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Vishnevite

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About VishneviteHide

Formula:
(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Colour:
colourless, light blue, orange-yellow, white
Lustre:
Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
5 - 6
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Kurochkin Valley, Vishnevy Gory, Urals, Russia.
Cancrinite Group. The sulphate analogue of Cancrinite and Hydroxycancrinite.


Classification of VishneviteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.FB.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
B : Tektosilicates with additional anions
76.2.5.15

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
2 : Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
17.10.3

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
10 : Silicates with sulphate, molybdate or tungstate

Pronounciation of VishneviteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of VishneviteHide

Vitreous, Pearly
Colour:
colourless, light blue, orange-yellow, white
Streak:
white
Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect

Optical Data of VishneviteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.490 - 1.507 nε = 1.488 - 1.495
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.002 - 0.012
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of VishneviteHide

Formula:
(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
Na8(Al6Si6)O24(SO4) · 2H2O
Common Impurities:
Sr

Crystallography of VishneviteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
P63
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.7228(3) Å, c = 5.198(3) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.409
Unit Cell V:
728.67 ų

Type Occurrence of VishneviteHide

Synonyms of VishneviteHide

Other Language Names for VishneviteHide

Varieties of VishneviteHide

Carbonate-VishneviteA carbonate-bearing variety of vishnevite.
Originally reported from Lovozero Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia.

Relationship of Vishnevite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
Alloriite(Na,Ca,K)26Ca4(Al6Si6O24)4(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)Hex. 6 : P63
Biachellaite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2(OH)0.5 · H2OTrig. 3 : P3
Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Al6Si6O24)(S5)ClHex.
Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2OHex.
Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
DepmeieriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(PO4,CO3)1-x · 3H2O (x<0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Hex.
HydroxycancriniteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
KircheriteNa5Ca2K(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.33H2OTrig. 3 2 : R3 2
KyanoxaliteNa7(Al6-xSi6+xO24)(C2O4)0.5+x · 5H2O (0 < x < 0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex.
Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4Hex.
Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6•2H2OHex.
SulfhydrylbystriteNa5K2Ca[Al6Si6O24](S5)2(SH)Trig. 3m : P3 1c
Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2Cl · H2OHex.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Nepheline4 photos of Vishnevite associated with Nepheline on mindat.org.
Zircon4 photos of Vishnevite associated with Zircon on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.FB.05Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Al6Si6O24)(S5)ClHex.
9.FB.05Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2OHex.
9.FB.05Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
9.FB.05Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
9.FB.05Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Hex.
9.FB.05HydroxycancriniteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex.
9.FB.05MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
9.FB.05PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4Hex.
9.FB.05Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6•2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2Cl · H2OHex.
9.FB.05Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Farneseite(Na,Ca,K)56(Al6Si6O24)7(SO4)12 · 6H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.FB.05Alloriite(Na,Ca,K)26Ca4(Al6Si6O24)4(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Fantappièite[Na82.5Ca33K16.5](Si99Al99O396)(SO4)33 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : R3
9.FB.05KyanoxaliteNa7(Al6-xSi6+xO24)(C2O4)0.5+x · 5H2O (0 < x < 0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05CarbobystriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3) · 3.5H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05DepmeieriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(PO4,CO3)1-x · 3H2O (x<0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05KircheriteNa5Ca2K(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.33H2OTrig. 3 2 : R3 2
9.FB.10BicchuliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
9.FB.10DanaliteBe3Fe2+4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10HelvineBe3Mn2+4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10KamaishiliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Tet.
9.FB.10LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2OIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10Tsaregorodtsevite(N(CH3)4)(AlSi5O12)Orth.
9.FB.10TugtupiteNa4BeAlSi4O12ClTet. 4 : I4
9.FB.15MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24ClTet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FB.15MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3Tet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FB.15Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)Tet. 4/m : I4/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

