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Ladjuar Medam (Lajur Madan; Lapis-lazuli Mine; Lapis-lazuli deposit), Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang), Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley), Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts, Badakhshan, Afghanistani
Regional Level Types
Ladjuar Medam (Lajur Madan; Lapis-lazuli Mine; Lapis-lazuli deposit)- not defined -
Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)- not defined -
Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)Valley
Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts- not defined -
BadakhshanProvince
AfghanistanCountry

This page kindly sponsored by Rob Woodside
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° 10' North , 70° 49' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 36.16667,70.81667
GeoHash:G#: tw6merzn5
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


Lapis lazuli-bearing skarn zones, up to 300 m long and 8 m thick, hosted in Archean gneiss, carbonaceous marble, calciphyre and crystalline schist that were intruded by alaskite granite and mafic dykes.

The deposit is worked by several mines which are numbered. Ladjuar Medam is a generic name which just means "lapis lazuli mine". Thus, it may refer to any of the mines in this area.

Located in Kuran Wa Munjan District.

Can see a photo report of these mines here:
http://www.philippoupin.fr/asie-2/lapis-lazuli-lor-bleu-afghan/

See article on mining lapis lazuli at Sar-e-Sang in the 1830's.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

35 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 5 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002).
Afghanite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Habit: terminated hexagonal prisms
Colour: colourless, white, blue grey, blue
Fluorescence: yellow. orange in LW
Reference: Bariand,P. Cesbron, F. & Giraud, R. (1968): Une nouvelle espèce minérale: l`afghanite de Sar-e-sang, Badakhshan, Afghanistan. Comparaison avec les minéraux du groupe de la cancrinite. Bulletin de la Société Francaise de Minéralogie et Christallographie. 91:34-42; Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: RWMW Collection
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002); Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: RWMW Collection
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: RWMW Collection
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: RWMW Collection
'Biotite'
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities:
Reference: Dudley Blauwet priv. comm.(2008), RWMW collection
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Weiss, S. (2009): Lapis 34 (12): 6
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Description: All the "Chondrodites" and "Clinohumites" in Clinochlore are Hydroxyclinohumite and from Jikhan, close by Ladjuar Medan.
Reference: Weiss, S. (2009): Lapis 34 (12): 6 Dudley Blauwet Private Communication RRUFF identification
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Habit: Tetrahedra
Colour: Bronze grey
Fluorescence: none
Description: Identified by Chris Stanley at the British museum. This low Sn colusite is similar to Italian material from Carrara
Reference: RWMW Collection
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002); Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Fluoro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Habit: Prismatic xls to a few cm
Colour: white
Fluorescence: none
Description: A translucent white 'richterite' with purple hackmanite under Raman analysis gave a tiny Hydroxyl peak characteristic of Fluorine replacement making the 'richterite', fluororichterite
Reference: RWMW Collection;
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Mountain Minerals specimen, Richard Dale Collection
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Colour: light red brown
Fluorescence: none
Description: Occurs in white calcite with pine green diopside. Analysed by John Attard
Reference: Brian Kosnar specimen
'Hackmanite'
Formula: Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Habit: Crude to sharp dodecahedra with trapezohedral modifications
Colour: clear, white, grey, green, lilac, purple
Fluorescence: In Long Wave UV: yellow orange, pink, white
Description: These are some of the best Hackmanites ever found and show a variety of optical properties, such as darkening in the dark after bleaching in Yellow light, Reversible Photochromism (tenebrescence)with UV irradiation and yellow light. The grey sodalites contain significant K.
Reference: RWMW Collection
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Hydroxylclinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Reference: Gunnar Färber
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
'Lazurite' (FRL)
Formula: Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Habit: Rhombic dodecahedrons modified with cube and octahedral forms
Colour: Ultramarine to midnight blue
Fluorescence: none,
Description: Since all 'lazurites' are sulfide rich hauynes, we restrict the name Lazurite to the blue mineral in Lapis Lazuli, which is opaque, non fluorescent, ultramarine to midnight blue with a bright blue streak
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253; Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52 Moore, T.P.,Woodside, R.M.W. (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Habit: Simple tetragonal prism with pyramid and pinacoid
Colour: Colourless transparent
Fluorescence: pale yellow
Description: A 7 cm crystal frozen in calcite was found on "the back side of the mountain containing Ladjuar Medan." (Dudley Blauwet private communication)
Reference: (Dudley Blauwet private communication)
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Colour: White
Fluorescence: Strong yellow
Description: Meionites and Meionites pseudomorphing to Lazurite. Probed by Bart Cannon, but incorrectly interpreted by Rob Woodside These Marialites have altered, some completely, some partially to Orthoclase. Surviving Marialite has a bright yellow long wave fluorescence.
Reference: Thames Valley Minerals Specimen, RWMW collection
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Peters, S.G., Ludington, S.D., Orris, G.J., Sutphin, D.M., and Bliss, J.D., eds. (2007): USGS Open–File Report 07-1214
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: No data. Possibly phlogopite.
Reference: Dudley Blauwet priv. comm.(2008), RWMW collection
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Habit: Hexagonal prisms with small pyramids and large pinacoid
Colour: grey white
Fluorescence: none
Description: The electric blue colour is from Nosean flecks in a clear sodalite coating the large nephelines
Reference: Weiss, S. (2009): Lapis 34 (12): 6
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Habit: Excellent sharp scapolite xls altered to a cherty looking orthoclase
Colour: off white with iron staining
Description: Orthoclase (PXRD confirmed) pseudomorphs after excellent scapolite xls. The blue in these xls is either sodalite or lazurite
Reference: RWMW Collection
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002); Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253; Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
Potassic-fluoro-richterite ?
Formula: {K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Description: A Rob Lavisnky specimen from "Kokcha Valley" was later reclassified as winchite (pers. comm. of Rob Lavinsky to Olav Revheim). This does not preclude the occurrence of fluoro-potassicrichterite at Sar-e Sang, but indicates that proper analyses have to be carried out on each single amphibole specimen to reveal its true identity.
Reference: Tom Loomis specimen
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities:
Reference: Dudley Blauwet priv. comm. (2008), RWMW collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Habit: Terminated prisms
Colour: colourless to yellow brown
Fluorescence: none
Description: Initially identified as Winchite the gemmy yellow amphibole is Potassian Fluorian Richterite ( Frank Hawthorne Analysis)
Reference: Rob Woodside collection
'Scapolite'
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Localities:
'Sodalite Group'
Reference: RWMW Collection
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Van King
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Edward Rosenzweig:Collection
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Winchite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Habit: Terminated prisms
Colour: Clourless to yellow brown
Fluorescence: bobe
Description: The Winchites are all Ricterite with some Potassium and Fluorine. (Frank Hawthorne Analysis)
Reference: Min Rec 36:3 p294
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Afghanite (TL)9.FB.05(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Anorthite ?9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite ?9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Fluoro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hydroxylclinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
'Lazurite' (TL)9.FB.10Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Meionite ?9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Muscovite ?9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Potassic-fluoro-richterite ?9.DE.20{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Winchite ?9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Biotite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hackmanite'-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
'K Feldspar'-
'Scapolite'-
'Sodalite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite ?52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Winchite ?66.1.3b.1☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite ?71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Afghanite (TL)76.2.5.1(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
'Lazurite' (FRL)76.2.3.4Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
Anorthite ?-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Biotite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Fluoro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hackmanite'-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Hydroxylclinohumite-Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
'K Feldspar'-
Meionite ?-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Potassic-fluoro-richterite ?-{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
'Scapolite'-
'Sodalite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
H Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
H Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
OOxygen
O LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
O Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
O Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
O Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
FFluorine
F Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
NaSodium
Na LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Na Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Na HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Na Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Mg Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Mg Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
AlAluminium
Al LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Al Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
SiSilicon
Si LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Si Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Si Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Si Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
S Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
S HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SulphurS8
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
ClChlorine
Cl LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Cl Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Cl HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
KPotassium
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
K Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Ca Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
ZnZinc
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3186808
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoarchean
2800 - 3200 Ma



