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Abbeytown Mine & Quarry, Ballysadare, Co. Sligo, Irelandi
Regional Level Types
Abbeytown Mine & QuarryQuarry
Ballysadare- not defined -
Co. Sligo- not defined -
IrelandCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 12' 52'' North , 8° 31' 30'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.21444,-8.52500
GeoHash:G#: gc9uqj2q1
Locality type:Quarry
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


A large quarry now occupies the site of the mine. It used to intersect old underground workings and sulphide mineralization. There were sometimes large vugs up to a metre across but more commonly smaller less interesting calcite and dolomite lined vugs. Quarrying has now moved away from the mineralized area into unaltered limestone so good specimens are now scarce. In the 1990s a vertical pipe-like breccia filled structure was exposed. This seemed not to be related to the base metal mineralization but may have been a collapsed cavern. It yielded many fine calcites from the unstable, muddy material.

Regions containing this locality

Ireland (island)

Island - 488 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: Tiny, yellow crystals, only a few specimens known.
Reference: Dr Stephen Moreton
'Bitumen'
Description: Occasional, hard, shiny black blobs with calcite and sulphides.
Reference: Dr Stephen Moreton
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Probably Ireland's premier calcite location. Varied habits, crystals up to 18 cm, often pale yellowish.
Reference: Dr Stephen Moreton
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: Small crystals on calcite.
Reference: Dr Stephen Moreton
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Description: Fine saddle shaped crystals on calcite.
Reference: Dr Stephen Moreton
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Colour: Metallic Grey
Description: Millimetre sized crystals on needle quartz/dolomite. Only known from a single spot in the quarry.
Reference: Moreton, S., Lawson, J. & Lawson, R. (2009) Abbeytown Mine and Quarry, Ballysadare, Co. Sligo. U.K. Journal of Mines & Minerals, No. 30, p.34-42.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: Cubic
Description: Found sparingly in the 1980s. Seems to be absent now.
Reference: Stephen Moreton (Pers. Com.).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Habit: Usually octahedral, sometimes more complex habits.
Reference: Dr Stephen Moreton
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Cornwall
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Cornwall
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Description: Abundant in some of the old workings. Is entirely post-mining in origin.
Reference: Dr Stephen Moreton
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Cornwall
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Dr Richard Unitt personal collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Is a significant contaminant of the quarry produce. The quarrymen try to avoid it. Good crystals are scarce.
Reference: Dr Stephen Moreton
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: "Herkimer diamond" double terminated crystals up to 9 cm, often with bubbles inside. Rare, but can be of excellent quality.
Reference: Stephen Moreton
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Description: Grey, banded, very scarce.
Reference: Dr Stephen Moreton
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Description: Mostly massive, dark brown. Local remobilization has produced small crystals of ruby and honey blende varieties.
Reference: Dr Stephen Moreton
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Moreton, S., Lawson, J. & Lawson, R. (2009) Abbeytown Mine and Quarry, Ballysadare, Co. Sligo. U.K. Journal of Mines & Minerals, No. 30, p.34-42.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Moreton, S., Lawson, J. & Lawson, R. (2009) Abbeytown Mine and Quarry, Ballysadare, Co. Sligo. U.K. Journal of Mines & Minerals, No. 30, p.34-42.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bitumen'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bitumen'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic - Precambrian
251.902 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3188760
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Eoarchean to Triassic (251.902 - 4000 Ma)

Comments: Dalradian

Lithology: Metasedimentary schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3158014
Dinantian

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{claystone,sandstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Moreton, S., Lawson, J. & Lawson, R. (2009) Abbeytown Mine and Quarry, Ballysadare, Co. Sligo. U.K. Journal of Mines & Minerals, No. 30, p.34-42.


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