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Freieslebenite

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Formula:
AgPbSbS
 
3
System:MonoclinicColour:grey, dark grey
Hardness:
Name:
After Johann Carl Freiesleben (1774 - 1846), Mining Commissioner of Saxony, who described the mineral.
This page provides mineralogical data about Freieslebenite.

Classification of Freieslebenite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/E.17-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.JB.15

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb
Dana 8th edition ID:3.4.6.2

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
Hey's CIM Ref.:5.7.29

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals
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Type Occurrence of Freieslebenite

Type Locality:Himmelsfürst Mine, Brand-Erbisdorf, Freiberg District, Erzgebirge, Saxony, Germany
Year of Discovery:1773

Occurrences of Freieslebenite

Geological Setting:Hydrothermal veins

Physical Properties of Freieslebenite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:grey, dark grey
Streak:black
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:Imperfect/Fair
Imperfect on {010}
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density (measured):6.20 - 6.23 g/cm3
Density (calculated):6.22 g/cm3

Crystallography of Freieslebenite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/b {P1 1 21/b} {P21/c} {P1 21/c 1} {P21/a}
Space Group Setting:P21/a
Cell Parameters:a = 7.518(1) Å, b = 12.809(4) Å, c = 5.940(1) Å
β = 92.25(1)°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.587 : 1 : 0.464
Unit Cell Volume:V 571.57 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Striated prismatic crystals
Twinning:Twin plane {010}, lamellae visible in polished sections
Crystal Atlas:
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Freieslebenite - {110}, {120}, {011}, {031}, modified
Freieslebenite - Contact twin on {100}

About Crystal Atlas

The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. The 3d models and HTML5 code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Freieslebenite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Just noticeable
Pleochroism:Weak

Chemical Properties of Freieslebenite

Formula:
AgPbSbS
 
3
Simplified for copy/paste:AgPbSbS3
Essential elements:Ag, Pb, S, Sb
All elements listed in formula:Ag, Pb, S, Sb

Relationship of Freieslebenite to other Species

Common Associates:
SilverSideritePyrargyriteGalenaAndorite
Acanthite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.JB.05Diaphorite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
2
Sb
 
3
S
 
8
2.JB.10Cosalite
Pb
 
2
Bi
 
2
S
 
5
2.JB.15Marrite
AgPbAsS
 
3
2.JB.20Cannizzarite
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
6
S
 
13
2.JB.20Wittite
Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
(S,Se)
 
27
2.JB.25aJunoite
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
8
(S,Se)
 
16
2.JB.25iNeyite
Ag
 
2
Cu
 
6
Pb
 
25
Bi
 
26
S
 
68
2.JB.25cNordströmite
CuPb
 
3
Bi
 
7
(Se
 
4
S
 
10
)
2.JB.25gNuffieldite
Cu
 
1.4
Pb
 
2.4
Bi
 
2.4
Sb
 
0.2
S
 
7
2.JB.25dProudite
CuPb
 
7.5
Bi
 
9.33
(S,Se)
 
22
2.JB.25hWeibullite
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
8
Se
 
7
S
 
11
2.JB.25bFelbertalite
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
8
S
 
19
2.JB.25jRouxelite
Cu
 
2
HgPb
 
23
Sb
 
27
S
 
65.5
2.JB.25fÁngelaite
Cu
 
2
AgPbBiS
 
4
2.JB.25iCuproneyite
Cu
 
7
Pb
 
27
Bi
 
25
S
 
68
2.JB.30aGeocronite
Pb
 
14
(Sb,As)
 
6
S
 
23
2.JB.30aJordanite
Pb
 
14
(As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
23
2.JB.30bKirkiite
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
3
As
 
3
S
 
19
2.JB.30cTsugaruite
Pb
 
4
As
 
2
S
 
7
2.JB.35cPillaite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
10
S
 
23
ClO
 
0.5
2.JB.35aZinkenite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
22
S
 
42
2.JB.35bScainiite
Pb
 
14
Sb
 
30
S
 
54
O
 
5
2.JB.35dPellouxite
(Cu,Ag)Pb
 
10
Sb
 
12
S
 
27
O(Cl,S)
 
0.6
2.JB.35fTubulite
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
22
Sb
 
20
S
 
53
2.JB.35eChovanite
Pb
 
15-2x
Sb
 
14+2x
S
 
36
O
 
x
(x ~ 0.2)
2.JB.40bAschamalmite
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
2
S
 
