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Pilanesberg Mountain, Pilanesberg Alkaline Ring Complex, Bojanala Platinum District, North West, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Pilanesberg MountainMountain
Pilanesberg Alkaline Ring ComplexComplex
Bojanala Platinum DistrictDistrict
North WestProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
25° 14' 25'' South , 27° 4' 33'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Maile10,000 (2018)30.5km


Trachytic volcanic and pyroclastic eruptives which overlie ring dykes of various miaskitic syenites and agpaitic nepheline syenites. Amongst the nepheline syenites are sheets of eudialyte-bearing "lujavrite" very similar to that from the Lovozero, Kola.
This is an almost circular igneous complex of 530 square kilometer in size and lies at the junction of the acid phase and basic phases of the Bushveld Complex north of Rustenburg.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

47 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Britholite-(Y) ?
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Vaughan, D.J. (1969) Nickelian mackinawite from Vlakfontein, Transvaal. American Mineralogist: 54: 1190–1193.
'Cheralite-(Ce)'
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Vaughan, D.J. (1969) Nickelian mackinawite from Vlakfontein, Transvaal. American Mineralogist: 54: 1190–1193.
Ecandrewsite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
Reference: Mitchell, R.H., Liferovich, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite, Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 1169-1178.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Description: Occurs as massive lumps with purple fluorite.
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa 206.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Vaughan, D.J. (1969) Nickelian mackinawite from Vlakfontein, Transvaal. American Mineralogist: 54: 1190–1193.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Mosandrite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Vaughan, D.J. (1969) Nickelian mackinawite from Vlakfontein, Transvaal. American Mineralogist: 54: 1190–1193.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Vaughan, D.J. (1969) Nickelian mackinawite from Vlakfontein, Transvaal. American Mineralogist: 54: 1190–1193.
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Sodalite
Formula: Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Vaughan, D.J. (1969) Nickelian mackinawite from Vlakfontein, Transvaal. American Mineralogist: 54: 1190–1193.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ecandrewsite4.CB.05(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Morenosite7.CB.40NiSO4 · 7H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Britholite-(Y) ?9.AH.25(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Lamprophyllite9.BE.25(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Mosandrite-(Ce)9.BE.20(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Rinkite-(Ce)9.00.20(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Sodalite9.FB.10Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Cheralite-(Ce)'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cooperite2.8.5.1PtS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ecandrewsite4.3.5.4(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Morenosite29.6.11.3NiSO4 · 7H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Britholite-(Y) ?52.4.9.2(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cerite-(Ce)52.4.6.1(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Lamprophyllite56.2.6c.4(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mosandrite-(Ce)56.2.5.1(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Bastnäsite'-
'Cheralite-(Ce)'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Rinkite-(Ce)-(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H EudialyteNa15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
H AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
H Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
H Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
BeBeryllium
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
OOxygen
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O EudialyteNa15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
O AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
O Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
O Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
O Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
FFluorine
F AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
F Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
Na AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Na Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si EudialyteNa15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
Si AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Si Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Si Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S CooperitePtS
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Cl EudialyteNa15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
CaCalcium
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca EudialyteNa15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
Ca Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ca Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ca Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
TiTitanium
Ti AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Ti Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Ti Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Ti Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ti Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ti Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
MnManganese
Mn Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe EudialyteNa15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
Fe AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Fe Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
NiNickel
Ni MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
CuCopper
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
SrStrontium
Sr Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
YYttrium
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr EudialyteNa15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
Zr CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
NbNiobium
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
CeCerium
Ce Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ce Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
TaTantalum
Ta Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
PtPlatinum
Pt CooperitePtS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Humphrey, W.A., (1912). The geology of the Pilanesberg. Report of the Geological Survey of South Africa, 1911(3), 75 pp.
Retief, E.A., (1963). Petrological and mineralogical studies in the southern part of the Pilanesberg alkaline complex, Transvaal. Ph.D. thesis (unpublished). Oxford University, 260 pp.
Ferguson, J., (1973). The Pilanesberg Alkaline Province, Southern Africa. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, 76, 249-270.
Lurie, J., (1973). The Pilanesberg: geology, rare element geochemistry and economic potential. Ph.D thesis (unpublished). Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa, 308 pp.
Lurie, J., (1986). Mineralization of the Pilanesberg Alkaline Complex. In: Anhaeusser, C.R. and Maske, S., (Eds.). Mineral Deposits of Southern Africa, Vols I & II, Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg, 2215-2228.
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa.

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