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Afghanistani
Regional Level Types
AfghanistanCountry

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Afghan Geo Map

Afghanistan
The pegmatites of Mawi Mine Laghman, Nuristan, Afghanistan

Mawi pegmatite, Nilaw-Kolum pegmatite field, Du Ab District, Nuristan, Afghanistan
Afghan Geo Map

Afghanistan
The pegmatites of Mawi Mine Laghman, Nuristan, Afghanistan

Mawi pegmatite, Nilaw-Kolum pegmatite field, Du Ab District, Nuristan, Afghanistan
Afghan Geo Map

Afghanistan
The pegmatites of Mawi Mine Laghman, Nuristan, Afghanistan

Mawi pegmatite, Nilaw-Kolum pegmatite field, Du Ab District, Nuristan, Afghanistan
Name in Dari Persian:افغانستان‬
Name in Farsi/Persian:افغانستان
Name in French:Afghanistan
Name in German:Afghanistan
Name in Italian:Afghanistan
Name in Pashto:افغانستان
Name in Russian:Афганистан
Name in Simplified Chinese:阿富汗
Name in Spanish:Afganistán
Name in Achinese:Afghanistan
Name in Adyghe:Афганистан
Name in Afrikaans:Afghanistan
Name in Albanian:Afganistani
Name in Alemannic:Afghanistan
Name in Amharic:አፍጋኒስታን
Name in Anglo-Saxon:Afghanistan
Name in Arabic:أفغانستان
Name in Aragonese:Afganistán
Name in Armenian:Աֆղանստան
Name in Asturian:Afganistán
Name in Azeri:Əfqanıstan
Name in Bashkir:Афғанстан
Name in Basque:Afganistan
Name in Bavarian:Afghanistan
Name in Belarusian:Афганістан
Name in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):Аўганістан
Name in Bengali:আফগানিস্তান
Name in Bishnupriya Manipuri:আফগানিস্তান
Name in Bosnian:Afganistan
Name in Breton:Afghanistan
Name in Buginese:Afghanistan
Name in Bulgarian:Афганистан
Name in Burmese:အာဖဂန်နစ္စတန်နိုင်ငံ
Name in Catalan:Afganistan
Name in Cebuano:Apganistan
Name in Central Bikol:Apganistan
Name in Chamorro:Afghanistan
Name in Chechen:ОвхӀан
Name in Cherokee:ᎠᏫᎨᏂᏍᏖᏂ
Name in Cheyenne:Afghanistan
Name in Chuvash:Афганистан
Name in Cornish:Afghanistan
Name in Corsican:Afghanistan
Name in Crimean Tatar (Latin):Afğanistan
Name in Croatian:Afganistan
Name in Czech:Afghánistán
Name in Danish:Afghanistan
Name in Doteli:अफगानिस्तान
Name in Dutch:Afghanistan
Name in Dutch Low Saxon:Afghanistan
Name in Dzongkha:ཨཕ་ག་ནིསི་ཏཱན་
Name in Egyptian Arabic:افغانستان
Name in Erzya:Афганистан Мастор
Name in Esperanto:Afganio
Name in Estonian:Afganistan
Name in Extremaduran:Afganistán
Name in Faroese:Afghanistan
Name in Fiji Hindi:Afghanistan
Name in Finnish:Afganistan
Name in Franco-Provençal:Afganistan
Name in Friulian:Afghanistan
Name in Gagauz:Afganistan
Name in Galician:Afganistán
Name in Georgian:ავღანეთი
Name in Greek:Αφγανιστάν
Name in Greenlandic:Afghanistan
Name in Guarani:Ahyganitã
Name in Gujarati:અફઘાનિસ્તાન
Name in Haitian:Afganistan
Name in Hakka:Afghanistan
Name in Hausa:Afghanistan
Name in Hawaiian:‘Apekanikana
Name in Hebrew:אפגניסטן
Name in Hindi:अफ़ग़ानिस्तान
Name in Hungarian:Afganisztán
Name in Icelandic:Afganistan
Name in Ido:Afganistan
Name in Iloko:Apganistan
Name in Indonesian:Afganistan
Name in Ingush:Афганистане
Name in Interlingua:Afghanistan
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Afganastáin
Name in Jamaican Patois:Afganistan
Name in Japanese:アフガニスタン
Name in Javanese:Afghanistan
Name in Judaeo-Spanish:Afganistan
Name in Kabardian:Афганистэн
Name in Kabiye:Afganistani
Name in Kabyle:Afɣanistan
Name in Kalmyk:Сарта Апганмудин Орн
Name in Kannada:ಅಫ್ಘಾನಿಸ್ತಾನ
Name in Kapampangan:Afganistan
Name in Karachay-Balkar:Афганистан
Name in Karakalpak:Afg'anstan
Name in Kashubian:Afganistón
Name in Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):Ауғанстан
Name in Khmer:សាធារណរដ្ឋឥស្លាមអាហ្វហ្កានីស្ថាន
Name in Kikuyu:Afghanistan
Name in Kinyarwanda:Afuganisitani
Name in Komi:Афганистан
Name in Kongo:Afghanistan
Name in Konkani:अफगाणिस्तान
