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Harrison Gold Mine (RN; Abo; GEO), Bear Mountain, Harrison Lake, New Westminster Mining Division, British Columbia, Canada

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 49° 20' 8'' North , 121° 44' 36'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 49.33556,-121.74361
GeoHash:G#: c2c2ttm02
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


A skarn deposit with spectacular micro gold crystals south east of Harrison Hot Springs.
Harrison gold mine was mined between 1972 and 1982 and has since seen sporadic exploration work (B.C. Minfile 2005). Exploration is currently active at the site.
Gold mineralization in this deposit occurs mainly as blebs to 2 mm within quartz veins, which are confined to quartz diorite intrusive bodies or their immediate periphery. The gold is commonly associated with bismuth-lead tellurides. Other associated minerals include pyrrhotite, pyrite, rutile (as delicate reticulated masses), axinite, chlorite, actinolite, albite, arsenopyrite, chabazite, stilbite, muscovite, and titanite.
The gold crystals, to 1 mm, are found in quartz crystal lined vugs, many of which are calcite-filled. They vary from sharp, lustrous simple octahedra to complex crystals exhibiting numerous forms, to nearly perfect spheres. Interestingly, a single vug may contain two or three crystals, each with widely different habits.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


22 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Personal collection of J. Dagenais, EDS by Cannon Microprobe
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Personal collection of J. Dagenais
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: ; Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22; British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Personal collection of J. Dagenais
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22
'Chabazite'
Reference: Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22
Gold
Formula: Au
Colour: gold
Fluorescence: none
Description: The gold xls never more than a few mm ranged from spheres to complex isometric habits.
Reference: ; Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22; British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Reference: From USGS MRDS database
'K Feldspar'
Reference: British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: ; British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Personal collection of J. Dagenais; British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22; British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
Rucklidgeite
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Fluorescence: none
Description: Rucklidgeite has been observed in polished section, but most Rucklidgeite that has been tested turned out as Tellurobismuthite. Over a hundred single crystals probed at the British museum showed a host of these different minerals, all visually indistinguishable, but without SCXRD the identities are tentative. Initially it was thought that the presence of Pb nailed rucklidgeite, but that is not true. Both EMPA and SCXRD are needed to nail these minerals. Most specimens obtained with a rucklidgeite label are not rucklidgeite.
Reference: ; British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: ; Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: MINFILE No 092HSW092
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: EDS-SEM Mount 16-02 HGM#9 by J.Dagenais.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Habit: Hexagonal plates
Colour: britht silver grey to black.
Fluorescence: none
Description: Over a hundred visually identical xls were probed at BMNH and showed a host of related species, but without SCXRD the identifications are tentative. Across the basal plane there is little variation in the probed chemistry but perpendicular to the basal plane the was some variation in probed chemistry.
Reference: Bart Cannon, Joe Vajdac
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Personal collection of J. Dagenais; Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Altaite'2.CD.10PbTe
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
'Rucklidgeite'2.GC.40cPbBi2Te4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
'Brookite'4.DD.10TiO2
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Rutile'4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Scheelite'7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Pyrophyllite'9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Axinite Group'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Stilbite subgroup-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Rucklidgeite2.6.2.7PbBi2Te4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Axinite Group'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnataseTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
BiBismuth
Bi RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous - Early Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 676279
Gambier Group

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Gambier Group

Description: Undifferentiated Gambier Group volcanic and sedimentary rocks include thick bedded basaltic andesite, dacitic and rhyolitic tuffs, flows and volcanic breccia, greenstone, pillowed basalt, argillite, greywacke, shale, siltstone, basal conglomerate

Comments: K. Bellefontaine, D. Alldrick and P.J. Desjardins, 1994, Geological Compilation of the Mid Coast, OF 1994-17, BCGS

Lithology: Marine sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Reference: B.C. Geological Survey. British Columbia Digital Geology. [3]

Cretaceous - Early Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3435738
Gambier Group

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Gambier Group

Description: Undifferentiated Gambier Group volcanic and sedimentary rocks include thick bedded basaltic andesite, dacitic and rhyolitic tuffs, flows and volcanic breccia, greenstone, pillowed basalt, argillite, greywacke, shale, siltstone, basal conglomerate

Comments: Overlap terrane

Lithology: Marine sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Reference: Cui, Y., Miller, D., Schiarizza, P., and Diakow, L.J. British Columbia digital geology. British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, British Columbia Geological Survey Open File 2017-8. [205]

Permian - Devonian
251.902 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3189572
Paleozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Mauthner, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22


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