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Afghanistan

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Afghan Geo Map

Afghanistan
Name in French:Afghanistan
Name in German:Afghanistan
Name in Italian:Afghanistan
Name in Russian:Афганистан
Name in Simplified Chinese:阿富汗
Name in Spanish:Afganistán
Name in Afrikaans:Afghanistan
Name in Albanian:Afganistani
Name in Arabic:أفغانستان
Name in Belarusian:Афганістан
Name in Bulgarian:Афганистан
Name in Catalan:Afganistan
Name in Czech:Afghánistán
Name in Danish:Afghanistan
Name in Dutch:Afghanistan
Name in Estonian:Afganistan
Name in Farsi/Persian:افغانستان
Name in Finnish:Afganistan
Name in Galician:Afganistán
Name in Greek:Αφγανιστάν
Name in Hebrew:אפגניסטן
Name in Hindi:अफ़्गानिस्तान
Name in Hungarian:Afganisztán
Name in Icelandic:Afganistan
Name in Indonesian:Afganistan
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Afganastáin
Name in Japanese:アフガニスタン
Name in Korean:아프가니스탄
Name in Latvian:Afganistāna
Name in Lithuanian:Afganistanas
Name in Macedonian:Авганистан
Name in Norwegian:Afghanistan
Name in Polish:Afganistan
Name in Portuguese:Afeganistão
Name in Romanian:Afganistan
Name in Serbian:Авганистан
Name in Slovak:Afganistan
Name in Slovenian:Afganistan
Name in Swahili:Afghanistan
Name in Swedish:Afghanistan
Name in Tagalog:Apganistan
Name in Thai:ประเทศอัฟกานิสถาน
Name in Turkish:Afganistan
Name in Ukrainian:Афганістан
Name in Vietnamese:Afghanistan
Name in Welsh:Affganistan
Area:652,230 km2
Locality type:Country


Afghanistan has some of the most complex and varied geology in the world. The oldest rocks are Archean and they are succeeded by rocks from the Proterozoic and every Phanerozoic system up to the present day. The country also has a long and complicated tectonic history, partly related to its position at the western end of the Himalaya. This diverse geological foundation has resulted in a significant mineral heritage with over 1400 mineral occurrences recorded to date. Historical mining concentrated mostly on precious stone production, with some of the oldest known mines in the world believed to have been established in Afghanistan to produce lapis lazuli for the Egyptian Pharaohs. More recent exploration in the 1960s and 70s resulted in the discovery of significant resources of metallic minerals, including copper, iron and gold, and non-metallic minerals, including halite, talc, and mica. The bedrock geology of Afghanistan can be thought of as a jigsaw of crustal blocks separated by fault zones, each with a different geological history and mineral prospectivity.

© Afghanistan Geological Survey 2016

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

173 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Afghanite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Reference: Bariand,P. Cesbron, F. & Giraud, R. (1968): Une nouvelle espèce minérale: l`afghanite de Sar-e-sang, Badakhshan, Afghanistan. Comparaison avec les minéraux du groupe de la cancrinite. Bulletin de la Société Francaise de Minéralogie et Christallographie. 91:34-42; Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 73 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Albite var: Low Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities:
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
'Apatite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Asbestos'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
'Bauxite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Alkali-beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Beryllonite
Formula: NaBePO4
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
'Bitumen'
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Iceland Spar
Formula: CaCO3
Calkinsite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Carbocernaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 86 localities in this region.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 161 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
'Chlorite Group'
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'commodity:Clay'
'Clays'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Coal'
'commodity:Coal'
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Dacite'
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
'Diatomite'
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Dravite-Uvite Series'
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Evaporite'
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Fluor-dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Fluornatromicrolite
Formula: (Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Fluoro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 85 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gypsum & Anhydrite'
'Hackmanite'
Formula: Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Hornblende'
Hydroxylclinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Ishikawaite
Formula: U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Khanneshite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Reference: Yeremenko, G.K., and Bel’ko, V.A. (1982): Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 111, 321–324; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'L6 chondrite meteorite'
'Lapis lazuli'
'Lazurite' (FRL)
Formula: Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253; Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52 Moore, T.P.,Woodside, R.M.W. (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
'Lignite'
'Limestone'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Ludwigite
Formula: Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 71 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 91 localities in this region.
