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Phillipsite-Ca

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William Phillips
Formula:
Ca3(Si10Al6)O32 · 12H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
White, colourless, ...
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
4 - 5
Name:
Named in 1972 by Ermanno Galli and Anna G. Loschi Ghittoni for the Ca-dominance of the exchangeable cations in phillipsites, originally mamed by "Armand" Serve-Dieu Abailard Lévy in 1825 in honor of William Phillips [9 May 1775 London, England, United Kingdom - 2 April 1828 London, England, United Kingdom], English mineralogist and founder of the Geological Society of London. The Ca-dominant member of the phillipsite series.

Classification of Phillipsite-Ca

Approved
9.GC.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
C : Chains of doubly-connected 4-membered rings
Dana 7th ed.:
77.1.3.6

Physical Properties of Phillipsite-Ca

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
White, colourless, reddish white, light yellow, pink
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
4 - 5
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Distinct on the {010}, indistinct on the {001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
2.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.2 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Phillipsite-Ca

Type:
Biaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 1.483 - 1.505 nβ = 1.484 - 1.511 nγ = 1.486 - 1.514
2V:
Measured: 60° to 90°, Calculated: 70° to 72°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.003 - 0.009
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v or r < v

Chemical Properties of Phillipsite-Ca

IMA Formula:
Ca3(Si10Al6)O32 · 12H2O
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Phillipsite-Ca

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.9 Å, b = 14.1 Å, c = 8.66 Å
β = 124.75°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.702 : 1 : 0.614
Unit Cell Volume:
V 993.25 ų
Z:
2

Type Occurrence of Phillipsite-Ca

Relationship of Phillipsite-Ca to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Phillipsite-K (see here)
Forms a series with Phillipsite-Na (see here)
Forms a series with Harmotome (see here)
Other Members of Group:
Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
9.GC.05AmiciteK2Na2(Si4Al4O16) · 5H2O
9.GC.05Garronite-CaNaCa2.5(Si10Al6)O32 · 14H2O
9.GC.05Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
9.GC.05GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
9.GC.10HarmotomeBa2(Si12Al4)O32 · 12H2O
9.GC.10Phillipsite-KK6(Si10Al6)O32 · 12H2O
9.GC.10Phillipsite-NaNa6(Si10Al6)O32 · 12H2O
9.GC.10Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2O
9.GC.15MerlinoiteK5Ca2(Si23Al9)O64 · 24H2O
9.GC.20Mazzite-MgMg5(Si26Al10)O72 · 30H2O
9.GC.20Mazzite-NaNa8(Si28Al8)O72 · 30H2O
9.GC.25PerlialiteK9NaCa(Si24Al12)O72 · 15H2O
9.GC.30BoggsiteNa3Ca8(Si77Al19)O192 · 70H2O
9.GC.35Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K,Na,Ba,◻)10(Si,Al)42O84 · 34H2O
9.GC.35Paulingite-K(K,Ca,Na,Ba,◻)10(Si,Al)42O84 · 34H2O

Other Names for Phillipsite-Ca

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Not fluorescent in UV
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Phillipsite-Ca

Reference List:
Galli, Ermanno and Ghittoni, Anna G. Loschi (1972) Crystal Chemistry of the Phillipsite, American Mineralogist: 57: 1125-1145.
Acta Crystallographica: B30: 2426-2433.
European Journal of Mineralogy (1990): 2: 827-839.

Internet Links for Phillipsite-Ca

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-7227.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Phillipsite-Ca