9
2.JB.40aBursaite
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
4
S
 
11
(?)
2.JB.40bEskimoite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
15
S
 
36
2.JB.40aFizélyite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
14
Sb
 
21
S
 
48
2.JB.40aGustavite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
11
S
 
24
2.JB.40aLillianite
Pb
 
3-2x
Ag
 
x
Bi
 
2+x
S
 
6
2.JB.40cOurayite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
5
S
 
13
2.JB.40aRamdohrite
(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag
 
5.5
Pb
 
12
Sb
 
21.5
S
 
48
2.JB.40aRoshchinite
Ag
 
19
Pb
 
10
Sb
 
51
S
 
96
2.JB.40dSchirmerite
PbAgBi
 
3
S
 
6
- Pb
 
3
Ag
 
1.5
Bi
 
3.5
S
 
9
2.JB.40aTreasurite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
15
S
 
32
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaite
AgMnPb
 
3
Sb
 
5
S
 
12
2.JB.40eUstarasite
Pb(Bi,Sb)
 
6
S
 
10
(?)
2.JB.40aVikingite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
8
Bi
 
13
S
 
30
2.JB.40aXilingolite
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
2
S
 
6
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýite
Pb
 
10
AgBi
 
5
S
 
18
2.JB.40UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb
(Hg,Ag,Cu,Pb)
 
5
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
11
S
 
27
2.JB.40UM1988-06-S:AgBiCuHgPb
(Pb,Hg)
 
12
(Cu,Ag)
 
3
(Bi,Sb)
 
10
(S,Te)
 
27
2.JB.40aAndorite IV
Pb
 
18
Ag
 
15
Sb
 
47
S
 
96
2.JB.55Gratonite
Pb
 
9
As
 
4
S
 
15
2.JB.60Marrucciite
Hg
 
3
Pb
 
16
Sb
 
18
S
 
46
2.JB.65Vurroite
Pb
 
20
Sn
 
2
(Bi,As)
 
22
S
 
54
Cl
 
6
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
5.7.1Seligmannite
PbCuAsS
 
3
5.7.2Bournonite
PbCuSbS
 
3
5.7.3Meneghinite
Pb
 
13
CuSb
 
7
S
 
24
5.7.4Gladite
PbCuBi
 
5
S
 
9
5.7.5Lindströmite
Pb
 
3
Cu
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
15
5.7.6Krupkaite
PbCuBi
 
3
S
 
6
5.7.7Hammarite
Pb
 
2
Cu
 
2
Bi
 
4
S
 
9
5.7.8Friedrichite
Pb
 
5
Cu
 
5
Bi
 
7
S
 
18
5.7.9Aikinite
PbCuBiS
 
3
5.7.10Nuffieldite
Cu
 
1.4
Pb
 
2.4
Bi
 
2.4
Sb
 
0.2
S
 
7
5.7.11Jaskólskiite
Pb
 
2+x
Cu
 
x
(Sb,Bi)
 
2-x
S
 
6
(x = 0.2)
5.7.12Tintinaite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Sb,Bi)
 
30
S
 
69
5.7.13Kobellite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Bi,Sb)
 
30
S
 
69
5.7.14Proudite
CuPb
 
7.5
Bi
 
9.33
(S,Se)
 
22
5.7.15Nordströmite
CuPb
 
3
Bi
 
7
(Se
 
4
S
 
10
)
5.7.16Watkinsonite
Cu
 
2
PbBi
 
4
(Se,S,Te)
 
8
5.7.17Pekoite
PbCuBi
 
11
(S,Se)
 
