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This page kindly sponsored by John McLoughlin
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About StichtiteHide

Robert Carl Sticht
Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Rose-pink to purple
Waxy, Greasy, Pearly
1½ - 2
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named after Robert Carl Sticht (Oct. 8, 1856 Hoboken, Hudson County, New Jersey, USA - Apr. 30, 1922 Launceston, Tasmania, Australia), formerly General Manager of the Mount Lyell Mining and Railway Company, Queenstown (Tasmania).
Hydrotalcite Group.

See also the related, visually similar woodallite. It has a polymorph Stichtite-2H (previously known as barbertonite).

Visit for gemological information about Stichtite.

Classification of StichtiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
A : With medium-sized cations

6 : AmBn(XO3)pZqxH2O & with (m+n):p = 8:1

11 : Carbonates
11 : Carbonates of Cr and U

Physical Properties of StichtiteHide

Waxy, Greasy, Pearly
Rose-pink to purple
White to light lilac
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale
2.16 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.11 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of StichtiteHide

Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.516 nε = 1.542
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.026
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
O = dark rose-pink to lilac
E = light rose-pink to lilac

Chemical Properties of StichtiteHide

Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
Mg6Cr2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of StichtiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):
Mg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O 
Hexagonal Trigonal 
6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
P63/mmc R3m
a = 6.09689(6) Å, c = 15.6193(8) Å
a = 3.09573(3) Å, c = 23.5069(6) Å
a:c = 1 : 2.562a:c = 1 : 7.593
V 502.82 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
V 195.099 ų

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of StichtiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National School of Mines, Paris, France
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of StichtiteHide

Other Language Names for StichtiteHide


Varieties of StichtiteHide

Bouazzerite (of Cailleres)A local mining term used to describe a ferroan Stichtite.

Relationship of Stichtite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
DesautelsiteMg6Mn3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m)
DroninoiteNi6Fe2+3(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Hydrotalcite-3RMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
IowaiteMg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
MeixneriteMg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
PyroauriteMg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
ReevesiteNi6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OTrig.
TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig.
WoodalliteMg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Serpentine Subgroup14 photos of Stichtite associated with Serpentine Subgroup on
Chromite6 photos of Stichtite associated with Chromite on
Lizardite6 photos of Stichtite associated with Lizardite on
Calcite4 photos of Stichtite associated with Calcite on
Magnesiochromite3 photos of Stichtite associated with Magnesiochromite on
Pyroaurite2 photos of Stichtite associated with Pyroaurite on
Magnetite2 photos of Stichtite associated with Magnetite on
Stichtite-2H2 photos of Stichtite associated with Stichtite-2H on
Atlantisite2 photos of Stichtite associated with Atlantisite on
Chrysotile2 photos of Stichtite associated with Chrysotile on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.DA.AlexkhomyakoviteK6(Ca2Na)(CO3)5Cl·6H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
5.DA.05DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
5.DA.05GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
5.DA.05HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
5.DA.05WidgiemoolthaliteNi5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
5.DA.05UM1986-10-CO:ClHMgMnZn (also called Mineral F, Dunn, 1995)Mg5(Zn,Mn)3(CO3)2(OH,Cl)12 · H2O
5.DA.05UM1987-01-CO:HMgSMg4(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O ?Mon.
5.DA.10ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
5.DA.10IndigiriteMg2Al2(CO3)4(OH)2 · 15H2O
5.DA.10ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2OTrig. 3m : R3c
5.DA.15OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
5.DA.15ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?Iso.
5.DA.20KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2OHex.
5.DA.25CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon.
5.DA.35HydroscarbroiteAl14(CO3)3(OH)36 · nH2OTric.
5.DA.35ScarbroiteAl5(CO3)(OH)13 · 5H2OHex.
5.DA.40CaresiteFe2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OTrig.
5.DA.40QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12(CO3) · 3H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P63 2 2
5.DA.40CharmariteMn2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
5.DA.45Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2OHex.
5.DA.45ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
5.DA.45Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OHex.
5.DA.50ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OTrig.
5.DA.50DesautelsiteMg6Mn3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m)
5.DA.50HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50PyroauriteMg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50ReevesiteNi6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OTrig.
5.DA.50TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig.
5.DA.50UM1998-10-CO:CoHNiCo6Fe2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O ?
5.DA.55CoalingiteMg10Fe3+2(OH)24[CO3] · 2H2OTrig.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

