SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Bastnäsite-(Ce)

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
Ce(CO3)F
Colour:
Yellow, reddish-brown; colourless to light yellow in transmitted light
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Specific Gravity:
4.9 - 5.2
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
For the type locality at the Bastnäs mines, Riddarhyttan, Skinnskatteberg, Västmanland, Sweden, plus the "-(Ce)" suffix due to the dominance of cerium in the composition.

Classification of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.BD.20a

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)
16a.1.1.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq
12.1.8

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides

Physical Properties of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Pearly on basal partings
Colour:
Yellow, reddish-brown; colourless to light yellow in transmitted light
Hardness:
4 - 4½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
On {1010}.
Parting:
On {0001} distinct to perfect of secondary origin).
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.9 - 5.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.12 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.717 - 1.722 nε = 1.818 - 1.823
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.101
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Faintly pleochroic with absorption E is greater than O.

Chemical Properties of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
Ce(CO3)F

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
 1
Ce2O339.95 %
Other oxydes of REE30.55 %
F7.80 %
CaO0.85 %
CO219.20 %
Total:98.35 %
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Andakatany Deposit, Andakatany, Manandriana, Amoron'i Mania, MadagascarBehier, J. (1959): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1959. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive: 237-250 [p. 240]

Crystallography of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6 m2 - Ditrigonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P6c2
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.118(1) Å, c = 9.762(1) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.371
Unit Cell V:
428.34 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
6
Morphology:
Crystals tabular {0001}, usually with {1010} alone. Crystals normally deeply grooved horizontally due to oscillatory combination of {1011} and {1010}. Large anhedral masses; granular.

Epitaxial Relationships of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Epitaxial Minerals:
Epitaxy Comments:
Bastnäsite forms oriented overgrowths and alteration pseudomorphs after fluocerite. Crystal axes of both species oriented in parallel position.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.90 Å(35)
3.56 Å(71)
2.88 Å(100)
2.06 Å(50)
2.01 Å(35)
1.892 Å(50)
1.675 Å(24)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Most abundant REE mineral. Hydrothermal and primary igneous. Granitic and alkali syenites and pegmatites, carbonatites, contact metamorphic deposits, rarely in detrital deposits.

Type Occurrence of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Swedish Museum of Natural History 23:0476
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Narrow bands in a contact metamorphic amphibole skarn.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Relationship of Bastnäsite-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
Bastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
23 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with QuartzSiO2
22 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with CalciteCaCO3
21 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
14 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with FluoriteCaF2
14 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
14 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
13 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
12 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
11 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
9 photos of Bastnäsite-(Ce) associated with PyriteFeS2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BD.05Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4FHex. 6mm : P63mc
5.BD.10Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)Ba2(La,Ce,Th)(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2Mon.
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)Hex.
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
5.BD.20bParisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2FOrth.
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2FTrig. 3 : P3
5.BD.35Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

16a.1.1.2Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
16a.1.1.3Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
16a.1.1.4Bastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

12.1.1NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2ClIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
12.1.2BarentsiteNa7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4Tric.
12.1.3RouvilleiteNa3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.4ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
12.1.5DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (xOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
12.1.6BrenkiteCa2(CO3)F2Orth.
12.1.7Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5Mon. 2/m
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2FOrth.
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
12.1.19Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
12.1.20Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
12.1.22ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
12.1.23PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
12.1.24BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
12.1.25AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2OTric. 1 : P1
12.1.26KettneriteCaBiCO3OFOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in strong, hot acids.

May be found as pseudomorphs after Fluocerite or Tscheffkinite.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
REE ore

References for Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Berzelius, J.J. (1818) Afhandlingar I Fysik, Kemi och Mineralogi, Stockholm: 5: 64. (as Basisk flussspatssyradt Cerium)
Berzelius, J.J. (1825) Flusspatssyradt och kolsyradt cerium. Årsberättelser om Vetenskapernas Framsteg. Afgivne af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Academiens Embetsman: 31 Mars 1824: 201-202. (as Basisk flussspatssyradt Cerium)
Beudant, F.S. (1832) Traité élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 520. (as Basicérine)
Hisinger, W. (1838) Analyser af några svenska mineralier. 2.Basiskt Fluor-Cerium från Bastnäs. Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar: 1838: 187-1891.(as Basiskfluor-cerium)
Huot, J.J.N. (1841) Genre. Lanthane. 2 Espèce, Bastnaesite. in Manuels-Roret. Nouveau Manuel Complet de Minéralogie, Première Partie, (Paris): 296-296.
Dufrénoy, A. (1845) Traité de minéralogie, 1st. Edition Vol. 1 (1844); Vol. 2: 382 (as Cérium hydrofluaté).
Hausmann, J.F.L. (1847) Handbuch der Mineralogie 3 volumes, Göttingen. Second edition, vol. 2, in two parts: 1447 (as Fluocerine).
Karavayev (1861) Bulletin of the Academy Imp. Science of St. Petersburg: 4: 401 (as Kischtim-Parisit).
Karavayev (1862) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 85: 442.
Brush, G.J. (1863) Kischtimite, a new mineral. American Journal of Science: 35: 427-428. (as Kischtimite)
Phillips (1867): 267 (as Sub-fluate of cerium).
Nordenskiöld (1868) Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar, Öfv: 25: 39. (as Hamartite)
Hillebrand, W.F. (1899) Mineralogical Notes: Analyses of Tysonite, Bastnasite, Prosopite, Jeffersonite, Covellite, etc. The American Journal of Science: 7: 51-57.
Koechlin (1912) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 31: 525.
Lacroix (1912) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 35: 108.
Geijer (1920) Sver. Geol. Undersök., Årsbok: 14, no. 6.
Lacroix, A. (1922) Minéralogie de Madagascar, Paris. 3 volumes: 1: 297.
Hintze, Carl (1929) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3A]: 3418.
Silberminz (1929) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S., series A, 55.
Oftedal, I. (1931) Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, Oslo: 12: 459.
Oftedal, I. (1931) Zur kristallstruktur von bastnäsit (Ce,La--)FCO3. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 78: 462-469.
Glass, J.J., Smalley, R.G. (1945) Bastnäsite. American Mineralogist: 30(9-10): 601-615.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 289-291.
Donnay, G., Donnay, J.D.H. (1953) The crystallography of bastnaesite, parisite, roentgenite, and synchisite. American Mineralogist: 38: 932-963.
Hsu, L.C. (1992) Synthesis and stability of bastnaesites in a part of the system (Ce, La)-F-H-C-O. Mineralogy and Petrology: 47: 81-101.
Yunxiang, N., Hughes, J.M., Mariano, A.N. (1993) The atomic arrangement of bastnäsite-(Ce), Ce(CO3)F, and structural elements of synchysite-(Ce), röntgenite-(Ce), and parisite-(Ce). American Mineralogist: 78: 415-418.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2003) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume V. Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 813pp.: 51.
Frost, R.L., Dickfos, M.J. (2007) Raman spectroscopy of halogen-containing carbonates. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 38: 1516-1522.
Burke, E.A.J. (2008) Tidying up mineral names: an IMA-CNMNC scheme for suffixes, hyphens and diacritical marks. The Mineralogical Record: 39: 131-135.
Turner, D.J., Rivard, B., Groat, L.A. (2014) Visible and short-wave infrared reflectance spectroscopy of REE fluorocarbonates. American Mineralogist: 99: 1335-1346.
Ciobanu, C., Kontonikas-Charos, A., Slattery, A., Cook, N.J., Wade, B., Ehrig, K. (2017) Short-range stacking disorder in mixed-layer compounds: A HAADF STEM study of bastnäsite-parisite intergrowths. Minerals: 7: 227.