18
5.7.18Petrovicite
Cu
 
3
HgPbBiSe
 
5
5.7.19Eclarite
(Cu,Fe)Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
S
 
28
5.7.20Marrite
AgPbAsS
 
3
5.7.21Baumhauerite-2a
Pb
 
11
Ag(As,Sb)
 
18
S
 
36
5.7.22Andorite
PbAgSb
 
3
S
 
6
5.7.23Ramdohrite
(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag
 
5.5
Pb
 
12
Sb
 
21.5
S
 
48
5.7.24Roshchinite
Ag
 
19
Pb
 
10
Sb
 
51
S
 
96
5.7.25Ourayite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
5
S
 
13
5.7.26Eskimoite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
15
S
 
36
5.7.27Fizélyite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
14
Sb
 
21
S
 
48
5.7.28Owyheeite
Ag
 
3+x
Pb
 
10-2x
Sb
 
11+x
S
 
28
, -0.13 +0.20
5.7.30Diaphorite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
2
Sb
 
3
S
 
8
5.7.31Sterryite
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
10
(Sb,As)
 
12
S
 
29
5.7.32Vikingite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
8
Bi
 
13
S
 
30
5.7.33Zoubekite
AgPb
 
4
Sb
 
4
S
 
10
5.7.34Schirmerite
PbAgBi
 
3
S
 
6
- Pb
 
3
Ag
 
1.5
Bi
 
3.5
S
 
9
5.7.36Gustavite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
11
S
 
24
5.7.37Kitaibelite
Ag
 
10
PbBi
 
30
S
 
51
5.7.38Treasurite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
15
S
 
32
5.7.39Benjaminite
(Ag,Cu)
 
3
(Bi,Pb)
 
7
S
 
12
5.7.40Lengenbachite
Ag
 
4
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
18
As
 
12
S
 
39
·
5.7.41Berryite
Cu
 
3
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
16
5.7.42Neyite
Ag
 
2
Cu
 
6
Pb
 
25
Bi
 
26
S
 
68
5.7.43Larosite
(Cu,Ag)
 
21
(Pb,Bi)
 
2
S
 
13
5.7.44Cupropavonite
AgCu
 
2
PbBi
 
5
S
 
10
5.7.45Padĕraite
Cu
 
5.9
Ag
 
1.3
Pb
 
1.6
Bi
 
11.2
S
 
22
5.7.46Rayite
Pb
 
8
(Ag,Tl)
 
2
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
5.7.47Rathite
Pb
 
8
Pb
 
4-x
(Tl
 
2
As
 
2
)
 
x
(Ag
 
2
As
 
2
)As
 
16
S
 
40
5.7.48Hatchite
AgTlPbAs
 
2
S
 
5

Other Names for Freieslebenite

Synonyms:
Antimonial Sulphuret of SilverDonacargyrite
Other Languages:
French:Argent gris antimoniale
German:Basitomglanz
Donacargyrit
Dunkles Weißgültigerz
Freieslebenit
Schilfglanzerz
Schilfglaserz
Russian:Фрейслебенит
Simplified Chinese:柱硫锑铅银矿
Spanish:Donacargyrita
Freieslebenita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:Silver ore

References for Freieslebenite

Reference List:

- +
R. De l`Isle (1773): Cristallographie, ou Description des formes propres à tous les corps du Regne mineral.- Paris, Vol. 3, p. 54.

J.C. Freiesleben (1817) Geognostische Arbeiten 6, 97-101.

W. Haidinger (1845): Handbuch der bestimmenden Mineralogie.- Wien, p. 569.

Vrba (1878), Zs. Kr.: 2: 153.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 416-418.

American Mineralogist (1973): 58: 141.

Appiani, R., Bogni, G., Gentile, P., Vignola, P., Gruppo Orobico Minerali (1994): Le miniere di zinco della Val Brembana (BG) 2° parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1994, 33-46.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 109: 284-295.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 139: 85-102.

Internet Links for Freieslebenite

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  • Look for Freieslebenite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Freieslebenite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Freieslebenite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Freieslebenite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Córdoba
      • Minas Department
    Sureda (1978): Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina 33(4):299-324
    • Salta
      • El Quevar
    Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
    Armenia
     
    • Gelark'unik' Province (Geghark'unik')
      • Vardenis
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Goulburn Co.
        • Jingellic
    Wagga Wagga Mine Data Sheets, 1982
    • Tasmania
      • Rosebery district
        • Rosebery
    Bolivia
     
