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Paulingite-K

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Professor Linus Carl Pauling
Formula:
(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
Colour:
Colorless to pale yellow
Lustre:
Adamantine, Vitreous
Hardness:
5
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
Named after Linus Carl Pauling (28 February 1901, Portland, Oregon, USA – 19 August 1994, Big Sur, California), professor of chemistry, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA, "in recognition of his outstanding contributions to the understanding of the complex structures of silicate minerals and other compounds." He was one of the most important scientists of all time, published more than 1200 papers and books, and was awarded numerous awards including the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1962 Nobel Peace Prize, and 1967 Roebling Medal.
This page provides mineralogical data about Paulingite-K.


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Classification of Paulingite-KHide

Approved
9.GC.35

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
C : Chains of doubly-connected 4-membered rings

Physical Properties of Paulingite-KHide

Adamantine, Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colorless to pale yellow
Hardness:

Optical Data of Paulingite-KHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of Paulingite-KHide

Formula:
(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
IMA Formula:
(K,Ca,Na,Ba,◻)10(Si,Al)42O84 · 34H2O

Crystallography of Paulingite-KHide

Crystal System:
Isometric

Type Occurrence of Paulingite-KHide

Other Language Names for Paulingite-KHide

Relationship of Paulingite-K to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AlflarseniteNaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2 : P21
AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2OMon. 2
Ammonioleucite(NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)Tet.
AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2OTric.
Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2OHex.
BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Chabazite-Levyne SubgroupA subgroup of the Zeolite Group.
ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
ClinoptiloliteNote on the distinguishing differences between clinoptilolite and heulandite (hhttp://rruff.
CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2OOrth.
Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
Dachiardite-KK4(Si20Al4O48)·13H2OMon.
Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
DirenzoiteNaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2OMon.
ErioniteThis name now refers to a group of related minerals.
Faujasite SubgroupA subgroup of the Zeolite Group.
FerrieriteZeolite Group.
FerrochiavenniteCa1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2] · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2OTet. 4 2m : I4m2
GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2OOrth. mm2 : Fdd2
Gismondine-BaBa2Al4Si4O16 · 4-6H2O
Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
GmeliniteIn 1997, gmelinite was split into Gmelinite-Ca, Gmelinite-Na and Gmelinite-K.
GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2OOrth.
GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon.
GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2OOrth.
Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
HeulanditeNote on the distinguishing differences between heulandite and clinoptilolite (http://rruff.
HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2OOrth. mm2
MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2OHex.
Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2OOrth.
Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2OOrth.
Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2OOrth.
MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2OOrth.
NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
Natrolite SubgroupA subgroup of the Zeolite Group.
OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2OIso. 2 3 : I2 3
ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K,Na,Ba,◻)10 (Si, Al)42O84•34H2OIso.
Paulingite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2OIso.
PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2OHex.
PhillipsiteZeolite Group.
Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2OTet.
StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fmmm
Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2OOrth.
Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Thomsonite-SrNa(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
TschörtneriteCa4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[(OH)2|Al3Si3O12]4 · nH2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2OHex.
WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2OTric.
YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2OMon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Erionite-K1 photo of Paulingite-K associated with Erionite-K on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.GC.05AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2OMon. 2
9.GC.05Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2OTet. 4 2m : I4m2
9.GC.05Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
9.GC.05GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2OOrth.
9.GC.10Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.GC.10Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.GC.10Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.GC.10Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2OMon.
9.GC.10Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.GC.15Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2OOrth.
9.GC.20Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2OHex.
9.GC.20Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
9.GC.25PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2OHex.
9.GC.30BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
9.GC.35Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K,Na,Ba,◻)10 (Si, Al)42O84•34H2OIso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Paulingite-KHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kamb, W.B., Oke, W.C. (1960) Paulingite, an new zeolite, in association with erionite and filiform pyrite. American Mineralogist: 45: 79-91.
Gordon, E.K., Samson, S., Kamb, W.B. (1966) Crystal structure of the zeolite paulingite. Science: 154: 1004-1007.
Tschernich, R.D., Wise, W.S. (1982) Paulingite: variations in composition. American Mineralogist: 67: 799-803.
Bieniok, A., Joswig, W., Baur, W.H. (1996) A study of paulingites: pore filling by cations and water molecules. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Abh.: l7l: ll9-134.
Coombs, D.S., Alberti, A., Armbruster, T., Artioli, G., Colella, C., Galli, E., Grice, J.D., Liebau, F., Mandarino, J.A., Minato, H., Nickel, E.H., Passaglia, E., Peacor, D.R., Quartieri, S., Rinaldi, R., Ross, M., Sheppard, R.A., Tillmanns, E., Vezzalini, G. (1997) Recommended nomenclature for zeolite minerals: report of the Subcommittee on Zeolites of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 1571-1606.
Lengauer, C.L., Giester, G., Tillmans, E. (1997) Mineralogical characterization of paulingite from Vinarická Hora, Czech Republic. Mineralogical Magazine: 61: 591-606.
Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 1347-1352.
Passaglia, E., Gualtieri, A., Marchi, E. (2001) The crystal chemistry of Paulingite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 13: 113-119.
Krivovichev, S.V. (2013) Structural complexity of minerals: information storage and processing in the mineral world. Mineralogical Magazine: 77: 275-326.

Internet Links for Paulingite-KHide

Localities for Paulingite-KHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Falkland
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.161, 399; American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 799-803, 1982
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Kladno
Passaglia, E., Gualtieri, A., Marchi, E. (2001): The crystal chemistry of Paulingite, European Journal of Mineralogy. Vol. 13, 113-119
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Vogelsberg
      • Ortenberg
Passaglia, E., Gualtieri, A., Marchi, E. (2001): The crystal chemistry of Paulingite, European Journal of Mineralogy. Vol. 13, 113-119
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Westerwald
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Kalenborn
Passaglia, E., Gualtieri, A., Marchi, E. (2001): The crystal chemistry of Paulingite, European Journal of Mineralogy. Vol. 13, 113-119
UK
 
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Antrim
      • Giant's Causeway
Jaroslaw Skupiewski
USA
 
  • Idaho
    • Idaho Co.
      • Riggins
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.399
  • Washington
    • Douglas Co.
Tschernich (1991): Zeolites of Washington State. Rock & Minerals, 66(4); American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 799-803, 1982
Mineral and/or Locality  
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