'Marble'
'commodity:Marble'
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Localities:
'Mckelveyite'
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nanpingite
Formula: CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Localities:
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Hyalite
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Pegmatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 75 localities in this region.
Penfieldite
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Pezzottaite
Formula: Cs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Phosphorite'
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 107 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore'
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 148 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities:
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'commodity:Salt'
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
'Scapolite'
Localities:
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Scheelite var: Molybdoscheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
'Schist'
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Scorzalite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
'Skarn'
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
'Slag'
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Sodalite Group'
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: MnTa2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Tungstibite
Formula: Sb3+2WO6
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
'Ursilite'
Formula: Mg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5.5(OH)5 · 13H2O
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Väyrynenite
Formula: Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
'Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Viitaniemiite
Formula: Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Penfieldite3.DC.15Pb2Cl3(OH)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35FeNb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Fluornatromicrolite4.DH.15(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ishikawaite4.DB.25U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Microlite Group4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Hyalite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35MnTa2O6
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Tungstibite4.DE.15Sb3+2WO6
Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Iceland Spar5.AB.05CaCO3
Calkinsite-(Ce)5.CC.25(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Carbocernaite5.AB.50(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Khanneshite (TL)5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Ludwigite6.AB.30Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
var: Molybdoscheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Thénardite7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Beryllonite8.AA.10NaBePO4
Childrenite8.DD.20Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Scorzalite8.BB.40Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Viitaniemiite8.BL.15Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Väyrynenite8.BA.05Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Aegirine'9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
'Afghanite' (TL)9.FB.05(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Low Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Demantoid9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthoclase9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Alkali-beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Fluor-dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluoro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Foitite9.CK.05(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hydroxylclinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Lazurite (TL)9.FB.10Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nanpingite9.EC.15CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Pezzottaite9.CJ.60Cs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ursilite9..Mg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5.5(OH)5 · 13H2O
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Uvite Series9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Allanite Group-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alum Group-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series-
Andradite-Grossular Series-
Apatite-
Asbestos-
Bastnäsite-
Bauxite-
Biotite-
Bitumen-
Childrenite-Eosphorite Series-
Chlorite Group-
Clays-
Coal-
Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series-
Columbite-Tantalite-
Dacite-
Diatomite-SiO2 · nH2O
Dravite-Uvite Series-
Evaporite-
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
Feldspar Group-
Fluor-elbaite-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hackmanite-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Hornblende-
Indicolite-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
K Feldspar-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
L6 chondrite meteorite-
Lapis lazuli-
Lepidolite-
Lignite-
Limestone-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Marble-
Mckelveyite-
Mica Group-
Monazite-
Orthopyroxene Subgroup-
Pegmatite-
Phosphorite-
Psilomelane-
Pyrochlore-
Pyroxene Group-
Rubellite-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Scapolite-
Schist-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Skarn-
Slag-
Sodalite Group-
Tantalite-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Verdelite-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ishikawaite8.1.4.1U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2FeNb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3MnTa2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)Xq
Penfieldite10.4.1.1Pb2Cl3(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Carbocernaite14.4.6.1(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Khanneshite (TL)14.4.4.2(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Calkinsite-(Ce)15.4.1.1(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Ludwigite24.2.1.1Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Beryllonite38.1.5.1NaBePO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Viitaniemiite41.3.5.1Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Väyrynenite41.5.4.3Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Scorzalite41.10.1.2Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Childrenite42.7.1.1Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
A2XO4
Tungstibite48.2.3.1Sb3+2WO6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Foitite61.3.1.1(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nanpingite71.2.2a.8CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Afghanite (TL)76.2.5.1(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
'Lazurite' (FRL)76.2.3.4Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Low Albite-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
Andradite
var: Demantoid
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Asbestos'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Bauxite'-
Beryl
var: Alkali-beryl
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Bitumen'-
Calcite
var: Iceland Spar
-CaCO3
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Coal'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Dacite'-
'Diatomite'-SiO2 · nH2O
'Dravite-Uvite Series'-
'Evaporite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Fluor-dravite-Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-elbaite-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluornatromicrolite-(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Fluoro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Hackmanite'-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxylclinohumite-Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'L6 chondrite meteorite'-
'Lapis lazuli'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Lignite'-
'Limestone'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Marble'-
'Mckelveyite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Hyalite
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pegmatite'-
Pezzottaite-Cs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
'Phosphorite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Scapolite'-
Scheelite
var: Molybdoscheelite
-Ca(WO4)
'Schist'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Skarn'-
'Slag'-
'Sodalite Group'-
Spodumene
var: Kunzite
-LiAlSi2O6
