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Brazilianite

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About BrazilianiteHide

Formula:
NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Colour:
Chartreuse yellow, pale yellow, yellow green, colourless; coloured varieties are colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.98
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named by Frederick Harvey Pough and Edward Porter Henderson in 1945 for the type locality country, Brazil, where it was first found.

Classification of BrazilianiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.BK.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
K : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 2:1, 2.5:1
41.5.7.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq
19.8.2

19 : Phosphates
8 : Phosphates of Al and other metals

Physical Properties of BrazilianiteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Chartreuse yellow, pale yellow, yellow green, colourless; coloured varieties are colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {010}
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
2.98 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.998 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BrazilianiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.602 nβ = 1.609 nγ = 1.621 - 1.623
2V:
Measured: 71° to 75°, Calculated: 72° to 76°
Birefringence:
0.020
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.019 - 0.021
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v perceptible
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of BrazilianiteHide

Formula:
NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
 1
P2O538,76 %
Al2O342,53 %
Fe2O30,24 %
Na2O8,10 %
K2O0,18 %
Li2O0,01 %
H2O+9,33 %
Insol0,94 %
Total:97 %
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Buranga pegmatite, Gatumba, Ngororero, Western Province, RwandaFransolet, A.-M. (1975) Étude minéralogique et pétrologique des phosphates de pegmatites granitiques. I & II. Thèse de doctorat, Inst. Minéralogie, Université de Liège (unpublished).

Crystallography of BrazilianiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P2/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.229(6) Å, b = 10.142(5) Å, c = 7.098(4) Å
β = 97.7°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.107 : 1 : 0.7
Unit Cell V:
801.06 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Typically short prismatic, spearhead shaped, elongated [100], with large {011} and {111}. Also may exhibit {010}, {110}, {301}, and {101}. May also occur as radially-fibrous or globular.
Comment:
P21/n

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0009508BrazilianiteGatehouse B M, Miskin B K (1974) The crystal structure of brazilianite, NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 Acta Crystallographica B30 1311-13171974Corrego Frio pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.04 Å(100)
3.77 Å(40)
2.98 Å(80)
2.87 Å(70)
2.73 Å(80)
2.68 Å(80)
1.44 Å(50)
Comments:
Also 41-407

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Phosphate zones in granitic pegmatites. Metamorphosed sedimentary deposits.

Type Occurrence of BrazilianiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Smithsonian Institution 105048.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Granite pegmatite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of BrazilianiteHide

Other Language Names for BrazilianiteHide

Italian:Brasilianite
Simplified Chinese:磷铝钠石
Spanish:Brazilianita
Traditional Chinese:磷鋁鈉石

Common AssociatesHide

AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SideriteFeCO3
WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
96 photos of Brazilianite associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
36 photos of Brazilianite associated with MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
13 photos of Brazilianite associated with QuartzSiO2
12 photos of Brazilianite associated with CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
11 photos of Brazilianite associated with MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
10 photos of Brazilianite associated with SideriteFeCO3
8 photos of Brazilianite associated with Mica Group
6 photos of Brazilianite associated with ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
5 photos of Brazilianite associated with EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
5 photos of Brazilianite associated with OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BK.10MedenbachiteBi2Fe3+Cu2+(AsO4)2O(OH)3Tric. 1 : P1
8.BK.10NeustädteliteBi2Fe3+(Fe3+,Co)(AsO4)2(O,OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
8.BK.10CobaltneustädteliteBi2Fe3+(Co,Fe3+)(AsO4)2(O,OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
8.BK.15CuretoniteBa(Al,Ti)(PO4)(OH,O)FMon. 2/m
8.BK.20HeyitePb5Fe2+2(VO4)2O4Mon.
8.BK.25JamesitePb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe3+4(AsO4)4(OH)10Tric.
8.BK.25LulzaciteSr2Fe2+(Fe2+,Mg)2Al4(PO4)4(OH)10Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.8.1MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
19.8.3WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
19.8.4TancoiteLiNa2Al(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.8.5Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4Orth.
19.8.6TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon.
19.8.7Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
19.8.8FrancoanelliteK3Al5(PO3OH)6(PO4)2 · 12H2OTrig.
19.8.9GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.8.10AldermaniteMg5Al12(PO4)8(OH)22 · 32H2OOrth.
19.8.11OveriteCaMgAl(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.8.12MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon. 2 : B2
19.8.14FoggiteCaAl(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.8.15GatumbaiteCaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
19.8.16CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
19.8.17Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2OMon.
19.8.19LehiiteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
19.8.20Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2OTet.
19.8.21EnglishiteK3Na2Ca10Al15(PO4)21(OH)7 · 26H2OMon. 2/m
19.8.22KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
19.8.23MantienneiteKMg2Al2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2OOrth.
19.8.24PaulkerriteK(Mg,Mn2+)2(Fe3+,Al,Ti,Mg)2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca

Fluorescence of BrazilianiteHide

Not fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Slowly decomposed by HF and by hot H2SO4.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BrazilianiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Federico, M. (1949) Ricerche cristallografiche ed ottiche sulla Brasilianite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma: 33-39.
Pough and Henderson (1945) American Mineralogist: 30: 572-582.
Hurlbut and Weichel (1946) American Mineralogist: 31: 507.
Frondel, C. and M.L. Lindberg (1948) Second occurrence of brazilianite. American Mineralogist: 33: 135–141.
Pecora and Fahey (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 83.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 841-843.
Gatehouse, B.M. and B.K. Miskin (1974) The crystal structure of brazilianite, NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4. Acta Crystallographica: B30: 1311-1317.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 79.

Internet Links for BrazilianiteHide

Localities for BrazilianiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Salta Province
    • La Poma department
      • Nevados de Palermo
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); M. A. Galliski (1981). Estructura, mineralogía y génesis de las pegmatitas de El Quemado, Salta, República Argentina. Tesis doctoral, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.; Galliski, M. A. (1983). Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina, 38, 340-380.
Galliski, M. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2002). Refinement of the crystal structure of ushkovite from Nevados de Palermo, Republica Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 929-937.
Australia
 
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Omeo
Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.
          • Dorchap Dyke Swarm
Birch, W. D. (2018) Rare phosphate minerals in granite pegmatite dykes, northeastern Victoria, Australia. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 238
Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.; Birch, W. D. (2018) Rare phosphate minerals in granite pegmatite dykes, northeastern Victoria, Australia. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 238
Museum Victoria Natural Sciences Collection
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Millstatt lake
G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 187./107.:176 (1997)
Walter, F. (2005)
      • Spittal an der Drau
        • Wolfsberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Brazil
 
  • Espírito Santo
Crystal Classics Co.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 842.; White, J.S. (?) (1980) Interview: Allan Caplan. The Mineralogical Record, 11(6), 351-360.
    • Divino das Laranjeiras
      • Linópolis
No reference listed
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 911.; Gübelin, E., Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel [in Dutch].; Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pages (p. 76).; Cassedanne, J.P. (1983) Famous mineral localities: The Córrego Frio mine and vicinity, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 14(4), 227-237.; Rocks & Minerals (1988) 63, 42.
Rob Lavinsky
Menezes Filho, L. A., Chaves, M. L., Cooper, M. A., Ball, N. A., Abdu, Y. A., Sharpe, R., ... & Hawthorne, F. C. (2019). Brandãoite,[BeAl 2 (PO 4) 2 (OH) 2 (H 2 O) 4](H 2 O), a new Be–Al phosphate mineral from the João Firmino mine, Pomarolli farm region, Divino das Laranjeiras County, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 83(2), 261-267.
Joe Freilich specimen
[MinRec 14:235]
Cassedanne, J.P. (1983): Famous minera localities: The Córrego Frio Mine and vicinity, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record 14: 227-237
Atencio et al (2005) Roscherite-Group Minerals from Brazil, Axis (Min Rec), Vol 1, #6, p.1 (2005)
[MinRec 14:235]
Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. (p. 76).; Cassedanne, J.P. (1983) Famous mineral localities: The Córrego Frio mine and vicinity, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 14(4): 227-237 (pp. 233-2344).; Moore, Thomas P. (2001) What's New in Minerals? Tucson Show 2001. Mineralogical Record, 32(3), 245-257 (p. 249).
    • Itinga
Van King
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
    • Mendes Pimentel
Atencio, D., Coutinho, J.M.V., Mascarenhas, Y.P., Ellena, J. (2006): Matioliite, the Mg-analog of burangaite, from Gentil mine, Mendes Pimentel, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and other occurrences. American Mineralogist, 91, 1932-1936.
Cassedanne, J.P. (1983): Famous mineral localities: The Córrego Frio mine and vicinity, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 14 (4): 227-237 [ p.233]
Galvier, J. & Bayle, L.-D. (1997) Bourse de Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines 1997. Le Règne Minéral. 16: 52-57
  • Paraíba
    • Pedra Lavrada
Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Equador
Palinkaš, S. S., Wegner, R., Čobić, A., Palinkaš, L. A., De Brito Barreto, S., Váczi, T., & Bermanec, V. (2014). The role of magmatic and hydrothermal processes in the evolution of Be-bearing pegmatites: Evidence from beryl and its breakdown products. American Mineralogist, 99(2-3), 424-432.
    • Parelhas
Canada
 