76.2.5.1Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
76.2.5.2Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Al6Si6O24)(S5)ClHex.
76.2.5.3Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
76.2.5.4CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2OHex.
76.2.5.5Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
76.2.5.6Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
76.2.5.7Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Hex.
76.2.5.8HydroxycancriniteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
76.2.5.9Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex.
76.2.5.10MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
76.2.5.11PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
76.2.5.12Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4Hex.
76.2.5.13Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6•2H2OHex.
76.2.5.14Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2Cl · H2OHex.
76.2.5.16Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2OHex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.10.1NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2OIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
17.10.2PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
17.10.4Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
17.10.5Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex.
17.10.6Latiumite(Ca,K)4(Si,Al)5O11(SO4,CO3)Mon.
17.10.7Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2OMon.
17.10.8MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
17.10.9Delhayelite(Na,K)10Ca5Al6Si32O80(Cl2,F2,SO4)3 · 18H2OOrth.
17.10.10HydrodelhayeliteKCa2AlSi7O17(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth.
17.10.11Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
17.10.12Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
17.10.13Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
17.10.14Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Hex.
17.10.15Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6•2H2OHex.
17.10.16Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2OOrth.
17.10.17InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4Tric. 1 : P1
17.10.18ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2OHex. 6 : P63
17.10.19Ellestadite
17.10.20ChlorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
17.10.21HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
17.10.22FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5FHex.
17.10.23MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
17.10.24QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)Mon. 2 : P21
17.10.25RoeblingitePb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
17.10.26YoshimuraiteBa2Mn2Ti(Si2O7)(PO4)O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
17.10.27KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8Mon.
17.10.28Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2OHex.
17.10.29MacquartiteCu2Pb7(CrO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon.
17.10.30WeliniteMn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Trig. 3 : P3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for VishneviteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Canadian Mineralogist (1984): 22: 333.
Soviet Physics – Crystallography: 34: 37-39.
Canadian Mineralogist (192): 30: 49.
Della Ventura, Giancarlo, Fabio Bellatreccia, Gian Carlo Parodi,
Fernando Cámara, and Massimo Piccinini (2007) Single-crystal FTIR and X-ray study of vishnevite, ideally [Na6(SO4)][Na2(H2O)2](Si6Al6O24) American Mineralogist, Volume 92, pages 713-721.
▪ Martins, T., Kressall, R., Medici, L., Chakhmouradian, A.R. (2017): Cancrinite-vishnevite solid solution from Cinder Lake (Manitoba, Canada): crystal chemistry and implications for alkaline igneous rocks. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1261-1277.

Internet Links for VishneviteHide

Localities for VishneviteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Qeqqata
      • Kangerlussuaq Fjord (Søndre Strømfjord)
        • Kangerlussuaq complex
MinRec 16:485-494
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Gerolstein
        • Rockeskyll
          • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
Riley, T., Bailey, K., lloyd, F.,, Extrusive carbonatite from the quaternary Rockeskyll complex, West Eifel, Germany, Canadian Mineralogist, Vol 34, 389-401, 1996
      • Hillesheim
Blass, G., (2010): Die neuen Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralienwelt, Vol. 05, 2010
Guinea
 
Italy
 
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
• Bellatreccia, F. & Della Ventura, G. (2006): La vishnevite [Na6(SO4)][Na2(H20)2](Si6A16024). Il Cercapietre, 2/2006, 29-37.
    • Viterbo Province
      • Làtera volcano
        • Farnese
Bellatreccia, F. & Della Ventura, G. (2006): La vishnevite [Na6(SO4)][Na2(H20)2](Si6A16024). Il Cercapietre, 2/2006, 29-37.
Di Domenico Dario
        • Valentano
Burli, M., Caponera, I., Carlini, R., Pucci, R., Signoretti, E. (2010): La ricerca in località Casale Rosati (Valentano, VT). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2010, 13-30.
      • Vico volcanic complex (Vico Lake)
        • Vetralla
luigi mattei
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Chiesa in Valmalenco
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Pitigliano
Bellatreccia, F. & Della Ventura, G. (2006): La vishnevite [Na6(SO4)][Na2(H2O)2](Si6Al6O24). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2006, 29-37.
Morocco
 
  • Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab Region
Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
[var: Carbonate-Vishnevite] [Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual" p35]
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Ilmen Mts
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
American Mineralogist, Volume 92, pages 713-721, 2007
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Assynt
        • Loch Borrolan
American Mineralogist, Volume 92, pages 713-721, 2007
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
Kryvdik S. G. · Sharygin V. V. · Gatsenko V. O. · Lunev E. S. (2016) Foid minerals from malignites of the Pokrovo-Kireevo massif (Azov Sea region, Ukraine)
USA
 
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
Czamanske, G.K., B.F. Leonard & J.R. Clark (1980), Erdite, a new hydrated sodium iron sulfide mineral: American Mineralogist: 65: 506-515; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 367; American Mineralogist: (1983) 68: 245-254.
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
      • Springer
        • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
Rocks & Min.: 60:229.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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