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Riffel Alp, Zermatt, Matt Valley, Zermatt - Saas Fee area, Valais, Switzerlandi
Regional Level Types
Riffel AlpMountain
Zermatt- not defined -
Matt ValleyValley
Zermatt - Saas Fee areaArea
ValaisCanton
SwitzerlandCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 0' 8'' North , 7° 45' 6'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Zermatt6,629 (2016)2.0km
Täsch831 (2016)7.6km
Randa421 (2016)11.0km
Breuil-Cervinia753 (2014)12.0km
Paquier995 (2014)16.8km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Riffelalp, Zermatt, Mattertal, Gebiet Zermatt - Saas Fee, Wallis (Valais), Schweiz (Suisse; Svizzera)


Sulphidic mineralizations in serpentinites.
Located below the Riffelhorn, south of Zermatt.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


9 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 58
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 58
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 84
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 211.
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 282.
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 288.
Nickelhexahydrite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 282.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 58
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 84
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 58

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Nesquehonite5.CA.05MgCO3 · 3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Morenosite7.CB.40NiSO4 · 7H2O
Nickelhexahydrite7.CB.25(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nesquehonite13.1.5.1MgCO3 · 3H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Morenosite29.6.11.3NiSO4 · 7H2O
Nickelhexahydrite29.6.8.4(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
H MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
H NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
CCarbon
C NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
OOxygen
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
O MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
O NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Mg NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
SiSilicon
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
SSulfur
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S PyriteFeS2
FeIron
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe PyriteFeS2
NiNickel
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Pleistocene
0.0117 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 2356900
Quartre Lockergesteine

Age: Pleistocene (0.0117 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Loamy gravel, sand, silt, blocks (moraine)

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3137739
Upper Penninic Nappes

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Description: ophiolite complex

Lithology: Meta-basalt group, meta-peridotite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3192543
Paleozoic volcanic and intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Ophiolite complex; mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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