    • La Paz Department
      • Pacajes Province
        • Berenguela District
    USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 247.
    USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 247.
    Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
    • Oruro Department
      • Dalence Province
        • Huanuni
    • Potosí Department
      • Antonio Quijarro Province
        • Agua de Castilla
          • Porco
    Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
    Bulgaria
     
    • Kardzhali Oblast (Kurdzhali; Kărdžali; Kurdjali)
      • Momchilgrad Obshtina
    Strashimirov, S., Dobrev, S., Stemenov, S., & Dragiev, H. (2005). Silver-bearing minerals from the ore body “North” in Sedefche epithermal Au-Ag deposit (eastern Rhodopes). Annual of the University of Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski, 48, 143-148.
    • Smolyan Oblast
      • Rhodope Mts
    [MinRec 22 p.439]
    • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
      • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
    http://www.geologija-revija.si/dokument.aspx?id=231
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Vancouver Mining Division
        • Brandywine Creek
          • Van Silver Property (Van Silver Mine; Van Silver Claims)
    [
    • Manitoba
      • Flin Flon District
    Healy, R.E. & Petruk, W. (1990) Petrology of Au-Ag-Hg and "invisible" gold in the Trout Lake massive sulfide deposit, Flin Flon, Manitoba. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 189-206.
    • Ontario
      • Kenora District
        • GTP Block 7 Township
    Geoffrey Khalil Abdallah (1990) Ore Mineralogy of Mattabi Mine, Northwestern Ontario, Canada. MSC Thesis, Lakehead University
      • Timiskaming District
        • Cobalt-Gowganda region
    [www.ontariominerals.com]
    • Yukon Territory
      • Whitehorse Mining District
        • Mount Nansen Mines
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    China
     
    • Guangdong Province
      • Yunfu Prefecture
        • Yuncheng District
    Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Hezhou Prefecture
        • Babu District
    Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
      • Nanning Prefecture
        • Long'an Co.
    Hongzhong Xu, Jinchu Zhu, Wenlan Zhang, and Jianping Zhou (1997): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 17(3), 345-351
    • Hunan Province
      • Chenzhou Prefecture
        • Guiyang Co.
          • Huangshaping Pb-Zn-polymetallic ore field
    Jingchun Wang, Yong Yao, Kangyao Wang, Yuancheng Wang, Nicheng Shi and Wei Liu (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(1), 20-27; Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
        • Suxian District
          • Dongpo ore field
    Youxun Liu, Yushen Qiao, and Yaxin Liu (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 49-52
      • Yongzhou Prefecture
        • Jiangyong Co.
          • Tongshanling ore field
    Hui Yi and Suyun Xu (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(4), 20-24
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
        • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
    Dequan Zhang (1993): Mineral Deposits 12(1), 10-19; Guanghai Liu and Daming Bai (1994): Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration 18(2), 121-130
        • Linxi Co.
    Yuhua Xie and Jiayin Zhang (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(8), 24-29
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Shangrao Prefecture
        • Dexing Co.
          • Yinshan ore field
    Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
    • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Dandong Prefecture
        • Fengcheng Co.
          • Qingchengzi ore field
    Wentao Sun, Jiguo Sun, Hongyun Sun, and Changjun Xie (2008): Geology and Prospecting 44(4), 24-30
    • Yunnan Province
      • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
        • Mengzi Co.
    Xinpei Jiang (1994): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 13(5), 278-284
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
    No reference listed
        • Příbram
          • Háje
            • Uranium Mine No. 21 (Shaft No. 21)
    Škácha, P., Sejkora, J., Knížek, F., Slepička, V., Litochleb, J., Jebava, I. (2012) Výskyty unikátního monometalického stříbrného zrudnění na žíle H14F3 mezi 7. a 9. patrem šachty č. 21 Háje, příbramský uran-polymetalický revír (Česká republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 20, 2, 230-254. ISSN 1211-0329.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Olomouc Region
    Petr Paulis (2001): Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mahren und Schlesien; Kuttna, Kutná Hora p69-73
    Ecuador
     
    • Azuay Province
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:210-227
    Finland
     