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Buckland Co.
England, B.M. (2002) Zeolites and associated minerals from the Krui Valley, Merriwa, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 8, 61-71.
  • Tasmania
    • Burnie City
      • Hampshire district
http://www.crocoite.com/locationbulletins/part1/zeolites.pdf
  • Victoria
    • Baw Baw Shire
      • Jindivick
Haupt,J. (1989) Chapter 4: South Gippsland,59-65 in: Birch, W.D. (Ed.) Zeolites of Victoria,101 pp, Melbourne, 1989; W.D.Birch 1987. Zeolites from Jindivick, Victoria. Australian Mineralogist, July 1987, pp. 15-19
    • Macedon Ranges Shire
      • Malmsbury
Sutton & Mills (2012)
      • Tylden
W.D.Birch 1989. Zeolites of Victoria, The Mineralogical Association Of Victoria No. 2 pp. 75-84,100
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Oberpullendorf
      • Kobersdorf
        • Pauliberg
U. Kolitsch, W. Postl, H.-P. Bojar and W. Trattner (2009): Die Mineralvorkommen im Basalt des Pauliberges. In: Autorenkollektiv (Red. M. A. Götzinger und P. Huber) (2009): Die Mineralien des Burgenlandes - Geologie, Mineralogie und mineralische Rohstoffe. – Wissenschaftliche Arbeiten aus dem Burgenland, Band 126, Amt der Burgenländischen Landesregierung, Abteilung 7 - Landesmuseum, Eisenstadt, 83-99.
  • Styria
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
Postl, W., Bernhard, F., Bojar, H.-P., Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1775) Magnesiochromit, Phillipsit-Ca, Chabasit-Ca und Vertumnit sowie eine Ergänzung zur Phase Ca3Ti(Fe,Al)2O8 (= Shulamitit) in einem Ca-reichen Xenolith aus dem Basaltsteinbruch in Klöch, Steiermark. Pp. 172-174 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
          • Saint-Amable sill
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118. HORVÁTH, L. (2010) The minerals of the Saint-Amable sill: an update. MICRONEWS 44(4), 23-28.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Liberec Region
      • Česká Lípa (Böhmisch Leipa)
P.Pauliš,L.Hrůzek,O.Janeček,J.Sejkora,R.Malíková,F.Fedyuk-Zeolite mineralization from Nový Oldřichov near Kamenický Šenov (Czech republic).Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze,vol.24,num.1(Prag 2016) P.Pauliš,L.Hrůzek,O.Janeček,Z.Dvořák,J.Toman-The most interesting mineralogical localities of Bohemia zeolities and accompanying mineralization-Kuttna 2014
    • Ústí Region
      • Děčín (Tetschen)
        • Česká Kamenice
-P.Pauliš,L.Hrůzek,O.Janeček,J.Sejkora,R.Malíková(2014):Cowlesit a doprovodná mineralizace z vrchu Hackenberg u České Kamenice.Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národní muzeum Praha-2/2014
P. Pauliš,L.Hrůzek,O.Janeček,J.Sejkora,R.Malíková,O.Pour and F.Fediuk(2015)-Tschernichite,Garronite-Ca and associated zeolite mineralization from Jehla near Česká Kamenice(Czech Republic).Bulletin miner.-petrolog. odď.National muz. Prag,23,2,2015.
No reference listed
        • Folknáře
Zbynek Burival collection, Petr Fuchs collection
        • Krásná Lípa
P.Pauliš,L.Hrůzek,O.Janeček,J.Sejkora,R.Malíková,F.Fedyuk(2014)Dachiardite-Ca and associated mineralization from Doubice-Vápenka near Krásná Lípa(Czech Republic).Bull.Min.-Pet.od.Národní muzeum Praha 22,1
No reference listed
Ethiopia
 
  • Benshangul-Gumaz Region
    • Asosa region (Assosa region)
P.M. Kartashov data
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Saint-Germain-Lembron
        • Gignat
Pongiluppi D (1976) Offretite, garronite and other zeolites from "Central Massif", France. Bulletin SFMC 99: 322-327
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Kaiserstuhl
      • Sasbach
WEISENBERGER, T. & SPÜRGIN, S. (2009): Zeolites in alkaline rocks of the Kaiserstuhl Volcanic Complex, SW Germany – new microprobe investigation and the relationship of zeolite mineralogy to the host rock. Geologica Belgica, 12, 75-91.
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Kemnath
        • Waldeck
Pöllmann et al. (2007): Aufschluss 58, 227-233.
  • Hesse
    • Greifenstein
      • Allendorf
Betz, V., Leinweber, A., Klein, E. und Wahl, H. (2011): Prächtige Zeolithe: Die Mineralien des Steinbruchs "Alter Stein" bei Allendorf im Ulmtal, Westerwald, Hessen. Lapis, 36 (2), 15-38; 54.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Andernach
        • Nickenich
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
      • Daun
        • Brück
collection H.&Ch. Schäfer
      • Hillesheim
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
      • Kelberg
        • Drees
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
- Blass, G., (2010): Die neuen Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralienwelt, Vol. 05
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
  • Thuringia
    • Thuringian Forest
      • Eisenach
No reference listed
Hungary
 
