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Waylandite

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About WaylanditeHide

Formula:
BiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
May contain Ca (replacing Bi) and Si (replacing P).
Colour:
Colorless, white, pale blue, pale brown
Lustre:
Vitreous, Dull
Hardness:
4 - 5
Specific Gravity:
4.08 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after Edgar James Wayland [1888-1966], first director of the Uganda Geological Survey.
The Al analogue of zaïrite and the phosphate analogue of arsenowaylandite. Unique combination of elements.

Compare 'UM1972-05-BiO:AlCaP'.




Classification of WaylanditeHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1962
8.BL.13

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
L : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1
41.5.12.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq
17.6.14

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
6 : Silicates with phosphate

Pronounciation of WaylanditeHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of WaylanditeHide

Vitreous, Dull
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Colorless, white, pale blue, pale brown
Hardness:
4 - 5 on Mohs scale
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Comment:
fracture uneven when massive
Density:
4.08 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of WaylanditeHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.748 nε = 1.774
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.026
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High

Chemical Properties of WaylanditeHide

Formula:
BiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6

May contain Ca (replacing Bi) and Si (replacing P).

Crystallography of WaylanditeHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.9744-6.9834 Å, c = 16.175-16.293 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.319
Unit Cell V:
681.38 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Twinning:
often, cyclic

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.938 (100)
2.173 (100)
1.888 (85)
5.67 (80)
2.200 (80)
1.743 (80)
3.492 (75)

Type Occurrence of WaylanditeHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
crystals to 0.5 mm; compact fine-grained powder in crusts and veinlets
Geological Setting of Type Material:
secondary mineral replacing primary Bi minerals (rare); associated mineral concerns locality Ngusa, Kobokobo pegmatite, Rep. of Congo
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of WaylanditeHide

Other Language Names for WaylanditeHide

German:Waylandit
Simplified Chinese:磷铝铋矿
Spanish:Waylandita
Traditional Chinese:磷鋁鉍礦

Relationship of Waylandite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BenauiteSrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig.
Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(Sm)SmAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
GalloplumbogummitePb(Ga,Al,Ge)3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Kintoreite-2cPbFe3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
SpringcreekiteBaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Unnamed (As-analogue of Zaïrite)(Bi,Pb)Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6
ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Common AssociatesHide

Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Bismuthinite2 photos of Waylandite associated with Bismuthinite on mindat.org.
Schneebergite1 photo of Waylandite associated with Schneebergite on mindat.org.
Bismutite1 photo of Waylandite associated with Bismutite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BL.05BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.05HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.05SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05GallobeudantitePbGa3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.10ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10ArsenocrandalliteCaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
8.BL.10BenauiteSrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10DussertiteBaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
8.BL.10GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.10PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10SegnititePbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10SpringcreekiteBaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(La)LaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Nd)NdAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)CeAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13ArsenowaylanditeBiAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.13Graulichite-(Ce)CeFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Florencite-(Sm)SmAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.15ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3Mon.
8.BL.25PattersonitePbFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

41.5.12.2EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig.
41.5.12.3ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.6.1NagelschmidtiteCa7(SiO4)2(PO4)2Hex. 6 : P61
17.6.2PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
17.6.3Viséite
17.6.4PhosinaiteNa13Ca2(Ce,La,Th,Nd,Pr)(Si4O12)(PO4)4
17.6.5ClinophosinaiteNa12(Ca,Sr)4(Si4O12)(PO4)4Mon.
17.6.6Karnasurtite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2O
17.6.7LomonosoviteNa5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2Tric.
17.6.8BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F Tric. 1 : P1
17.6.9SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3Mon. m : Pb
17.6.10Laplandite-(Ce)Na4CeTiPO4Si7O18 · 5H2O
17.6.11 VunonnemiteNa5TiNb3Si6O25F2 · 2Na3PO4
17.6.12Saryarkite-(Y)Ca(Y,Th)Al5(SiO4)2(PO4,SO4)2(OH)7 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2
17.6.13Steenstrupine-(Ce)Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2OTrig.
17.6.15Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
17.6.16Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
17.6.17EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WaylanditeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1963): 48: 216.
Clark, A. M., Couper, A. G., Embrey, P. G. and Fejer, E. E. (1986): Waylandite: new data, from an occurrence in Cornwall, with a note on ‘agnesite’. Mineralogical Magazine: 50: 731-733.
American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 199.
Mills, S.J., Kampf, A.R., Raudsepp, M., Birch, W.D. (2010): The crystal structure of waylandite from Wheal Remfry, Cornwall, United Kingdom. Mineralogy and Petrology, 100, 249-253.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/ (2016)

