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Avicennite

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Abū ‘Alī al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn Sīnā'
Formula:
Tl2O3
Colour:
Greyish black with brownish black tint
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
1½ - 2½
Specific Gravity:
8.9
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
For the medieval Uzbek (Persian) scholar and physician, Abu 'Ali al-Husayn ibn 'Abd Allah ibn Sina (Avicenna) (980-1037), who lived in Bukhara, Tadzhikistan.
This page provides mineralogical data about Avicennite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of AvicenniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.CB.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
B : With medium-sized cations
4.3.8.1

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
3 : A2X3
7.7.3

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
7 : Oxides of Group III metals other than Al

Physical Properties of AvicenniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Greyish black with brownish black tint
Streak:
Greyish black, black with a brownish tint
Hardness:
1½ - 2½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN25=46 - 80 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Hackly, Conchoidal
Density:
8.9 g/cm3 (Measured)    10.34 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of AvicenniteHide

Type:
Isotropic
Reflectivity:
400 nmR=11.5%
470 nmR=12.5%
500 nmR=13.0%
546 nmR=12.7%
589 nmR=12.3%
650 nmR=10.6%
700 nmR=11.5%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 13.0%.
Colour in reflected light:
Pale grey to medium grey

Chemical Properties of AvicenniteHide

Formula:
Tl2O3
Common Impurities:
Fe

Crystallography of AvicenniteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Space Group:
Ia3
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.5468 Å
Unit Cell V:
1,173.17 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
16
Morphology:
Crystals, less than 1 mm, some showing subhedral octahedral faces; porous grains; coatings on carlinite

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.044 (100)
1.864 (38)
2.637 (37)
1.590 (30)
4.307 (17)
2.068 (7)
2.486 (6)
Comments:
Recorded on material from Carlin, Nevada, USA.

Type Occurrence of AvicenniteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Weathered zone of a hematite-calcite vein cutting banded marmorized and silicified limestones near a granite-gneiss contact
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for AvicenniteHide

German:Avicennit
Simplified Chinese:褐铊矿
Spanish:Avicennita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Chert6 photos of Avicennite associated with Chert on mindat.org.
Parapierrotite3 photos of Avicennite associated with Parapierrotite on mindat.org.
Quartz2 photos of Avicennite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Arseniosiderite2 photos of Avicennite associated with Arseniosiderite on mindat.org.
Tripuhyite2 photos of Avicennite associated with Tripuhyite on mindat.org.
Cuprostibite1 photo of Avicennite associated with Cuprostibite on mindat.org.
Vrbaite1 photo of Avicennite associated with Vrbaite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.CB.05BrizziiteNaSb5+O3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05CorundumAl2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.05Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05EskolaiteCr2O3Trig.
4.CB.05GeikieliteMgTiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05HematiteFe2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.05IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05KarelianiteV3+2O3Trig.
4.CB.05MelanostibiteMn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3Trig.
4.CB.05PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3Trig.
4.CB.05AuroantimonateAuSbO3
4.CB.05UM1998-11-O-AuHSbAu+2Sb3+O2(OH)
4.CB.05TistariteTi3+2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.10BixbyiteMn3+2O3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.CB.15Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CB.15PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N2S[(Zn,Al,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+,Ti)8O15(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N6S[(Zn,Mg)7(Al,Fe3+,Ti)16O31(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S[(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N2S[(Mg,Fe2+)3[Al7(Ti,Fe3+)]O15(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.CB.25PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9Hex.
4.CB.25KleberiteFeTi6O11(OH)5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.30BerdesinskiiteV3+2TiO5Mon.
4.CB.30OxyvaniteV3+2V4+O5Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.CB.35Olkhonskite(Cr,V)2Ti3O9Mon.
4.CB.35SchreyeriteV3+2Ti3O9Mon.
4.CB.40KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8Hex.
4.CB.40Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2Hex.
4.CB.40RinmaniteZn2Sb2Mg2Fe4O14(OH)2Hex. 6 : P63
4.CB.40IseiteMn2Mo3O8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.40MajindeiteMg2Mo3O8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.45ClaudetiteAs2O3Mon. 2/m
4.CB.45StibioclaudetiteAsSbO3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
4.CB.50ArsenoliteAs2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.CB.50SenarmontiteSb2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.CB.55ValentiniteSb2O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
4.CB.60BismiteBi2O3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.65SphaerobismoiteBi2O3Tet.
4.CB.70SilléniteBi12SiO20Iso. 2 3 : I2 3
4.CB.75KyzylkumiteV3+Ti2O5(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.80TietaiyangiteFe3+4Fe2+TiO9Hex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.7.1SöhngeiteGa(OH)3Tet.
7.7.2Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.7.4DzhalinditeIn(OH)3Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Contains thallium - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest.

References for AvicenniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Karpova, K. N., Kon'kova, E. A., Larkin, E. D. and Savel'ev, V. F. (1958): Avicennite, a new mineral. Dokl. Akad. Nauk. Uzbekistan SSR 2, 23-26 (in Russian). - American Mineralogist (1959) 44, 1324-1325 (abstract).
Kon'kova, E. A. and Savel'ev, V. F. (1960): A new thallium mineral - avicennite. Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 89, 316-320 (in Russian).
Vlasov, K. A., Ed. (1966): Mineralogy of rare elements, Vol. 2, 604-605.
Radtke, A. S., Dickson, F. W. and Slack, J. F. (1978): Occurrence and formation of avicennite, Tl2O3, as a secondary mineral at the Carlin gold deposit, Nevada. J. Res. U.S. Geol. Surv. 6, 241-246.
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 31.

Internet Links for AvicenniteHide

Localities for AvicenniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Ma'anshan Prefecture
      • He Co.
Fan, Y., Zhou, T.F., Yuan, F., Wu, M.A., Hou, M.J., Voicu, G., Hu, Q.H., and Zhang, Q.M. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), 381-383.
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Qamdo Prefecture (Changdu Prefecture)
      • Lhorong Co. (Luolong Co.)
Shuihe Mao, Wenquan Lu, Youfu Yang, and Yongming Wu (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(3), 253-256
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
        • Taseq area
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (1999)
Switzerland
 
  • Basel-Land
    • Buus
Voegelin, A., Pfenninger, N., Petrikis, J., Majzlan, J., Plötze, M., Senn, A.-C., Mangold, S., Steininger, R. and Göttlicher, J. (2015): Thallium speciation and extractability in a thallium- and arsenic-rich soil developed from mineralized carbonate rock. Environ. Sci. Technol., 49, 5390-5398; Majzlan, J., Petrikis, J., Voegelin, A.. (2016): Arsen- und Thallium-Minerale bei Buus, Baselland. Schweizer Strahler 50 (1), 20-23.
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
        • Elko
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Sheeprock Mts
        • Little Valley
Handbook of Mineralogy; King, N. R. (2014, October). THE MINERAL ASSEMBLAGE FROM LOOKOUT PASS AREA, SHEEPROCK MOUNTAINS, TOOELE CO., UTAH. In 2014 GSA Annual Meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia.
Uzbekistan (TL)
 
  • Samarkand Viloyati (Samarqand)
    • Zirabulak Mountain (Zirabulakskie Mountain)
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 30; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mineral and/or Locality  
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