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Ursilite'-Mg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5.5(OH)5 · 13H2O
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DiatomiteSiO2 · nH2O
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
H Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
H Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
H HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
H NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H UrsiliteMg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5.5(OH)5 · 13H2O
H VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
LiLithium
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li PezzottaiteCs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylloniteNaBePO4
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PezzottaiteCs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Be VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
BBoron
B Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
B Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
B Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
B HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C CalciteCaCO3
C Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C Calcite (var: Iceland Spar)CaCO3
C Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
OOxygen
O Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BerylloniteNaBePO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
O CalciteCaCO3
O Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CelestineSrSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
O Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CorundumAl2O3
O CristobaliteSiO2
O CupriteCu2O
O DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
O Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O DiatomiteSiO2 · nH2O
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
O Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
O Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
O Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
O HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
O HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O Calcite (var: Iceland Spar)CaCO3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Albite (var: Low Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Scheelite (var: Molybdoscheelite)Ca(WO4)
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O PezzottaiteCs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SideriteFeCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
O TenoriteCuO
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TungstibiteSb23+WO6
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O UrsiliteMg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5.5(OH)5 · 13H2O
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
O VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
O VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
O WitheriteBaCO3
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O WüstiteFeO
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FFluorine
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
F Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
F Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
F NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na BerylloniteNaBePO4
Na Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Na Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Na Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Na Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Na Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Na HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Na LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Na Albite (var: Low Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Mg Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Mg LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg UrsiliteMg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5.5(OH)5 · 13H2O
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Al Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Al Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Al Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al Albite (var: Low Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al PezzottaiteCs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Si Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si DiatomiteSiO2 · nH2O
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Si Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Si Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Si Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
Si HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si Albite (var: Low Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si PezzottaiteCs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si UrsiliteMg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5.5(OH)5 · 13H2O
Si UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P BerylloniteNaBePO4
P ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
P VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
P ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
SSulfur
S Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
S Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S CelestineSrSO4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S CovelliteCuS
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
S IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MetacinnabarHgS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S RealgarAs4S4
S SphaleriteZnS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S SulphurS8
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S TroiliteFeS
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
ClChlorine
Cl Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Cl HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Cl PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Ca Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Ca Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca Calcite (var: Iceland Spar)CaCO3
Ca Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Ca LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca Scheelite (var: Molybdoscheelite)Ca(WO4)
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
MnManganese
Mn Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Mn EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
Mn VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Mn ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Mn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Fe Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IronFe
Fe IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Fe IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe WüstiteFeO
CoCobalt
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TenoriteCuO
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As RealgarAs4S4
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
SrStrontium
Sr Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Sr Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Nb IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
Sb TungstibiteSb23+WO6
CsCaesium
Cs NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Cs PezzottaiteCs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ba Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
LaLanthanum
La Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
La Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
CeCerium
Ce Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ce Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Ce Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ce Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Ce Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
TaTantalum
Ta Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Ta Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
Ta Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ta WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
WTungsten
W Scheelite (var: Molybdoscheelite)Ca(WO4)
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W TungstibiteSb23+WO6
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
UUranium
U IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8
U Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
U UrsiliteMg4(UO2)4(Si2O5)5.5(OH)5 · 13H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Drummond, C. (1841): On the mines and mineral resources of Northern Afghanistan. Journal of the Asiat. Society Bengal, Calcutta, 1841, 10: 74-93.
