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Orford Nickel mine, St-Denis-de-Brompton, Le Val-Saint-François RCM, Estrie, Québec, Canada

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 45° 25' 0'' North , 72° 7' 23'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 45.41667,-72.12333
GeoHash:G#: f2hdqgc7k
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Formerly: Orford Nickel mine, St-Denis-de-Brompton, Sherbrooke Co., Québec, Canada

Nickel mine in calcite vein at the contact between serpentinized peridotite and volcanic rock. First explore in 1860 as a copper prospect. Mining for nickel was done from 1877 until 1882.

Famous for excellent specimens of diopside, green grossular (chrome-bearing), orange grossular and millerite.

Coordinates extrapolated from topographic map.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


21 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
'Apatite'
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1940 25 : 557-572.; Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy; Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1940 25 : 557-572.; Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1940 25 : 557-572.; Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
'commodity:Nickel'
Formula: Ni
Reference: From USGS MRDS database
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Tarassoff, P. (1994). "Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada." Mineralogical Record, 25(5),pp:327-345.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Godlevskite'2.BB.15(Ni,Fe)9S8
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Annabergite'8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite-(Ce)'9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Clinochlore'9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Grossular'9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pecoraite9.ED.15Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Godlevskite2.7.4.1(Ni,Fe)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Pecoraite71.1.2d.4Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
S MilleriteNiS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
NiNickel
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AsArsenic
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As MaucheriteNi11As8
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician - Cambrian
443.8 - 541 Ma



ID: 3188787
Paleozoic tectonic rocks

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Saint-Daniel Melange

Comments: Dunnage Zone

Lithology: Ophiolitic melange; shale,chert,breccia

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Tarassoff, P. (1994): Famous mineral localities: The Orford nickel mine, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 25(5), 327-345.
Sabina, A.P. (1992): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Estrie and Gaspesie, Quebec; and Parts of New Brunswick. GSC Misc. Report 14-16p.
Dunn, P.J. (1978): On the composition of some Canadian green garnets. Canadian Mineralogist, 16, 205-206.


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