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Hongjianbingshan W deposit, Subei Co., Jiuquan, Gansu, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Hongjianbingshan W depositDeposit
Subei Co.County
JiuquanPrefecture
GansuProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):红尖兵山钨矿, 肃北蒙古族自治县, 酒泉市, 甘肃省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 12' North , 96° 30' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.20000,96.50000
GeoHash:G#: wps85fm0u
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate


One of the most important tungsten deposits in northwest China, located in the western part of the Hongshishan-Heiyingshan terrane, within the Kazakhstan plate. Tungsten mineralization occurs mainly as topaz-quartz veins within Early Carboniferous rhyolite tuff and rhyodacite of the Baishan Formation, and partly in monzogranite stocks as massive greisen blocks and stratoid layers.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


18 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Helvine'9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
'Kaolinite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'K Feldspar'-
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Zinnwaldite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
MnManganese
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Late Triassic : 216.6 ± 1.6 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Mesozoic
  Triassic
   Late Triassic
ⓘ Muscovite216.6 ± 1.6 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian - Devonian
251.902 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3186235
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Peng Hu, and Yi Zhang (2004): Geological Features and Ore-forming Material Sources of Hongjianbingshan Tungsten Deposit in Beishan Mountain, Gansu Province. Mineral Deposits 23(1), 11-19 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Sihong Jiang and Fengjun Nie (2006): 40Ar-39Ar Geochronology of Hongjianbingshan Tungsten Deposit in Beishan Mountain, Gansu Province, China. Mineral Deposits 25(1), 89-94 (in Chinese with English abstract).


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