Furon, R. (1924): Les ressources minières de l'Afghanistan. Rev. Sci, Paris, 1924: 62: 313.
Momji, G.S. and Chaikin, S.N. (1960): Iron ores of Afghanistan. Kabul, DGMS, 1960.
Maiorov, A.N., Suderkin, A.I., and Krepoy, M.E. (1965) Report by the Survey and Prospecting Team on the results obtained in 1963-1964 at the lapis-lazuli occurrences of Afghanistan. Kabul, Rec. Off., DGMS, 1965.
Malyarov, A.N., Suderkin, A.I., and Krepov, N.E. (1965) Report on the results of prospecting for and exploration of lapis-lazuli carried out in Afghanistan in 1963-1964. Kabul, DGMS, 1965.
Narodniy, V.M. and Shwarkov, S.L. (1965) Report on the results of survey and prospecting for beryl carried out in 1963-64 in the eastern part of Afghanistan with the reserves assessment of the Darrahe Pech rare metal-bearing pegmatite deposit. Kabul, Rec. Off. DCMS, 1965.
Khasanov, R.L., Plotnikov, G.I., Bayazitov, R.A., Zamaraev, G.N., Trifonov, A.I., and Sayapin, V.I. (1967) Report on the results of revision and assessment of copper, lead, zinc, gold occurrences carried out in 1965-1966. Kabul Rec. Off. DGMS, 1967.
Mikhailov, K.Ya., Moraliov, V.M., Perfiliev, Yu.S., and Chalian, M.A. (1969) The bauxite potential of the Mesozoic deposits in the southern part of the Afghano-Tadjik Depression. Razvedka i okhrana nedr, 1969, No. 7.
Dronov, V.I., Kalimulin, S.M., Kabakov, O.N., Kotchetkov, A.Ya., Zelensky, E.D., Chistyakov, A.N., and Svezhentsov, V.P. (1970) The geology and minerals of the western part of Central Afghanistan (Report of the Herat Team on the work in 1969). Kabul, DGMS, 1970.
Karapetov, S.S., Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F., Kotchetov, A.Ya., Semionov, Yu.G., and Gorelov, A.I. (1970) The geology and minerals of the eastern part of Central Afghanistan. Kabul, DGMS, 1970.
Denikayev, Sh.Sh., Feoktistov, V.P., Pyzhyanov, I.V., Adjruddin, A., Narbaev, Sh.N., and Konev, Yu.M. (1971) The geology and minerals of the southern part of East Afghanistan. Kabul, DGMS, 1971.
Denikayev, Sh.Sh., Feoktistov, V.P., Pyzhyanov, I.V., Adjruddin, A.A., Narbaev, Sh.N., and Konev, Yu.M. (1971) The geology and minerals in the south part of Eastern Afghanistan (Report of the Kabul team on the work in 1970). Kabul Rec. Off. DGMS, 1971.
Dovgal, Yu.M., Chalian, M.A., Nagliov, V.S., Diomin, A.N., Vaulin, V.A., Belitch, A.I., Sonin, I.I., Kononykhin, E.T., Zharikhin, K.C., Maksimov, N.P., Skvortsov, N.S., and Kharitonov, A.P. (1971) Geology and minerals in the south-eastern part of Central Afghanistan (Report on survey, scale 1:200,000, carried out in 1967-1970). Kabul Rec. Off. DGMS, 1971.
Litvinenko, K.I., Parfionov, Yu.I. (1971) Report on the results of geological prospecting for and evaluation of mercury occurrences carried out in 1970. Kabul, DGMS, 1971.
Litvinenko, K.I., Rul'kovsky, M.F., and Koshelev, Yu.M. (1971) Report by the Kundalyan Party on the results of geological prospecting for and exploration of copper occurrences carried out in 1969-1970. Kabul, DGMS, 1971.
