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Ye'elimite

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Formula:
Ca4Al6(SO4)O12
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Colourless.
Name:
Named after Har Ye'elim and Nahal Ye'elim, the most conspicuous hill and wadi in the Hatrurim basin, Israel.
Sodalite Group.

Well-known as a synthetic component in sulphate-bearing cements. Also found as a product of burning coal dumps (see under "Kruzhevite").
Reacts readily with water.

Classification of Ye'elimite

Approved 1984
7.BC.15

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
25.4.12

25 : Sulphates
4 : Sulphates of Ca, Sr and Ba
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http://www.mindat.org/min-4356.html
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First Recorded Occurrence of Ye'elimite

Physical Properties of Ye'elimite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Colourless.

Crystallography of Ye'elimite

Crystal System:
Isometric

Optical Data of Ye'elimite

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of Ye'elimite

Formula:
Ca4Al6(SO4)O12
Idealised Formula:
4CaO · 3Al2O3.SO3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Ye'elimite to other Species

Structurally related to group(s):
7.BC.05D'AnsiteNa21Mg(SO4)10Cl3
7.BC.10AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe3+,Cu)3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10DorallchariteTlFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10HuangiteCa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10OsarizawaitePb(Al,Cu)3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10WalthieriteBa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Zn)Pb(Fe23+Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.20AtlasoviteK(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3Cl
7.BC.20NabokoiteKCu7(SO4)5(Te4+O3)OCl
7.BC.25ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
7.BC.30EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
7.BC.30FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3O
7.BC.35KamchatkiteKCu3(SO4)2OCl
7.BC.40PiypiteK2Cu2(SO4)2O
7.BC.45KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2
7.BC.45AlumoklyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)4O2
7.BC.50CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
7.BC.55WherryitePb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2
7.BC.60MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
7.BC.65LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
7.BC.65SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
7.BC.65MunakataitePb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4
7.BC.70ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.75KrivovichevitePb3Al(SO4)(OH)7
7.BC.80AnhydrokainiteKMg(SO4)Cl
25.4.1AnhydriteCaSO4
25.4.2BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
25.4.3GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
25.4.4GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
25.4.5CesaniteNa3Ca2(SO4)3(OH)
25.4.6EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
25.4.7HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
25.4.8SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
25.4.9GörgeyiteK2Ca5(SO4)6 · H2O
25.4.10PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
25.4.11Koktaite(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
25.4.13EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
25.4.14BentoriteCa6(Cr3+,Al)2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
25.4.15CelestineSrSO4
25.4.16KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2
25.4.17BaryteBaSO4

Other Names for Ye'elimite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Ye'elimit
Spanish:Ye'elimita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ye'elimite

Reference List:
Fukuda, N. (1961): Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 34, 137-xx.

Fukuda, N. (1961): A ternary compound formed in the system CaO-Al2O3-CaSO4. Kogyo Kagaku Zasshi 64, 865-871.

Halstead, P. E.; Moore, A. E. (1962): The composition and crystallography of an anhydrous calcium aluminosulfate occurring in expanding cement. Journal of Applied Chemistry 12, 413-417.

Saalfeld, H. & Depmeier, W. (1972): Silicon-free compounds with sodalite structure. Kristall und Technik 7, 229-233.

Geological Survey of Israel, Current Research (1984): 1-4.

American Mineralogist (1987): 72: 226-227.

Feng, X. & Liao, G. (1988): Structure of calcium oxide.alumina.calcium sulfate (3CaO.3Al2O3.CaSO4). Wuhan Gongye Daxue Xuebao 10 (3), 1-6 (in Chinese).

Heritsch, H. (1990): Eine Kontaktbildung aus dem Nephelinbasanitsteinbruch von Klöch (Südoststeiermark) mit seltenen Mineralien; natürliches Vorkommen der Verbindung 4CaO.3Al2O3.SO3. Mitt. Abt. Mineralogie, Landesmuseum Joanneum 58, 15-35.

Wang, Y. G.; Ye, H. Q.; Kuo, K. H.; Feng, X. J.; Lao, G. L.; Long, S. Z. (1990): Electron diffraction and HREM studies of the new phase and superstructures in calcium aluminosulfate (Ca4Al6SO16). Journal of Materials Science 25, 5147-5156.

Andac, O.; Glasser, F. P. (1994): Polymorphism of calcium sulfoaluminate (Ca4Al6O16.SO3) [sic] and its solid solutions. Advances in Cement Research 6 (22), 57-60.

Ikeda, K.; Kishimoto, K.; Shima, H. (1996): Structure refinement of calcium sulfoaluminate, C4A3S with emphasis to oxygen deficiency. Cement and Concrete Research 26, 743-748.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ye%27elimite

Internet Links for Ye'elimite

Localities for Ye'elimite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
Heritsch, H. (1990): Eine Kontaktbildung aus dem Nephelinbasanitsteinbruch von Klöch (Südoststeiermark) mit seltenen Mineralien; natürliches Vorkommen der Verbindung 4CaO.3Al2O3.SO3. Mitt. Abt. Mineralogie, Landesmuseum Joanneum 58, 15-35.
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
EMPA data, Sharygin V.V.
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Israel
 
  • Negev
Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. & Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Minerals of the pseudobinary perovskite-brownmillerite series from combustion metamorphic larnite rocks of the Hatrurim Formation (Israel). Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 709-726.
Vapnik, Y., Sokol, E., Murashko M., Sharygin V. (2006): The enigma of Hatrurim. Mineralogical Almanac, 10, 69-77.
  • Southern District (HaDarom District)
Geol.Surv. Israel, Current Research (1984) p. 1-4
Palestine
 
  • West Bank
    • Hatrurim Formation
Galuskin, E., Galuskina, I., Kusz, J., Armbruster, T., Marzec, K., Dzierżanowski, P., Murashko, M. (2014): Vapnikite Ca3UO6 - a new double perovskite mineral from pyrometamorphic larnite rocks of the Jabel Harmun, Palestine Autonomy, Israel. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 571-581
Mineral and/or Locality  
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