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Yutangba Se deposit, Enshi Co., Enshi Autonomous Prefecture (E'xi Autonomous Prefecture), Hubei, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Yutangba Se depositDeposit
Enshi Co.County
Enshi Autonomous Prefecture (E'xi Autonomous Prefecture)Prefecture
HubeiProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):渔塘坝硒矿, 恩施市, 恩施土家族苗族自治州, 湖北省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 30° 8' 59'' North , 109° 34' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 30.15000,109.56667
GeoHash:G#: wmmgt28h2
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


Selenium-rich carboniferous cherts, covering Lower Permian limestones of the Maokou formation. The deposit was discovered in 1963, after a sudden incidence of Se poisoning took place in the area.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Achávalite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)Se
Reference: Handong Qian, Zhenghua Zhao, Xiang Zheng, Chengyi Lin, Jiahu Zeng, Xuemei Wu, and Wu Chen (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(11), 1706-1710
'Apatite'
Reference: Linbo Yao, Zhenmin Gao, Zhusen Yang, and Hongbo Long (2002): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 45(8), 741-754; Linbo Yao and Zhenmin Gao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 837-840
Berzelianite
Formula: Cu2Se
Reference: Feng Caixia, Liu Jiajun, Hu Ruizhong, and Liu Shen (2004): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 23(3), 255-264.
Chalcomenite
Formula: CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Linbo Yao and Zhenmin Gao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 837-840; Handong Qian, Zhenghua Zhao, Xiang Zheng, Chengyi Lin, Jiahu Zeng, Xuemei Wu, and Wu Chen (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(11), 1706-1710; Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132
'Chert'
Reference: Feng Caixia, Liu Jiajun, Hu Ruizhong, and Liu Shen (2004): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 23(3), 255-264.
'Coal'
Reference: Feng Caixia, Liu Jiajun, Hu Ruizhong, and Liu Shen (2004): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 23(3), 255-264.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Feng Caixia, Liu Jiajun, Hu Ruizhong, and Liu Shen (2004): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 23(3), 255-264; Handong Qian, Zhenghua Zhao, Xiang Zheng, Chengyi Lin, Jiahu Zeng, Xuemei Wu, and Wu Chen (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(11), 1706-1710
Drysdallite
Formula: Mo(Se,S)2
Reference: Linbo Yao, Zhenmin Gao, Zhusen Yang, Hongbo Long, Xianxian Ye, and Mingzai Wang (2001): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 21(1), 49-52
Eskebornite
Formula: CuFeSe2
Reference: Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815; Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132.
Klockmannite
Formula: CuSe
Reference: Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815; Linbo Yao and Zhenmin Gao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 837-840; Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132; Handong Qian, Zhenghua Zhao, Xiang Zheng, Chengyi Lin, Jiahu Zeng, Xuemei Wu, and Wu Chen (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(11), 1706-1710
Krut'aite
Formula: CuSe2
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Jianming Zhu and Baoshan Zheng (2002): Journal of the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences 19(2), 219-221; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815; Linbo Yao and Zhenmin Gao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 837-840; Handong Qian, Zhenghua Zhao, Xiang Zheng, Chengyi Lin, Jiahu Zeng, Xuemei Wu, and Wu Chen (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(11), 1706-1710; Zhu, Jian-ming; Johnson, Thomas M.; Finkelman, Robert B.; Zheng, Bao-shan; Sykorova, Ivana; Pesek, Jiri (2012): The occurrence and origin of selenium minerals in Se-rich stone coals, spoils and their adjacent soils in Yutangba, China. Chemical Geology 330-331, 27-38.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Linbo Yao and Zhenmin Gao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 837-840; Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132
Mandarinoite
Formula: Fe3+2(SeO3)3 · 4H2O
Reference: Zhu Jian-Ming, and Zheng Bao-Shan (2002): Journal of the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences 19(2), 219-221; Handong Qian, Zhenghua Zhao, Xiang Zheng, Chengyi Lin, Jiahu Zeng, Xuemei Wu, and Wu Chen (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(11), 1706-1710; Zhu, Jian-ming; Johnson, Thomas M.; Finkelman, Robert B.; Zheng, Bao-shan; Sykorova, Ivana; Pesek, Jiri (2012): The occurrence and origin of selenium minerals in Se-rich stone coals, spoils and their adjacent soils in Yutangba, China. Chemical Geology 330-331, 27-38.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Linbo Yao, Zhenmin Gao, Zhusen Yang, and Hongbo Long (2002): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 45(8), 741-754; Linbo Yao and Zhenmin Gao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 837-840; Handong Qian, Zhenghua Zhao, Xiang Zheng, Chengyi Lin, Jiahu Zeng, Xuemei Wu, and Wu Chen (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(11), 1706-1710
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Linbo Yao, Zhenmin Gao, Zhusen Yang, and Hongbo Long (2002): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 45(8), 741-754; Linbo Yao and Zhenmin Gao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 837-840; Handong Qian, Zhenghua Zhao, Xiang Zheng, Chengyi Lin, Jiahu Zeng, Xuemei Wu, and Wu Chen (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(11), 1706-1710
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815; Yongliang Xiong (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 259-276; Handong Qian, Zhenghua Zhao, Xiang Zheng, Chengyi Lin, Jiahu Zeng, Xuemei Wu, and Wu Chen (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(11), 1706-1710
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815; Linbo Yao and Zhenmin Gao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 837-840; Jianming Zhu, Mingshi Wang, Wen Li, Zuoying Yin, and Hongcan Su (2006): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 26(2), 145-151; Handong Qian, Zhenghua Zhao, Xiang Zheng, Chengyi Lin, Jiahu Zeng, Xuemei Wu, and Wu Chen (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(11), 1706-1710
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Linbo Yao, Zhenmin Gao, Zhusen Yang, and Hongbo Long (2002): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 45(8), 741-754.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Linbo Yao and Zhenmin Gao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 837-840; Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132; Handong Qian, Zhenghua Zhao, Xiang Zheng, Chengyi Lin, Jiahu Zeng, Xuemei Wu, and Wu Chen (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(11), 1706-1710
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Linbo Yao and Zhenmin Gao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 837-840; Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132
Selenium
Formula: Se
Reference: Zhu Jian-Ming, Zheng Bao-Shan, Su Hong-Can, Li She-Hong, Mao Da-Jun, Lei Ping, and Finkelman, R.B. (2001): Geochimica 30(3), 236-241; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815; Linbo Yao and Zhenmin Gao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 837-840; Handong Qian, Zhenghua Zhao, Xiang Zheng, Chengyi Lin, Jiahu Zeng, Xuemei Wu, and Wu Chen (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(11), 1706-1710; Zhu, Jian-ming; Johnson, Thomas M.; Finkelman, Robert B.; Zheng, Bao-shan; Sykorova, Ivana; Pesek, Jiri (2012): The occurrence and origin of selenium minerals in Se-rich stone coals, spoils and their adjacent soils in Yutangba, China. Chemical Geology 330-331, 27-38.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Linbo Yao, Zhenmin Gao, Zhusen Yang, and Hongbo Long (2002): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 45(8), 741-754; Linbo Yao and Zhenmin Gao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 837-840

