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Florencite-(Ce)

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About Florencite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Hardness:
5 - 6
Name:
Named florencite in honor of Dr. William Florence (1864-1942), Brazilian mineralogist who made a preliminary chemical examination of the mineral. The "-(Ce)" suffix was added in 1987 (Nickel and Mandarino), in allusion to cerium being the dominant REE in the composition.
This page provides mineralogical data about Florencite-(Ce).


Classification of Florencite-(Ce)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7/B.36-110
8.BL.13

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
L : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1
41.5.10.2

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq
19.9.10

19 : Phosphates
9 : Phosphates of rare earths and Sc

Physical Properties of Florencite-(Ce)Hide

Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of Florencite-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.747 nε = 1.776
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.029
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High

Chemical Properties of Florencite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6

Type Occurrence of Florencite-(Ce)Hide

Synonyms of Florencite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Florencite-(Ce)Hide

Simplified Chinese:磷铝铈矿

Relationship of Florencite-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BenauiteSrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig.
Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(Sm)SmAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
GalloplumbogummitePb(Ga,Al,Ge)3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Kintoreite-2cPbFe3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
SpringcreekiteBaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Unnamed (As-analogue of Zaïrite)(Bi,Pb)Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6
WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Magnesite20 photos of Florencite-(Ce) associated with Magnesite on mindat.org.
Quartz11 photos of Florencite-(Ce) associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Uvite Series8 photos of Florencite-(Ce) associated with Uvite Series on mindat.org.
Muscovite6 photos of Florencite-(Ce) associated with Muscovite on mindat.org.
Microcline5 photos of Florencite-(Ce) associated with Microcline on mindat.org.
Xenotime-(Y)4 photos of Florencite-(Ce) associated with Xenotime-(Y) on mindat.org.
Molybdenite3 photos of Florencite-(Ce) associated with Molybdenite on mindat.org.
Florencite-(Sm)3 photos of Florencite-(Ce) associated with Florencite-(Sm) on mindat.org.
Florencite-(Nd)3 photos of Florencite-(Ce) associated with Florencite-(Nd) on mindat.org.
Lithiophorite3 photos of Florencite-(Ce) associated with Lithiophorite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BL.05BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.05HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.05SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05GallobeudantitePbGa3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.10ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10ArsenocrandalliteCaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
8.BL.10BenauiteSrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10DussertiteBaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
8.BL.10GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.10PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10SegnititePbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10SpringcreekiteBaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(La)LaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Nd)NdAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)CeAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13ArsenowaylanditeBiAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.13Graulichite-(Ce)CeFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Florencite-(Sm)SmAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.15ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3Mon.
8.BL.25PattersonitePbFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

41.5.10.1DussertiteBaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
41.5.10.3Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
41.5.10.4Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.9.1Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
19.9.2Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.9.3Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.9.4Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
19.9.5Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
19.9.6Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
19.9.7Rhabdophane-(La)La(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
19.9.8Rhabdophane-(Nd)Nd(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
19.9.9Vitusite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2Orth. mm2 : Pca21
19.9.11Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
19.9.12Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
19.9.13KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Florencite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hussak, E., Prior, G.T. (1899) A new Brazilian mineral, florencite. Nature: 61: 118-120.
Hussak, E., Prior, G.T. (1900) Florencite, a new hydrated phosphate of aluminium and the cerium earths, from Brazil. Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 244-248.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 76.
Ramdohr and Thilo (1940) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 1 (as Stiepelmannite).
Ygberg (1945) Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi, Stockholm: 20: 13.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 838-839.
Nickel, E.H., Mandarino, J.A. (1987) Procedures involving the IMA Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names and guidelines on mineral nomenclature. American Mineralogist: 72: 1031-1042.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1990): 227-231.