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
      • Márianosztra
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Balaton Uplands
      • Tapolcai Basin
        • Káptalantóti
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
        • Nemesgulács
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
        • Zalahaláp
Kónya, P. and Szakáll, S. (2011): Occurrence, composition and paragenesis of the zeolites and associated minerals in the alkaline basalt of a maar-type volcano at Haláp Hill, Balaton Highland, Hungary. Mineralogical Magazine 75, 2869-2885.
  • Zala Co.
    • Keszthelyi Mts
      • Vindornyaszőlős
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
      • Zalaszántó
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
Italy
 
  • Latium
    • Frosinone Province
      • Giuliano di Roma
De Gennaro M., Franco E., Langella A., Mirra P., Morra V. (1982): Le zeoliti delle piroclastiti dei Monti Ernici. La phillipsite dei Peperini. Acta Naturalia Ateneo Parmense, 18, 4, 163-173; Rosaspina C. (1985): Ritrovamento di zeoliti nelle piroclastiti dei Monti Ernici. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 9, 4 (4-1985), 147.
      • Patrica
De Gennaro M., Franco E., Langella A., Mirra P., Morra V. (1982): Le zeoliti delle piroclastiti dei Monti Ernici. La phillipsite dei Peperini. Acta Naturalia Ateneo Parmense, 18, 4, 163-173; Rosaspina C. (1985): Ritrovamento di zeoliti nelle piroclastiti dei Monti Ernici. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 9, 4 (4-1985), 147.
      • Supino
De Gennaro M., Franco E., Langella A., Mirra P., Morra V. (1982): Le zeoliti delle piroclastiti dei Monti Ernici. La phillipsite dei Peperini. Acta Naturalia Ateneo Parmense, 18, 4, 163-173; Rosaspina C. (1985): Ritrovamento di zeoliti nelle piroclastiti dei Monti Ernici. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 9, 4 (4-1985), 147.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Vigezzo Valley
          • Trontano
            • Pizzo Marcio
Appiani, R., Cini, V., Gentile, P., Mattioli, V., Preite, D., Vignola, P. (1995): Val Vigezzo - I minerali delle albititi. Ed. Linea Due S.r.l., Marnate (Varese), 90 pp.; Guastoni, A., Diella, V., Pezzotta, F., Demartin, F. (2007): Vigezzite and associated Nb-Ta oxides of emerald pegmatitic deposits of Vigezzo Valley (Western Alps, Italy). Crystallization Processes in Granitic Pegmatites - International Meeting. Cavoli, Elba Island, Italy, 23rd-29th May 2005. Abstracts; http://www.minsocam.org/msa/Special/Pig/PIG_Articles/Elba%20Abstracts%2010%20Guastoni.pdf; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.; Guastoni, A. (2012): LCT (lithium, cesium, tantalum) and NYF (niobium, yttrium, fluorine) pegmatites in the Central Alps. Proxies of exhumation history of the Alpine nappe stack in the Lepontine Dome. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Padova, Dept. of Geosciences, 159 pp.; Boscardin, M., Mattioli, V., Rocchetti, I. (2013): Minerali della Valle Vigezzo. Litotipografia Alcione, Lavis (Trento), 229 pp.; Boscardin, M., Mattioli, V., Rocchetti, I. (2016): Thomsonite o bavenite? Errata corrige de "Minerali della Valle Vigezzo". Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 34-38.
  • Sicily
    • Catania Province
      • Northern Iblean plateau
Sicurella, G., Russo, S., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010): Mineralogia della formazione di Monte Caliella, Palagonia (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 371-408
Sicurella, G., Russo, S., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010): Mineralogia della formazione di Monte Caliella, Palagonia (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 371-408.
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Spoleto
Stoppa F., Scordari F., Mesto E., Sharygin V.V. and Bortolozzi G. - Calcium-aluminium-silicate-hydrate "cement" phases and rare Ca-zeolite association at Colle Fabbri, Central Italy (2010). Centr.Eur.J.Geosci. 2 (2), pag. 175-187 .
    • Terni Province
      • San Venanzo
Giorgio Bortolozzi specimen; Sharygin, V. V., Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Khomyakov, A. P., Stoppa, F., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2013). Umbrianite, K7Na2Ca2 [Al3Si10O29] F2Cl2, a new mineral species from melilitolite of the Pian di Celle volcano, Umbria, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(4), 655-669.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Astico Valley
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
        • Valdastico
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Crespadoro
        • Chiampo Valley
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Fara Vicentino
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Montecchio Maggiore
        • San Pietro
- Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Salcedo
Daleffe, A., Boscardin, M. & Rocchetti, I (2012): Garronite e Gonnardite del Colle di San Valentino, Salcedo, Vicenza .
Japan
 