Chmyriov, V.M., Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F., Mirzad, S.H., Dronov, V.I., Kazikhani, A.R., Salah, A.S., and Teleshev, G.I. (1972) Mineral resources of Afghanistan (A explanatory note to the Map of Mineral Deposits and occurrences of Afghanistan, scale: 1:1,000,000), Kabul, DGMS, 1972.
Chmyriov, V.M., Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F., Mirzad, S.H., Dronov, V.I., Kazikhani, A.R., Salah, A.S., and Teleshev, G.I. (1972) Mineral resources of Afghanistan. Geology and Mineral Resources of Afghanistan. Print. Kabul Times, Kabul, 1973, Ed. 1.
Denikayev, Sh.Sh., Feoktistov, V.P., Rossovsky, L.N., and Adjruddin, A. (1972) The geology and minerals of the northern part of East Afghanistan (Report of the Kabul party on the work in 1971). Kabul, DGMS, 1972.
Dronov, V.I., Kalimulin, S.M., Sbortshchikov, I.M., Svezhentsov, V.P., Chistyakov, A.N., Zelensky, E.D., and Cherepov, P.C. (1972) Geology and minerals of north Afghanistan (parts of sheets 400-II and 500-I, Kaisor-Hari Rod interfluve). Kabul Rec. Off. DGMS, 1972.
Dronov, V.I., Karapetov, S.S., Kalimulin, S.M., Kotchetkev, A.Ya., Sonin, .I., Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F., Svezhentsov, V.P., Semionov, Yu.G. (Editors: V.M. Chmyriov and S.H. Mirzad)(1972). Geological map of central and south-west Afghanistan, scale 1:500,000. Printed in Cartographic Institute. Kabul, 1972.
Kafarskiy, A.Kh., Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F., Pyzhyanov, I.V., Achilov, G.Sh., Gorelov, A.I., Bezulov, G.M., and Gazanfari, S.A. (1972) Geology and minerals of the Western Hendukush and the eastern part of the Bande-Turkestan (parts of sheets 500-I, 500-II). Kabul, Rec. Off. DGMS, 1972.
Litvinenko, K.I., Parfionov, Yu.I., and Zastoin, A.I. (1972) Report on the results of prospecting for and assessment of mercury occurrences carried out in 1971. Kabul, Rec. Off. DCMS, 1972.
Dronov, V.I. (1973) Generalized stratigraphic columns to the Geological Map of Central and South-Western Afghanistan, Scale 1:50 000. Printed Kabul Times, Kabul, 1973, 2 sheets.
Dronov, V.I., Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F., Kotchetkov, A.Ya., Karapetov, S.S., Kalimulin, S.M., ad Sonin, I.I. (1973) The geology and minerals of Central and South-West Afghanistan. Kabul Rec. Off. DGMS, 1973.
Gumerov, L.G. (1973) A preliminary report on prospecting for chrisotile-asbestos carried out by the Non-Metalliferous party in 1970-1972 and on further trend of the work. Kabul, DGMS, 1973.
Kabakov, O.N. (1973) Review of the tin occurrences of Afghanistan (Summary report by prospecting and evaluation party on the work in 1970-1972). Kabul, DGMS, 1973.
Kononov, O.V., Slavin, V.I., and Atikulla, S. (1973) Recent volcanoes and aragonite deposits in South-Western Afghanistan. Thes. Rep. V knige: I Nauchno-metodicheskaya konferentsiya, Ku i. KPI. Kabul, 1973: 15-16.
Filippov, O.I. (1974) Report on the results of prospecting and exploration for mica-muscovite in Afghanistan carried out in 1972-1974. Kabul, DMS, 1974.
Kafarskiy, A.Kh., Averianov, V.B., and Burel, M.P. (1974) Geology and minerals of the Afghan Pamir (a part of sheet 300-III), Kabul Rec. Off. GS, 1974.
Kiriohek, V.S., Logatchev, V.P., and Kosarez, N.E. (1974) Report by the Rasul prospecting and exploration party on the prospecting for tin carried out in 1972-1973. Kabul, DGMS, 1974.