16b.6.2.1HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
16b.6.2.3PyroauriteMg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
16b.6.2.4DesautelsiteMg6Mn3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.11.2Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3Orth. mm2 : Imm2
11.11.3Joliotite(UO2)CO3 · nH2OOrth.
11.11.4GrimseliteK3Na(UO2)(CO3)3 · H2OHex.
11.11.5BayleyiteMg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2OMon.
11.11.6MetazelleriteCa(UO2)(CO3)2 · 3H2OOrth.
11.11.7ZelleriteCa(UO2)(CO3)2 · 5H2OOrth.
11.11.8WyartiteCaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2OOrth.
11.11.9UrancalcariteCa(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth.
11.11.10SharpiteCa(UO2)3(CO3)4 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
11.11.11VogliteCa2Cu(UO2)(CO3)4 · 6H2OMon.
11.11.12AndersoniteNa2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
11.11.13SwartziteMgCa(UO2)(CO3)3 · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
11.11.14RabbittiteCa3Mg3(UO2)2(CO3)6(OH)4 · 18H2OMon.
11.11.15Kamotoite-(Y)Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2OMon. 2/m
11.11.16Shabaite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.11.17Astrocyanite-(Ce)Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2OHex.
11.11.18Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2OMon.
11.11.20ZnucaliteZn12Ca(UO2)(CO3)3(OH)22 · 4H2OOrth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Stichtite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for StichtiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Petterd W F (1910) Stichtite (carbonatohydrate of magnesium, chrome and iron). in Catalog of the Minerals of Tasmania 3rd Edition, J. Vail Hobart 167-169.
Poitevin and Graham (1918) Geological Survey of Canada, Museum Bulletin: 27: 29.
Foshag (1920) Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum: 58: 145-153.
Read, H., and Dixon, B.E. (1933): On stichtite from Cunningsburgh, Shetland Islands. Mineralogical Magazine 23, 309-316.
Frondel, C. (1941) American Mineralogist: 26: 295.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 655-656.
Bookin, A. S., Cherkashin, V. I., Drits, V. A. (1993) Polytype diversity of the hydrotalcite-like minerals II. determination of the polytypes of experimentally studied varieties. Clays and Clay Minerals: 41(5): 558-564.
Tatarinov, A.V., Sapozhnikov, A.N., Prokudin, S.G., and Frolova, L.P. (1985): Stichtite in serpentinites of the Terektinsky Ridge (Altay). Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 114, 575-581.
Ashwal, L.D., and Cairncross, B. (1997): Mineralogy and origin of stichtite in chromite-bearing serpentinites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 75-86.
Mills, S. J., Whitfield, P. S., Wilson, S. A., Woodhouse, J. A., Dipple, G. M., Raudsepp, M. & Francis, C. A. (2011) The crystal structure of stitchtite, re-examination of barbertonite and the nature of polytypism in MgCr hydrotalcites. American Mineralogist, 96, 179–187.
Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Genin, J.-M.R., Kameda, T., Colombo, F. (2012): Nomenclature of the hydrotalcite supergroup: natural layered double hydroxides. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1289-1336.
Theiss, F.L., Ayoko, G.A., Frost, R.L. (2013): Stichtite: a review. Clay Minerals, 48, 143-148.
Erik B. Melchiorre, Ralph Bottrill, Gary R. Huss, Amanda Lopez (2017): Conditions of stichtite (Mg6Cr2(OH)16[CO3]·4H2O) formation and its geochemical and isotope record of early phanerozoic serpentinizing environments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 197, 43-61.