Internet Links for Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Bastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Londuimbali
Amores-Casals, S.; Gonçalves, A.O.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Molist, J.M. (2020) Nb and REE Distribution in the Monte Verde Carbonatite–Alkaline–Agpaitic Complex (Angola). Minerals 10, 5.
  • Huíla Province
    • Quilengues
ZHENG, L., GU, X., & ZHANG, Y. (2014). Pyrochlore Chemistry from the Bonga Carbonatite-type Nb Deposit, Huila Province, Angola: Implications for Magmatic-Hydrothermal Processes of Carbonatite. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 40, 205-226.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca Province
    • Belén Department
Colombo, F., Lira, R., Simmons, W., & Falster, A. (2011). The NYF-type miarolitic-rare earth elements pegmatites of the El Portezuelo granite, Papachacra (Catamarca, NW Argentina). Asoc. Geol. Arg., Serie D, Publicación Especial, 14, 57-59.
  • San Luis Province
    • San Martín department
      • Las Chacras
Urbina Nilda, E., et al. "METALLOGENY OF THE SIERRAS PAMPEANAS OF SAN LUIS, ARGENTINA."
Lira, R., Viñas, N.A., Ripley, E.M. y Barbieri, M. (1999). El yacimiento de tierras raras, torio y uranio Rodeo de Los Molles, San Luis. En: Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini). Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales. SEGEMAR, Anales 35: 987-997.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Bathurst Co.
      • Carcoar
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
        • Broken Hill
          • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Birch, W.D., van der Heydon, A. (1997) Minerals of the Kintore and Block 14 open cuts at Broken Hill, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 3(1), 23-74.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Selwyn District
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Mt Victor Plumbago Station
LUDWIG K.R. et al. Geochronology of Precambrian granites and associated U-Ti-Th mineralization, north. Olary Prov., SA. Contr. Mineral. Petr.,1984, 86, p. 298-308
      • Yunta
Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 9. No. 1. 2003. pg47
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Lottermoser, B. G. (1995): Rare earth element mineralogy of the Olympic Dam Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, Roxby Downs, South Australia; implications for ore genesis. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1995, 371-384.; Econ Geol. (1992) 87:1-28; Roberts, D.E., Hudson, G.R.T., and Li, Z. (1984): Geology and Prospecting 20(7), 32-37, 51; Schmandt, D., Cook, N.J., Ciobanu, C., Ehrig, K., Wade, B., Gilbert, S., and Kamenetsky, V. (2017): Rare earth element fluorocarbonate minerals from the Olympic Dam Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Minerals 7, 202.
Ciobanu, C., Kontonikas-Charos, A., Slattery, A., Cook, N.J., Wade, B., Ehrig, K. (2017) Short-range stacking disorder in mixed-layer compounds: A HAADF STEM study of bastnäsite-parisite intergrowths. Minerals, 7, 227.
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Rudall River District
Ogilvie, A. L. (2014). Textural and LA-ICP-MS trace element chemistry analysis of pyrite and chalcopyrite from Telfer Au-Cu deposit, WA: implications for a multi-source ore system (Honors thesis).
    • Mukinbudin Shire
      • Mukinbudin
Bermanec V, Jacobson M I, Soufek M, Cobic A, Tomasic N (2014) Allanite-(Ce) alterations in the Mukinbudin Feldspar Quarries pegmatite, Mukinbudin, Western Australia. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 264
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Reißeck
        • Kolbnitz
Walter, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2015): 1918) Bastnäsit-(Ce) aus dem Riekengraben, Reißeckgruppe. Pp. 220-221 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
  • Lower Austria
    • Neunkirchen District
      • Gloggnitz
        • Schlossberg
EDS-analysed by Dr. F. Bernhard, Graz 2007; U. Kolitsch (XRD-analysis, 2009); to be published in joint article
Kolitsch, U., Auer, C., Schachinger, T., Slama, M. (2018): 2093) Aeschynit-(Y), Allanit-(Ce), Ankerit, Ankylith-(Ce), Bastnäsit-(Ce), Cassiterit, Cubanit, Fergusonit-(Y) (?), Hingganit-(Y), Ilmenit, Rutil, Synchisit-(Y), Synchisit-(Ce), Thorit, Xenotim-(Y) und Zirkon vom niederösterreichischen Anteil des Semmering-Basistunnels, Niederösterreich. Pp. 231-236 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Spital am Semmering
Auer, C. (2020): 2187) Ankerit, Bastnäsit-(Ce), Se-hältiger Bismuthinit, Clausthalit, Coffinit(?), Galenit, ged.Arsen, Gersdorffit, Glaukodot(?), Greenockit, Löllingit, Magnetit, Monazit-(Ce), Sphalerit, Stibnit(?), Tennantit-(Fe), ein Glied aus der Reihe Aikinit-Bismuthinit und Xenotim-(Y) vom Steinbachgraben ("Knappenkeusche") bei Steinhaus am Semmering, Steiermark. In: Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIX, Carinthia II, vol. 210./130., p.153-218, Klagenfurt.
  • Vorarlberg
    • Bludenz District
      • Silbertal
        • Rinder valley (Gafluna valley)
Kolitsch, U. (2013): 1795) Bastnäsit(?)-(Ce), Chamosit, Chrysokoll, SEE-haltiger Epidot, Fluorit, Schwefel und andere Mineralien vom alten Bergbau am Fellimännle, Rindertal (Gaflunatal) im Montafon, Vorarlberg. P. 107 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
Belarus
 
  • Gomel Region
    • Zhytkavichy District
E.P. Shpanov, G.N. Netschelyustov, S.V. Baturin, L.S. Solntseva (1989) Byelorussite-(CelNaMnBarTi,- Si8Or6(F,OH).HrO-A new mineral of the joaquinite group. Zapiski Vses. Mineralog. Obshch., I l8(5), 100- 107 (in Russian).
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Luxembourg
      • Bertrix
Van Der Meersche, E. (2005) België is weer vier mineralen rijker... Nautilus Info, 29(5), 89-92 / Geonieuws, 30(4), 81-83 (in Dutch).; Dehove, J. (2006) Les minéraux de la Carrière de la Flèche, Bertrix, province du Luxembourg, Belgique. Magazine du 4M, 27(261), 7-11.
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba
    • Ayopaya Province
Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
Botswana
 
