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Zorite

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Formula:
Na8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2O
Colour:
Rose-red, pink, can appear white or colourless in individual crystals.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3 - 4
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
From Russian "zoria", meaning "the rosy radiance of the sky at dawn", alluding to its colour.
The structure of Zorite contains double dreier chains of (SiO4) tetrahedra, which are linked by Ti cations into a three-dimensional framework.
A topologically identical framework is found in the structures of Haineaultite (the Ca-analogue of Zorite), Chivruaiite, and the synthetic Zorite analogue ETS-4 (Men'shikov et al., 2006).


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Classification of ZoriteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1972
9.DG.45

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
G : Inosilicates with 3-periodic single and multiple chains
66.3.1.2

66 : INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
3 : Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
16.14.1

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
14 : Aluminosilicates of Ti, Zr, Sn and Pb

Physical Properties of ZoriteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Rose-red, pink, can appear white or colourless in individual crystals.
Hardness:
3 - 4 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of ZoriteHide

Type:
Biaxial
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of ZoriteHide

Formula:
Na8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2O
IMA Formula:
Na6Ti5Si12O34(O,OH)5 · 11H2O
Common Impurities:
Zr,Fe,Nb,Ta,Mn,Mg,Ca,K,F,C,P

Crystallography of ZoriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 23.91 Å, b = 7.23 Å, c = 14.24 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 3.307 : 1 : 1.97
Unit Cell V:
2,461.66 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of ZoriteHide

Synonyms of ZoriteHide

Other Language Names for ZoriteHide

German:Zorit
Russian:Зорит
Simplified Chinese:佐硅钛钠石
Spanish:Zorita
Traditional Chinese:佐矽鈦鈉石

Relationship of Zorite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
ChivruaiiteCa4(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 13-14H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
Haineaultite(Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2Mon. 2/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Raite15 photos of Zorite associated with Raite on mindat.org.
Aegirine6 photos of Zorite associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.
Lomonosovite5 photos of Zorite associated with Lomonosovite on mindat.org.
Penkvilksite5 photos of Zorite associated with Penkvilksite on mindat.org.
Leucosphenite4 photos of Zorite associated with Leucosphenite on mindat.org.
Microcline3 photos of Zorite associated with Microcline on mindat.org.
Eudialyte2 photos of Zorite associated with Eudialyte on mindat.org.
Natrolite1 photo of Zorite associated with Natrolite on mindat.org.
Murmanite1 photo of Zorite associated with Murmanite on mindat.org.
Terskite1 photo of Zorite associated with Terskite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DG.05BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)Tric.
9.DG.05PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05SeranditeNaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05WollastoniteCaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05Wollastonite-1ACaSiO3Tric.
9.DG.07CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)Tric.
9.DG.08Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)Orth.
9.DG.10Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Mon.
9.DG.10RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2OOrth.
9.DG.10Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Orth.
9.DG.15FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2Tric.
9.DG.20JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2OTric.
9.DG.25ParaumbiteK3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2OOrth.
9.DG.25UmbiteK2(Zr,Ti)Si3O9 · H2OOrth.
9.DG.30SørenseniteNa4SnBe2Si6O16(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DG.35XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DG.40HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.DG.45ChivruaiiteCa4(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 13-14H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
9.DG.50Haineaultite(Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
9.DG.55EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.DG.60EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DG.65ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2OOrth.
9.DG.70Fenaksite(K,Na)4(Fe,Mn)2(Si4O10)2(OH,F)Tric.
9.DG.70LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10Tric.
9.DG.70ManaksiteKNaMnSi4O10Tric.
9.DG.75TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]Tric.
9.DG.75TokkoiteK2Ca4[Si7O18(OH)](OH,F)Tric.
9.DG.75SenkevichiteCsKNaCa2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.80CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
9.DG.80FluorcanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30F4 · H2OMon. m : Bm
9.DG.85MiseriteK1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2OTric.
9.DG.90FrankameniteK3Na3Ca5(Si12O30)(F,OH)4 · H2OTric.
9.DG.92Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.DG.95YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3Orth.
9.DG.97Eveslogite(Na,K,Ca,Sr,Ba)48 [(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe2+)12Si48O144(OH)12](F,OH,Cl)14Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

66.3.1.1XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
66.3.1.3EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
66.3.1.4EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
66.3.1.5YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.14.2VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.14.3RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]Tric. 1 : P1
16.14.4Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2 Mon.
16.14.5Ferro-kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2Mon.
16.14.6JonesiteBa4(K,Na)2Ti4Al2(Si3O9)2(SiO4)4O2 · 6H2OOrth.
16.14.7Lourenswalsite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Mg,Ca,Fe)4(Si,Al,Fe)6O14(OH)12Hex.
16.14.8Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2OMon.
16.14.9KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
16.14.10EllenbergeriteMg6(Mg,Ti,Zr,◻)2(Al,Mg)6Si8O28(OH)10Hex.
16.14.11Carlosturanite(Mg,Fe,Ti)21(Si,Al)12O28(OH)34•H2OMon.
16.14.12EakeriteCa2SnAl2Si6O18(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
16.14.13PlumalsitePb4Al2(SiO3)7
16.14.14WickenburgiteCaPb3Al2Si10O24(OH)6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
16.14.15MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
16.14.16Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
16.14.17BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
16.14.18MathewrogersitePb7FeAl3GeSi12O36(OH,H2O)6Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ZoriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mer'kov, A.N., Bussen, I.V., Goiko, E.A., Kul'chitskaya, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., and Nedorezova, A.P. (1973) Raite and zorite - new minerals from the Lovozero Tundra. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 102(1): 54-62 (in Russian).
American Mineralogist (1973): 58: 1113-1114.
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials: 21: 143-153.
Soviet Physics – Crystallography (1979): 24: 686.
Men'shikov, Y.P., Krivovichev, S.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Mikhailova, J.A., Armbruster, T., and Selivanova, E.A. (2006) Chivruaiite, Ca4(Ti,Nb)5[(Si6O17)2|(OH,O)5]·13-–14H2O, a new mineral from hydrothermal veins of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs. American Mineralogist 91, 922-928.

Internet Links for ZoriteHide

Localities for ZoriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Russia (TL)
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Lovozero Massif
          • Karnasurt Mt
            • Karnasurt underground mine
              • Karnasurt area
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Pushcharovsky, D. Y., & Chukanov, N. V. (2009). The crystal structure and refined formula of mountainite, KNa2Ca2 [Si8O19 (OH)]⊙ 6 H2O. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 224(8), 389-396.; Pluth, J. J., Smith, J. V., Pushcharovsky, D. Y., Semenov, E. I., Bram, A., Riekel, C., ... & Broach, R. W. (1997). Third-generation synchrotron x-ray diffraction of 6-μm crystal of raite,≈ Na3Mn3Ti0. 25Si8O20 (OH) 2⋅ 10H2O, opens up new chemistry and physics of low-temperature minerals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 94(23), 12263-12267.
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