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Pumpellyite-(Mg)

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Formula:
Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Green, blue, blackish ...
Hardness:
Name:
Named in 1925 by Charles Palache and Helen E. Vassar in honor of US geologist, Raphael Pumpelly [September 8, 1837 Owego, New York, USA – August 10, 1923 Newport, Rhode Island, USA]. The chemical suffix was added in 1973 by the IMA. Pumpelly was an active mining consultant and was professor of Mining Science at Harvard University. He was appointed director of the New England branch of the U. S. Geological Survey in 1884.

Classification of Pumpellyite-(Mg)

Approved
9.BG.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
G : Sorosilicates with mixed SiO4 and Si2O7 groups; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
58.2.2.7

58 : SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
2 : Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
16.11.7

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
11 : Aluminosilicates of Ca and Mg with or without alkalis
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First Recorded Occurrence of Pumpellyite-(Mg)

Physical Properties of Pumpellyite-(Mg)

Vitreous
Colour:
Green, blue, blackish green, brown
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Pumpellyite-(Mg)

Crystal System:
Monoclinic

Optical Data of Pumpellyite-(Mg)

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.674 - 1.748 nβ = 1.675 - 1.754 nγ = 1.688 - 1.764
2V:
Measured: 70° to 90°, Calculated: 32° to 76°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.014 - 0.016
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of Pumpellyite-(Mg)

Formula:
Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Pumpellyite-(Mg) to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Julgoldite-(Fe2+) (see here)
Forms a series with Pumpellyite-(Fe2+) (see here)
Other Members of Group:
Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Julgoldite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Julgoldite-(Mg)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Al)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
OkhotskiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(Mn3+,Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
PoppiiteCa2(V3+,Fe3+,Mg)(V3+,Al)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Pumpellyite-(Al)Ca2(Al,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
ShuiskiteCa2(Mg,Al)(Cr,Al)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05bAllanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05aClinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05bDissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
9.BG.05aEpidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Epidote-(Pb){CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
9.BG.05Mukhinite{Ca2}{Al2V3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05bManganiandrosite-(La){Mn2+La}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Tawmawite{Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Manganipiemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05bFerriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Clinozoisite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Manganiandrosite-(Ce){(Mn2+,Ca)(Ce,REE)}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Dissakisite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Vanadoandrosite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{V3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05Epidote-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Nd){CaNd}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05bFerriallanite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.05bÅskagenite-(Nd){Mn2+Nd}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O2
9.BG.10Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
9.BG.15MacfalliteCa2(Mn3+,Al)3(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)3
9.BG.15SursassiteMn22+Al3(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)3
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BG.20OkhotskiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(Mn3+,Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BG.20ShuiskiteCa2(Mg,Al)(Cr,Al)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Al)Ca2(Al,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
9.BG.20PoppiiteCa2(V3+,Fe3+,Mg)(V3+,Al)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Mg)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Al)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BG.25GanomalitePb9Ca5Mn(Si2O7)4(SiO4)O
9.BG.30RustumiteCa10(Si2O7)2(SiO4)(OH)2Cl2
9.BG.35Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
9.BG.35WiluiteCa19(Al,Mg)13(B,☐,Al)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(O,OH)10
9.BG.35ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
9.BG.35FluorvesuvianiteCa19(Al,Mg,Fe2+)13(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(F,OH)9
9.BG.40Vyuntspakhkite-(Y)(Y,Yb)4Al2.5-1.5(Si,Al)1.5-2.5(SiO4)4O(OH)7
9.BG.45DellaiteCa6(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2
9.BG.50Gatelite-(Ce)CaCe3Al2(Al,Mg)(Mg,Fe2+,Al)(Si2O7)(SiO4)3(O,F)(OH,O)2
9.BG.55Västmanlandite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)3Al2Mg2(Si2O7)(SiO4)3(OH)2F
16.11.1MadisoniteCa2Mg2Al2Si3O13 or near
16.11.3Alumino-magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
16.11.4Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
16.11.5ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
16.11.6JuaniteCa10Mg4Al2Si11O39 · 4H2O or near
16.11.8TacharaniteCa12Al2Si18O51 · 18H2O
16.11.9Aluminobarroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
16.11.10Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
16.11.12Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
16.11.13Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
16.11.14Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
16.11.15Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
16.11.15Magnesiosadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
16.11.16Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2

Other Names for Pumpellyite-(Mg)

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:镁绿纤石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Pumpellyite-(Mg)

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1925): 10: 412-418.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 176-177.