  • North-West District
    • Ngamiland West District
Melgarejo, J. C., Abat, L. T., Tárrega, E. A., & Crego, M. C. (2011) Sulfide Deposits Associated with Cl Metasomatism along Thrusts in Black Shales, Tsodilo, Botswana. Revista de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía pp 129-130
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
Jordens, A., Marion, C., Kuzmina, O., & Waters, K. E. (2014). Surface chemistry considerations in the flotation of bastnäsite. Minerals Engineering, 66, 119-129.
      • Caldas
        • Campo do Cercado
Waber (1991)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
      • Rock Canyon Creek
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
    • Omineca Mining Division
      • Wicheeda Lake
Dalsin, M.L. (2013) The Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Geochronology of the Wicheeda Carbonatite Complex, British Columbia. M.Sc. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
GSC locality database
  • Northwest Territories
Feng, Y. & Samson, I.M. (2015) Replacement process involving high field strength elements in the T-zone, Thor Lake rare-metal deposit. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 61-82.
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
Sheard, E.R. (2010); Williams-Jones, A.E., Heiligmann, M., Sheard, E., Macwilliam, K., Pedersen, C.J., Mercer, W., and Trueman, D (2010) The Nechalacho Heavy Rare Earth And Rare Metal Deposit, Thor Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 5, p. 335; D. Robert Pinckston, Dorian G. W. Smith (1995) Mineralogy of the Lake zone, Thor Lake rare-metals deposit, N.W.T., Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 32:516-532; SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
Feng, Y. & Samson, I.M. (2015) Replacement process involving high field strength elements in the T-zone, Thor Lake rare-metal deposit. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 61-82.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
Pe-Piper, Georgia; Wisen, J., Papoutsa, A. and Piper, D. J.W. (2015) Mineralisation of fractured granites along the Cobequid Fault Zone: West Moose River Pluton, Cumberland County, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7759.
  • Ontario
    • Frontenac County
      • Olden Township
Scott Ercit pers. comm.
    • Haliburton County
      • Cardiff Township
S. Mounce, C. Emproto, M. Murchland, M. Rutherford, and J. Rakovan. “Melt and Micromineral Inclusions in Fluorapatite, Calcite, Fluorite, Albite, and Augite from The Schickler Occurrence, ON, Canada.” 47th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 23-26, 2020. Online.
    • Sudbury District
      • Scadding Township
Canadian Mineralogist 45, 1415
    • Thunder Bay District
Mitchell (1991)
      • O'Meara Township
Platt & Wooley (1990)
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Saint-Pierre-de-Broughton (West Broughton)
Horváth Collection XRD & EDS
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; HORVÁTH, L., GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 281-359.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth et al. (1998); Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Nunavik
Mitchell, R.H. & Smith, D.L. (2017) Geology and mineralogy of the Ashram zone carbonatite, Eldor complex, Quebec. Ore Geology Reviews 86, 784-806.
    • Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean
      • Le Fjord-du-Saguenay RCM
        • Saint-Honoré
Currie (1976) GSC Bulletin 239, 109-110
FOURNIER, A. (1993) Magmat!c and hydrothermal controls of LREE mineralization of the St.-Honoré carbonatite, Québec. M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. 95p.
Miller (1996), Canadian Mineralogist: 34:349-371; Salvi & Williams-Jones (1995); Am.Min.: 80:1031-1040; Miller (1990), Newfoundland Dept. of Mines & Energy Geol. Sur. Report 90-1: 171-182.; A. Kerr and H. Rafuse (2012) Rare-earth element (REE) geochemistry of the Strange Lake deposits: Implications for resource estimation and metallogenic models. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources Current Research 2012 pp39-60; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
Cape Verde
Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Fuzhou
      • Jin'an District
Martin, H., Bonin, B., Capdevila, R., Jahn, B. M., Lameyre, J., & Wang, Y. (2004). The Kuiqi peralkaline granitic complex (SE China): petrology and geochemistry. Journal of Petrology, 35, 983-1015. Qiu, J. S., Wang, D. Z., McInnes, B. I., Jiang, S. Y., Wang, R. C., & Kanisawa, S. (2004). Two subgroups of A-type granites in the coastal area of Zhejiang and Fujian Provinces, SE China: age and geochemical constraints on their petrogenesis. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 95(1-2), 227-236. Wei, C. S., Zhao, Z. F., & Spicuzza, M. J. (2008). Zircon oxygen isotopic constraint on the sources of late Mesozoic A-type granites in eastern China. Chemical Geology, 250(1-4), 1-15. Xie, L., Wang, R. C., Wang, D. Z., & Qiu, J. S. (2006). A survey of accessory mineral assemblages in peralkaline and more aluminous A-type granites of the southeast coastal area of China. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 709-729.
    • Nanping
      • Pucheng County
Bai, G. & Yuan, Z. (1985). Carbonatites and related mineral resources. Bull. Inst. Miner. Deposits Chin. Acad. Geol. Sci., 13, 1-193. Su, Y. 1997. Geological characteristics and discussion of genesis of Yangdun P-Fe-Nb REE ore deposit, Fujian Province, China. Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research, 12 (2), 1-20. Yang, Z., & Woolley, A. (2006). Carbonatites in China: a review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 559-575. Zhang, M., Suddaby, P., Thompson, R. N., Thirlwall, M. F., & Menzies, M. A. (1995). Potassic volcanic rocks in NE China: geochemical constraints on mantle source and magma genesis. Journal of Petrology, 36(5), 1275-1303.
  • Guangdong
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
  • Guizhou
    • Bijie
      • Hezhang County
Ruidong Yang, Wei Wang, Miao Bao, Qiang Wang, and Huairui Wei (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(suppl.), 205-208
      • Weining County
Zhongxin Yuan, Jiankang Li, and Lijuan Ying (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 581-582
  • Henan
    • Nanyang
      • Xixia County
Qu, K., Sima, X., Zhou, H., Xiao, Z., Tu, J., Yin, Q., ... & Li, J. (2019). In situ LA-MC-ICP-MS and ID-TIMS U-Pb ages of bastnäsite-(Ce) and zircon from the Taipingzhen hydrothermal REE deposit: New constraints on the later Paleozoic granite-related U-REE mineralization in the North Qinling Orogen, Central China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 173, 352-363.
  • Hubei
    • Shiyan
      • Zhushan Co.
Li, S. (1982). Geochemical features and petrogenesis of Miaoya carbonatites, Hubei Province. Geochemistry, 1(4), 409-420. Xu, C., Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Li, X., & Song, W. (2015). A case example of the importance of multi-analytical approach in deciphering carbonatite petrogenesis in South Qinling orogen: Miaoya rare-metal deposit, central China. Lithos, 227, 107-121. Xu, C., Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Campbell, I. H., & Allen, C. M. (2010). Trace-element modeling of the magmatic evolution of rare-earth-rich carbonatite from the Miaoya deposit, Central China. Lithos, 118(1-2), 145-155. Yang, Z., & Woolley, A. (2006). Carbonatites in China: a review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 559-575.; Li, S. (1982). Geochemical features and petrogenesis of Miaoya carbonatites, Hubei Province. Geochemistry, 1(4), 409-420. Xu, C., Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Li, X., & Song, W. (2015). A case example of the importance of multi-analytical approach in deciphering carbonatite petrogenesis in South Qinling orogen: Miaoya rare-metal deposit, central China. Lithos, 227, 107-121. Xu, C., Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A. R., Campbell, I. H., & Allen, C. M. (2010). Trace-element modeling of the magmatic evolution of rare-earth-rich carbonatite from the Miaoya deposit, Central China. Lithos, 118(1-2), 145-155. Yang, Z., & Woolley, A. (2006). Carbonatites in China: a review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 559-575.
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou City (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Smith, M.P., Henderson, P., and Campbell, L.S. (2000): Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 64(18), 3141-1360.; Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H (2011) Yangzhumingite, KMg2.5Si4O10F2, a new mineral in the mica group from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 467-473
Smith, M.P., Henderson, P., and Campbell, L.S. (2000): Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 64(18), 3141-1360.
          • Dulahala
Yang, X.M., Yang, X.Y., Zheng, Y.F., and Le Bas, M.J. (2003): Mineralogy and Petrology 78, 93-110.
  • Jiangxi
    • Ganzhou
      • Dayu Co.
Rucheng Wang, Fontan, F., Xiaoming Chen, Huan Hu, Changshi Liu, Shijin Xu, and de Parseval, P. (2003): Canadian Mineralogist 41, 727-748.
      • Longnan Co.
Yunhuai Lin and Shiyang Chen (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(3), 23-31
      • Xunwu Co.
Zhiwei Bao and Zhenhua Zhao (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 519-535.
  • Shaanxi
    • Weinan
      • Huayin City
Huang, D. H., Wang, Y. C., Nie, F. J., & Jiang, X. J. (1984). Isotopic composition of sulfur, carbon and oxygen and source material of the Huanglongpu carbonatite vein-type of molybdenum (lead) deposits. Acta Geologica Sinica, 58(3), 252-264. Huang, D. H., Wang, Y. C., Nie, F. J., & Jiang, X. J. (1985). A NEW TYPE OF MOLYBDENUM DEPOSIT-GEOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND METALLOGENIC MECHANISM OF THE HUANGLONGPU CARBONATITE VEIN-TYPE OF MOLYBDENUM (LEAD) DEPOSIT, SHAAXI. Acta geologica sinica, 59(3), 241-257.; Huang, D. H., Wang, Y. C., Nie, F. J., & Jiang, X. J. (1984). Isotopic composition of sulfur, carbon and oxygen and source material of the Huanglongpu carbonatite vein-type of molybdenum (lead) deposits. Acta Geologica Sinica, 58(3), 252-264. Huang, D. H., Wang, Y. C., Nie, F. J., & Jiang, X. J. (1985). A NEW TYPE OF MOLYBDENUM DEPOSIT-GEOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND METALLOGENIC MECHANISM OF THE HUANGLONGPU CARBONATITE VEIN-TYPE OF MOLYBDENUM (LEAD) DEPOSIT, SHAAXI. Acta geologica sinica, 59(3), 241-257.
  • Shandong
    • Jining
      • Weishan County
Wu, C., Yuan, Z., and Bai, G. (1996): Rare earth deposits in China. In: Jones, A.P., Wall, F., and Williams, C.T. (Eds.): Rare Earth Minerals: Chemistry, origin and ore deposits. The Mineralogical Society Series, Vol. 7. Chapman & Hall (London).
  • Sichuan
    • Guangyuan
      • Wangcang County
Bai, G. & Yuan, Z. (1985). Carbonatites and related mineral resources. Bull. Inst. Miner. Deposits Chin. Acad. Geol. Sci., 1-193.
    • Liangshan Yi
      • Dechang County
Yang, Z., & Woolley, A. (2006). Carbonatites in China: a review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 559-575.
      • Huili County
Yuanfu Xiao, Yan Sun, Zhiqiang Zhao, Gang Niu, Lin Zhang, and Congxuan Kang (2010): Geology in China 37(2), 463-469
      • Mianning County
Ge X., Fan G., Li G., Shen G., Chen Z., Ai Y. (2017): Mianningite, (□,Pb,Ce,Na)(U4+,Mn,U6+)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38, a new member of the crichtonite group from Maoniuping REE deposit, Mianning county, northwest Sichuan, China. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29: 331-338.
Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991) Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23.; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997) Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48.; Zhengxi Yang, Williams-Jones, A.E., and Guangping Pu (2000) Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 21(2), 28-34.; Wilson, W.E. and Origlieri, M.J. (2007) Red wulfenite from the Kuruktag Mountains, Xinjiang Uygur, China. The Mineralogical Record 38, 67-71.
      • Xichang County
        • Taihe intrusion
Rubo Zhang, Chongliang Du, and Zaoyun Long (2003): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 24(3), 5-8
  • Xinjiang
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Baicheng Co. (Bay Co.)
Jingwu Yin, Xingkun Shao, Haitao Yang, Tingxian Piao, Haiming Xu, and Jun Wang (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(2), 337-352
  • Yunnan
    • Chuxiong
      • Wuding County
Yaomin Yang, Guangzhi Tu, and Ruizhong Hu (2004): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 24(3), 301-308; Lin Hou, Jun Ding, Jun Deng, and Huijuan Peng (2013): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 32(2), 154-166; Lin Hou, Jun Ding, Changming Wang, Zhenwen Liao, Yang Guo, Shengwei Wang, and Zizheng Wang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(4), 1187-1202
      • Yuanmou County
Bai, G., Yuan Z. (1985). Carbonatites and related mineral resources. Bull. Inst. Miner. Deposits Chin. Acad. Geol. Sci., 13, 1-193. Chengyan, Z. Y. W. H. X., & Qirong, W. (1996). DISCOVERY AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE CARBONATITE OF KUNYANG GROUP IN THE CENTRAL OF YUNNAN [J]. GEOLOGICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION, 15, 14-18. Yongbei, Z., Guilan, W., Jianfeng, N., Chongshun, Z., Chengyan, X., Jiaxiang, Q., & Hao, W. (2003). Isotopic ages of the carbonatitic volcanic rocks in the Kunyang rift zone in central Yunnan, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 77(2), 204-211. Zhang, Y., Sun, S., Xu, C., Wang, H., Zhao, C., & Zhu, Z. (2003). Carbonatitic Volcanic Genesis of Hetaoqing Fe‐Cu Deposit in Central Yunnan, China. Resource Geology, 53, 1-13.
  • Zhejiang
    • Zhoushan
      • Putuo District
Qiu, J. S., Wang, D. Z., McInnes, B. I., Jiang, S. Y., Wang, R. C., & Kanisawa, S. (2004). Two subgroups of A-type granites in the coastal area of Zhejiang and Fujian Provinces, SE China: age and geochemical constraints on their petrogenesis. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 95(1-2), 227-236. Zhao, J. L., Qiu, J. S., Liu, L., & Wang, R. Q. (2016). The Late Cretaceous I-and A-type granite association of southeast China: Implications for the origin and evolution of post-collisional extensional magmatism. Lithos, 240, 16-33.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Kutná Hora District
      • Zruč nad Sázavou
Sejkora, J.: Některé zajímavé nálezy nerostů v pegmatitech České republiky. Minerál, 1993, roč. 1, č. 3, s. 22-23.
          • Moldanubian Zone pegmatites
Novak, M., Kadlec, T., & Gadas, P. (2013). Geological position, mineral assemblages and contamination of granitic pegmatites in the Moldanubian Zone, Czech Republic; examples from the Vlastejovice region. Journal of Geosciences, 58(1), 21-47.
  • Moravian-Silesian Region
    • Frýdek-Místek District
Matýsek D. (2013): Projevy mobilizace prvků vzácných zemin (REE) v podbeskydských těšínitech. Acta Mus. Morav., Sci. nat., 98, 101–113.
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Most District
      • Hora Svaté Kateřiny (Sankt Katharinaberg; Halleberg; Katterberg)
Breiter, Karel, Copjakova, Renata, and Skoda, Radek, 2009, The Involvement of F, CO2, and As in the Alteration of Zr-Th-REE-bearing Accessory Minerals in the Hora Svaté Kateřiny A-type Granite, Czech Republic, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 47, p. 1375-1398.
Finland
 