Kornev, L.E. and Arvanitaki, S.E. (1974) Report on the results of prospecting and evaluation of mercury occurrences carried out in 1972-1973. Kabul, DGMS, 1974.
Orlov, G.A., Sloboda, G.S., Eriomenko, C.K., Zhdan, A.V., Matveev, P.S., Gauwari, S. (1974) Report by the Jigdalek Team on prospecting for rubies in 1973-1974. Kabul, Rec. Off. DGMS, 1974.
Chmyriov, V.M. (1975) The main features of tin mineralization in Afghanistan. Theses of reports. In: Bulletin of the 3rd Scientific Conference held in Ku and KPI, Kabul, 1975: 74-75.
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Chmyriov, V.M. and Rossovsky, L.N. (1975) Localization features of rare-metal pegmatite fields of Afghanistan. Theses of reports. In: Bulletin of the 3rd Scientific Conference held in the KU and KPI, Kabul, 1975: 72-74.
Eriomenko, C.K., Vkhter, B.Ya., Chmyriov, V.M., and Khamidi Khabi bulah (1975) Volcanic Quaternary carbonatite complex in Afghanistan. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 223, 2 pp.
Kafarskiy, A.Kh., Averianov, V.B., Kolesnichenko, V.A., Burel, M.P. and Achlov, G.Sh. (1975) The geology and minerals of the West Hendukush parts of map sheets 200-II, 500-III, 500-IV). Kabul, DGMS, 1975.
Kafarskiy, A.Kh., Averianov, V.B., Kolesnichenko, V.A., Burel, M.P. and Achlov, G.Sh. (1975) Geology and minerals of the Western Badakhshan and northern flanks of the Western Hendukush (parts of sheets 200-II, 500-III, IV). Kabul, Rec. Off. DGMS, 1973.
Kornev, L.E., Zhdan, A.V., Orlov, G.A., Mironov, Y.Yu., Matveev, P.S., Tsoolov, G.S., and Sliozov, V.A. (1975) Report by the Taywara and Kharnak teams on prospecting for mercury in 1973-74. Kabul Rec. Off., 1975.
Chmyriov, V.M., Abdullah, Sh., Dronov, V.I., Kafarsky, A.Kh., Salah, A.S., and Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F. (1976) Geological Map of Afghanistan. Abstracts Himalayan Geology Seminar, New Delhi, 1976.
Chmyriov, V.M., Dronov, V.I., Kafarsky, A.Kh., Salah, A.S., and Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F. (1976) Geological map of Afghanistan. 'Abstracts Himalayan Geology Seminar', New Delhi, 1976.
Chmyriov, V.M., Kafarsky, A.Kh., Abdullah, Sh., Dronov, V.I., and Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F. (1976) Tectonic zoning of Afghanistan. Abstracts, Himalayan Geology Seminar, New Delhi, 1976.
Chmyriov, V.M., Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F., and Azimi, N. (1976) Ore formations of Afghanistan. Theses of reports. In: Bulletin of the IVth Scientific Conference held in KU and KPI, Kabul, 1976: 62-63.
Chmyriov, V.M., Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F., Azimi, N., and Giroval, M. (1976) Metallogenic provinces of Afghanistan. Thes. Rep. V knige: IV Nauchno-metodicheskaya konferentsiya, KU i KPI, Kabul, 1976: 57-58.
Chmyriov, V.M., Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F., Azimi, N., and Giroval, M. (1976) Metallogenic zoning of Afghanistan. Theses of reports. In: Bulletin of the IVth Scientific Conference held in KU and KPI, Kabul, 1976: 57-58.
Chmyriov, V.M., Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F., and Giroval, T. (1976) Metallogenic epochs of Afghanistan. Theses of reports. In: Bulletin of the IVth Scientific Conference held in KU and KPI, Kabul, 1976: 61-62.
Gumerov, L.G., Yorov, Z., Kazikhani, A. (1976) Chrisotile-asbestos deposits of Afghanistan. Izv. Ac. Sc. USS, 1976, ser. geol. No. 4.