American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 1250.

American Mineralogist (1985): 70: 1011.

American Mineralogist (1992): 77: 1307-1308.

Internet Links for Pumpellyite-(Mg)

Localities for Pumpellyite-(Mg)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Whyalla
Peter Elliott- personal comment
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Giglach valley
          • Giglach lakes
Taucher, J. (1999): Fe-reicher Pumpellyit-(Mg) mit Würfelquarz vom Engelkarspitze Nordhang, südöstlich Unterer Giglachsee, Schladminger Tauern, Steiermark, Österreich. Annalen - Journal of Science and Art, 1, 5-6.
    • Weiz
      • Anger
        • Rabenwald
Taucher (1997)
  • Vienna
    • 22nd district (Donaustadt)
Natural History Museum Vienna collection; Andreas Ertl collection
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
        • Hemlo gold deposit
Can. Min. 30, 153
  • Québec
    • Estrie
      • Les Sources RCM
        • Asbestos
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. and SPERTINI, F. (2013) The Jeffrey mine, Asbestos, Québec, Canada: A mineralogical review. Mineralogical Record, 44, 375-417.
    • Laurentides
      • Argenteuil RCM
        • Grenville-sur-la-Rouge
Horváth collection XRD & EDS
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Xilin Gol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)
      • Erenhot Co. (Erlianhaote Co.)
Chuanshi Xu and Jianzhen Zhang (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(1), 88-91
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Aletai Co. (Altay Co.)
Rui Wang and Yongfeng Zhu (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(2), 229-242
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Krkonoše Mtn (Riesengebirge)
Šrein, V., Litochleb, J., Šreinová, B.: Vybrané skarnové a sblížené metamorfogenní mineralizace Českého masívu. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 132-146.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Badenweiler
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Freiburg im Breisgau
        • Kirchzarten
          • Buchenbach
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Haslach
        • Urenkopf
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Kandern
Brill, A. R. (2011): Die Malsburger Granitsteinbrüche bei Kandern im südwestlichen Schwarzwald. Lapis 36 (7-8), 43-51; 70.
          • Lütschenbach
            • Lütschenbach quarries
Lapis 21(12), 45 (1996)
      • Schapbach
        • Wildschapbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Röhrnbach
Habel, M. (2009): Der Granodioritbruch der Fa. Josef Uhrmann OHG, Steinerleinbach bei Röhrnbach. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 66-86.
      • Tittling
        • Hötzendorf
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Palatinate
      • Otterberg
        • Niederkirchen
Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004, Minerals and their Localities, pg #487
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
[MinRec 32:360]
    • La Spezia Province
      • Levanto
Bracco R., Castellaro F., Kolitsch U., 2005. Levyna-Ca e altre zeoliti da Costa Sopramare, Levanto (La Spezia, Liguria). Micro, (notizie mineralogiche), 2005 (2): 55-64.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Omegna
- Albertini,C. (2000) : Ritrovamenti nel Rio Inferno, Brughiere di Omegna. Prima segnalazione nel granito di Baveno : uranofane-beta - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, XXIV, 2, 88-92. - Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Ossola Valley
        • Vigezzo Valley
          • Druogno
            • Orcesco
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
          • Trontano
ppiani, R., Cini, V., Gentile, P., Mattioli, V., Preite, D., Vignola, P. (1995): Val Vigezzo - I minerali delle albititi. Ed.Linea due s.r.l.(Marnate-Va), 90 pag.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Sarentine Alps (Sarntal Alps)
        • Fortezza (Franzensfeste)
          • Grasstein
Folie K.Rocchetti I.(2004) Mineralien Welt nr.4 :50-64.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
        • Hadano City
Kato & Kishima (1996) Kanagawa Shizenshi Shiryo, 17, 95-107.
Mexico
 