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Sotkamo
    Kopperoinen, Timo & Tuokko, Ilkka 1988. The Ala-Luoma and Taivaljärvi Zn-Pb-Ag-Au deposits, eastern Finland. in. Archean Geology of the Fennoscandian shield. Proceedings of a Finnish-Soviet Symposion in Finland July 28- August 7,1986. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 4, 131-144
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Bas-Rhin
        • Villé Valley
    Wittern, Journée (1997): "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), pp. 36-37.
    • Auvergne
      • Cantal
        • Aurillac
          • Labrousse
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
        • Massiac
          • Laurie
            • Anliac
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
          • Molèdes
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
        • Mauriac
          • Meallet
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
      • Haute-Loire
        • Mercoeur
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
        • Paulhaguet
          • Mazerat-Aurouze
            • Aurouze
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • Pinols
          • Desges
      • Puy-de-Dôme
        • Anzat-le-Luguet
    J.J. Périchaud : "Les Gisements Métalliques du District à Antimoine de Brioude-Massiac (Massif Central Français)", BRGM, 1968
    • Brittany
      • Finistère
        • Châteauneuf-du-Faou
    http://www.micromineral.org/collec_ENSMP/ensmp-oct2003/Rech_france_oct2003.pdf
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Lozère
        • Pont-de-Montvert
          • Vialas
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Limousin
      • Corrèze
        • Ussel
    [MinRec 1982, 5, p.261-268]
    • Lorraine
      • Vosges
        • St Dié
          • Lusse
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
        • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
    Inventaire Mineralogique de la France numero 7. Aveyron pages 190 - 191
      • Tarn
        • Réalmont
          • Montredon-Labessonnié
    Bernadi G. (2004), Quelques nouvelles de Peyrebrune (Tarn), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°86, pp 13-18
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Hautes-Alpes
        • L'Argentiere-la-Bessée
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
        • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
        • La Grave
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
    Germany
     
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Stolberg
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
    Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.89-97. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Freiberg District
          • Brand-Erbisdorf
    R. De l`Isle (1773): Cristallographie, ou Description des formes propres à tous les corps du Regne mineral.- Paris, Vol. 3, p. 54; J.C. Freiesleben (1817) Geognostische Arbeiten 6, 97-101
          • Bräunsdorf
    J.C. Freiesleben (1817) Geognostische Arbeiten 6, 97-101
          • Kleinvoigtsberg
    J.C. Freiesleben (1817) Geognostische Arbeiten 6, 97-101
          • Zug
    Baumann, L., Hofmann, F. & Weber, W. (1997): Glückauf Freiberg. Bergbau, Erze, Mineralien. Bode Verlag Haltern, 168 p.; Sejkora, J., Litochleb, J., Velebil, D. & Plášil, J. (2009): Owyheeit z rudního revíru Freiberg (SRN) a jeho doprovodné minerály. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 17 (2), 91-99 (in Czech with English abstract).
        • Marienberg District
          • Lauta
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Indonesia
     
    • Sulawesi Island (Celebes Island)
      • Sulawesi Selatan Province (South Sulawesi Province)
        • Gowa
    Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
    Italy
     
    • Lombardy
      • Bergamo Province
        • Brembana Valley
          • Dossena
    Appiani, R., Bogni, G., Gentile, P., Vignola, P., Gruppo Orobico Minerali (1994): Le miniere di zinco della Val Brembana (BG) 2° parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1994, 33-46.
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Canavese District
          • Orco Valley
            • Noasca
    Maletto, G., Moroni, M. (2011). L'antica miniera di Cuccagna. Parco del Gran Paradiso, Noasca, Torino. Micro 1/2011, 22-38
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Kamikawa Province
        • Shimokawa
    Matsubara, S. and Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
    • Honshu Island
      • Tohoku Region
        • Akita Prefecture
          • Yuzawa
            • Ogachi
    Kato, A. (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 19. (Kinichi Sakurai collection)
    • Kyushu Region
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Suzuyama District
    Matsukuma, T. (1962) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, 2, #2, 20-59.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Dzhezkazgan (Zhezqazghan)
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Mun. de Batopilas
        • Andres del Rio District
    Wilson, W. and Panczner, C., 1986, Batopilas, Mineralogical Record, v 17: 61-80.
      • Mun. de Uruáchic
        • Uruáchic
    Panczner(1987):199.
    • Durango
      • Mun. de Guanaceví
        • Guanaceví
    Panczner (1987): 199.
      • Mun. de Tepeguanes
        • San Ignacio de la Sierra (San Ignacio)
    Panczner(1987):199.
    Panczner (1987): 199.
    • Guerrero
      • Mun. de Chilpancingo
        • Chilpancingo de los Bravos (Chilpancingo)
          • Carrizal
    Panczner(1987):199.
    • Mexico
      • Mun. de Temascaltepec
        • Temascaltepec de González (Temascaltepec)
    Camprubi, A., Canals, A., Cardellach, E., Prol-Ledesma, R.M., Rivera, R., 2001, The La Guitarra Ag-Au low-sulfidation epithermal deposit, Temascaltepec district, Mexico: vein structure, mineralogy, and sulfide-sulfosalt chemistry. Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication, v. 8, p. 133-158.
    Panczner (1987): 199.
      • Mun. de Tlatlaya
        • Tlatlaya
    Panczner(1987):199.
    Peru
     