  • Kainuu
    • Kajaani
Marmo, Vladi et al 1966. On the granites of Honkamäki and Otanmäki, Finland, with special reference to the mineralogy accessories. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande n:o 221, 34p. illus.
  • Kymenlaakso
    • Kotka
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data. Jyrki Autio Collection.
Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
  • Lapland
    • Enontekiö
Al-Ani, Thair and Pakkanen, Lassi (2013): Mini-Atlas of REE-minerals in Finnish Bedrocks. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus/Geological Survey of Finland.
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
        • Sokli carbonatite complex
Al-Ani, T.,Sarapää, O. (2009). Rare earth elements and their mineral phases in Jammi carbonatite veins and fenites on the south side of Sokli carbonatite complex, NE Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti, M19/4723/2009/34. 24 p.; Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
AL-Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olli 2016. Abundance of REE bearing minerals in carbonatite and lambrophyre dikes in Kaulus area, Sokli carbonative complex, NE Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus 7/2016.
  • North Karelia
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp (p.346)
  • North Ostrobothnia
    • Pudasjärvi
http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf
    • Pyhäntä
Al Ani Thair and Torppa Akseli 2011. REE-Nb mineralogy in Katajakangas and Lamujärvi alkaline rocks, Central Finland
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Valkeakoski
Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data (2014), Jyrki Autio specimen
  • Satakunta
    • Eurajoki
Al-Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olla 2011.REE Geochemistry and Mineralogy of Tin-bearing Greisens and Wall Rocks in Eurajoki Rapakivi granite, SW Finland.Julkaisusarja: GTK:n arkistoraportit.
  • Southern Savonia
    • Puumala
Pohjalainen, Esa 2012. Preliminary REE potential mapping in the Puumala-Ruokolahti area South-Eastern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland 54/2012.
  • Southwest Finland
    • Pargas
      • Iniö
Lahti, Seppo I. & Suominen, Veli (1988): Occurrence, crystallography and chemistry of the fluorcerite-bastnäsite-cerianite intergrowth from Fjälskär granite, Southwestern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland. 60 (1) 45-53.
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Foix
        • Luzenac
Piret, P., Deliens, M., & Pinet, M. (1990). La trimounsite-(Y), nouveau silicotitanate de terres rares de Trimouns, Ariège, France:(TR) 2Ti2SiO9. European Journal of Mineralogy, 725-730.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
        • Vogtsburg im Kaiserstuhl
          • Schelingen
No reference listed
      • Lörrach
        • Todtnau
Lapis 21(12), 44 (1996)
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
        • Oberwolfach
KOLITSCH, U., GRAF, H. W. & BLAß, G. (1997): Untersuchungen über die Seltenerden-Carbonate Bastnäsit und Synchisit von der Grube Clara im Schwarzwald: Nachweis von Bastnäsit-(Ce), Bastnäsit-(Nd), Bastnäsit-(La) und Synchisit-(Ce). - Aufschluss 48, 367-79.
        • Steinach
[Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald]
    • Karlsruhe Region
      • Freudenstadt
        • Bad Rippoldsau-Schapbach
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Aschaffenburg District
        • Haibach
          • Dörrmorsbach
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Hesse
    • Darmstadt
      • Bergstraße
        • Abtsteinach
          • Mackenheim
Belendorff, K. (2004): Neu: Bastnäsit und Monazit von Mackenheim im Odenwald. Mineralien-Welt 15 (4), 34-35. (in German)
  • Lower Saxony
    • Göttingen District
      • Bad Lauterberg
Gröbner, J. & Kloss, D. (2010): Neufunde von der Grube Wolkenhügel bei Bad Lauterberg im Harz. Lapis 35 (1), 39-41; 62.
  • Saxony
    • Görlitz District
      • Königshain
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
    • Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
      • Altenberg
Mineralien-Welt, (2), 17-39.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion Mining District
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
              • Hilarion Mine
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Greenland
 
  • Sermersooq
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord
Distribution and mineralogy of rare earth element–Zr–Nb–Ta mineralisation within pegmatite sheets at Citadellet, Kangerdlugssuaq alkaline intrusion, East Greenland. in Abdurrahman, A., J. C. Ø. Andersen, and B. J. Williamson. "Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK." Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 121.4 (2012): 212.
Hungary
 
