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Wairakite

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Formula:
Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Colorless to white
Hardness:
5½ - 6
Member of:
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Wairakei, North Island, New Zealand.

Classification of Wairakite

Approved
9.GB.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
B : Chains of single connected 4-membered rings
Dana 7th ed.:
77.1.1.3
77.1.1.3

77 : TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
1 : Zeolite group - True zeolites
16.9.20

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
9 : Aluminosilicates of Ca
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-4230.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Wairakite

Year of Discovery:
1955

Physical Properties of Wairakite

Vitreous, Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colorless to white
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
5½ - 6
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Distinct on the {100}
Fracture:
Conchoidal

Crystallography of Wairakite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.69Å, b = 13.64Å, c = 13.56Å
β = 90.51°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.004 : 1 : 0.994
Unit Cell Volume:
V 2,531.98 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Wairakite

Type:
Biaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 1.498 nγ = 1.502
2V:
Measured: 70° to 105°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.004
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
very weak

Chemical Properties of Wairakite

Formula:
Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mg,Sr,Na,K,Cs

Relationship of Wairakite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Analcime (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AlflarseniteNaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2O
AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2O
Ammonioleucite(NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)
AnalcimeNa2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Beaumontite (of Lévy)
Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
Brewsterite
Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Levyne Subgroup
Chabazite-Mg(Mg0.7K0.5Ca0.5Na0.1)[Al3Si9O24]·10H2O
Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-SrSr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Clinoptilolite-Ca(Ca,Na,K)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na(Na,K,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
DirenzoiteNaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2O
EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Faujasite Subgroup
Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Ferrierite
Ferrierite-K(K2,Na2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
FerrochiavenniteCa1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2]•2H2O
Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2O
GarroniteNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2O
Gismondine
Gismondine-BaBa2Al4Si4O16 · 4-6H2O
Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Gmelinite
Gmelinite-Ca(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Gmelinite-K(K2,Na2,Ca)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Gmelinite-Na(Na2,Ca)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
GobbinsiteNa4(Ca,Mg,K2)Al6Si10O32 · 12H2O
Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2O
Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Heulandite-Ba(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)5Al9Si27O72 · 22H2O
Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)
LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Lévyne
Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36•9H2O
MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2O
Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2O
Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2O
NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2O
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natrolite Subgroup
OffretiteKCaMgAl5Si13O36 · 16H2O or near
PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2O
ParanatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
ParthéiteCaAl2Si2O8 · 2H2O
Paulingite
Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
Paulingite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
Paulingite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2O
Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2O
Tetranatrolite
Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thomsonite-SrNa(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2O
Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
TschörtneriteCa4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[(OH)2|Al3Si3O12]4 · nH2O
WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2O
WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
9.GB.05Ammonioleucite(NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)
9.GB.05AnalcimeNa2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
9.GB.05HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
9.GB.05LithositeK6Al4Si8O25 · 2H2O
9.GB.05LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
9.GB.05Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
9.GB.05KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)
9.GB.10LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
9.GB.15YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
9.GB.20RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
9.GB.25GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
9.GB.30Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
9.GB.35ParthéiteCaAl2Si2O8 · 2H2O
16.9.1GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
16.9.2AnorthiteCaAl2Si2O8
16.9.3Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]
16.9.4SvyatoslaviteCaAl2Si2O8
16.9.5DmisteinbergiteCaAl2Si2O8
16.9.6GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
16.9.7VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
16.9.8Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
16.9.9Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
16.9.10PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
16.9.11KamaishiliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2
16.9.12BicchuliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2
16.9.13MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
16.9.14ChantaliteCaAl2(SiO4)(OH)4
16.9.15CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
16.9.17KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
16.9.18LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
16.9.19ParthéiteCaAl2Si2O8 · 2H2O
16.9.21VertumniteCa4Al4Si4O6(OH)24 · 3H2O
16.9.22ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
16.9.23LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
16.9.24YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
16.9.25Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
16.9.26EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
16.9.27GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
16.9.28CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
16.9.30StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
16.9.31SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2O
16.9.32AmstalliteCaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)
77.1.1.1AnalcimeNa2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
77.1.1.2Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O

Other Names for Wairakite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Wairakit
Simplified Chinese:斜钙沸石
Spanish:Wairakita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Wairakite

Reference List:
Mineralogical Magazine (1955): 30: 5-6, 691-698.

Kiss, K. & H.T. Page (1969), Electron microscopic identification of single crystals of wairakite, a rare component: Clays and Clay Minerals: 17: 31-35.