  • Chugoku Region
    • Shimane Prefecture
      • Oki Islands
        • Nishinoshima
Patrick E. Haynes, via XRD 2016
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Niigata City
Harada et al (1967) American Mineralogist, 52, 1785-1794.
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Ogasawara Islands
      • Chichijima Group
Self collected by R.Tanaka; Ryoji Tanaka and Y. Sakaguchi specimens
Portugal
 
  • Lisbon District
    • Oeiras
      • Carnaxide
Pedro Alves data and collection
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
        • Lovozero Massif
Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal Province
    • eThekwini District
      • Durban
        • Bellair
Heron, H.D.C. (2001). A unique zeolite-bearing prehnite-assemblage sample from the dolerite sill at Coedmore Quarries, Durban. Unpublished report for the Quarry Management.
Spain
 
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Ciudad Real
Calvo, M., Calvo Sevillano, G., Viñals, J. y Sanz, A. (2010). Presencia de ettringita y thaumasita en vacuolas de los basaltos del Campo de Calatrava (Ciudad Real). Macla, 11, 53-54.
        • Almagro
Calvo, M., Viñals, J., Sanz, A. and Martí, J. (2013). Zeolites and asociated minerals in the vacuoles of some of the Campo de calatrava volcanoes - Ciudad Real, Spain. Mineral Up,3, 54-69
        • Bolaños de Calatrava
Calvo, M., Viñals, J., Sanz, A. and Martí, J. (2013). Zeolites and asociated minerals in the vacuoles of some of the Campo de calatrava volcanoes - Ciudad Real, Spain. Mineral Up,3, 54-69
Calvo, M., Viñals, J., Sanz, A. and Martí, J. (2013). Zeolites and asociated minerals in the vacuoles of some of the Campo de calatrava volcanoes - Ciudad Real, Spain. Mineral Up,3, 54-69
Taiwan
 
  • Taiwan Province
Yui, T. F., & Chang, S. S. (1999). Formation conditions of vesicle/fissure-filling smectites in Penghu basalts: a stable-isotope assessment. Clay Minerals, 34(3), 381-381.; Proceedings of the Geological Society of China , Issue 22 (1979) p 68
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
Tischenko A. data
    • Simferopol area
      • Lozovoye Village area
Tischenko Alexander
      • Ukrainka Village area (Kurtsy)
- Dvoichenko P.A. The minerals of Crimea (1914) - Zapiski Krymskogo obshchestva estestvoispytatelei (Proceeding of the Crimea Society of Naturalistes), 1914, vol. 4, p. 1-208 (Rus.) - Popov S.P. Mineralogy of the Crimea (1938). - M.-L., AN SSSR, 1938, 352 p. (Rus.)
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Golden District
        • Golden
Rocks & Minerals 79:4
Rocks & Minerals 79:4
  • Hawaii
    • Honolulu Co.
      • Oahu Island
        • Puuloa Road
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 35, pp. 1571-1606 (1997)
  • Montana
    • Meagher Co.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Las Vegas District
MarekC pers.coll. July 2016
  • New Mexico
    • Rio Arriba Co.
Patrick haynes
  • North Carolina
    • Clay Co.
      • Buck Creek
European Journal of Mineralogy,1990,Vol #2, pg 827-839
  • Oregon
    • Grant Co.
      • Ritter
American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 799-803, 1982
Mineral and/or Locality  
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