Name in Korean:아프가니스탄
Name in Kurdish (Latin Script):Efxanistan
Name in Kyrgyz:Ооганстан
Name in Latin:Afgania
Name in Latvian:Afganistāna
Name in Lezghian:Афганистан
Name in Ligurian:Afghanistan
Name in Limburgian:Afghanistan
Name in Lingala:Afganistáni
Name in Lithuanian:Afganistanas
Name in Livvi-Karelian:Afganistuanu
Name in Lojban:afyganisTAN
Name in Lombard:Afghanistan
Name in Low Saxon/Low German:Afghanistan
Name in Lower Sorbian:Afghanistan
Name in Luri:ٱفغانستان
Name in Luxembourgish:Afghanistan
Name in Macedonian:Авганистан
Name in Maithili:अफगानिस्तान
Name in Malagasy:Afganistana
Name in Malay:Afghanistan
Name in Malayalam:അഫ്ഗാനിസ്താൻ
Name in Maltese:Afganistan
Name in Manx:Yn Afghanistaan
Name in Maori:Āwhekenetāna
Name in Marathi:अफगाणिस्तान
Name in Mazanderani:افغانستان
Name in Meadow Mari:Афганистан
Name in Min Dong Chinese:Afghanistan
Name in Minangkabau:Afganistan
Name in Mingrelian:ავღანეთი
Name in Mirandese:Afeganistan
Name in Moksha:Афганистан
Name in Mongolian:Афганистан
Name in Nahuatl:Afganistan
Name in Nauruan:Apeganitan
Name in Nepali:अफगानिस्तान
Name in Newar / Nepal Bhasa:अफगानिस्तान
Name in Northern Frisian:Afghanistan
Name in Northern Sami:Afganistan
Name in Norwegian:Afghanistan
Name in Norwegian (Nynorsk):Afghanistan
Name in Novial:Afganistan
Name in Occitan:Afganistan
Name in Odia:ଆଫଗାନିସ୍ତାନ
Name in Ossetian:Афгъанистан
Name in Pali:अफगानस्थान
Name in Pangasinan:Afghanistan
Name in Papiamento:Afganistán
Name in Pennsylvania German:Afganischtaan
Name in Piedmontese:Afgànistan
Name in Polish:Afganistan
Name in Portuguese:Afeganistão
Name in Punjabi:ਅਫ਼ਗ਼ਾਨਿਸਤਾਨ
Name in Quechua:Afgansuyu
Name in Ripuarian:Afghanistan
Name in Romanian:Afganistan
Name in Romansh:Afganistan
Name in Russia Buriat:Афганистан
Name in Rusyn:Афґаністан
Name in Samoan:Afakanisitana
Name in Samogitian:Afganėstans
Name in Sanskrit:अफगानिस्थानम्
Name in Saterland Frisian:Afghanistan
Name in Scots:Afghanistan
Name in Scottish Gaelic:Afganastan
Name in Serbian:Авганистан
Name in Serbo-Croatian:Afganistan
Name in Shona:Afghanistan
Name in Sicilian:Afganistàn
Name in Silesian:Afganistan
Name in Sindhi:افغانستان
Name in Sinhalese:ඇෆ්ගනිස්ථානය
Name in Slovak:Afganistan
Name in Slovenian:Afganistan
Name in Somali:Afgaanistan
Name in South Azerbaijani:افغانیستان
Name in Sundanese:Apganistan
Name in Swahili:Afghanistan
Name in Swati:I-Afugani
Name in Swedish:Afghanistan
Name in Tagalog:Afghanistan
Name in Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Афғонистон
Name in Tamil:ஆப்கானித்தான்
Name in Tatar:Әфганстан
Name in Telugu:ఆఫ్ఘనిస్తాన్
Name in Tetum:Afeganistaun
Name in Thai:ประเทศอัฟกานิสถาน
Name in Tibetan (Standard):ཨ་ཧྥུའུ་རྒན་སི་ཐན།
Name in Tok Pisin:Afghanistan
Name in Traditional Chinese:阿富汗
Name in Tsonga:Afghanistan
Name in Tumbuka:Afghanistan
Name in Turkish:Afganistan
Name in Turkmen:Owganystan
Name in Udmurt:Афганистан
Name in Ukrainian:Афганістан
Name in Upper Sorbian:Afghanistan
Name in Urdu:افغانستان
Name in Uyghur:ئافغانىستان
Name in Uzbek (Latin Script):Afgʻoniston
Name in Venetian:Afganistan
Name in Veps:Afganistan
Name in Vietnamese:Afghanistan
Name in Volapük:Lafganistän
Name in Waray:Afganistan
Name in Welsh:Affganistan
Name in West Flemish:Afghanistan
Name in West Frisian:Afganistan
Name in Western Punjabi:افغانستان
Name in Wolof:Afganistaan
Name in Wu Chinese:阿富汗
Name in Yakut:Афганистаан
Name in Yiddish:אפגאניסטאן
Name in Yoruba:Afghanístàn
Name in Zazaki:Efğanıstan
Name in Zeelandic:Afghanistan
Name in Zhuang:Afghanistan
Name in Zulu:I-Afganistani
Area:652,230 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Kabul3,043,532 (2018)
Kandahār391,190 (2018)
Mazār-e Sharīf303,282 (2018)
Herāt272,806 (2018)
Jalālābād200,331 (2018)
Kunduz161,902 (2018)