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
MinRec 23:4-47
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Unexpected Treasures from Rapid Creek, Yukon Territory. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 31-39; 150-152.; Van Velthuizen, Jerry, Sturman, B. Darko, Robinson, George W., Ansell, H. Gary (1992) Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River Area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record, 23(4), 1-47 [18-19].
        • Kulan Camp (Area A; Area 1)
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Mineralogical Record Special Issue
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Modris Baum specimens
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
China
 
  • Jiangxi
    • Yichun
      • Yuanzhou District
        • Yichun complex (Yashan batholith)
Xudong Che, Rucheng Wang, Huan Hu, Wenlan Zhang, and Xiaolong Huang (2007): Acta Petrologica Sinica 23(6), 1552-1560
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Cheb District
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Bory
        • Dolní Bory
Němec D.: Ein Pegmatit mit Li-Mineralisierung von Dolní Bory in Westmahren (ČSSR). Chem. Erde, 1981, 40, 164-177.
      • Rožná
Novák, M.: Amblygonit a produkty jeho přeměny v Li pegmatitu z Rožné. Minerál, 2001, roč. 9, č. 5, s. 326-327
P. Pauliš (2001): Nejzajímavější naleziště Moravy a Slezska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora.
Finland
 
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Vichy
        • Échassières
NICOLAS, J. & de ROSEN, A. (1963): Le massif granitique des Colettes (Allier) et ses mineralizations. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 86, 126-128.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Neustadt an der Waldnaab District
        • Waidhaus
          • Hagendorf
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Toirano
Cortesogno L., Gaggero L., Lucchetti G. (1987): Phosphate mineralizations in a permo-triassic sequence (Giogo di Toirano, Italy). Neues Jb. Miner. Mh., 7, 305-313; Borgo E., Palenzona A. (1988): I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Aggiornamento 1988. SAGEP Editrice, Genova, 47 pp.; Bracco R., Marchesini M. (2016): Le quarziti a lazulite della Liguria e la scoperta della fluorcarmoite-(BaNa). Micro, 14, 2 (2-2016), 68-84.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib
      • Etiro Farm 50
http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
Portugal
 
  • Viana do Castelo
    • Viana do Castelo
Dias P, Leal Gomes C, Guimarães F, Hatert F (2014) Wylie reaction coronas on scorzalite in pegmatite dykes. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 265
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Ngororero
      • Gatumba
Daltry, V.D.C. and von Knorring, O. (1998) Type-mineralogy of Rwanda with particular reference to the Buranga pegmatite. Geologica Belgica: 1: 9-15.; Cook, Robert B. (2000) Brazilianite. Rocks & Minerals: January 2000.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, and Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV.;
F. Hatert, P. Lefèvre, A.M. Fransolet, M.R. Spirlet, F. Fontan, P. Keller : "Ferrorosemaryite, []NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3, a new phosphate mineral from the Rubindi pegmatite, Rwanda", Bull. Liaison S.F.M.C., Vol. 16, 2004, pp 44-45.; Lefèvre, P., Fransolet, A. M., Fontan, F., & Keller, P. Petrographic study of the Al-rich phosphate mineral associations of the Rubindi-Kabilizi pegmatite, Gatumba area, Rwanda.
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape
    • Namakwa
      • Richtersveld
Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa (1995), page 191
Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa, page 191
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Zamora
      • Villar del Buey
        • Pinilla de Fermoselle
Am Min 90:1887-1899
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
AmMin 67: 97-113 (1982)
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield County
      • Redding (Reading)
        • Branchville
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State, p.228.
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985) Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.; Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/lacroixite.pdf)
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • West Mount Apatite Mining District
Dick Dionne
    • Oxford County
      • Greenwood
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
The Emmons Pegmatite, Greenwood, Oxford County, Maine Alexander U. Falster, William B. Simmons, Karen L. Webber, Donald A. Dallaire, James W. Nizamoff & Raymond A. Sprague Pages 498-519 | Published online: 10 Oct 2019; Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., Dallaire, D. A., Nizamoff, J. W., & Sprague, R. A. (2019). The Emmons Pegmatite, Greenwood, Oxford County, Maine. Rocks & Minerals, 94(6), 498-519.
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
      • Paris
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Walpole
P. Cristofono, T. Mortimer, J.W. Nizamoff, A. Wilken, and R. Wilken (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 17-18.
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Rocks & Min. 65:359
Rocks & Minerals: 80: 252.
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
American Mineralogist (1948): 33: 135-141; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 842-843.; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 353; American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 728-729.
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Newport
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 843.; American Mineralogist: 37: 931-940.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 728-729.
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone Mining District
        • Keystone
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland West
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 35.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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