"I minerali del giacimento di Monte Tamara(Nuxis) 1 parte-pp. 167-180
      • Medio Campidano Province
        • Gonnosfanadiga
          • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
    Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1994, 193-206.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Fiemme Valley
          • Predazzo
    Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
        • Valsugana
          • Novaledo
    Rocchetti I., Gentile P. and Ferretti P. (2012): La Miniera di Frattasecca presso Malga Broi (Novaledo, Trentino-Alto Adige). Storia e nuove segnalazioni mineralogiche. Studi Trentini di Scienze Naturali, 92, pagg. 167-180.
          • Roncegno
    -Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Yamanashi Prefecture
    Alfredo Petrov collection
      • Kanto Region
        • Gunma Prefecture
          • Katashina
    Yamada, T. (2005) Suisyou, 17, 2-4.
        • Ibaraki Prefecture
          • Higashi-Ibaraki-gun
            • Shirosato-machi
              • Takatori mine
    Kouno, M. & Watanabe, H. (2007) Chigaku Kenkyu, 56, #1, 11-16.
    • Kyushu Region
      • Miyazaki Prefecture
        • Takachiho
    Kuwano, et al (1992) Chigaku Kenkyu, 41, 140-143.
      • Oita prefecture
        • Saeki city
    Kuwano, et al (1992) Chigaku Kenkyu, 41, 140-143.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Zhambyl Province (Jambyl Oblysy; Dzhambulskaya Oblast')
      • Akbakay
    Brent Thorne collection
    Mexico
     
    • Durango
      • Mun. de Mapimí
        • Mapimí
    Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 840, 913, 954; Rocks & Minerals: 56: 247.
    Moore, T.P. and Megaw, P.K.M. (2003): Famous mineral localities: The Ojuela mine, Mapimi, Durango, Mexico. The Mineralogical Record, 34(5), 1-91
    Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
    Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
    Panczner (1987): 136.
    • Nuevo Leon
      • Mun. de Lampazos de Naranjo
        • Lampazos de Naranjo (Lampazos)
    Jorge Diaz de Leon, oral communication
    • Sonora
      • Mun. de Benjamin Hill
    T. Kennedy collection
      • Mun. de Caborca
        • El Antimonio
    Panczner(1987):113, 136 & 361.
    Panczner (1987): 136.
        • Heróica Caborca
    Panczner(1987):170.
      • Mun. de Trincheras
        • La Mur
    Panczner(1987):87 - 295.
    Mongolia
     
    • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
      • Altai Mts
    G.M. Tsareva data
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Czarnów
          • Rędziny
    Gołębiowska B. & Pieczka A. 2002: A polymetallic assemblage with Pb-Bi(Sb) and Cu-Pb-Bi sulphosalts from Rędziny in the eastern metamorphic cover of the Karnonosze granite. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, 20, 94-96
    Portugal
     
    • Aveiro District
      • Albergaria-a-Velha
        • Branca
    Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
    • Viana do Castelo District
      • Caminha
      • Ponte de Lima
        • Estorãos
    Pedro Alves collection
    Pedro Alves collection. Characterized by SEM-EDS and p-XRD
    • Vila Real District
      • Ribeira de Pena
        • Cerva
    Pedro Alves collection
      • Sabrosa
        • Vale das Gatas Mines (São Lourenço de Riba Pinhão and Souto Maior)
    Pedro Alves collection.
    • Viseu District
      • São Pedro do Sul
        • Manhouce
          • Gestoso
    Pedro Alves collection; Marques de Sá, J.P. & Rewitzer, C. (2002): Gestoso: Seltene Arsenate aus einer Wolfram / Zinn - Mine im N Portugals. Lapis, 27 (1), 42-46.
    Pierre Rosseel collection
        • São Martinho das Moitas
    Ko Jansen collection
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
      • Sekhukhune District
        • Marble Hall
          • Stavoren - Mutue tin field
    Minerals of South Africa
    • Mpumalanga Province
    Minerals of South Africa
    • North West Province
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Brits District
    Robert O. Meyer collection; Dr. Hans Börner collection; collected by Dr. Hans Börner; Windisch, W. R., (1999), South African Micromount Society, Locality data sheet.; Robert O. Meyer collection; Dr. Hans Börner collection; collected by Dr. Hans Börner
    Spain
     
