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Ladjuar Medam (Lajur Madan; Lapis-lazuli Mine; Lapis-lazuli deposit), Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang), Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley), Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts, Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province), Afghanistan

This page kindly sponsored by Rob Woodside
Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° 10' North , 70° 49' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 36.16667,70.81667
GeoHash:G#: tw6merzn5
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


Lapis lazuli-bearing skarn zones, up to 300 m long and 8 m thick, hosted in Archean gneiss, carbonaceous marble, calciphyre and crystalline schist that were intruded by alaskite granite and mafic dykes.

The deposit is worked by several mines which are numbered. Ladjuar Medam is a generic name which just means "lapis lazuli mine". Thus, it may refer to any of the mines in this area.

Located in Kuran Wa Munjan District.

Can see a photo report of these mines here:
http://www.philippoupin.fr/asie-2/lapis-lazuli-lor-bleu-afghan/

See article on mining lapis lazuli at Sar-e-Sang in the 1830's.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Ladjuar Medam (Lajur Madan; Lapis-lazuli Mine; Lapis-lazuli deposit), Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang), Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley), Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts, Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province), Afghanis

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

35 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002).
Afghanite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Reference: Bariand,P. Cesbron, F. & Giraud, R. (1968): Une nouvelle espèce minérale: l`afghanite de Sar-e-sang, Badakhshan, Afghanistan. Comparaison avec les minéraux du groupe de la cancrinite. Bulletin de la Société Francaise de Minéralogie et Christallographie. 91:34-42; Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: RWMW Collection
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002); Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: RWMW Collection
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: RWMW Collection
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: RWMW Collection
'Biotite'
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Dudley Blauwet priv. comm.(2008), RWMW collection
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Weiss, S. (2009): Lapis 34 (12): 6
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Weiss, S. (2009): Lapis 34 (12): 6 Dudley Blauwet Private Communication RRUFF identification
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: RWMW Collection
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002); Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Fluoro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Mountain Minerals specimen, Richard Dale Collection
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Brian Kosnar specimen
'Hackmanite'
Formula: Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Hydroxylclinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Reference: Gunnar Färber
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
'Lapis lazuli'
Reference: Van King
'Lazurite' (FRL)
Formula: Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253; Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52 Moore, T.P.,Woodside, R.M.W. (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: (Dudley Blauwet private communication)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Peters, S.G., Ludington, S.D., Orris, G.J., Sutphin, D.M., and Bliss, J.D., eds. (2007): USGS Open–File Report 07-1214
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet priv. comm.(2008), RWMW collection
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Weiss, S. (2009): Lapis 34 (12): 6
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Reference: Bart Cannon EDS and Ferando Camera XRD of RWMW specimen
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002); Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253; Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
Potassic-fluoro-richterite ?
Formula: {K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Tom Loomis specimen
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet priv. comm. (2008), RWMW collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rob Woodside collection
'Scapolite'
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002); Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253; Weiss, S. (2009): Lapis 34 (12): 6
'Sodalite Group'
Reference: RWMW Collection
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Van King
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Edward Rosenzweig:Collection
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
Winchite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:3 p294
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Parodi, G.C., Ferraris, C., Pont, S., Miska, S., Farges, F. & Camara, F. (2010): Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2010, 110-112.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Colusite'2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Wurtzite'2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Spinel'4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Chlorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
'Aegirine'9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
'Afghanite' (TL)9.FB.05(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthite' ?9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Chondrodite'9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
'Clinohumite' ?9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Fluoro-richterite'9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
'Forsterite'9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
'Grossular'9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Haüyne'9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
'Hedenbergite'9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
'Hydroxylclinohumite'9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
'Lazurite' (TL)9.FB.10Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
'Marialite'9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
'Monticellite'9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
'Muscovite' ?9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Nepheline'9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
'Nosean'9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
'Omphacite'9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Orthoclase'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Phlogopite'9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Potassic-fluoro-richterite' ?9.DE.20{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
'Richterite'9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Sodalite'9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
'Titanite'9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
'Winchite' ?9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Biotite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hackmanite'-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
'K Feldspar'-
'Lapis lazuli'-
'Scapolite'-
'Sodalite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite ?52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Winchite ?66.1.3b.1☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite ?71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Afghanite (TL)76.2.5.1(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
'Lazurite' (FRL)76.2.3.4Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
Anorthite ?-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Biotite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Fluoro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hackmanite'-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Hydroxylclinohumite-Mg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
'K Feldspar'-
'Lapis lazuli'-
Potassic-fluoro-richterite ?-{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
'Scapolite'-
'Sodalite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
H LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
O LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
O Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
F Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Na HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Na Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Al Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Si LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Si Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
S LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
ClChlorine
Cl Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Cl HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
FeIron
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
ZnZinc
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3186808
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoarchean
2800 - 3200 Ma



ID: 2155979
Mesoarchean gneiss

Age: Mesoarchean (2800 - 3200 Ma)

Description: Mesoarchean biotite, garnet-biotite, amphibole, biotite-amphibole, and calc-silicate gneiss; magnesian marble, quartzite, amphibolite

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Doebrich, J.L., R.R. Wahl et al. Geologic and mineral resource map of Afghanistan. isbn: 9781411318038. USGS Open-File Report 2006-1038. [28]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Maiorov, A.N., Suderkin, A.I., and Krepoy, M.E. (1965): Report by the Survey and Prospecting Team on the results obtained in 1963-1964 at the lapis-lazuli occurrences of Afghanistan. Kabul, Rec. Off., DGMS, 1965.
- Bariand, P., Cesbron, F. & Giraud, R. (1968): Une nouvelle espèce minérale: l`afghanite de Sar-e-sang, Badakhshan, Afghanistan. Comparaison avec les minéraux du groupe de la cancrinite. Bulletin de la Société Francaise de Minéralogie et Christallographie. 91:34-42
- Guastoni, A. & Demartin, F. (2002): Hervorragender Neufund: Tiefblaue-Afghanit-Kristalle von Sar-e-Sang, Badakhshan, Afghanistan. Lapis 27 (6), 22-23.
- Peters, S.G., Ludington, S.D., Orris, G.J., Sutphin, D.M., and Bliss, J.D., eds. (2007): Preliminary Non-Fuel Mineral Resource Assessment of Afghanistan. USGS Open–File Report 07-1214.
- Weiss, S. (2009): Nepehlin statt Skapolith- die schönsten Kristalle aus Afghanistan! Lapis 34 (12): 6
- Parodi, G.C., Ferraris, C., Pont, S., Miska, S., Farges, F. & Camara, F. (2010): Wurtzite-2H manganesifera di Lajur Madana, Sar-e-Sang, Badakhshan, Koksha Valley, Afghanistan. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2010, 110-112.
- Moore, T.P., Woodside, R.W.M., (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336.

Localities in this Region
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Afghanistan

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