ID: 2155979
Mesoarchean gneiss

Age: Mesoarchean (2800 - 3200 Ma)

Description: Mesoarchean biotite, garnet-biotite, amphibole, biotite-amphibole, and calc-silicate gneiss; magnesian marble, quartzite, amphibolite

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Doebrich, J.L., R.R. Wahl et al. Geologic and mineral resource map of Afghanistan. isbn: 9781411318038. USGS Open-File Report 2006-1038. [28]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Maiorov, A.N., Suderkin, A.I., and Krepoy, M.E. (1965): Report by the Survey and Prospecting Team on the results obtained in 1963-1964 at the lapis-lazuli occurrences of Afghanistan. Kabul, Rec. Off., DGMS, 1965.
- Bariand, P., Cesbron, F. & Giraud, R. (1968): Une nouvelle espèce minérale: l`afghanite de Sar-e-sang, Badakhshan, Afghanistan. Comparaison avec les minéraux du groupe de la cancrinite. Bulletin de la Société Francaise de Minéralogie et Christallographie. 91:34-42
- Guastoni, A. & Demartin, F. (2002): Hervorragender Neufund: Tiefblaue-Afghanit-Kristalle von Sar-e-Sang, Badakhshan, Afghanistan. Lapis 27 (6), 22-23.
- Peters, S.G., Ludington, S.D., Orris, G.J., Sutphin, D.M., and Bliss, J.D., eds. (2007): Preliminary Non-Fuel Mineral Resource Assessment of Afghanistan. USGS Open–File Report 07-1214.
- Weiss, S. (2009): Nepehlin statt Skapolith- die schönsten Kristalle aus Afghanistan! Lapis 34 (12): 6
- Parodi, G.C., Ferraris, C., Pont, S., Miska, S., Farges, F. & Camara, F. (2010): Wurtzite-2H manganesifera di Lajur Madana, Sar-e-Sang, Badakhshan, Koksha Valley, Afghanistan. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2010, 110-112.
- Moore, T.P., Woodside, R.W.M., (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336.

Localities in this Region
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