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Zod Mine (Sotk deposit), Vardenis, Gelark'unik' Province (Geghark'unik'), Armenia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 12' North , 45° 51' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.20000,45.85000
GeoHash:G#: tp0seq4vy
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Sotk


Gold mine located 11 km from the town of Zod, 14 km E of Vardenis.

Alluvial gold was mined here already in prehistoric times.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Zod Mine (Sotk deposit), Vardenis, Gelark'unik' (Geghark'unik') Province, Armenia

Regions containing this locality

Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Country (Former) - 3,640 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


26 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.
Bilibinskite
Formula: PbCu2Au3Te2
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M. (2011) Bilibinskite,(Au5-6Cu3-2)8 (Te,Pb,Sb)5, from the Cementation Zone of the Aginskoe, Kamchatka and Pionerskoe, Sayan Mountains Gold-telluride Deposits. New Data on Minerals. 46:162-164
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.
Chekhovichite (TL)
Formula: Bi2Te4+4O11
Reference: AM 74 (1989), 1400; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Reference: Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Keystoneite
Formula: Mg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2003)
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Pilsenite
Formula: Bi4Te3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.
Rucklidgeite (TL)
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Reference: ZVMO,(1977) 106, 62-68; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Smirnite (TL)
Formula: Bi2Te4+O5
Reference: DAN-SSSR,(1984) 278, 199-202; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Tellurantimony
Formula: Sb2Te3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.
Volynskite (TL)
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: Eksp. Metod. Issled. Rudnykh Mineralov, 1965, 129–141; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Harris, D. C., Sinclair, W. D., & Thorpe, R. I. (1983). Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 21(1), 137-143.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Altaite'2.CD.10PbTe
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bilibinskite'2.BA.80PbCu2Au3Te2
'Boulangerite'2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
'Freieslebenite'2.JB.15AgPbSbS3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Nagyágite2.HB.20a[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Pilsenite2.DC.05Bi4Te3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Rucklidgeite (TL)2.GC.40cPbBi2Te4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tellurantimony2.DC.05Sb2Te3
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Volynskite (TL)2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Chekhovichite' (TL)4.JK.35Bi2Te4+4O11
Keystoneite4.JM.05Mg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Smirnite (TL)4.JK.40Bi2Te4+O5
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p > 3:1
Bilibinskite2.1.6.1PbCu2Au3Te2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Pilsenite2.6.2.5Bi4Te3
Rucklidgeite (TL)2.6.2.7PbBi2Te4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Nagyágite2.11.10.1[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurantimony2.11.7.3Sb2Te3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Freieslebenite3.4.6.2AgPbSbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
ø = 2
Volynskite (TL)3.7.1.3AgBiTe2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)
Smirnite (TL)34.1.8.1Bi2Te4+O5
A2(XO3)3·xH2O
Keystoneite34.3.2.3Mg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
Anhydrous Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chekhovichite (TL)34.6.4.1Bi2Te4+4O11
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
OOxygen
O ChekhovichiteBi2Te44+O11
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SmirniteBi2Te4+O5
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
S PyriteFeS2
S StibniteSb2S3
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
NiNickel
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu BilibinskitePbCu2Au3Te2
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
AgSilver
Ag FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag VolynskiteAgBiTe2
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
Sb Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TellurantimonySb2Te3
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te BilibinskitePbCu2Au3Te2
Te ChekhovichiteBi2Te44+O11
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
Te MeloniteNiTe2
Te Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Te PilseniteBi4Te3
Te RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
Te SmirniteBi2Te4+O5
Te TellurantimonySb2Te3
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Te VolynskiteAgBiTe2
AuGold
Au BilibinskitePbCu2Au3Te2
Au GoldAu
Au Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb BilibinskitePbCu2Au3Te2
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Pb RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
BiBismuth
Bi ChekhovichiteBi2Te44+O11
Bi PilseniteBi4Te3
Bi RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
Bi SmirniteBi2Te4+O5
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Bi VolynskiteAgBiTe2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleogene
23.03 - 66 Ma



ID: 3184664
Cenozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Paleogene (23.03 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Eocene - Paleocene
33.9 - 66 Ma



ID: 3133493
Palaeocene undifferentiated

Age: Paleogene (33.9 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Andesite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Konstantinov, M. M., & Grushin, V. A. (1970). Geologic position of the Zod-Agduzdag gold-ore node in Transcaucasia. International Geology Review, 12(12), 1447-1453.
Zav'yalov, Y. N., & Begizov, V. D. (1977). Rucklidgeite,(Bi, Pb) 3Te4, a new mineral from the Zod and Kochkar gold-ore deposits. International Geology Review, 19(12), 1451-1456.
Danilo Wolf {Bearb.} (2010) Geoarchäologische Erkundung des prähistorischen Goldabbaus in Sotk und Fioletovo, Armenien (gefördert durch das Land Sachsen-Anhalt)


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