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Ladjuar Medam (Lajur Madan; Lapis-lazuli Mine; Lapis-lazuli deposit), Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang), Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley), Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts, Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province), Afghanistan

This page kindly sponsored by Rob Woodside
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° 10' North , 70° 49' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 36.16667,70.81667
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra

Lapis lazuli-bearing skarn zones, up to 300 m long and 8 m thick, hosted in Archean gneiss, carbonaceous marble, calciphyre and crystalline schist that were intruded by alaskite granite and mafic dykes.

The deposit is worked by several mines which are numbered. Ladjuar Medam is a generic name which just means "lapis lazuli mine". Thus, it may refer to any of the mines in this area.

Located in Kuran Wa Munjan District.

Can see a photo report of these mines here:

See article on mining lapis lazuli at Sar-e-Sang in the 1830's.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

35 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

2500 - 4000 Ma

ID: 3186808
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

2800 - 3200 Ma

ID: 2155979
Mesoarchean gneiss

Age: Mesoarchean (2800 - 3200 Ma)

Description: Mesoarchean biotite, garnet-biotite, amphibole, biotite-amphibole, and calc-silicate gneiss; magnesian marble, quartzite, amphibolite

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Doebrich, J.L., R.R. Wahl et al. Geologic and mineral resource map of Afghanistan. isbn: 9781411318038. USGS Open-File Report 2006-1038. [28]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
- Maiorov, A.N., Suderkin, A.I., and Krepoy, M.E. (1965): Report by the Survey and Prospecting Team on the results obtained in 1963-1964 at the lapis-lazuli occurrences of Afghanistan. Kabul, Rec. Off., DGMS, 1965.
- Bariand, P., Cesbron, F. & Giraud, R. (1968): Une nouvelle espèce minérale: l`afghanite de Sar-e-sang, Badakhshan, Afghanistan. Comparaison avec les minéraux du groupe de la cancrinite. Bulletin de la Société Francaise de Minéralogie et Christallographie. 91:34-42
- Guastoni, A. & Demartin, F. (2002): Hervorragender Neufund: Tiefblaue-Afghanit-Kristalle von Sar-e-Sang, Badakhshan, Afghanistan. Lapis 27 (6), 22-23.
- Peters, S.G., Ludington, S.D., Orris, G.J., Sutphin, D.M., and Bliss, J.D., eds. (2007): Preliminary Non-Fuel Mineral Resource Assessment of Afghanistan. USGS Open–File Report 07-1214.
- Weiss, S. (2009): Nepehlin statt Skapolith- die schönsten Kristalle aus Afghanistan! Lapis 34 (12): 6
- Parodi, G.C., Ferraris, C., Pont, S., Miska, S., Farges, F. & Camara, F. (2010): Wurtzite-2H manganesifera di Lajur Madana, Sar-e-Sang, Badakhshan, Koksha Valley, Afghanistan. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2010, 110-112.
- Moore, T.P., Woodside, R.W.M., (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336.

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