  • Baranya County
Nagy, G., (2003): Nacareniobsite in Phonolites in the Mecsek Mts. (Hungary) - Second occurrence in the world, Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract series 1, Szeged 2003
    • Siklós District
      • Nagyharsány
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
  • Tolna County
    • Mórágy
HOM Collection
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Nellore District
Gunnar Färber
  • Rajasthan
    • Barmer District
Bhushan, S. K. (2015). Geology of the Kamthai rare earth deposit. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(5), 537-546.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Courmayeur
      • Monte Bianco Massif (Mont Blanc Massif)
        • Ferret Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Lazio
    • Viterbo Province
Della Ventura, G., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Rossi, P., Tamagnini, F., Fiori, S., 2004. Dieci anni di micromineralogia laziale. Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
[MinRec 32:360]
    • Savona Province
      • Magliolo
Balestra, C., Ciriotti, M.E., Bracco, R. (2011): Su alcune novità mineralogiche liguri caratterizzate dal SIUK dell'AMI. MICRO, 2011, 46-53.
  • Lombardy
    • Varese Province
      • Cuasso al Monte
Domenico Preite
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Valdieri
        • San Lorenzo
Parola, F. (2015): I minerali della Miniera del Lausetto in Valle Gesso (Cuneo). Tesi di laurea in Scienze Geologiche. Università degli Studi di Torino, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Torino, 47 pp.
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Prali
G.C. Piccoli, G. Maletto, P. Bosio, B. Lombardo. I minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Ass. Amici del museo "F. Eusebio", Alba 2007. Guida ai minerali. F.lli Fabbri Ed, Milano 1973.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Formazza
        • Vallone del Vannino
Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No).
      • Varzo
Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M., and van der Burgt, A. (2016) Le allaniti e i minerali di terre rare dell'Alpe Veglia (Varzo, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 40, 4 (4-2016), 212-241.
  • Sardinia
    • Metropolitan City of Cagliari
      • Sarroch
- Orlandi, P., Gelosa, M., Bonacina, E., Caboni, F., Mamberti, M., Tanca, G., A. et Vinci, A. (2013) : Sardignaite, gelosaite et tancaite-(Ce) : trois nouveaux minéraux de Su Seinargiu, Sarroch, Sardaigne, Italie. Le Règne Minéral, 112, 39-52.; Orlandi P., Gelosa M., Bonacina E., Caboni F., Mamberti M., Tanca G.A., Vinci A.
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., and Tanca, G.A. [with contributions of Vinci, A., and Astolfi, M.] (1996) Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Associazione Mineralogica Domusnovas, Gruppo Mineralogico Arburese, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo et al. Ed., Siena, Vol. 2, 192 pp.
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 17, 3 (3-1994), 193-206.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • South Tyrol
      • Wipptal (Alta Vall'Isarco)
        • Pfitsch (Val di Vizze)
          • Sankt Jakob (San Giacomo)
            • Vizze Pass (Pfitsch Pass; Pfitscher Joch)
Folie, K., Gentile, P., Hanke, M., Rocchetti, I. (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt, 21, 4, 42-67.
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Predazzo
Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
      • Roncegno Terme
-Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.; Capitani, G. (2020) Synchysite-(Ce) from Cinquevalli (Trento, Italy): Stacking Disorder and the Polytypism of (Ca,REE)-Fluorcarbonates. Minerals 10, 77.
Japan
 
  • Kagawa Prefecture
    • Inland Sea (Setonaikai)
      • Shodoshima (Shodo Island)
European J. Mineralogy 20, 261-209(2008)
  • Kyoto Prefecture
    • Kyotango City
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Region
    • Yrgyz
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Tarbagatai Range
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Karaganda Region
    • Karkaraly
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Talas Region
    • Ak-Tyuz ore Field
no reference
Madagascar
 
  • Amoron'i Mania
    • Manandriana
      • Andakatany
Simmons, W. B. (2003): Investigation of oxide minerals from an old collection of Madagascar minerals. (Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy). Rocks & Minerals, nr 2, 2003
  • Diana
    • Ambanja
      • Antsirabe
Estrade, G., et al. (2014): REE and HFSE mineralization in peralkaline granites of the Ambohimirahavavy alkaline complex, Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94: 141–155
        • Betaimboay
          • Unnamed caldera
Wolfgang Hampel (2011), fieldwork/studies
Malawi
 
  • Southern Region
    • Phalombe
Ngwenya, B. T. (1994): Hydrothermal rare earth mineralisation in carbonatites of the Tundulu complex, Malawi: processes at the fluid/rock interface. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 58, 2061-2072.
    • Zomba
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Guastoni, A., Kondo, D. & Nestola, F. (2010): Bastnäsite-(Ce) and Parisite-(Ce) from Mt. Malosa, Malawi. Gems & Gemology 46, 42-46. ; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
Dowman, E., Wall, F., Treloar, P. J., Rankin, A. H., & Corkhill, C. (2017). Rare-earth mobility as a result of multiple phases of fluid activity in fenite around the Chilwa Island Carbonatite, Malawi. Mineralogical Magazine, 81(6), 1367-1395.
Mauritania
 
  • Trarza Region
Taylor, C.D. and Giles, S. A. (2012): Potentiel minéral pour des dépôts d’éléments incompatibles au sein des pegmatites, de roches alcalines et de carbonatites sur le territoire de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie.- Second Projet de Renforcement Institutionnel du Secteur Minier de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie (PRISM-II), Phase V ; Livrable 87, USGS, 45 pages.
Mongolia
 
  • Dornogovi Province
    • Khatanbulag District
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Khovd Province
    • Myangad District
G.M. Tsareva data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:530-547; Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmolyuk, V. V., Sal nikova, E. B., Kartashov, P. M., Kovach, V. P., Kozakov, I. K., ... & Yakovleva, S. Z. (2004). The Khaldzan-Buregtei Massif of peralkaline rare-metal igneous rocks: structure, geochronology, and geodynamic setting in the Caledonides of Western Mongolia. Petrology c/c of Petrologiia, 12(5), 412-436.; Sarangua, N., (2019) Rare Metal Mineralization of the Khaldzan Burgedei Peralkaline Complex, Western Mongolia . PhD thesis Akita University 236p
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Ömnögovi Province
    • Khanbogd District
N.V. Vladykin data
    • Shara Hulasa Hiid
Pavel M. Kartashov data; U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1252; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 5, p. 335; Sanematsu, K., Kon, Y., Hirano, H., & Watanabe, Y. (2010, November). Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Mushgai Khudag REE Deposit, Mongolia. In 2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib
JAHN, St.; SCHNAITMANN, E.A.; NIEDERMAYR, G. (2010): Spektakuläre Neufunde aus dem Erongo (IV). - MINERALIEN-Welt (5), 60-66.
      • Spitzkopje Area
Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Aris
von Knorring, O., Petersen, O. V. Karup-Moeller, S., Leonardsen, E. S. and Condliffe, E. (1992): Tuperssuatsiaite, from Aris phonolite, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatsh., 1992, 145-152; Uwe Kolitsch (powder X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.; Blaß, G., Kruijen, F., Tremmel, G. (2020): Neue Minerale und interessante Mineralfunde aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen in Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 31 (3), 36-48 (in German).
  • Kunene Region
    • Khorixas
Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
Nigeria
 
  • Nasarawa
Styles, M.T., Young, E.R. (1983) Fluocerite and its alteration products from the Afa Hills, Nigeria. Mineralogical Magazine: 47: 41-46.
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
    • Pyonggang County
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Norway
 
