SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Toongi deposit, Gordon Co., New South Wales, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Toongi depositDeposit
Gordon Co.County
New South WalesState
AustraliaCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 32° 27' 35'' South , 148° 37' 40'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -32.45978,148.62805
GeoHash:G#: r61xq4gsh
Locality type:Deposit
Age:184 ± 19 Ma
Geologic Time:Early Jurassic
Dating method: Zircon fission track dating
Reference for age:Spandler, C. & Morris, C. (2016): Geology and genesis of the Toongi rare metal (Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y and REE) deposit, NSW, Australia, and implications for rare metal mineralization in peralkaline igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 171,
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Wongarbon449 (2013)18.7km
Geurie648 (2012)20.1km
Eulomogo1,373 (2018)22.1km
Dubbo32,327 (2013)24.2km
Obley304 (2018)27.3km


Unusual small REE deposit 20km SE of Dobbo.

Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y and REE mineralisation within a small (ca. 0.3 km2), rapidly cooled trachyte laccolith. The primary ore minerals, evenly dispersed throughout the rock, include lueshite/natroniobite and complex Na–Fe–Zr–Nb–Y–REE silicate minerals dominated by a eudialyte-group mineral. Secondary ore minerals include REE carbonates, Y-rich milarite, catapleiite and gaidonnayite that fill fractures and vesicles in the rock.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Lachlan Orogen, AustraliaOrogen
Eastern Province, Lachlan Orogen, AustraliaGeologic Province
Gunnedah Basin, New South Wales, AustraliaBasin