Afghanistan has some of the most complex and varied geology in the world. The oldest rocks are Archean and they are succeeded by rocks from the Proterozoic and every Phanerozoic system up to the present day. The country also has a long and complicated tectonic history, partly related to its position at the western end of the Himalaya. This diverse geological foundation has resulted in a significant mineral heritage with over 1400 mineral occurrences recorded to date. Historical mining concentrated mostly on precious stone production, with some of the oldest known mines in the world believed to have been established in Afghanistan to produce lapis lazuli for the Egyptian Pharaohs. More recent exploration in the 1960s and 70s resulted in the discovery of significant resources of metallic minerals, including copper, iron and gold, and non-metallic minerals, including halite, talc, and mica. The bedrock geology of Afghanistan can be thought of as a jigsaw of crustal blocks separated by fault zones, each with a different geological history and mineral prospectivity.

© Afghanistan Geological Survey 2016

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

174 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002).
Afghanite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Habit: terminated hexagonal prisms
Colour: colourless, white, blue grey, blue
Fluorescence: yellow. orange in LW
Reference: Bariand,P. Cesbron, F. & Giraud, R. (1968): Une nouvelle espèce minérale: l`afghanite de Sar-e-sang, Badakhshan, Afghanistan. Comparaison avec les minéraux du groupe de la cancrinite. Bulletin de la Société Francaise de Minéralogie et Christallographie. 91:34-42; Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 73 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Albite var: Low Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: RWMW Collection
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: RWMW Collection
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
'Apatite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Asbestos'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Alkali-beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Joe Kienle collection
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Beryllonite
Formula: NaBePO4
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
'Bitumen'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Iceland Spar
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Calkinsite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Reference: Yeremenko, G.K., and Bel’ko, V.A. (1982): Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 111, 321–324; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253
Carbocernaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: Yeremenko, G.K., and Bel’ko, V.A. (1982): Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 111, 321–324; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 86 localities in this region.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 161 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: various added photos
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Lyckberg, P. (2011): Edelstein-Pegmatite in Afghanistan: Paprok. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 46-57
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'
Reference: William A. Thomas Collection
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
'Chlorite Group'
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Ikram Mohammad Collection
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Clays'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: TVM Specimen
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Jesse Fisher specimen
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: No reference listed
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Deer, Howie and Zussman (1978) Rock-forming Minerals, Vol. 2A, Single-Chain Silicates. (2nd ed.)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Reference: Ikram Mineralogy (Wholly owned & manage by Ikram Nature Exploration (Pvt) Ltd)
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Dravite-Uvite Series'
Habit: trigonal prism
Colour: blue and green
Description: Ian Nicastro notes at https://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,105,414229,414229,page=1#msg-414229 that "Dravite and Dravite-Uvite attributed to Koksha Valley are likely from Hazrat Saeed specifically, since multiple specimens attributed to Koksha Valley have turned up with both sapphire and blue dravite in the same mica matrix. And Hazrat Saeed appears to be the only Sapphire source in Koksha Valley."
Reference: https://www.gia.edu/gems-gemology/winter-2016-gemnews-blue-dravite-uvite-tourmaline-koksha-valley-afghanistan
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Fluor-dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Fluor-elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Reference: Natkaniec-Nowak, L., Dumańska-Słowik, M. & Ertl, A. (2009): “Watermelon” tourmaline from the Paprok mine (Nuristan, Afghanistan). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 186, 185-193.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Fluornatromicrolite
Formula: (Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Fluoro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Habit: Prismatic xls to a few cm
Colour: white
Fluorescence: none
Description: A translucent white 'richterite' with purple hackmanite under Raman analysis gave a tiny Hydroxyl peak characteristic of Fluorine replacement making the 'richterite', fluororichterite
Reference: RWMW Collection;
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Reference: Rob Lavinsky photo; Natkaniec-Nowak, L., Dumańska-Słowik, M. & Ertl, A. (2009): “Watermelon” tourmaline from the Paprok mine (Nuristan, Afghanistan). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 186, 185-193.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 85 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Deer, Howie and Zussman (1978) Rock-forming Minerals, Vol. 2A, Single-Chain Silicates. (2nd ed.)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Habit: Pseudomorphing Hauyne dodecs
Colour: white
Fluorescence: White in LW, MW & SW UV
Description: This was initially called plagioclase, confirmed by EDS. The EDS pattern has the same 1:1 ratio of Al: Si as plagioclase and sodalite group minerals. Gonnardite can have this same EDS. The PXRD of Gonnardite is attached to the Marialite specimen it came from.