Internet Links for Florencite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Florencite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca Province
    • Belén Department
      • Papachacra
Edwardo Jawerbaum, prominant Argentinian collector.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
          • Cerro León Muerto
Minerals acquired from Nelson Valenzuela
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa City Shire
American Mineralogist (1987) 72:429-432
  • South Australia
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Lottermoser B. G. (1995). Neues.Jb. Miner. Mh.1995, 8, 371-384; Econ Geol. (1992) 87:1-28; Roberts, D.E., Hudson, G.R.T., and Li, Z. (1984): Geology and Prospecting 20(7), 32-37, 51
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Queenstown district
Bottrill, R. S. (2000). A Mineralogical Field Guide for the Western Tasmania Minerals and Museums Tour.
Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Millstatt lake ridge
      • Spittal
        • Lieser ravine
G.Blaß (2000)
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Amerbach valley
Bernhard, F. & Postl, W. (2004)
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Krieglach
        • Freßnitzgraben
          • Alpl
F. Bernhard, F. Walter, K. Ettinger, J. Taucher, K. Mereiter: Amer. Mineral. 83:625-630 (1998)
SEM-EDS on polished section, 15.1.2005, Franz Bernhard
      • Langenwang
        • Pretulgraben
      • Rettenegg
Leikauf, B. & Jakely, D. (2007): Ein Goldfund vom Blasenkogel bei Rettenegg in der Oststeiermark. Der Steirische Mineralog 16, Nr. 21, 10-14.
  • Vorarlberg
    • Montafon
      • Vandans
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1855) Ankerit, Aragonit, Cobaltit, Dolomit, Elektrum, Florencit-(Ce), Gersdorffit, Jarosit, Magnesit, Malachit, Monazit-(Ce), Monazit-(La), Tellurobismuthit(?) und weitere Mineralien aus dem unteren Rellstal, Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 91-92 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
Kolitsch, U. (2015): 1923) Bornit, Chalkopyrit, Cobaltit, Covellin, Florencit-(Ce), Galenit, Gips, Jarosit, Malachit, Monazit-(Ce), As-haltiger Pyrit, Tennantit und weitere Mineralien aus einer Vererzung im Marktobel, Rellstal im Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 225-227 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Sankt-Vith
    • Luxembourg
      • Stavelot Massif
        • Vielsalm
          • Cahai (Cahay)
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
          • Salmchâteau
- Blondieau, M. (2005): Les gisements minéraux du Salmien dans le massif de Stavelot. Published by M. Blondieau, Tellin, Belgium, 90 pp.
- Blondieau, M. (2005): Les gisements minéraux du Salmien dans le massif de Stavelot. Published by M. Blondieau, Tellin, Belgium, 90 pp.
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí
    • Rafael Bustillo
      • Llallagua
Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Brumado (Bom Jesus dos Meiras)
      • Serra das Éguas
P Bongaerts collection
  • Minas Gerais
    • Ouro Preto
      • Antônio Pereira district
Ricardo Scholz collection.
      • Ouro Preto district
Hussak and Prior (1900) Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 244.
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Poços de Caldas
Waber (1991)
    • Santo Antônio do Itambé
Hussak and Prior (1900) Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 244.
Bulgaria
 
  • Burgas Province
    • Sozopol
Kunov, A.; Belivanov, K.; Iliev, Ts. (1992): First florencite-(Ce) find in Bulgaria. Dokladi na Bulgarskata Akademiya na Naukite 45(7), 53-55.
Canada
 
  • Saskatchewan
    • Athabasca Basin
Reid, K.D., Creighton, S. & Potter, E.G. (2016) Composition of large zoned aluminum phosphate sulfate minerals: implications for fluid evolution in the Centennial uranium deposit area, Athabasca basin, Saskatchewan, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 54, 1205-1228.
ADLAKHA, E.E. & HATTORI, K. (2016): Paragenesis and composition of tourmaline types along the P2 fault and Mcarthur River uranium deposit, Athabasca Basin, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 54, 661-679.
Chile
 
  • Coquimbo
    • Elqui Province
      • El Indio deposit
Deyell, C. L., Rye, R. O., Landis, G. P., & Bissig, T. (2005). Alunite and the role of magmatic fluids in the Tambo high-sulfidation deposit, El Indio–Pascua belt, Chile. Chemical Geology, 215(1), 185-218.
China
 
  • Guizhou
    • Bijie
      • Hezhang Co.
Ruidong Yang, Wei Wang, Miao Bao, Qiang Wang, and Huairui Wei (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(suppl.), 205-208
      • Weining Co.
Zhongxin Yuan, Jiankang Li, and Lijuan Ying (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 581-582
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Beroun District
Horáková, M., Novák, F.: Výskyt nerostů alunit-crandallitové skupiny v liteňském souvrství Barrandienu. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1989, roč. 34, č. 2, s. 151-163.
  • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
  • Moravian-Silesian Region
    • Nový Jičín District
      • Bílovec
Kučera, J. Kučerová - Charvátová, K., Škoda, R.: Nové výskyty minerálů na hydrotermálních žilách Nízkého Jeseníku. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2007, roč. 14-15, s. 69-72.
  • Plzeň Region
    • Tachov District
      • Planá u Mariánských Lázní
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
      • Krupka (Graupen)
        • Knöttel area (Knötel; Knödel; Knödlberg)
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
Finland
 
  • North Karelia
    • Joensuu
Knorring, O. v., Brinley, G. W. & Hunter, K. 1952. Nacrite from Hirvivaara, northern -Karelia, Finland. Mineralogical Magazine 29, 218, 963-972
Gabon
 
  • Haut-Ogooué Province
    • Franceville
Janusz Janeczek (1999) Mineralogy and geochemistry of natural fission reactors in Gabon. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, MSA, v. 38, p. 321-392
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Hesse
    • Rheingau-Taunus
      • Idstein
        • Lenzhahn
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
      • Hahnstätten
        • Hahnstätten
          • Lohrheim
H. G. Dill, A. Fricke and K.-H. Henning (1995): The origin of Ba- and REE-bearing aluminium-phosphate-sulphate minerals from the Lohrheim kaolinitic clay deposit (Rheinisches Schiefergebirge, Germany). Applied Clay Science, 10, 231-245.
  • Saxony
    • Vogtland
      • Klingenthal
        • Muldenberg
BLAß, G. & GRAF, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von bekannten Fundstellen (13). - Mineralien-Welt 6 (3), 47-51.
Germany & Czech Republic
 
