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Panjsher Valley slag deposits, Khinj District, Panjshir, Afghanistani
Regional Level Types
Panjsher Valley slag depositsGroup of Deposits
Khinj DistrictDistrict
PanjshirProvince
AfghanistanCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° North , 69° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~19km
Locality type:
Group of Deposits


Slags (medieval?) from Chukri-Naw Fe-Ag occurrence and Nukra-Khana Fe deposit.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
AsiaContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Penfieldite
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Group 3 - Halides
Penfieldite3.DC.15Pb2Cl3(OH)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)Xq
Penfieldite10.4.1.1Pb2Cl3(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
OOxygen
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O WüstiteFeO
O PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
O CristobaliteSiO2
NaSodium
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
AlAluminium
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si CristobaliteSiO2
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GalenaPbS
ClChlorine
Cl PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
KPotassium
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
CaCalcium
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
FeIron
Fe MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe WüstiteFeO
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., Hauptmann, A. (2013) The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.


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