Internet Links for WaylanditeHide

Localities for WaylanditeHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Gough Co.
      • Elsmore
Rankin, J., Sharpe, J. L. & Williams, P. A. (2008): Mineralogical note: Waylandite from Elsmore, New South Wales. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 79-80.; Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 8, 55-60.
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí
    • Nor Chichas Province
      • Atocha-Quechisla District
Alfredo Petrov collection; EDS confirmations by Excalibur Minerals and Attards Minerals.
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Juazeiro
Rob Lavinsky; Färber, G. & Witzke, T. (2011): Exotische Pseudomorphosen aus Brasilien: Waylandit nach Wismutglanz. Lapis 36 (5), 42-43.
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Equador
Gunnar Färber specimens; - Färber, G. & Witzke, T. (2011): Exotische Pseudomorphosen aus Brasilien: Waylandit nach Wismutglanz. Lapis 36 (5), 42-43.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • South of Ridge Lake Area
SAGE, R.P. (1981) Geology of the Martison carbonatite complex. Ontario Geological Survey Open File Report 5420, 99p.
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
No reference listed
      • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Ondruš, P., Beran, P. & Susser, C. (2006): Mineralogy of phosphate accumulations in the Huber stock, Krásno ore district, Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 103-147.
  • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
  • Plzeň Region
    • Klatovy (Klattau)
      • Vimperk (Winterberg)
Šrein, V. et al.: Zlatonosná mineralizace v okolí Horské Kvildy na Šumavě, Česká republika. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 2, 153-176.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Pelhřimov District
      • Pacov
Losertová, L., Buřival, Z., & Losos, Z. (2014). Waylandite and petitjeanite, two new phosphates for locality Cetoraz near Pacov (Czech Republic). Bulletin Mineralogicko-Petrologickeho Oddeleni Narodniho Muzea v Praze, 22(2).
Democratic Republic of the Congo
 
  • Nord-Kivu
Lapis 16(9), 12 (1991)
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Blaß, G. & graf, H. W. (2000): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten im Schwarzwald. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (4), 57-60. (in German); Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Pleystein
Dill, H.G., Weber, B. (2009), Pleystein-City on Pegmatite, 4th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Recife, Brazil.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
        • Johanngeorgenstadt
Gröbner, J., Grimm, O. & Zienau, H. (2005): Neufunde interessanter Wismut- und Uranmineralien am Schaarschacht, Johanngeorgenstadt, Sachsen. Lapis 30 (6), 44-51; 62.
        • Steinbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
W. Krause et al. (2002) Eur. J. Mineral. 14, 115-126
      • Schneeberg
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
        • Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Nagano Prefecture
        • Chino City
Akira Harada, Takashi Yamada, Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Masako Shigeoka, Hiroshi Miyajima, Hiroshi Sakurai (2010) Bi-bearing secondary minerals from the Kinkei mine, Chino City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan. (conf. abstr. available at: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jakoka/2010/0/2010_0_75/_pdf ); Harada, Akira, Takashi Yamada, Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Masako Shigeoka, Hiroshi Miyajima, and Hiroshi Sakurai. (2012) "Dukeite from the Kinkei mine, Chino City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan." Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. C, 38, pp. 1–5, December 22, 2012
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Shimoda City
          • Rendaiji
Takashi Yamada, Tokuhei Tagai, Takeshi Kojiro, Akira Harada, and Yasuhiro Kosuge (1999) Rare Minerals from Kawazu Mine, Shizuoka Prefecture. Chikyu-Wakusei Godo-Taikai Koen-Yoshi (Abstract of the Joint Meeting of the Societies of Earth and Planetary Sciences), conference presentation, Mc-002.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka Prefecture
Uehara, S. & Y. Shirose (2013), Namibite and hechtsbergite from the Nagatare mine, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 108,105-110; Shirose, Y., Uehara, S. (2014) Secondary phosphates in montebrasite and amblygonite from Nagatare, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109, 103-108.; Shirose, Y., & Uehara, S. (2014). Secondary phosphates in montebrasite and amblygonite from Nagatare, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(2), 103-108.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib
      • Okongava Ost Farm 72
Bideaux, R, 2000, Handbook of Mineralogy, v. 4, p. 646.
Portugal
 
  • Évora District
    • Vila Viçosa
      • Conceição
Alves, P. (2016) Beyerita y waylandita de la mina Miguel Vacas (Vila Viçosa, Évora, Portugal). Acopios, 7: 9-20.
Uganda (TL)
 
  • Central Region
    • Wakiso District
      • Busiiro Co. (Bushiro Co.)
Min Mag 50 (1986), 730; Am Min 73 (1988), 199
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Linkinhorne
        • Minions
Mineralogical Record 19, 337; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Lostwithiel
Clark, A.M., Couper, A.G., Embrey, P.G., and Fejer, E.E. (1986): Mineralogical Magazine 50, 731-733.; Braithwaite, R.S.W. and Knight, J.R. (1990) Rare Minerals, Including Several New to Britain, in Supergene Alteration of U-Cu-As-Bi-Co Mineralisation Near Dalbeattie, South Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 54, n° 374: 129-131. (referring to Clark et al.)
      • St Enoder
        • Fraddon
UKJMM No19 Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britain and Ireland. Terra Publishing, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire. 624pp.
      • St Just
        • Botallack
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • Treverbyn
        • Stenalees
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
USA
 
  • Wisconsin
    • Dodge Co.
Buchholz, T., A. Falster, A. & W. Simmons (2007) Waylandite, bismuth and associated minerals from the Waterloo Quarry, southern Wisconsin: 34th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium Abstracts: 7-8.
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