  • Erzgebirge / Krusné Hory Mts (Ore Mts)
Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Škácha, P., Bureš, B. & Dvořák, Z. (2009): Nové mineralogické nálezy na Sn-W ložisku Cínovec v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 17 (2), 23-30 (in Czech with English abstract).
Hungary
 
  • Baranya
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Pécs
Dávid Szabó collection: Sándor Szakáll, EDS
  • Győr-Moson-Sopron
    • Soproni Mts
      • Sopron
Szakáll:100 Hungarian Mineral Locality, 2004
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Piateda
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Bolzano-Alto Adige Autonomous Province
      • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
        • San Giacomo (Sankt Jakob)
          • Vizze Pass (Pfitsch Pass; Pfitscher Joch)
Folie, K., P. Gentile, M. Hanke & I. Rocchetti (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 42-67.
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Pietrasanta
        • Valdicastello Carducci
Senesi F., 2000. Koninckite e altri fosfati della miniera del Pollone (Valdicastello Carducci, Lucca). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 46-48.
Japan
 
  • Nagano
    • Chino City
Nakamura, H., et al (2009) Suisyou, 21, 5-6.; Akira Harada, Takashi Yamada, Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Masako Shigeoka, Hiroshi Miyajima, Hiroshi Sakurai (2010) Bi-bearing secondary minerals from the Kinkei mine, Chino City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan. (conf. abstr. available at: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jakoka/2010/0/2010_0_75/_pdf ); Harada, Akira, Takashi Yamada, Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Masako Shigeoka, Hiroshi Miyajima, and Hiroshi Sakurai. (2012) "Dukeite from the Kinkei mine, Chino City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan." Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. C, 38, pp. 1–5, December 22, 2012
    • Minamisaku district
      • Sakuho
Alfredo Petrov specimens, from Yamamoto collection.
  • Yamaguchi
    • Abu town
Matsubara and Kato (1998) Memoirs of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 30, 167-183.
Kenya
 
  • Kwale County
Liferovich, R.P., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Lyalina, M.F. (1998) A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor Massif, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 971-980.
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib
      • Spitzkopje Area
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 839; Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
Peru
 
  • Cajamarca
    • Cajamarca Province
      • Cajamarca
Dill, H.G., Bosse, H.-R., Henning, K.-H., Fricke, A., and Ahrendt, H. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 149-163.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jelenia Góra Co.
Bartłomiej Kajdas
  • Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship
    • Kielce District
      • Daleszyce
Kruszewski, Ł., Dec, M. (2018): Plumbogummite group minerals in placoderm sandstones from Podłazie Hill, Świętokrzyskie (Holy Cross) Mountains, Poland. Geological Quarterly: 62(2): 353-360.
Portugal
 
  • Castelo Branco
    • Covilhã
Alves, P. (2016) Svanbergita y florencita-(Ce) de la mina Panasqueira (Covilhã, Castelo Branco, Portugal). Acopios, 7: 1-8.
Romania
 
  • Harghita
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Bodaibo
      • Lena Gold District
        • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
Keren Tan (1998): Gold Science and Technology 6(4), 29-37
  • Komi Republic
    • Kozhim River Basin
      • Maldynyrd range (Maldy-nyrd range)
        • Grubependity Lake
Pavel M. Kartashov data
http://geo.web.ru/conf/alkaline/2008/Repina.htm
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
Chebotarev, D. A., Doroshkevich, A. G., & Sharygin, V. V. (2017). Evolution and Formation Conditions for Pyrochlore-supergroup Minerals of Chuktukon Carbonatite Massif, Chadobets Upland (Krasnoyarsk Territory, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 47-50).
  • Murmansk Oblast
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Krasnoarmeysky District
      • Roshchino
Seliverstov V.A., Gorshkov A.I., Shcheka S.A., Sivtsov A.V. (1996) Diamonds and carbonadoof Primorskii Krai: mineralogy, crystal; chemistry and genesis, - Geologiya Rudnyh Mestorozhdenii, v.38, №6, p.485-499 (in Russian).
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Polar Yakutia
S.M. Kravchenko data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Dzhida Basin
Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Sweden
 
  • Skåne County
    • Bromölla
      • Näsum
Sandstöm, F. (2007): Västanåfeltets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen 24 (2): 14-38
  • Västra Götaland County
    • Tidaholm
Ek, R., & Nysten, P. (1990). Phosphate mineralogy of the Hålsjöberg and Hökensås kyanite deposits. GFF, 112(1), 9-18.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Turtmann Valley
Roth, Ph. (2007): Minerals first discovered in Switzerland and minerals named after Swiss individuals. Philippe Roth, Ed., Zurich, 239 pp.
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
  • Colorado
    • Lake Co.
      • St. Kevin - Independence
        • Turquoise Lake
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Park Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Nashua Min. Soc. Disp. Cat., 1995
  • New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
      • Wilcox District
        • Lone Pine Hill area
Don & Cookie Saathoff Collection
  • Wisconsin
    • Marathon Co.
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
        • Nine Mile pluton
Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:233
Mineral and/or Locality  
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