Internet Links for StichtiteHide

Localities for StichtiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Macquarie Harbour
        • Birches Inlet
Australian Journal of Mineralogy (2006) 12: 101-107
      • Zeehan District
        • Dundas mineral field
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 39
Australian Journal of Mineralogy (2006) 12: 93-99
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania; BOTTRILL, R. S., and BAKER, W. E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 254 pages.
Australian Journal of Mineralogy (2006) 12: 101-107; BOTTRILL, R. S., and BAKER, W. E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 254 pages.
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
        • North Dundas
[Stichtite-2H] R Bottrill, unpublished data
          • Serpentine Hill
Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
  • Western Australia
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Lake Way Station
Disseminated and Massive Nickel Sulphide Deposits,Honeymoon Well Complex, Western Australia; M Gole and M Woodhouse, Journal of the Virtual Explorer; ISSN 1441-8142 Vol 1 paper 2, 2000
Gole, M., Woodhouse, M.(2000), Disseminated and Massive Nickel Sulphide Deposits Honeymoon Well Complex Western Australia, (ed) Gordon Lister, Geological Research for the Exploration Industry, Journal of the Virtual Explorer, electronic edition, ISSN 1441-8142, Vol 1, Paper 2, 2000
Grguric, B.A., Seat, Z., Karpuzov, A.A., Simonov, O.N. (2013) The West Jordan deposit, a newly-discovered Type 2 dunite-hosted nickel sulphide system in the northern Agnew-Wiluna Belt, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, Vol. 51, pg. 79-92
Wilson, S.A., Harrison, A.L., Dipple, G.M., Power, I.M., Barker, S.L.L., Ulrich, M.K., Fallon, S.J., Raudsepp, M., Southam, G. (2014) Offsetting of CO2 emissions by air capture in mine tailings at the Mount Keith Nickel Mine, Western Australia: Rates, controls and prospects for carbon neutral mining. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 25 121-140
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
  • Styria
    • Frohnleiten
      • Kirchdorf
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2010): 1666) Ein vorläufiger Bericht über seltene Ni- und Cr-Mineralien vom Kirchdorftunnel der Brucker Schnellstraße, Steiermark. Pp. 250-252 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
  • Bahia
Boukili, H., Novikoff, A., Besnus, Y., Soubies, F., and Queiroz, C. (1983): Sciences Géologiques 72, 19-28.; F. Zaccarini, G. Garuti and R.F. Martin (2006): Exotic accessory minerals in layered chromitites of the Campo Formoso complex (Brazil). Geologica Acta 4, 461-469. []
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • Timmins area
Mandarino, J.A. (1966): Canadian Mineralogist 8, 668-669.
        • Porcupine mining district
          • Deloro Township
Ann P.Sabina (2000), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 57
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • La Motte
Sabina (2003)126
            • Marbridge No. 1 mine
Mineral Record (1976) 7:4 pp174-178
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Saint-Joseph-de-Coleraine
Dana 7:I:656.
Czech Republic
  • South Moravian Region
    • Blansko District
      • Letovice
[Stichtite-2H] Ulrych, J.: Stichtit z hadcového tělesa od Slatinky u Letovic. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1966, roč. 11, č. 3, s. 311-315.
  • Karnataka
    • Mysore District
Varadarajan, S. (1966): Proc. Indian Sci. Congr., 53rd Session, Chandigarh, Part 3, p. 183.
  • Odisha
    • Keonjhar District
Mondal, S.K., Baidya, TK, 1996. Stichtite, [Mg6Cr2(CO3)(OH)16.4H2O] in Nausahi ultramafites, Orissa, India - its transformation at elevated temperatures. Mineralogical Magazine. 60: 836-840
  • Negev
Vapnik, Y., Sokol, E., Murashko M., Sharygin V. (2006): The enigma of Hatrurim. Mineralogical Almanac, 10, 69-77.
Moskaleva VN, Ivanova VP (1968) The hydrotalcite mineral group in serpentinites (in Russian). Zap Vseso Mineral Ova 97(2):172–184
  • Puebla
1.Proenza, J.; Ortega-Gutierrez, F.; Camprubí, A.; Tritlla, J.; Elias-Herrera, M. and Reyes-Salas, M. (2004) "The Paleozoic serpentinite-enclosed chromitites from Tehuitzingo (Acatlan Complex, SW Mexico): a petrological, mineralogical, and PGE-distribution study". Journal of South American Earth Sciences , 16,. 649-666.
Proenza, J.; Ortega-Gutierrez, F.; Camprubí, A.; Tritlla, J.; Elias-Herrera, M. and Reyes-Salas, M. (2004) "The Paleozoic serpentinite-enclosed chromitites from Tehuitzingo (Acatlan Complex, SW Mexico): a petrological, mineralogical, and PGE-distribution study". Journal of South American Earth Sciences , 16,. 649-666.
  • Drâa-Tafilalet
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Agoudal
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Bou Azzer Mine (Bou Azer Mine; Bouazzar Mine)
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
New Zealand
  • Manawatu-Wanganui Region
    • Tararua District
      • Maharahara
[Stichtite-2H] Railton, G.L¹., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. (¹published as G.L. Railton but his initials should be G.T. not G.L. - Errata sheet inserted in publication).
  • Southland Region
    • Invercargill City
      • Greenhills
D. Coombs in Micro-Scope, August 1992
  • Altai Republic
Tatarinov, A.V., Sapozhnikov, A.N., Prokudin, S., and Frolova, L.P. (1985): Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 114(5), 575-581.
    • Ust-Koksinsky District
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Permskaya Oblast
    • Gornozavodskii area
      • Saranovskaya Village (Sarany)
P.M. Kartashov data
South Africa
  • Limpopo
    • Murchison Range
      • Gravelotte
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
  • Mpumalanga
    • Ehlanzeni District
[Stichtite-2H] Am Min 26 (1941), 295
        • Kaapsche Hoop (Kaapsehoop)
[Stichtite-2H] Rocks & Min.: 21:275.
Ashwal, L.D. and Cairncross (1997). Mineralogy and origin of stichtite in chromite-serpentinites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 127, 75-86. []
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
  • Hhohho District
    • Malolotja Nature Reserve
Ashwal, L.D., and Cairncross, B. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 75-86.
  • Scotland
    • Shetland
      • Mainland
        • Cunningsburgh
[Stichtite-2H] Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 39
  • New York
    • Staten Island (Richmond Co.)
Collected by Steve Okulewicz
  • Midlands
    • Zvishavane District
      • Zvishavane (Shabani; Shabanie; Shavani)
Laubscher, D.H. (1986): Chrysotile asbestos in the Zvishavane (Shabani) and Mashava (Mashaba) areas, Zimbabwe. In: Anhaeusser C.R., and Maske, S. (eds.): Mineral deposits of southern Africa. Geol. Soc. S. Afr., Johannesburg, pp. 377-393.
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