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Ye'elimite

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Formula:
Ca
 
4
Al
 
6
(SO
 
4
)O
 
12
System:IsometricColour:Colourless.
Name:Named after Har Ye'elim and Nahal Ye'elim, the most conspicuous hill and wadi in the Hatrurim basin, Israel.


Sodalite Group.

Well-known as a synthetic component in sulphate-bearing cements. Also found as a product of burning coal dumps (see under "Kruzhevite").
Reacts readily with water.

Classification of Ye'elimite

IMA status:Approved 1984
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/B.04-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:7.BC.15

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Hey's CIM Ref.:25.4.12

25 : Sulphates
4 : Sulphates of Ca, Sr and Ba
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Type Occurrence of Ye'elimite

Type Locality:Har Ye'elim, Southern District (HaDarom District), Israel

Physical Properties of Ye'elimite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Colourless.

Crystallography of Ye'elimite

Crystal System:Isometric

Optical Data of Ye'elimite

Type:Isotropic

Chemical Properties of Ye'elimite

Formula:
Ca
 
4
Al
 
6
(SO
 
4
)O
 
12
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca4Al6(SO4)O12
Idealised Formula:
4CaO · 3Al2O3.SO3
Essential elements:Al, Ca, O, S
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ca, O, S

Relationship of Ye'elimite to other Species

Structurally related to group(s):
Sodalite Group
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
7.BC.05D'Ansite
Na
 
21
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
10
Cl
 
3
7.BC.10Alunite
KAl
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Ammonioalunite
(NH
 
4
)Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Ammoniojarosite
(NH
 
4
)Fe
3+
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Argentojarosite
AgFe
3+
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Cu)
Pb(Fe
3+
 
,Cu)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Dorallcharite
(Tl,K)Fe
3+
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Huangite
Ca
 
0.5
Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Hydroniumjarosite
(H
 
3
O)Fe
3+
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Jarosite
KFe
3+
 
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Natroalunite-2c
(Na,Ca
 
0.5
,K)Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Natroalunite
(Na,K)Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Natrojarosite
NaFe
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Osarizawaite
Pb(Al,Cu)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Plumbojarosite
Pb
 
0.5
Fe
3+
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Schlossmacherite
(H
 
3
O)Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Walthierite
Ba
 
0.5
Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Zn)
Pb(Fe
3+
2
Zn)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.20Atlasovite
K(BiO)Cu
 
6
Fe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
5
O
 
3
Cl
7.BC.20Nabokoite
KCu
 
7
(SO
 
4
)
 
5
(Te
4+
 
O
 
3
)OCl
7.BC.25Chlorothionite
K
 
2
Cu(SO
 
4
)Cl
 
2
7.BC.30Euchlorine
KNaCu
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
O
7.BC.30Fedotovite
K
 
2
Cu
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
O
7.BC.35Kamchatkite
KCu
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
OCl
7.BC.40Piypite
K
 
2
Cu
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
O
7.BC.45Klyuchevskite
K
 
3
Cu
 
3
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(SO
 
4
)
 
4
O
 
2
7.BC.45Alumoklyuchevskite
K
 
3
Cu
 
3
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(SO
 
4
)
 
4
O
 
2
7.BC.50Caledonite
Pb
 
5
Cu
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
6
7.BC.55Wherryite
Pb
 
7
Cu
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
7.BC.60Mammothite
Pb
 
6
Cu
 
4
AlSb
5+
 
O
 
2
(OH)
 
16
Cl
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
7.BC.65Linarite
PbCu(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
7.BC.65Schmiederite
Pb
 
2
Cu
 
2
(Se
6+
 
O
 
4
)(Se
4+
 
O
 
3
)(OH)
 
4
7.BC.65Munakataite
Pb
 
2
Cu
 
2
(Se
4+
 
O
 
3
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
7.BC.70Chenite
Pb
 
4
Cu(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
7.BC.75Krivovichevite
Pb
 
3
Al(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
7
7.BC.80Anhydrokainite
KMg(SO
 
4
)Cl
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
25.4.1Anhydrite
CaSO
 
4
25.4.2Bassanite
CaSO
 
4
· 0.5H
 
2
O
25.4.3Gypsum
CaSO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
25.4.4Glauberite
Na
 
2
Ca(SO
 
4
)
 
2
25.4.5Cesanite
Na
 
3
Ca
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
25.4.6Eugsterite
Na
 
4
Ca(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 2H
 
2
O
25.4.7Hydroglauberite
Na
 
10
Ca
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
8
· 6H
 
2
O
25.4.8Syngenite
K
 
2
Ca(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
25.4.9Görgeyite
K
 
2
Ca
 
5
(SO
 
4
)
 
