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Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble (Bamle), Telemark, Norway
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Name(s) in local language(s): Ødegårdens Verk (Ødegårdens apatittgruver; Bamble apatittgruver), Bamble kommune, Telemark fylke, Norge
 
Area mined for apatite. The apatite occurs in apatite-enstatite-phlogopite veins of various size, in scapolitized metagabbro and amphibolites [called Ødegårdites by Brøgger (1934)].

The mining area originally consisted of 2 parts: The Vestgruven Field which was started by the Compagnie Francaise des mines de Bamble in 1872 and the Dahlls field which was started in 1873 by the firm Johan Dahll in Kragerø. In 1901 the two areas was united as one under A/S Bamble Apatittgruver until 1910 when a consortium lead by Håkon Mathiesen took over the mines. In 1915 Bamble Apatitt A/S was formed as a new company, but it went broke already in 1920. Håkon Mathiesen then again took the responsibility of the mines. The work in the mines terminated in 1926.
During the 2 World War, the mines was worked from 1941-1945 under the leadership of Adam Petterson. The mines are now closed and most of the dumps are overgrown by forest. Some of the dumps has been used as masses in construction and reparations of roads in the district.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Albite
var: Oligoclase
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Amphibole Supergroup
'Apatite'
'Asbestos'
Bobierrite
Calcite
Chalcopyrite
Chlorapatite
Clinochrysotile
Dolomite
Enstatite
'Hornblende'
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Ilmenite
Marialite
Microcline
Phlogopite
Pyrite
Pyrrhotite
Quartz
Rutile
'Scapolite'
Talc
var: Steatite

Thorite
Titanite
'Tourmaline'
Vivianite ?
Wagnerite
Whitlockite
Woodhouseite


40 entries listed. 24 valid minerals.

Localities in this Region

Norway

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References

- Helland, A. (1874): Apatit, forekommende i rene Stokke og Gange i Bamle i Norge. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 2: 148-156
- Brøgger W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
- Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1880): Norske Apatitforekomster. Nyt Magasin for Naturvidenskaberne, 25: 255-300
- Brøgger, W.C. & Bäckström, H. (1888): Über den Dahllit. Ein neues mineral von Ödegården, Bamle, Norwegen. Meddelanden från Stockholms Högskola No 77: 3-6 [also printed in : Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar (Stockholm) 1888 (7),1-4]
- Michel, L.(1893): Sur une nouvelle espèce minéral de Bamle (Norvegé). Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie. 16, 38-40. [Description of hautefeuillite, synonym for bobierrite]
- Vogt, J.H.L (1906): Udtalelse om Bambles Apatitgruber. Kristiania 1906, 1-7.
- Werenskiold, W: (1915): Dipyrgangen ved Ødegaarden i Bamle. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 3, 5-6
- Bugge, A. (1965): I akttagelser fra rektangelbladet Kragerø og den store grunnfjellsbreksje. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 229. 1-115. (p.98-102)
- Neumann, H. (ed.) (1960): Mineral occurrences in southern Norway. Guide to excursions no. A.15 and no. C.12. International Geological Congress XXI Session Norden 1960, Oslo. 18p
- Morton, R. D. (1961): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No.9. On the occurrence of two rare phospates in the Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble, South Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 41: 233-246
- Morton, R.D. & Cantanzaro,E.J. (1964): Stable chlorine isotope abundances in apatites from Ødegårdens Verk, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 44, 307-313
- Griffin, W.L., Amli, R. & Heier, K.S. (1972): Whitlockite and apatite from lunar rock 14310 and from Ødegården, Norway. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters, 15, 53-58.
- Lieftink, D.J., Nijland, T.G. & Maijer, C. (1993): Cl-rich scapolite from Ødegårdens Verk, Bamble, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 73 (1), 55-57.

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