American Mineralogist (1979): 64: 993-1001.

Neuhoff, P.S., J.F. Stebbins, & D.K. Bird (2003), Si-Al disorder and solid solutions in analcime, chabazite, and wairakite: American Mineralogist: 88: 410-423.

Internet Links for Wairakite

Localities for Wairakite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Constantine Province
    • Constantine District
      • Edough-Cap de Fer Massif
Ch. Marignac, Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 359-381.
Argentina
 
  • Neuquén
    • Catán Lil department
      • La Amarga
Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.149, 517
    • Lácar department
      • Caleufú
Pablo Rodrigo Leal, María Elena Vattuone, and Carlos Oscar Latorre (2011) Zeolite assemblages from Northern Patagonian Andes, Argentina: A review. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas, v.28, núm. 2, 2011, p. 212-225
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Alberni Mining Division
      • Vancouver Island
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.50,517
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
Georgia Pe-Piper and Lisa Miller (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology 38, 11–28
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Gold (1969)
GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram District
        • Psí hory gold district
          • Mokrsko
Jiří Zachariáš, Petr Morávek, Petr Gadas, Jaroslava Pertoldová (2014): The Mokrsko-West gold deposit, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic: Mineralogy, deposit setting and classification. Ore Geology Reviews 58, 238-263.
Ecuador
 
  • Guayas Province
R. S. Bowman and S. E. Delap (Eds.) Zeolite ’06—7th International Conference on the Occurrence, Properties, and Utilization of Natural Zeolites Socorro, New Mexico USA, 16–21 July 2006
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Haute-Loire
      • Lavoûte-Chilhac
        • Saint-Privat-du-Dragon
B; Lasnier : "Persistance d'une série granulitique au coeur du Massif Central Français - Haut-Allier. Les termes basiques, ultrabasiques et carbonatés". Thesis, 1977.
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
Hentschel, G., Neufunde von Üdersdorf, Lapis, Weise Verlag, München, 09/1993
Iceland
Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Indonesia
 
  • Sumatera Island (Sumatra Island)
    • Lampung Province
www.geothermie.de/egec-geothernet/ci_prof/asia/indonesia/0418.PDF.
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Pisa Province
      • Pomarance
Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Cornedo Vicentino
        • Spagnago
Lapis, 15 (12), 27-32+50.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Kameda Peninsula
      • Ofuna river
Scott, A.-M., and Watanabe, Y. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 568-578.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Ishikawa Prefecture
Yotaro Seki (1973) Distribution and Modes of Occurrence of Wairakites in the Japanese Island Arc The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 79:521-527
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Kawazu
Aoki, M. & Minato, H. (1980) Lattice constants of Wairakite as a function of chemical composition. American Mineralogist, 65, 1212-1216
        • Toi-cho
Yotaro Seki (1973) Distribution and Modes of Occurrence of Wairakites in the Japanese Island Arc The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 79:521-527; Aoki, M. & Minato, H. (1980) Lattice constants of Wairakite as a function of chemical composition. American Mineralogist, 65, 1212-1216
Knut Eldjarn specimen
    • Chugoku region
      • Shimane Prefecture
Yotaro Seki (1973) Distribution and Modes of Occurrence of Wairakites in the Japanese Island Arc The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 79:521-527
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Katashina
Alfredo Petrov specimen confirmed by powder XRD; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Yotaro Seki (1973) Distribution and Modes of Occurrence of Wairakites in the Japanese Island Arc The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 79:521-527
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
Yotaro Seki (1973) Distribution and Modes of Occurrence of Wairakites in the Japanese Island Arc The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 79:521-527
Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
      • Tochigi Prefecture
Yotaro Seki (1973) Distribution and Modes of Occurrence of Wairakites in the Japanese Island Arc The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 79:521-527
    • Kinki region
      • Mie Prefecture
        • Toba City
Harada, K., & Sudo, T. (1976) A consideration on the wairakite–analcime series.—Is valid a new mineral name for sodium analogue of monoclinic wairakite?—. Mineralogical Journal, 8(4), 247-251.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
Yotaro Seki (1973) Distribution and Modes of Occurrence of Wairakites in the Japanese Island Arc The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 79:521-527
      • Aomori Prefecture
        • Kuroishi City
Onuki et al (1988) Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, 83, 311-317.
Yotaro Seki (1973) Distribution and Modes of Occurrence of Wairakites in the Japanese Island Arc The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 79:521-527
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Koriyama
Aoki, M. & Minato, H. (1980) Lattice constants of Wairakite as a function of chemical composition. American Mineralogist, 65, 1212-1216
      • Iwate Prefecture
Yotaro Seki (1973) Distribution and Modes of Occurrence of Wairakites in the Japanese Island Arc The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 79:521-527
      • Miyagi Prefecture
Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695; Yotaro Seki (1973) Distribution and Modes of Occurrence of Wairakites in the Japanese Island Arc The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 79:521-527
  • Kyushu Region
    • Oita prefecture
Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695; Yotaro Seki (1973) Distribution and Modes of Occurrence of Wairakites in the Japanese Island Arc The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 79:521-527
Mexico
 