    • Castile-La Mancha
      • Guadalajara
        • Pardos
    Calvo Sevillano, G., Viñals, J. y Calvo, M. (2012). Presencia en yacimientos españoles de carminita y de otros arseniatos relacionados. Macla, (16), 232-233.
    • Castile and Leon
      • Zamora
        • Losacio
    Calvo Sevillano, G., Viñals, J. y Calvo, M. (2012). Presencia en yacimientos españoles de carminita y de otros arseniatos relacionados. Macla, (16), 232-233.
    • Extremadura
      • Badajoz
        • Valle de la Serena
    Calvo Sevillano, G., Viñals, J. y Calvo, M. (2012). Presencia en yacimientos españoles de carminita y de otros arseniatos relacionados. Macla, (16), 232-233. Sainz de Baranda Graf, B. (2013): El Complejo Minero San Nicolás, Valle de la Serena (Badajoz). Revista de Minerales, V-3.
    • Galicia
      • Orense (Ourense)
        • Ramirás
    Calvo Sevillano, G., Viñals, J. y Calvo, M. (2012). Presencia en yacimientos españoles de carminita y de otros arseniatos relacionados. Macla, (16), 232-233.
    Switzerland
     
    • Glarus
      • Murg Valley
        • Mürtschenalp
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 237.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Callington District
          • Calstock
            • Gunnislake
              • Clitters United Mines
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 913; Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Gwennap
            • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
    No reference listed
        • Mount's Bay District
          • Helston
    Paul De Bondt collection
          • St Hilary
    No reference listed
    Michael Merry, pers. commun.
    No reference listed
        • St Agnes District
          • Perranzabuloe
            • Perran Iron Lode (Great Perran Iron Lode)
    No reference listed
        • St Austell District
          • St Austell
    P D Trebilcock collection.
        • St Erth - Gwithian Area
          • Gwinear
            • Fraddam
    No reference listed
        • Wadebridge District
          • St Endellion
    No reference listed
          • St Kew
    No reference listed
          • St Teath
    No reference listed
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
            • Carrock Fell
    No reference listed
            • Coombe Height
    Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
    No reference listed
    No reference listed
    No reference listed
    No reference listed
    No reference listed
    BMS Database
            • Potts Gill
    No reference listed
            • Roughton Gill
    Journal of The Russell Society, Volume11, 2008
    No reference listed
    BMS Database
          • Threlkeld District
            • St John's in the Vale
    BMS Database
    USA
     
    • Alabama
      • Clay Co.
    Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
      • Randolph Co.
        • Cragford District
    Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
    Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
    Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
    Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
    • Alaska
      • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
        • Kaiyuh District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Arizona
      • Pima Co.
        • Tucson Mts
          • Amole District
    In collection of Tom Trebisky.
              • Amole Mine group
    Cannon Microprobe, November 2008
    • California
      • Inyo Co.
        • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
          • Malpais Mesa
    Ron Layton
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
          • Clark Mountain District
            • Pactolus
              • Mohawk Hill
    [Mineralien Welt 1/93:44]
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Maine
      • Penobscot Co.
        • Garland
    • Montana
      • Granite Co.
        • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
          • John Long Mts
            • Black Pine Ridge
    Per. Comm. from Eugene Ford re XRD results Mar. & Apr. 1994; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
    • Nevada
      • Elko Co.
        • Spruce Mountain District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Gilbert District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Weepah District
    Ron Layton collection specimen
    Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
      • Eureka Co.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 913; Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
        • Lynn District
          • Elko
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Iron Point District
          • Valmy
      • Lander Co.
        • Battle Mountain District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Bullion District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lincoln Co.
        • Silver King District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Mineral Co.
        • Bell District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Candelaria District
    Collection of Kelly Starnes 1991
    Collection of Kelly Starnes 1992
      • Nye Co.
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
    Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Franklin
    Cook (1973); Dunn et al. (1992b)
    • New Mexico
      • Hidalgo Co.
        • San Simon District
          • Granite Gap
    R&M 77:5 p298-305
    Twenty-fourth Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium
      • Luna Co.
    http://geoinfo.nmt.edu/staff/dunbar/abstract/dm99.html. Virginia T. McLemore, Nelia Dunbar, Matt T. Heizler, Kelly Donahue (2000): Geology and mineral deposits of the Victorio mining district, Luna County , New Mexico- Preliominary observations, New Mexico Geologic Society Guidebook, 51st field Conference, Southwest passage – A trip through the Phanerozoic, pp267-278
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
            • Eureka
    R&M 68:6 p406-416
    Collected by Brent Thorne
      • Tooele Co.
        • Deep Creek Mts
          • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
            • Gold Hill
    Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22. ]
    Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
    Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
    Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
    Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
    collected by Brent Thorne
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