  • Nuevo Leon
    • Mun. de Sabinas Hidalgo
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:130-131
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Brandberg Area
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 683 (in English).
  • Kunene Region
    • Khorixas District
      • Grootberg Mts
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 683 (in English).
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Kragerø
      • Valberg
Nordrum, F.S. Larsen, A.O. & Austrheim, H. (2000): Ni,Co-mineralizations in the Valberg quarry, Kragerø, South Norway: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 17: 64-70
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Permskaya Oblast'
        • Gornozavodskii area
          • Saranovskaya Village (Sarany)
Ivanov, O. K. (1975): Pumpellyite from the Saranovsk chromite deposit at the Urals. Trudy Sverdlovskogo Gornogo Instituta im. V. V. Vakhrusheva 106, 146-148 (in Russian); Nagashima, M., Armbruster, T. & Libowitzky, E. (2010): The hydrogen-bond system in pumpellyite. Eur. J. Mineral. 22, 333-342.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Bratislava Region
    • Pezinok Co.
      • Pezinok
- Uher P., Kováčik M., Kubiš M., Shtukenberg A., Ozdín D., 2008: Metamorphic vanadian-chromian silicate mineralization in carbon-rich amphibole schists from the Malé Karpaty Mountains, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. American Mineralogist, 93, 1, 63-73.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Leuk
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 310.
    • Sierre
      • Salgesch
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 310.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Mount's Bay District
        • Paul
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 49 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • St Austell District
        • St Goran
          • Gorran Haven
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 49 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
USA
 
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Coalinga area
Tsujimori, Tatsuki, Liou, Juhn G., and Coleman, Robert G., 2007, Finding of High-Grade Tectonic Blocks from the New Idria Serpentinite Body, Diablo Range, California: Petrologic Constraints on the Tectonic Evolution of a Tectonic Diapir, Geolgical Society of America Special Paperr 419, p. 67-80.
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Cloverdale area
Tony Nikischer
      • Coastal Range
        • Laytonville
Chesterman, C.W. (1966b), Mineralogy of the Laytonville quarry, Mendocino County, California, in: Geology of Northern California: California Division Mines & Geol. Bulletin 190: 503; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 492.
  • Connecticut
    • New Haven Co.
      • Southbury
Garabedian, James A. (1998), Secondary Mineralization of Half-Moon Vesicles in the Mesozoic Basalt of the O&G#2 Quarry, Woodbury, Connecticut. University of Connecticut Master of Science Thesis; www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com/jhbnyc/mineralmuseum
  • Maine
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.
    • Washington Co.
      • Pembroke
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v1
      • Perry
ef.: Dana 7:I:320; Rocks & Min.: 62:403-404. King & Foord, 1994: Mineralogy of Maine, V 1, p. 281
  • Michigan
    • Houghton Co.
      • Atlantic Mine
No reference listed
      • Hancock
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Laurium
www.sauktown sales.com
      • Osceola
www.sauktown sales.com
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Ripley
[var: Chlorastrolite] USGS PP144
      • Twin Lakes
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Winona
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Central
[var: Chlorastrolite] Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
[var: Chlorastrolite] Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
[var: Chlorastrolite] Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
[var: Chlorastrolite] Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
USGS PP144
www.sauktown sales.com
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Copper Harbor
        • Mosquito District
[var: Chlorastrolite] Personally collected by Paul Brandes in 2013
      • Delaware
[var: Chlorastrolite] Bornhorst & Rose (1994) Self-guided geological field trip to the Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan. Institute Lake Superior Geology proceedings vol 40 part 2
      • Lake Superior
[var: Chlorastrolite] USGS Bull 1309
[var: Chlorastrolite] Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
[var: Chlorastrolite] Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
[var: Chlorastrolite] Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
[var: Chlorastrolite] Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Mandan
[var: Chlorastrolite] Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Mohawk
www.sauktown sales.com
www.sauktown sales.com
      • Ojibway
www.rogers minerals.com
      • Phoenix
(in part): Rocks & Min.:56:248.
[var: Chlorastrolite]
[var: Chlorastrolite] self collected at site, and verified through red metal minerals
Personal observation- Jim Daly
[var: Chlorastrolite] Yalmer Primeau collection
    • Ontonagon Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Greenland Township
        • Greenland
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Winona
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Mass City
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
www.sauktown sales. com
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
www.sauktown sales. com
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Norwich
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Rockland
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Victoria
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • New Jersey
    • Passaic Co.
      • Paterson
No reference listed
No reference listed
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Dunn, P.J.: Min.Rec.:10:160-165 (1979); Dunn(1995):Pt3:419.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lebanon Co.
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Mins. New to the Pa List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Soc. of PA, Inc.: 67-68; Zen, E-an (1970), "Pumpellyite from Bunker Hill, SE Pa,: US Geol. Sur Research, Prof. Paper 700A: A127; Lapham, D. M., and Barnes, J. H. (1971), "Unusual Mins Found in Pa," PA Geol, Vol. 2(6):2-3; Grant, R. W. (Jul, 1974), "PA Mins" (PM), PM(139), Keystone Newsletter.
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