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Kåbuland 01 Feldspar Quarry (Amerika), Kåbuland, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Kåbuland 01 Feldspar Quarry (Amerika)Quarry
Kåbuland- not defined -
IvelandMunicipality
Aust-AgderCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):Amerikagruva
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 58° 32' 39'' North , 7° 54' 32'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 58.54441,7.90893
GeoHash:G#: u4mt5cxjg
Locality type:Quarry
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Byglandsfjord332 (2014)14.6km
Birkeland2,254 (2010)30.3km
Vennesla10,931 (2014)30.9km
Tveit1,397 (2010)36.7km
Justvik1,630 (2014)39.3km


A large quarry in a large pegmatite dike especially rich in aeschynite-(Y). Bjørlykke (1934) reports masses weighing up to 500kgs (!).

Crystals of Allanite-(Ce) up to about 100 kg has been reported from this pegmatite (Pedersen, 2007).

There has been confusion about which quarry to call the Amerika quarry. Read here about this problem.

Bjørlykke locality no. 99.


Coordinates © Kartverket - https://www.kartverket.no

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
ScandinaviaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


12 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Description: Described as blomstrandine
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.(1930): Blomstrandin von Kåbuland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 11: 232-239 (p. 236); Hongslo, T. & Langmyhr, F. J. (1960): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway no. 6. On the chemical composition of blomstrandine and euxenite. Norsk geologisk Tidsskrift 40, 157-164
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pedersen, R (ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. 382 p. [with a chapter on the minerals: "Minerala i Iveland", 332-370]
'Biotite'
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Euxenite-(Y) ?
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Description: Listed by Bjørlykke (1934) as "euxenite group" mineral
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Collection of the Iveland Municipality # IKM_615
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Stensrud, S. (2009): De opptredende mineraler på granittpegmatittganger i Iveland og Evje. Unpublished paper based on 4 previous papers written together with Johan Løchen.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Collection of the Iveland Municipality # IKM_615
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. (2005): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2004-2005. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 30: 117-124
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Euxenite-(Y) ?4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Euxenite-(Y) ?8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Thortveitite55.2.1a.4Sc2Si2O7
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
OOxygen
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
AlAluminium
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
SiSilicon
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ScScandium
Sc ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
TiTitanium
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
FeIron
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
YYttrium
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Proterozoic
541 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3186372
Proterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (541 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Granitoid gneiss; orthogneiss/paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoproterozoic - Paleoproterozoic
1000 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3133829
Proterozoic I gabbro

Age: Proterozoic (1000 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{gabbro}, Minor{diorite,plutonic ultramafic group,meta-gabbro}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bjørlykke, H.(1930): Blomstrandin von Kåbuland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 11: 232-239
Bjørlykke, H.(1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Hongslo, T. & Langmyhr, F. J. (1960): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway no. 6. On the chemical composition of blomstrandine and euxenite. Norsk geologisk Tidsskrift 40, 157-164 [Analysis of Aeschynite-(Y) from Kåbuland 1]
Nordrum, F.S. (2005): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2004-2005. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 30: 117-124
Pedersen, R. (ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd, p 334

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