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Selenium1.CC.10Se
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Achávalite'2.CC.05(Fe,Cu)Se
'Berzelianite'2.BA.20Cu2Se
Drysdallite2.EA.30Mo(Se,S)2
Eskebornite2.CB.10aCuFeSe2
Klockmannite2.CA.05bCuSe
Krut'aite2.EB.05aCuSe2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chalcomenite4.JH.05CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Mandarinoite4.JH.15Fe3+2(SeO3)3 · 4H2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
Chert-
Coal-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Selenium1.3.4.1Se
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Berzelianite2.4.10.1Cu2Se
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Klockmannite2.8.12.2CuSe
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Eskebornite2.9.1.2CuFeSe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Drysdallite2.12.10.2Mo(Se,S)2
Krut'aite2.12.1.8CuSe2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Chalcomenite34.2.2.1CuSeO3 · 2H2O
A2(XO3)3·xH2O
Mandarinoite34.3.4.1Fe3+2(SeO3)3 · 4H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Achávalite-(Fe,Cu)Se
'Apatite'-
'Chert'-
'Coal'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MandarinoiteFe23+(SeO3)3 · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MandarinoiteFe23+(SeO3)3 · 4H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S DrysdalliteMo(Se,S)2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe Achávalite(Fe,Cu)Se
Fe EskeborniteCuFeSe2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MandarinoiteFe23+(SeO3)3 · 4H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CuCopper
Cu BerzelianiteCu2Se
Cu ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu EskeborniteCuFeSe2
Cu KlockmanniteCuSe
Cu Krut'aiteCuSe2
SeSelenium
Se Achávalite(Fe,Cu)Se
Se BerzelianiteCu2Se
Se ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
Se DrysdalliteMo(Se,S)2
Se EskeborniteCuFeSe2
Se KlockmanniteCuSe
Se Krut'aiteCuSe2
Se MandarinoiteFe23+(SeO3)3 · 4H2O
Se NaumanniteAg2Se
Se SeleniumSe
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo DrysdalliteMo(Se,S)2
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag NaumanniteAg2Se
Ag SilverAg