  • Agder
    • Evje og Hornnes
Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelanditsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. M.Sc. Thesis, Universitet i Oslo, 216 pp.
    • Iveland
      • Birkeland
Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255äsite-(Ce)
Pedersen, R.(ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. p 342; Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
      • Frikstad
Revheim, O. (2004): Gadolinitt-(Y) og andre mineraler fra Slobrekka. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 43-50
Hansen, G. H.(2001): Mineralene i Evje - Iveland. Published by Froland Mineral Center. 1-88 pp ( p. 19)
      • Kåbuland
Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255 + Neumann (1985, p. 99).
    • Lindesnes
      • Vigeland
Sverdrup,T.L.,Bryn, K.Ø. & Sæbø, P.Chr.(1959): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No. 2. Bastnäsite, a new mineral for Norway. Geologisk Tidsskrift 39,237-247
  • Nordland
    • Hamarøy
      • Drag
        • Eivollen
Husdal, T., Müller, A. Olerud, S, & Thorsen, Ø. (2017) Pegmatites of the Tysfjord-Hamarøy area, northern Norway. in Müller et. al. (2017) Norwegian pegmatites ! Tysfjord-Hamarøy, Evje-Iveland, Langesundsfjord. Geological society of Norway Geological Guides 6-2017: 3-47.
        • Lapplægeret
Sverdrup,T. L.,Bryn, K.Ø. & Sæbø, P.Chr. (1959) Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No. 2. Bastnäsite, a new mineral for Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 39: 237-247 + Neumann (1985, p. 99).
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 5-28
D. Harries collection, analysed
      • Finnøya
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
    • Narvik
Sverdrup, T. L. (1968): Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway No. 37. Yttrofluorite-yttrocerite-cerfluorite in norwegian pegmatites. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 48: 245-252 Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 99.
Husdal, T. (2011): Tysfjordgranittens pegmatitter. Stein. 38 (4): 4-35
    • Sørfold
Tomas Husdal ; Ellingsen, H.V., Haugen, A., Raade, G., Eldjarn, K. & Berg, H.-J., (1995): Sjeldne mineraler i en amazonittpegmatitt ved Tennvatn i Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skriftserie 9, 35-37
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
      • Hornsund
Pršek, J., Majka, J., Uher, P. & Chudík, P. (2010): Niobium-tantalum minerals in the Skoddefjellet NYF granitic pegmatite, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway: Primary versus secondary assemblage. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 187, 235-248
  • Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
Raade et al(1993): Kuliokite-(Y) and its alteration products kainosite-(Y) and kamphaugite-(Y) from granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Norway, European Journal of Mineralogy: 5: 691-698.
    • Kviteseid
Larsen, A. O., Kolitsch, U. & Dahlgren, S. (2020) A reconnaissance study of the crystal chemistry of tourmalines from the Meso-Proterozoic Telemark area, Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2020: 78-99
    • Porsgrunn
      • Auenlandet
        • Sagåsen
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62
      • Langangen
Larsen, A.O. & Åsheim, A.(1976): Mineraler fra Langangen. NAGS-nytt 3 (1),9-12.
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Risøya
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 2000.
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
  • Vestfold
    • Færder
      • Brøtsø
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1989.
      • Færder Islands
Andersen, F. (2017): Pegmatittganger og mineraler på Hoftøya og Langøya ved Færder i Ytre Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 69-75
    • Larvik
      • Brunlanes
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1992.
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1992.
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Peter Andresen collection & observation in field sept 2003
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1989.
Andersen, F. (1993): Hedrum pukkverk i Lågendalen. STEIN 20 (4), 236-238
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Barkevik area
Knut Edvard Larsen photo & observation 2012
        • Lille Arøya
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp [pp. 650-654]; Sverdrup, T. L.,Bryn, K. Ø. & Sæbø, P.Chr.(1959): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No. 2. Bastnäsite, a new mineral for Norway. Geologisk Tidsskrift 39, 237-247; Sæbö (1963); Neumann (1985, pp. 99 and 100).
        • Vesle Arøya
Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71; Larsen, A.O., Kolitsch, U., Gault, R.A. & Giester, G. (2010): Eirikite a new mineral species of the leifite group from the Langesundsfjord district, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy. 22, 875–880
      • Malerød
Svein A. Berge collection
Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
      • Stavern (Fredriksvärn)
        • Fuglevika
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
        • Jahren pegmatite (Jaren pegmatite)
Andresen, P., Friis, H., Kjærnet, T. & Larsen, A.O. (2018): The minerals of the Jahren pegmatite, one of the major pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 5-22.
Svein A. Berge collection (found in 1989)
        • Rakke
Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field 20-09-2017
      • Tjølling
        • Håkestad
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
        • Klåstad
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-2002
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Larsen, K.E. & Stensvold, B.K.(2015): Berylliummineraler og andre sjeldne mineraler i syenittpegmatitter i Skallist larvikittbrudd, Tjølling, Larvik, Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 47-56
        • Ula
Pers.com Knut Edv. Larsen 2008; Berge, S. A. (1991): Ula månesteinsforekomst, Tjølling, Larvik, Vestfold. Unpublished guide. Mai 1991
      • Tvedalen
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71; Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
Svein A. Berge observation 1990
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Nordrum, F. S. (2007): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2006-2007. STEIN 34 (2), 14-26; Andresen, P., Friis, H. og Larsen, Al. O. (2020) Pegmatitt med sølv, sølvmineraler og eksepsjonelle hambergittmasser fra en syenittpegmatittgang i larvikittbruddet AS Granit, Tvedalen, Larvik, Vestfold og Telemark. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2020: 68-77.
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 2006.
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1993.
Svein A. Berge collection 1981; Engvoldsen,T., Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1):15-71
    • Sande
Hermann Fylling
    • Sandefjord
      • Bugården
Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Chevkinite and perrierite from the Oslo region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63, 499-505
      • Fokserød
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
      • Haneholmveien
Larsen, K. E. & Kolitsch, U. (2012): An unique mineral suite in a syenite pegmatite at Virikkollen, Sandefjord, Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 35-44
Berge, S. A. & Hansen, R. (1975): Mineraler fra Sandefjord. NAGS-nytt : 3 (1): 10-12; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 99; Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
      • Hystad
Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1),15-71
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (MM-4307)
      • Lahellefjorden
Berge, S. A. & Larsen, A. O. (1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV. Granater. NAGS-nytt 7 (2): 21-24
      • Mefjorden
Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field july 2013
      • Østerøya
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1991.
Knut Edvard Larsen collection and observation july 2019
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59
Knut Edvard Larsen collection and observation 1978
Svein A. Berge & Ragnar Hansen collection/observation 1975.
        • Søndre Sunde
Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field aug. 2012
Svein A. Berge collection & observation 1989; Knut Edvard Larsen observation on material collected july 2013
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # 235
        • Yxney
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1993.
      • Råstad
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 20, 50-59
      • Tønsbergfjorden
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 20, 50-59
      • Vesterøya
        • Auve
Knut Edvard Larsen observation on collected material july 2012
Berge, S.A., Larsen, K.E. & Andersen, F. (2011): Buer, Vesterøya, Sandefjord- en typelokalitet for et nytt mineral. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 49-56
Larsen, K.E. & Nordrum, F.S. (2013): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2012-2013. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 50, 111-117
Nordrum, F.S. (2005): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2004-2005. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 30: 117-124
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71; Berge, S. A. (2013):Mineralene i Husebyyåsen feltspatbrudd, Vesterøya, Sandefjord. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 93-99
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (MM-889)
Berge, S. A. & Larsen, A. O. (1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV. Granater. NAGS-nytt 7 (2): 21-24
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (MM-263,MM-1559)
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Knut Edvard larsen collection (MM-805)
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Berge, S.A. & Hansen, R. (1976): Mineraler i Sandefjordsområdet III-Varden. NAGS-nytt 3 (4), 13-16 (in norwegian); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 99
Raade, G & Larsen, A. O. (1980): Polylithionite from syenite pegmatite at Vøra, Sandefjord, Oslo Region, Norway. Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 65. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 60, 117-124
  • Vestland
    • Luster
      • Berdalen
        • Hurrungane
Berget, P. K. (2006): Pegmatittmineraler i Berdalen, Luster. Stein, 33 (3): 32-33
  • Viken
    • Asker
Stensrud, S. (2004): Mineralfunn i ny sikkerhetstunnel i Vardåsen og langs ny gangvei langs Heggedalsveien i Asker i 2002-2003. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 76-102
    • Lunner
Raade, G. & Haug, J.(1982): Gjerdingen. Fundstelle seltener Mineralien in Norwegen. LAPIS 7, 9-15
Ronald Werner pers. commentary oct. 2005
      • Øståsen
Kvamsdal, L.O. (1993): Noen mineraler fra nordmarkitten mellom Roa og Maura. STEIN 20 (1), 30-45
    • Nittedal
L. O. Kvamsdal (1998): Mineralene fra Nordmarkitt og Grefsensyenitt i Oslofeltet. AS Merkur-Trykk, Oslo(in Norwegian), p. 25.
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
    • Peshawar District
      • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
The Mineralogical Record, Volume 35 Number 3, p. 212; http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,7,396901,397225#msg-397225
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Mineralogia Polonica Vol. 29, (2), 3-11
    • Świdnica County
Körber, T. & Szuszkiewicz, A. (2005): Fundstellen-Klassiker: Der Striegauer Granit und seine Mineralien - Mineralien-Welt 16 (3): 16-45
Janeczek J., Szełęg E., 1998: Bastnäsite-(Ce) and Synchysite-(Ce) from Pegmatite and Hydrothermally Altered Granite of the Strzegom-Sobótka Massif. Miner. Polon., Vol. 29, No 2
Portugal
 