Reference: RWMW Collection
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: José Zendrera collection
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
'Hackmanite'
Formula: Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Hydroxylclinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Ishikawaite
Formula: U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Reference: Hanson, S. L., Simmons, W. B., Falster, A. U., Foord E. E., Litche F. E. (1999) Proposed Nomenclature for Samarskite Group Minerals: New Data on Ishikawaite and Calciosamarskite. Mineralogical Magazine: 63: 27-3
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Obaidullah Noori collection. Please see: http://www.mindat.org/mesg-11-305090.html
Khanneshite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Type Locality:
Description: In fine-grained carbonatite.
Reference: Yeremenko, G.K., and Bel’ko, V.A. (1982): Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 111, 321–324; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Lazurite' (FRL)
Formula: Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Habit: Rhombic dodecahedrons modified with cube and octahedral forms
Colour: Ultramarine to midnight blue
Fluorescence: none,
Description: Since all 'lazurites' are sulfide rich hauynes, we restrict the name Lazurite to the blue mineral in Lapis Lazuli, which is opaque, non fluorescent, ultramarine to midnight blue with a bright blue streak
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253; Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52 Moore, T.P.,Woodside, R.M.W. (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Ludwigite
Formula: Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 71 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 91 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Localities:
'Mckelveyite'
Reference: Yeremenko, G.K., and Bel’ko, V.A. (1982): Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 111, 321–324, New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Colour: White
Fluorescence: Strong yellow
Description: Meionites and Meionites pseudomorphing to Lazurite. Probed by Bart Cannon, but incorrectly interpreted by Rob Woodside These Marialites have altered, some completely, some partially to Orthoclase. Surviving Marialite has a bright yellow long wave fluorescence.
Reference: Thames Valley Minerals Specimen, RWMW collection
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
'Mica Group'
Reference: Jose Zendrera collection
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nanpingite
Formula: CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Hyalite
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Jose Zendrera collection
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Keil, K. & Fredriksson, K. (1964) The Fe, Mg and Ca Distribution in Coexisting Olivines and Rhombic Pyroxenes of Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres 69 (16): 3487-3515. (August 1964).
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Habit: Terminated prisms to several cm
Colour: Brown
Fluorescence: none
Description: Frank Hawthorne identified this pargasite. Green "colour change lazurites" (green Hauyne) being replaced by zeolite occur with large pargasite xls. Thus the pargasite has been assigned to this locality.
Reference: Moore, T.P.,Woodside, R.M.W. (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336.
Penfieldite
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Pezzottaite
Formula: Cs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Potassic-fluoro-richterite ?
Formula: {K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Description: A Rob Lavisnky specimen from "Kokcha Valley" was later reclassified as winchite (pers. comm. of Rob Lavinsky to Olav Revheim). This does not preclude the occurrence of fluoro-potassicrichterite at Sar-e Sang, but indicates that proper analyses have to be carried out on each single amphibole specimen to reveal its true identity.
Reference: Tom Loomis specimen
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 107 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 148 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Reference: Deer, Howie and Zussman (1978) Rock-forming Minerals, Vol. 2A, Single-Chain Silicates. (2nd ed.)
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Scheelite var: Molybdoscheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Scorzalite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Sodalite Group'
Reference: RWMW Collection
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Spodumene var: Hiddenite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Locality: Laghman, Afghanistan - erroneously reported
Habit: Large terminated prisms
Colour: green
Fluorescence: Pink in LW
Description: These lovely green spodumenes are made by irradiation
Reference: Jose Zendrera Collection
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Habit: alteration product
Colour: white
Description: Apparently the alteration that produces green Hauynes has continued with the gonnardite to produce mixtures of Gonnardite and Thompsonite. This Thompsonite is only known from the PXRD of Gonnardite with green Hauyne
Reference: RWMW Collection
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: various photographs
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Tungstibite
Formula: Sb3+2WO6
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/minerals/image.php?id=3065
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
'Ursilite'
Formula: Mg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5.5(OH)5 · 13H2O
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Väyrynenite
Formula: Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Reference: Lyckberg, P. (2011): Edelstein-Pegmatite in Afghanistan: Paprok. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 46-57
'Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Van King
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Viitaniemiite
Formula: Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Winchite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Lyckberg, P. (2011): Edelstein-Pegmatite in Afghanistan: Paprok. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 46-57
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Herb Obodda Donna Beaton and Ren Lu (2009): Zoisite from Afghanistan, Gems and gemology, vol 45, no 1 p 70