Kotchetkov, A.Ya. (1976) Some features of metallogeny of Central and Western Afghanistan. Izv. VUZ-ov, Geologiya i Razvedka, 1976, No.4.
Chmyriov, V.M. and Azimi, N.A. (1977) The new uranium and rare-earth mineralization type of the Mediterranean Belt (Afghanistan). Theses of reports. -In: Bulletin of the V-th Scientific Conference held in KU and KPI, Kabul, 1977: 55-56.
Chmyriov, V.M. and Azimi, N.A. (1977) Telethermal mineral deposits of Afghanistan. Theses of reports. In: Bulletin of the V-th Scientific Conference held in KU and KPI, Kabul, 1977: 57-58.
Chmyriov, V.M. and Azimi, N.A. (1977) The genetic types and ore formations of copper deposits of Afghanistan. Theses of reports. -In: Bulletin of the V-th Scientific Conference held in KU and KPI, Kabul, 1977: 5.
Chmyriov, V.M., Azimi, N.A., Dronov, V.I., Slavin, V.I., Kafarsky, A.Kh., and Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F. (1977) The main geological features of Afghanistan. Izv. AN SSSR. Seriya geol. 1977 (2): 29-48.
Chmyriov, V.M., Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F., Dronov, V.I., and Kafarsky, A.Kh. (1977) Geology and minerals of Afghanistan. Kabul Rec. Off. DGMS, 1977.
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Chmyriov, V.M. (1978) Peculiarities of the geology and principles of metallogenic zoning of Afghanistan. Synopsis of thesis of candidate disertat., Vladivostok, USSR, 1978: 1-29.
Chmyriov, V.M., Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F., Abdullah, Sh., Giroval, T., Dronov, V.I., Kafarsky, A.Kh., Kornev, L.E., Lyubimov, B.K., Maywand, K., Malarov, E.P., and Sokolova, L.V. (1978) Map of mineral deposits and occurrences of Afghanistan. Published by Leningrad Map Reproduction Plant at the Ministry of Geology of the USSR, 1978, 1 map sheets.
Chmyriov, V.M., Stazhilo-Alekseev, K.F., Abdullah, Sh., Giruval, M., Dronov, V.I., Kafarsky, A.Kh., Kornev, L.E., Lynbimov, B.K., Maiwand, M.K., Malyarov, E.P., and Sokolova, L.V. (1978) Map of Mineral Resources of Afghanistan, scale 1:500,000. Printed Leningrad Cartogr., Ministry of Geology, USSR 1978, 19 sheets.
Abdullah, S.H. and Chmyriov, V.M. (1980) Geology and mineral resources of Afghanistan.
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110. [http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2002/0110/]
Peters, S.G., Ludington, S.D., Orris, G.J., Sutphin, D.M., and Bliss, J.D., eds. (2007): Preliminary Non-Fuel Mineral Resource Assessment of Afghanistan. USGS Open–File Report 07-1214.
Peters, S.G., King, T.V.V., Mack, T.J., and Chornack, M.P., eds., and the U.S. Geological Survey Afghanistan Mineral Assessment Team (2011) Summaries of important areas for mineral investment and production opportunities of nonfuel minerals in Afghanistan: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011–1204.
Thomalsky, J., Bräutigam, B., Karaucak, M., Kraus, S. (2015): Early mining and metal production in Afghanistan: The first year of investigations. Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran und Turan (Hrsg. S. Hansen & M. Wagner) 45 (2013), 199-230.
Weerth, A. & Weiß, S. (2016): Neues aus der Grenzregion Pakistan/Afghanistan. Lapis, 41 (10), 30-39 (in German).

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Localities in this Region
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Some regions, for example mining districts and mountain ranges, cut across political boundaries and do fit neatly into the standard locality hierarchy. This list includes regions that overlap this region in part if not fully.

The Himalayas, Asia

Mountain Range - 263 mineral species & varietal names listed

The following list is the regular hierarchical locality list for this region.

Afghanistan