  • Azores
    • São Miguel
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA; Lavarde, S., Chiappino, L., Alves, P., Astolfi, M., (2019) Les Minéraux du massif volcanique du Fogo, Ile de São Miguel, Açores, Portugal. Le Règne Mineral, 145, 30-50
Romania
 
  • Harghita
Pál Molnár, E. (2000): Hornblendites and diorites of the Ditró syenite massif. University of Szeged, Szeged Hungary, 172 p.; Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
    • Gheorgheni
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Russia
 
  • Buryatia
    • Mama River Basin
      • Maigunda River
Pavel m. kartashov data
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Kyshtym
Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
  • Irkutsk Oblast
Savel'eva V.B. Karmanov N.S. (2008) Rare earth's minerals of alkaline metasomatites of Main Sayan Fault zone, - Zapiski RMO, N2, pp.14-35 (in Rus.).; Savel’eva, V.B., and Karmanov, N.S. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 681-696.
    • Vitim Plateau
      • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
        • Biraya Fe-REE ore occurrence
Mills, S. J., Kartashov, P. M., Kampf, A. R., Konev, A. A., Koneva, A. A., & Raudsepp, M. (2012). Cordylite-(La), A New Mineral Species In Fenite From The Biraya Fe–Ree Deposit, Irkutsk, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(5), 1281-1290.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Konder alkaline-ultrabasic massif (Konder placers; Konder mine; Kondyor)
Barkov, A.Y., Shvedov, G.I., Polonyankin, A.A., Martin, R.F. (2016): New and unusual Pd-Tl-bearing mineralization in the Anomal'nyi deposit, Kondyor concentrically zoned complex, northern Khabarovskiy kray, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12836 (2016)
    • Verkhnebureinsky District
      • Verkhnii Mel'gin River
        • Turana Range
          • Chekunda Town
I.I. Kupriyanova Mineralogy of Chergilen rare earth deposit,- Moscow,1962, p.211, PhD dissertation.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Boguchansky District
Prokopyev, I.; Starikova, A.; Doroshkevich, A.; Nugumanova, Y.; Potapov, V. (2020) Petrogenesis of Ultramafic Lamprophyres from the Terina Complex (Chadobets Upland, Russia): Mineralogy and Melt Inclusion Composition. Minerals 10, 419.
  • Murmansk Oblast
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (1998): REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, paragenesis and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 225-250; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    • Lovozersky District
      • Keivy Mountains
        • Western Keivy Massif
Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А.] (1986): Minerals and evolution of mineral formation in amazonite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Минералы и эволюция минералообразования в амазонитовых пегматитах Кольского полуострова]. Nauka, Leningrad, 168 pp. (in Russian); Pekov I.V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures, Moscow, 369 pp.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
          • West Keivy Block
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-5097
      • Suoluai River Valley
        • Kuamdespakhk Mt
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
    • Northern Karelia
      • Vuoriyarvi alkaline-ultrabasic massif
Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.; Prokopyev, I.; Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Doroshkevich, A.; Dyomkin, M. (2020) Mineralogy and Fluid Regime of Formation of the REE-Late-Stage Hydrothermal Mineralization of Petyayan-Vara Carbonatites (Vuoriyarvi, Kola Region, NW Russia). Minerals 10, 405.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Äänisenranta District
      • Zaonezhskoe kimberlite field
Putintseva, E. V., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2017). Allanite-(Ce): a Typical Mineral of Metakimberlite from the Lake Kimozero Area, Karelia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 59(8), 720-728.
[World of Stones 12:49]
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Tuva
Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
    • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin Yu.L. (1989) Cerite and ternebohmite from fenites of alkaline massifs of Tuva, - Zapiski VMO, 118(4), p. 47-56 (in Rus.)
    • Todzhinsky District
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Kizhinginsky District
        • Ermakovskoe Be Deposit
          • Zunshibir' valley
Mironov A.G. and Gofman A.F, (1979) Barian betafite in pegmatites of Transbaikalien, - Minerals and Minerals Paragenesisa of Rocks and Ores, Leningrad, Nauka, p.127-132 (in Russian).
      • Ulan-Ude
Bulnaev, K.B., and Karmanov, N.S. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 614-618.
Victor V. Sharygin analytycal data (2012)
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota District
      • Tisovec
Ondrejka M., Uher P., Pršek J., Ozdín D., Putiš M., 2005: Arsenian monazite-Ce and REE arsenates and carbonates: Composition and substitution in the REEPO4 – REEAsO4 system. Example from Tisovec – Rejkovo thyolite (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol.7, 04857.
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava District
      • Gemerská Poloma
Števko M., Sejkora J., Dolníček Z. (2020) Hydrotermálny bastnäsit-(Ce) zo štôlne Elisabeth pri Gemerskej Polome (Slovenská republika). Bulletin Mineralogie Petrologie, 28(1): 1-8 (in Slovak with English abstract). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/342378840_Hydrothermal_bastnasite-Ce_from_the_Elisabeth_adit_near_Gemerska_Poloma_Slovak_Republic
    • Spišská Nová Ves District
      • Hnilčík
Uher P., Malachovský P., Ondrejka M., Pršek J. (2010): Zr-REE-Nb mineralization in metatrachydacites of the Rakovec group (Gemeric Superunit, Western Carpathians, Slovakia): A product of interaction between host-rock and F-, CO2-rich fluids. Z. geol. Wiss., Berlin, 38, 2-3, 167-179.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Phalaborwa
      • Loolekop
Giebel, R.J., Gauert, C.D.K., Marks, M.A.W., Costin, G., and Markl, G. (2017) Multi-stage formation of REE minerals in the Palabora Carbonatite Complex, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 102, 1218-1233.
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Groblersdal
Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 110 pg
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
          • Zaaiplaats tin field
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pg 187;
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pg 187;
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Brits (Brits District)
Robert O. Meyer collection; Dr. Hans Börner collection; collected by Dr. Hans Börner; Windisch, W. R., (1999), South African Micromount Society, Locality data sheet.
VERWOERD, W.J. (1986) Mineral deposits associated with carbonatites and alkaline rocks. In: Mineral deposits of Southern Africa. Vol. II. 2173-2191. Edited by: Annhaeusser and Maske. Geological Society of South Africa.
Minerals of South Africa
South Korea
 
  • North Chungcheong Province
    • Chungju City
      • Joongwon-gun
        • Mt. Eorae
P.M. Kartashov analytical data (2002)
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
Ковальчук, Н. С., & Шумилова, Т. Г. (2014). Редкоземельная и циРконий-ниобиевая минеРализация в алмазсодеРжащих каРбонатитах о. ФуэРтевентуРа (испания). Вестник института геологии Коми научного центра Уральского отделения РАН, (10 (238)).
  • Community of Madrid
Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Porriño
Calvo, M., Viñals, J. and Vila, F. (2009) Mineralogy of the pegmatites and miarolitic cavities in the granitic batholit of Porriño, Pontevedra, galicia, Spain. Mineral Up, (2009-1), 6-23
Sweden
 
  • Örebro County
    • Nora
      • Järnboås
Kjell Gatedal collection
      • Rödberg Mines
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
    • Örebro
Jonsson, Erik; Högdahl, Karin; Sahlström, Fredrik; Majka, Jarek (2014) BIF-hosted REE silicate mineralisation at Högfors, Bergslagen, Sweden. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
  • Stockholm County
    • Vaxholm
      • Resarö
  • Västmanland County
    • Norberg
      • Häste ore field
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., Kolitsch, U., Mansfeld, J. (2017) Ulfanderssonite-(Ce), a new Cl-bearing REE silicate mineral species from the Malmkärra mine, Norberg, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29: 1015-1026.
      • Röberg ore field
Mikael Janssons private collection; Peacor, D. R. & Dunn, P. J.: (1988): Dollaseite-(Ce) (magnesium orthite redefined): Structure refinement and implications for F + M2+ substitutions in epidote-group minerals. American Mineralogist. 73: 838- 842; Jansson, M. Förekomster med ceriummineral i stråket Möklinta, Norberg, Riddarhyttan och Nora.
      • Smörberg ore field
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
Hisinger, W. (1838): Analyser af några svenska mineralier. 2.Basiskt Fluor-Cerium från Bastnäs. Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 1838, 187-1891 ; Geijer, p. (1920): The cerium minerals of Bastnäs at Riddarhyttan. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, Serie C, 304: 1-24 ; Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., & Andersson, U. B. (2017). Delhuyarite-(Ce)–Ce 4 Mg (Fe 3+ 2 W)□(Si 2 O 7) 2 O 6 (OH) 2–a new mineral of the chevkinite group, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy, ejm2635_pap_gsw.
Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., & Andersson, U. B. (2017). Delhuyarite-(Ce)–Ce 4 Mg (Fe 3+ 2 W)□(Si 2 O 7) 2 O 6 (OH) 2–a new mineral of the chevkinite group, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy. DOI: 10.1127/ejm/2017/0029-2635
Switzerland
 