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3191248
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Comments: Sichuan Basin

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Song, C. (1989): A brief description of the Yutangba sedimentary type selenium mineralized area in south-western Hubei. Mineral Deposits 8(3), 83-89.
Jianming Zhu, Baoshan Zheng, Hongcan Su, Shehong Li, Dajun Mao, Ping Lei, and Finkelman, R.B. (2001): New occurrence of native selenium and its preliminary investigation. Geochimica 30(3), 236-241.
Jianming Zhu, and Baoshan Zheng (2001): Distribution of selenium in a mini-landscape of Yutangba, Enshi, Hubei Province, China. Applied Geochemistry 16(11), 1333-1344.
Jianming Zhu and Baoshan Zheng (2002): Modes of Occurrence of Selenium in the Black Se-Rich Rocks of Yutangba and Its Impact on the Local Environment. Journal of the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences 19(2), 219-221.
Linbo Yao, Zhenmin Gao, Zhusen Yang, and Hongbo Long (2002): Origin of seleniferous cherts in Yutangba Se deposit, southwest Enshi, Hubei Province. Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 45(8), 741-754.
Linbo Yao and Zhenmin Gao (2002): Characterization of rare earth and trace elements in Yutangba selenium deposit. Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 837-840 (in Chinese with English title).
Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Summarizing about selenium resources and its mineralizing condition in China. Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815 (in Chinese with English title).
Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, Ruizhong Hu, and Shen Liu (2004): Geochemistry of the Yutangba Se Deposit in Western Hubei, China. Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 23(3), 255-264.
Liu, J., Xie, H., Wang, J., Feng, C., Zhou, G., and Li, Z. (2005): The relationship between carbonaceous chert and selenium enrichment in the Yutangba selenium deposit, China, In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1407-1410.
Handong Qian, Zhenghua Zhao, Xiang Zheng, Chengyi Lin, Jiahu Zeng, Xuemei Wu, and Wu Chen (2006): Chalcomenite and its geological significance. Acta Geologica Sinica 80(11), 1706-1710.
Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Selenium Speciation in Kerogen from Two Chinese Selenium Deposits: Environmental Implications. Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132.
Wenliang Han, Jianming Zhu, Haibo Qin, Lu Li, Lei Lei, and Hongcan Su (2007): Selenium speciation in Se-rich rocks at Yutangba. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 27(1), 89-95.
Zhu, Jian-ming; Johnson, Thomas M.; Finkelman, Robert B.; Zheng, Bao-shan; Sykorova, Ivana; Pesek, Jiri (2012): The occurrence and origin of selenium minerals in Se-rich stone coals, spoils and their adjacent soils in Yutangba, China. Chemical Geology 330-331, 27-38.


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