  • Baja California (Baja California Norte; BC Norte)
    • Mun. de Mexicali
Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695; Peter Schiffman, Dennis K. Bird and Wilfred A. Elders (1985) Hydrothermal Mineralogy of Calcareous Sandstones from the Colorado River Delta in the Cerro Prieto Geothermal System, Baja California, Mexico. Mineralogical Magazine 49:435-449
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2006): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Niedermayr, G. & Schneider, G., Eds. (2006): Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. 2nd ed., Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 228-239 (in German).
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Bay of Plenty
R. Martin collection
      • Rotorua
Econ Geol (1985) 80:1640-1668
Econ Geol (1997) 92:485-489; Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Formation rates of calc-silicate minerals deposited inside drillhole casing, Ngatamariki geothermal field, New Zealand. P. R. L. Browne, S. F. Courtney, C. P. Wood. American Mineralogist, Volume 74, pages 759-763, 1989
    • Te Aroha
Courtney, S.F., King, P. & Rodgers, K.A., (1990). A Check List of Minerals from the Tui Mine, Te Aroha, New Zealand. New Zealand Natural Sciences 17: 95-98.
    • Waikato
      • Taupo
The Rotokawa geothermal System. Krupp & Seward 1978, Economic Geology. 82 pp 1109-1129; Econ Geol (1987)82:1109-1129
        • Wairakei
Zeolites of the World, Rudy W. Tschernich 1992; Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Min.Mag.(1955) 30, 691-708
Nicaragua
 
  • Chontales Department
Darce (1995) Econ Geol 85:1059-1071
Philippines
 
  • Visayas
    • Eastern Visayas Region
      • Samar Island
        • Leyte
Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Lanzarote
        • Haría
Strasser, A., Kirchner, E., (2006): Minerale aus einem Alkali-Basalt-Differentiat vom Risco Famara, Lanzarote, Kanarische Inseln, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 57, 335-338
Taiwan
 
  • Taiwan Province
    • Taipei City
Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
U.S. Virgin Islands
 
  • St Croix
AmMin 50:752
  • St Thomas
Am Min (1962) 47:794-802
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Aleutians East Borough
      • Unalaska Island
wwwdggs.dnr.state.ak.us/scan1/ri/text/RI84-23.PDF.
  • California
    • Imperial Co.
      • Heber
Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
    • Kern Co.
      • Rosamond
Kiss, K. and Page, H.T. (1969) Electron microscope identification of single crystals of wairakite, a rare component. Calys and Clay Minerals: 17: 31-35; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 371; Tschernich, Rudy (1992) Zeolites of the World.
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
        • West Mayacmas District
Steiner, A. (1958), Occurrence of wairakite at The Geysers, California: American Mineralogist: 43: 781; White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 590; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 371; Tschernich, R. (1975), Zeolites of the world, 1975; Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695; http://www.mineralsocal.org.
  • Colorado
    • Huerfano Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Las Animas Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Michigan
    • Keweenaw Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Beowawe District
Econ Geol (1984) 79:759-767
    • Storey Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Oregon
    • Columbia Co.
      • Goble
Micro Probe Vol. 6 No. 5 Fall 1987
  • Washington
    • Cowlitz Co.
      • Wolf Point
Micro Probe Vol. 10 N0. 3 Spring '01
    • Lewis Co.
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Pierce Co.
Zeolites of the World, Rudy W. Tschernich 1992
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
  • Wyoming
    • Park Co.
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 71; Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Bargar, K.E.; Beeson, M.H. & Keith, T.E.C. (1981): Zeolites in Yellowstone National Park. Mineralogical Record 12, 29-38
Mineral and/or Locality  
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