  • Bern
    • Oberaar power station
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
  • Valais
    • Östlich Raron
      • Grengiols
        • Chummibort
See references at locality description - cuchet et al. 2014, Schweizer Strahler. I am co-author - M. Crumbach
    • Westlich Raron
      • Niedergesteln
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S., and Stuker, P. (1998) Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Verlag Wepf & Co. AG, Basel, page 393.
Tajikistan
 
  • Districts of Republican Subordination
Leonid A. Pautov data
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eden
        • Shap Rural
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Azov Sea Region
      • Oktyabr'skii Massif (Mariupol'skii)
Pekov I.V., Belovitskaja Ju.V., Kartashov P.M. e.a. New data on perraultite (Priazovie), - ZVMO, 1999, 3, pp.112-120
        • Mazurovskoe Zr deposit
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Zhytomyr Oblast
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Lyckberg, P., Chornousenko, V. & Wilson, W. E. (2009): Volodarsk-Volynski, Zhitomir Oblast, Ukraine. Mineralogical Record, 40, 473-506.
P.M. Kartashov data
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Mohave County
      • Cerbat Mountains (Cerbat Range)
        • Wallapai Mining District
S.L. Hanson, T.A. Brown, A.U. Falster, and W.B. Simmons (2011) "Allanite-(Nd)": a new mineral from the Kingman Feldspar Mine in the Mojave pegmatite district, northwestern Arizona. The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17 2011, program notes, pp 20-22.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/magcov.htm
Art Smith, 2005 Minerals of Magnet Cove (unpublished manuscript)
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Mountain Pass District
          • Mountain Pass
Anonymous (1950), Rare earth deposits found in California: California Division of Mines, Mineral Information Service: 3(1): 1; Anonymous (1950), New products: Mineral Notes & News No. 158: 1-18; Olson, Jerry Chipman & William N. Sharp (1951), Geologic setting of the Mountain Pass bastnaesite deposits, San Bernardino County, California: abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 62: 1467; Pray, Lloyd Charles & William N. Sharp (1951), Bastnaesite discovered near Mountain Pass, California: (abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 62: 1519; Olson, Jerry Chipman, Shawe, D.R., Pray, L.C., Sharpe, W.N., and Hewlett, D.F. (1954), Geology of the rare-earth deposits of the Mountain Pass district, San Bernardino County California, USGS 261 pp.: 34, 38; Glass, Jewell Jeannette, H.T. Evans, Jr., M.K. Carron & Harry Rose, Jr. (1956), Cerite from Mountain Pass, San Bernardino County, California: American Mineralogist: 41: 665; Glass, Jewell Jeannette, H.T. Evans, Jr., M.K. Carron & F.A. Hildebrand (1958), Cerite from Mountain Pass, San Bernardino County, California: American Mineralogist: 43: 460-480; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222; Haxel, G. (2005) Ultrapotassic rocks, carbonatite and rare earth element deposit, Mountain Pass, southern California. In: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Mojava National Preserve, southern California. USGS Bulletin 2160.
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p62]
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
        • Jamestown
Goddard, E.N. and Glass, J.J. (1940): Deposits of radioactive cerite near Jamestown, Colorado. American Mineralogist. 25,381-404
    • El Paso Co.
      • Cheyenne Mining District (St. Peters Dome Mining District)
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
      • Mount Rosa
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
Müller, M. M., Kleebe, H.-J., Lauterbach, S. and Zito, G. (2011): Crystallographic orientation relationship between bastnaesite, fluocerite and cerianite observed in a crystal from the pikes peak pegmatites. Z. Kristallogr. 226 (2011) 467-475.
    • Fremont Co.
      • Iron Mountain complex
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 16, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth Mining District (Powderhorn Mining District)
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Park Co.
Jim Hall
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Teller Co.
Rocks & Minerals: 63: 457.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Airline Railroad
Weber, Marcelle H. and Earle C. Sullivan. (1995): CONNECTICUT MINERAL LOCALITY INDEX. Rocks & Minerals (Connecticut Issue), Volume 70, No. 6, p. 403.; Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough).; Schooner, Richard. (1961): THE MINERALOGY OF CONNECTICUT.
  • Idaho
Rocks & Min. 70:246; R&M 70:4 pp 242-263; R&M 70:4 pp 242-263; R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
  • Michigan
    • Dickinson Co.
      • Randville
Buchholz, T.W., A.U. Falster & W.B. Simmons (2014), Accessory Mineralogy of an Evolved Dickinson County, Michigan, Pegmatite, a presentation before the 41st. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 25, 2014.
    • Marquette Co.
      • Marquette
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Ontonagon Co.
      • White Pine
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Montana
    • Big Horn Co.
Anita Moore-Nall and David R. Lageson (2015) Elevated REE in Ore Minerals of the Pryor Mountain Mining District, South Central Montana. 2015 Mining and Mineral Symposium, Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology pp47-49.
Anita Moore-Nall and David R. Lageson (2015) Elevated REE in Ore Minerals of the Pryor Mountain Mining District, South Central Montana. 2015 Mining and Mineral Symposium, Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology pp47-49.
    • Hill Co.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens
Chakhmouradian A.R. & Mitchell R.H. (1999) Primary, agpaitic and deuteric stages in the evolution of Accessory Sr, REE, Ba and Nb-mineralization in nepheline-syenite pegmatites at Pegmatite Peak, Bearpaw Mts., Montana, Mineral. Petrol., 67: 85-110.
    • Meagher Co.
www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/376.PDF.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • New York Mountains
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Albany
        • Blue Mountain
Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp242-261; Rocks & Min. July-Aug 2005
Rocks&Min. 67:158-168
Rocks and Minerals, (1990) 65:286-296
      • Ossipee
Herndon, Jonathan & Eric S. Greene (2018) Thirty-Three Years of Mineral Collecting at Folsom Gulch, Center Ossipee, Carroll County, New Hampshire, Rocks & Minerals, 93 (2):158-163.
    • Grafton Co.
      • Bethlehem
Rocks & Minerals Vol.65 No.4; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • New Mexico
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Red Cloud District
        • Gallinas Mountains
Van King
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lehigh Co.
      • Allentown
R. C. Smith, The mineralogy of Pennsylvania, 1966-1975
  • Rhode Island
    • Washington Co.
      • Westerly
Am. Min. 41 pp76-81
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Rocks and Minerals, 66:6, p. 454; American Mineralogist, V.73, p.1191-1194
  • Wisconsin
    • Marathon Co.
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
        • Nine Mile pluton
Buchholz, T.W., Falster, A.U., and Simmons, WmB. (2007) 34th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers.
Buchholz, T., A. Falster & W. Simmons (2019) A rediscovered pegmatite in the Stettin Complex, Wausau Syenite Complex, Marathon County, Wisconsin: Rocks & Minerals: 94((2): 184-185.
    • Waupaca Co.
Rocks & Minerals 79:6 pp409-411
Vietnam
 
  • Lai Châu Province
    • Phong Tho District
      • Mt Fansipan
Feldman l.G., Sarkisyan S.Sh., Boriskin V.P., Purusova S.P., Nguen Van Hoai, Chin Suan Ben (1987) Crystalline beckelite from Nam Se deposit (Northern Vietnam), - Mineralogicheskiy Zhurnal, v.9, N1, pp. 78-86 (in Rus.)
Zambia
 
  • Muchinga Province
    • Muchinga Mountains
      • Isoka District
        • Isoka
Zambezi, P., Voncken, J.H.L., Hale, M., and Touret, J.L.R. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 239-250.
The Moon
 
  • Mare Crisium
Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M. analytical data
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2020, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: August 7, 2020 04:08:37 Page generated: August 3, 2020 00:21:26
Go to top of page