    • Huancavelica Department
      • Angaraes Province
        • Julcani District
    Bob Rothernberg specimen
    • Lima Department
      • Oyon Province
    E. Oudin et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1982, 105, pp. 166-169.; Oudin E, Picot P, Pillard F, Moëlo Y, Burke E A J, Zakrzewski M A (1982) La bénavidésite, Pb4(Mn,Fe)Sb6S14, un nouveau minéral de la série de la jamesonite, Bulletin de Minéralogie 105, 166-169
    Portugal
     
    • Aveiro District
      • Castelo de Paiva
        • Raiva
    Pedro Alves collection
    Romania
     
    • Maramureș Co.
      • Baia Mare (Nagybánya)
        • Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya)
    Huber, P. & Muresan,I. (1996): Die Erzlagerstätte Herja - Eisen-, Blei- und Antimonminerale aus der Erzlagerstätte Herja (Herzsabánya). Lapis, 21 (7), 27ff. (in German)
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Mineralogical Record 7:139-140
      • Baia Sprie (Felsöbánya)
    1-Rădulescu Dan, Dimitrescu Radu, 1966, Mineralogia Topografică a României, Ed. Academiei RSR, 1966, p.322-323.
    Marias Francisc, 2005, Metallogeny of the Baia Mare Mining District-an approach based of the Cavnic hydrothermal system-comparison with other epithermal systems in the World. Ed. Cornelius, 2005, p. 376-377.
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Žarnovica Co.
    Koděra, M., a kol.: Topografická mineralogie Slovenska. Sv. 1 A-Kl, Bratislava, Veda 1986, s. 448-472.
    Onačila F., Rojkovičová Ľ., Jeleň S., Hojstričová V., Štohl J., Lexa J., Žáková E. (1995) Komplexná geologická dokumentácia revíru Banská Štiavnica-Hodruša. Manuscript, Slovak Geological Survey (in Slovak).
    • Košice Region
      • Trebišov Co.
    Koděra, P., Rojkovičová, Ľ.,Košárková, M., 1998: Mineralógická správa lokality Byšta, Au-Ag. Manuscript, Archiv Geofond, Bratislava, 68 p
    • Prešov Region
      • Prešov Co.
    Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
    Spain
     
    • Castile-La Mancha
      • Guadalajara
    No reference listed
    Min.Rec.: 21:103.
    Col. Agustin Agudo Espinosa.
    Jordi Fabre
    Calvo, M. and Sevillano, E. (1995). Famous mineral localities: Hiendelaencina Guadalajara Prov. Spain. Mineralogical Record. 23: 241-249.
    Sweden
     
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
    Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
    • Västmanland
      • Sala
    Öhman, L. (2003): Sala Silvergruva. Litiofilen. 20 (1): 11-19
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Ayer
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
        • Grimentz
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Yuma Co.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 226; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 29; Lapis: 16(10): 8 (1991).
    • Colorado
      • Eagle Co.
        • Gilman District (Battle Mountain District; Red Cliff District)
          • Gilman
    "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", pp. 13-14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
      • Gunnison Co.
        • Elk Mountain District
    Handbook of Mineralogy
      • San Juan Co.
        • Eureka District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Nevada
      • Lander Co.
        • Lewis District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Nye Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • White Pine Co.
        • Ward District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
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