6
· H
 
2
O
25.4.10Polyhalite
K
 
2
Ca
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
25.4.11Koktaite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Ca(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
25.4.13Ettringite
Ca
 
6
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
12
· 26H
 
2
O
25.4.14Bentorite
Ca
 
6
(Cr
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
12
· 26H
 
2
O
25.4.15Celestine
SrSO
 
4
25.4.16Kalistrontite
K
 
2
Sr(SO
 
4
)
 
2
25.4.17Baryte
BaSO
 
4

Other Names for Ye'elimite

Synonyms:
C4A3SIMA1984-052Klein's CompoundKruzhevite
Other Languages:
German:Ye'elimit
Spanish:Ye'elimita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ye'elimite

Reference List:

- +
Fukuda, N. (1961): Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 34, 137-xx.

Fukuda, N. (1961): A ternary compound formed in the system CaO-Al2O3-CaSO4. Kogyo Kagaku Zasshi 64, 865-871.

Halstead, P. E.; Moore, A. E. (1962): The composition and crystallography of an anhydrous calcium aluminosulfate occurring in expanding cement. Journal of Applied Chemistry 12, 413-417.

Saalfeld, H. & Depmeier, W. (1972): Silicon-free compounds with sodalite structure. Kristall und Technik 7, 229-233.

Geological Survey of Israel, Current Research (1984): 1-4.

American Mineralogist (1987): 72: 226-227.

Feng, X. & Liao, G. (1988): Structure of calcium oxide.alumina.calcium sulfate (3CaO.3Al2O3.CaSO4). Wuhan Gongye Daxue Xuebao 10 (3), 1-6 (in Chinese).

Heritsch, H. (1990): Eine Kontaktbildung aus dem Nephelinbasanitsteinbruch von Klöch (Südoststeiermark) mit seltenen Mineralien; natürliches Vorkommen der Verbindung 4CaO.3Al2O3.SO3. Mitt. Abt. Mineralogie, Landesmuseum Joanneum 58, 15-35.

Wang, Y. G.; Ye, H. Q.; Kuo, K. H.; Feng, X. J.; Lao, G. L.; Long, S. Z. (1990): Electron diffraction and HREM studies of the new phase and superstructures in calcium aluminosulfate (Ca4Al6SO16). Journal of Materials Science 25, 5147-5156.

Andac, O.; Glasser, F. P. (1994): Polymorphism of calcium sulfoaluminate (Ca4Al6O16.SO3) [sic] and its solid solutions. Advances in Cement Research 6 (22), 57-60.

Ikeda, K.; Kishimoto, K.; Shima, H. (1996): Structure refinement of calcium sulfoaluminate, C4A3S with emphasis to oxygen deficiency. Cement and Concrete Research 26, 743-748.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ye%27elimite

Internet Links for Ye'elimite

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  • Localities for Ye'elimite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Bad Radkersburg
        • Klöch
    Heritsch, H. (1990): Eine Kontaktbildung aus dem Nephelinbasanitsteinbruch von Klöch (Südoststeiermark) mit seltenen Mineralien; natürliches Vorkommen der Verbindung 4CaO.3Al2O3.SO3. Mitt. Abt. Mineralogie, Landesmuseum Joanneum 58, 15-35.
    Germany
     
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Mayen
          • Ettringen
            • Bellerberg volcano
    EMPA data, Sharygin V.V.
    • Thuringia
      • Gera
        • Ronneburg U deposit
    T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    Israel
     
    • Negev
    Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. & Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Minerals of the pseudobinary perovskite-brownmillerite series from combustion metamorphic larnite rocks of the Hatrurim Formation (Israel). Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 709-726.
    Vapnik, Y., Sokol, E., Murashko M., Sharygin V. (2006): The enigma of Hatrurim. Mineralogical Almanac, 10, 69-77.
    • Southern District (HaDarom District)
    Geol.Surv. Israel, Current Research (1984) p. 1-4
    Palestine
     
    • West Bank
      • Hatrurim Formation
    Galuskin, E., Galuskina, I., Kusz, J., Armbruster, T., Marzec, K., Dzierżanowski, P., Murashko, M. (2014): Vapnikite Ca3UO6 - a new double perovskite mineral from pyrometamorphic larnite rocks of the Jabel Harmun, Palestine Autonomy, Israel. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 571-581
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