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Penfieldite3.DC.15Pb2Cl3(OH)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Fluornatromicrolite4.DH.15(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ishikawaite4.DB.25U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Hyalite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Tungstibite4.DE.15Sb3+2WO6
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Iceland Spar5.AB.05CaCO3
Calkinsite-(Ce)5.CC.25(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Carbocernaite5.AB.50(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Khanneshite (TL)5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Ludwigite6.AB.30Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
var: Molybdoscheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Beryllonite8.AA.10NaBePO4
Childrenite8.DD.20Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Scorzalite8.BB.40Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Viitaniemiite8.BL.15Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Väyrynenite8.BA.05Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Afghanite (TL)9.FB.05(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Low Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Demantoid9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite ?9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Alkali-beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Fluor-dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluoro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Foitite9.CK.05(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hydroxylclinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
'Lazurite' (TL)9.FB.10Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Meionite ?9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nanpingite9.EC.15CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Pezzottaite9.CJ.60Cs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Potassic-fluoro-richterite ?9.DE.20{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Hiddenite ?9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Ursilite'9..Mg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5.5(OH)5 · 13H2O
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Winchite ?9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Asbestos'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Bitumen'-
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Dravite-Uvite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Fluor-elbaite-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hackmanite'-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
'Hornblende'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mckelveyite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Sodalite Group'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ishikawaite8.1.4.1U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)Xq
Penfieldite10.4.1.1Pb2Cl3(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Carbocernaite14.4.6.1(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Khanneshite (TL)14.4.4.2(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Calkinsite-(Ce)15.4.1.1(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Ludwigite24.2.1.1Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Beryllonite38.1.5.1NaBePO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Viitaniemiite41.3.5.1Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Väyrynenite41.5.4.3Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Scorzalite41.10.1.2Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Childrenite42.7.1.1Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
A2XO4
Tungstibite48.2.3.1Sb3+2WO6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Foitite61.3.1.1(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Winchite ?66.1.3b.1☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nanpingite71.2.2a.8CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Afghanite (TL)76.2.5.1(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
'Lazurite' (FRL)76.2.3.4Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Low Albite-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
Andradite
var: Demantoid
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
Anorthite ?-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Asbestos'-
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Alkali-beryl
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Bitumen'-
Calcite
var: Iceland Spar
-CaCO3
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Dravite-Uvite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Fluor-dravite-Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-elbaite-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluornatromicrolite-(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Fluoro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Hackmanite'-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxylclinohumite-Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mckelveyite'-
Meionite ?-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Hyalite
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Pezzottaite-Cs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Potassic-fluoro-richterite ?-{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Scapolite'-
Scheelite
var: Molybdoscheelite
-Ca(WO4)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Sodalite Group'-
Spodumene
var: Hiddenite ?
-LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite-LiAlSi2O6
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Ursilite'-Mg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5.5(OH)5 · 13H2O
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
H NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
H VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H UrsiliteMg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5.5(OH)5 · 13H2O
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
H Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
H PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
H Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
H Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li PezzottaiteCs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Li Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li Spodumene (var: Hiddenite)LiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylloniteNaBePO4
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PezzottaiteCs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
B Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
B VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
B LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
B Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
CCarbon
C Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
C CalciteCaCO3
C Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C WitheriteBaCO3
C Calcite (var: Iceland Spar)CaCO3