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Spandler, C., Morris, C. (2016) Geology and genesis of the Toongi rare metal (Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y and REE) deposit, NSW, Australia, and implications for rare metal mineralization in peralkaline igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 171:104 (24 pages).
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Morris, C., Spandler, C. (2014) The Petrology, Geochemistry and Ore Genesis of the Alkaline REE Toongi Deposit, Dubbo NSW. in Geological Society of Australia, 2014 Australian Earth Sciences Convention (AESC), Sustainable Australia. Abstract No 110 of the 22nd Australian Geological Convention.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Morris, C., Spandler, C. (2014) The Petrology, Geochemistry and Ore Genesis of the Alkaline REE Toongi Deposit, Dubbo NSW. in Geological Society of Australia, 2014 Australian Earth Sciences Convention (AESC), Sustainable Australia. Abstract No 110 of the 22nd Australian Geological Convention.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Morris, C., Spandler, C. (2014) The Petrology, Geochemistry and Ore Genesis of the Alkaline REE Toongi Deposit, Dubbo NSW. in Geological Society of Australia, 2014 Australian Earth Sciences Convention (AESC), Sustainable Australia. Abstract No 110 of the 22nd Australian Geological Convention.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Spandler, C., Morris, C. (2016) Geology and genesis of the Toongi rare metal (Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y and REE) deposit, NSW, Australia, and implications for rare metal mineralization in peralkaline igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 171: 104 (24 pages).
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Morris, C., Spandler, C. (2014) The Petrology, Geochemistry and Ore Genesis of the Alkaline REE Toongi Deposit, Dubbo NSW. in Geological Society of Australia, 2014 Australian Earth Sciences Convention (AESC), Sustainable Australia. Abstract No 110 of the 22nd Australian Geological Convention.
'Eudialyte Group'
Reference: Spandler, C., Morris, C. (2016) Geology and genesis of the Toongi rare metal (Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y and REE) deposit, NSW, Australia, and implications for rare metal mineralization in peralkaline igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 171: 104 (24 pages).
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Morris, C., Spandler, C. (2014) The Petrology, Geochemistry and Ore Genesis of the Alkaline REE Toongi Deposit, Dubbo NSW. in Geological Society of Australia, 2014 Australian Earth Sciences Convention (AESC), Sustainable Australia. Abstract No 110 of the 22nd Australian Geological Convention.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Spandler, C., Morris, C. (2016) Geology and genesis of the Toongi rare metal (Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y and REE) deposit, NSW, Australia, and implications for rare metal mineralization in peralkaline igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 171:104 (24 pages).
Gaidonnayite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Spandler, C., Morris, C. (2016) Geology and genesis of the Toongi rare metal (Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y and REE) deposit, NSW, Australia, and implications for rare metal mineralization in peralkaline igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 171:104 (24 pages).
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Morris, C., Spandler, C. (2014) The Petrology, Geochemistry and Ore Genesis of the Alkaline REE Toongi Deposit, Dubbo NSW. in Geological Society of Australia, 2014 Australian Earth Sciences Convention (AESC), Sustainable Australia. Abstract No 110 of the 22nd Australian Geological Convention.
Lueshite
Formula: NaNbO3
Reference: Spandler, C., Morris, C. (2016) Geology and genesis of the Toongi rare metal (Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y and REE) deposit, NSW, Australia, and implications for rare metal mineralization in peralkaline igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 171:104 (24 pages).
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: Morris, C., Spandler, C. (2014) The Petrology, Geochemistry and Ore Genesis of the Alkaline REE Toongi Deposit, Dubbo NSW. in Geological Society of Australia, 2014 Australian Earth Sciences Convention (AESC), Sustainable Australia. Abstract No 110 of the 22nd Australian Geological Convention. Spandler, C., Morris, C. (2016) Geology and genesis of the Toongi rare metal (Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y and REE) deposit, NSW, Australia, and implications for rare metal mineralization in peralkaline igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 171:104 (24 pages).
Natroniobite
Formula: NaNbO3
Reference: Caitlin, M., Spandler, C. (2014) The Petrology, Geochemistry and Ore Genesis of the Alkaline REE Toongi Deposit, Dubbo NSW. in Geological Society of Australia, 2014 Australian Earth Sciences Convention (AESC), Sustainable Australia. Abstract No 110 of the 22nd Australian Geological Convention. Spandler, C., Morris, C. (2016) Geology and genesis of the Toongi rare metal (Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y and REE) deposit, NSW, Australia, and implications for rare metal mineralization in peralkaline igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 171:104 (24 pages).
Pyrolusite ?
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Spandler, C., Morris, C. (2016) Geology and genesis of the Toongi rare metal (Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y and REE) deposit, NSW, Australia, and implications for rare metal mineralization in peralkaline igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 171:104 (24 pages).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Morris, C., Spandler, C. (2014) The Petrology, Geochemistry and Ore Genesis of the Alkaline REE Toongi Deposit, Dubbo NSW. in Geological Society of Australia, 2014 Australian Earth Sciences Convention (AESC), Sustainable Australia. Abstract No 110 of the 22nd Australian Geological Convention.
Rhodonite ?
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Spandler, C., Morris, C. (2016) Geology and genesis of the Toongi rare metal (Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y and REE) deposit, NSW, Australia, and implications for rare metal mineralization in peralkaline igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 171:104 (24 pages).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Lueshite4.CC.30NaNbO3
Natroniobite4.CC.30NaNbO3
Pyrolusite ?4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Gaidonnayite9.DM.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Rhodonite ?9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Eudialyte Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'K Feldspar'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Lueshite4.3.3.4NaNbO3
Natroniobite4.3.4.1NaNbO3
AX2
Pyrolusite ?4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Gaidonnayite59.2.2.3Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite ?65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Eudialyte Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'K Feldspar'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
BeBeryllium
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
OOxygen
O NatroniobiteNaNbO3
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O LueshiteNaNbO3
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
NaSodium
Na NatroniobiteNaNbO3
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na LueshiteNaNbO3
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
MgMagnesium
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
SiSilicon
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
ClChlorine
Cl EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
KPotassium
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
CaCalcium
Ca EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
MnManganese
Mn EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
FeIron
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
ZrZirconium
Zr EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Zr GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
NbNiobium
Nb NatroniobiteNaNbO3
Nb LueshiteNaNbO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cenozoic
0 - 66 Ma



ID: 3190789
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesozoic
66 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 715524
felsic to intermediate volcanics and high level intrusives 42180

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 251.902 Ma)

Description: Trachyte, syenite, tuff, minor rhyolite, minor phonolite, minor obsidian

Comments: igneous felsic-intermediate volcanic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous felsic-intermediate volcanic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Caitlin Morris & Carl Spandler (2014) The Petrology, Geochemistry and Ore Genesis of the Alkaline REE Toongi Deposit, Dubbo NSW. in Geological Society of Australia, 2014 Australian Earth Sciences Convention (AESC), Sustainable Australia. Abstract No 110 of the 22nd Australian Geological Convention.
Spandler, C. & Morris, C. (2016): Geology and genesis of the Toongi rare metal (Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Y and REE) deposit, NSW, Australia, and implications for rare metal mineralization in peralkaline igneous rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 171, 104 (24 pages).


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: November 21, 2019 04:28:03 Page generated: March 19, 2019 11:12:22
Go to top of page