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Kingite

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Formula:
Al3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2O
Originally assumed to be Al3(PO4)2(OH)3.9H2O.
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named in 1957 by Keith Norrish, Lillian E.R. Rogers, and R.E. Shapter in honor of Donald King (3 June 1926, Adelaide, Australia - 3 August 1989, The Gap, Australia), exploration geologist and mining executive with a varied background. He made significant contributions to the coal industry in Queensland. He collected the first specimens of kingite while he was a geologist with the Department of Mines, Adelaide, South Australia.
This page provides mineralogical data about Kingite.


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Classification of KingiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.DC.47

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 1:1 and < 2:1
42.10.3.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
10 : A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
19.7.11

19 : Phosphates
7 : Phosphates of Al alone

Optical Data of KingiteHide

Type:
Biaxial
Dispersion:
strong

Chemical Properties of KingiteHide

Formula:
Al3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2O

Originally assumed to be Al3(PO4)2(OH)3.9H2O.

Crystallography of KingiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.15 Å, b = 10 Å, c = 7.24 Å
α = 98.6°, β = 93.6°, γ = 93.2°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.915 : 1 : 0.724
Unit Cell V:
652.29 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of KingiteHide

Other Language Names for KingiteHide

German:Kingit
Russian:Кингит
Spanish:Kingita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Tyuyamunite1 photo of Kingite associated with Tyuyamunite on mindat.org.
Volborthite1 photo of Kingite associated with Volborthite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DC.05NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
8.DC.07EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.DC.10LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.12StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2OMon.
8.DC.15ArthuriteCuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15OjuelaiteZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15Cobaltarthurite(Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15BendadaiteFe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15KunatiteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:FeHZn)ZnFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:AlCuFeH)Fe2+Al3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.17KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
8.DC.20BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DC.20CoralloiteMn2+Mn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.22KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2OMon.
8.DC.25FerristrunziteFe3+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OTric.
8.DC.25FerrostrunziteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric.
8.DC.25MetavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.25MetavivianiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.25StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.27BerauniteFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DC.30GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
8.DC.30ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.30SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2OTric.
8.DC.30StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30UshkoviteMgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
8.DC.30FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30MaghrebiteMgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.32TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.35VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.37VantasseliteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 9H2OOrth.
8.DC.40CacoxeniteFe3+24Al(PO4)17O6(OH)12 · 17H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.DC.45Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
8.DC.45Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
8.DC.50WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.DC.50AllanpringiteFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.DC.52KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.55MapimiteZn2Fe3+3(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2OMon.
8.DC.57OgdensburgiteCa2Fe3+4(Zn,Mn2+)(AsO4)4(OH)6 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
8.DC.60Nevadaite(Cu2+,Al,V3+)6Al8(PO4)8F8(OH)2 · 22H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.DC.60CloncurryiteCu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.7.1BerliniteAlPO4Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
19.7.2AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
19.7.3TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.7.4SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2
19.7.5VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.7.6MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.7.7BolivariteAl2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2OAmor.
19.7.8WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.7.9EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2OAmor.
19.7.10VantasseliteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 9H2OOrth.
19.7.12VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KingiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Norrish, K., Rogers, L.E.R., Shapter, R.E. (1957) Kingite, a new hydrated aluminum phosphate mineral from Robertstown, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 236, 351-357.
Fleischer, M. (1957) New mineral names, American Mineralogist: 42: 580-586.
Kato, T. (1970) Cell dimensions of the hydrated phosphate, kingite. American Mineralogist: 55: 515-517.
Wallwork, K.S., Pring, A., Taylor, M.R., and Hunter, B.A. (2004) The network of hydrogen bonding in kingite as revealed by a neutron-diffraction investigation of its deuterated analogue, Al3(PO4)2F3·7D2O. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 135-141.

Internet Links for KingiteHide

Localities for KingiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Kapunda
Frost, R.L., S.J. Mills, and K.L. Erickson, (2004), Thermal decomposition of peisleyite: a thermogravimetry and hot stage Raman spectroscopic study. Thermochimica Acta, 419(1-2): p. 109-114.
        • Robertstown
Norrish, K., Rogers, L.E.R., Shapter, R.E. (1957) Kingite, a new hydrated aluminum phosphate mineral from Robertstown, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 236, 351-357.; Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983) Catalogue of South Australian Minerals, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
    • Yorke Peninsula
      • Port Clinton
Mineralogical Magazine 1957 31 : 351-357
K.Norrish, L.E.R. Rogers, and R.E. Shapter, (1957), Kingite, a new hydrated aluminium phosphate mineral from Robertstown, South Australia. Mineralogical. Mag.3l, 351-357
Germany
 
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Upponyi Mts
      • Dédestapolcsány
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
      • Nekézseny
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
      • Wilson Springs (Potash Sulfur Springs)
        • Union Carbide Mine
R&M 70:3 pp 154-170
R&M 70:3 pp 154-170
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Subdistrict
MinRec 26(5):449-469.
      • Lynn District
        • Elko
Mineralogical Record 26:467
Mineral and/or Locality  
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