SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Indiana-Arizona Mine group (Carbonate group), Waterman District, Waterman Mts, Tohono O'odom (Papago) Indian Reservation, Pima Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Indiana-Arizona Mine group (Carbonate group)- not defined -
Waterman DistrictMining District
Waterman MtsMountain Range
Tohono O'odom (Papago) Indian ReservationReservation
Pima Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 32° 21' 20'' North , 111° 28' 41'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 32.35556,-111.47806
GeoHash:G#: 9tb8p60hv
USGS MRDS Record:10103757
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Avra Valley6,050 (2011)17.8km
Nelson259 (2011)21.2km
Picture Rocks9,563 (2011)21.8km
Marana41,315 (2017)25.4km
Red Rock169 (2011)28.4km


Ref.: Ruff, A.W. (1951) Geology and ore deposits of the Indiana mine area, Pima County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 64 p.

McClymonds, N.E. (1959), Paleozoic stratigraphy of the Waterman Mountains, Pima County, Arizona: Arizona Geological Society., Southern Arizona Guidebook II: 67-76.

Keith, Stanton B. (1974), Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, Arizona: 144 (Table 4).

Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103757, MRDS ID #M050601; and, Dep. ID #10186159, MAS ID #0040190267.

A former small underground Pb-Zn-Cu-Ag-Au-Mn-Mo mine group located in the NE ¼ sec. 25, T.12S., R.8E. (protracted), ½ mile NW of Waterman Peak and 1½ miles S of Silver Bell. Discovered 1880. First produced 1907. Closed 1969. Owned/operated at times, or in part, by Indiana-Arizona Development Co.; Indiana-Arizona Copper Co.; Indiana-Arizona Development Co., International Ore Separation Co.; Western Minerals, Boyd & Pillard, Indiana-Arizona Mining Co.; Golden Crown Mining Co.; Waterman Mountains Mining Co.; Diana-Arizona Copper Co, Waterman Mountain Manganese; Western Minerals Corp.; and the Knox-Arizona Copper Mining Co.

Mineralization is irregular, vein-like, and pipe-like orebodies containing base metal carbonates and sulfides in siliceous, limonitic and manganiferous breccia zones along strong faults and fissures or at fissure intersections in folded Paleozoic quartzite and limestones. Ore control was the breccia zones along the faults and fissures in the sedimentary rocks at at the contact with granite. Alteration includes silication and impregnation with iron oxide. The host rock units are Bolsa Quartzite and the Martin Formation. An associated rock unit is the Waterman Alaskite.

There are three main veins in this group, the Indiana vein (strikes N55E and dips 85NW), the WAterman vein (strikes N20E and dips 65NW), and the Burro vein (strikes N45E and dips 70SE).

Local structures include breccia zones and strong faults trending NW and E to NE with some folding. Other rock units in the area include the Abrigo Formation, the Escabrosa Limestone, and the Naco Formation.

Workings include shaft and adit operations totalling 548.64 meters in length and 243.84 meters deep. Found in the late 1880's but only worked sporadically from 1907 to 1969, producing some 8,000 tons of ore averaging about 7% each of Pb & Zn, 2% Cu, 8 oz. Ag/T and minor Au.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103757, MRDS ID #M050601.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: Crystalline material in goethite with cerussite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 126, 158.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103757, MRDS ID #M050601.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103757, MRDS ID #M050601.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Habit: Needle-like
Colour: White
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 126, 158.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103757, MRDS ID #M050601.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103757, MRDS ID #M050601.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103757, MRDS ID #M050601.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103757, MRDS ID #M050601.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 126.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103757, MRDS ID #M050601.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103757, MRDS ID #M050601.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103757, MRDS ID #M050601.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 299.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103757, MRDS ID #M050601.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Habit: Small crystals
Colour: Green to brown
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 344.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103757, MRDS ID #M050601.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 299.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O AnglesitePbSO4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Olenekian - Ediacaran
247.2 - 635 Ma



ID: 3017838
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic to Triassic (247.2 - 635 Ma)

Description: Undivided Paleozoic limestone, dolostone, quartzite, shale, and related sedimentary rocks. (248-544 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{limestone,dolostone,quartzite}, Minor:{shale}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region
Show map


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: August 18, 2019 01:46:04 Page generated: March 1, 2019 13:46:11
Go to top of page