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Gardiner Complex, Kangerlussuaq Fjord, Sermersooq, Greenland, Denmark

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 68° 36' 38'' North , 33° 12' 42'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 68.61083,-33.21194
GeoHash:G#: gk0qk4pz1
Locality type:Complex
Köppen climate type:EF : Ice cap climate


A melilitolite- and carbonatite-bearing alkaline ultramafic complex located at the bottom of the Kangerlussuaq Fjord (Kangerdlugssuaq Fjord) in the eastern coast of Greenland.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


57 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Apatite'
Reference: MinRec 24:1-15
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Barytolamprophyllite
Formula: (Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Biotite'
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Cebollite
Formula: Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: MinRec 24:1-15
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Clinohumite var: Titanclinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: MinRec 24:1-15; Johnsen, O. (1999): Gardiner komplekset i Østgrønland: en spænende mineralforekomst. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15, 5-9 (in danish)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Dunite'
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1999): Gardiner komplekset i Østgrønland: en spænende mineralforekomst. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 5-9 (in danish)
Eckermannite ?
Formula: NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Need to be checked if it can be assigned to eckermannite according to the redefinition by IMA (IMA2013-136).
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: MinRec 24:1-15
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Hornblende-peridotite'
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1999): Gardiner komplekset i Østgrønland: en spænende mineralforekomst. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 5-9 (in danish)
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Lamprophyllite-2M'
Reference: [AmMin 82:820]
'Lamprophyllite-2O'
Formula: (Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
Reference: [AmMin 82:820]
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Reference: Nielsen, T.F.D., Solovova, I.P. Veksler, I.V. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 126–124, 331–344.
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Olivine-pyroxenite'
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1999): Gardiner komplekset i Østgrønland: en spænende mineralforekomst. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 5-9 (in danish)
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Pyroxenite'
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1999): Gardiner komplekset i Østgrønland: en spænende mineralforekomst. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 5-9 (in danish)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
'Uncompahgrite'
Reference: Johnsen, O. (1999): Gardiner komplekset i Østgrønland: en spænende mineralforekomst. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 5-9 (in danish)
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Vishnevite
Formula: (Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: MinRec 16:485-494

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Loparite-(Ce)'4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Perovskite'4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Tenorite'4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Strontianite'5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Hydroxylapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Aegirine'9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Antigorite'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Arfvedsonite'9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Barytolamprophyllite'9.BE.25(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
'Cancrinite'9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
'Catapleiite'9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
'Cebollite'9.BB.10Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
'Clinochlore'9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinohumite'9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
var: Titanclinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Eckermannite' ?9.DE.25NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
'Eudialyte'9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
'Ferro-katophorite'9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
'Haüyne'9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
'Kaersutite'9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
'Lamprophyllite'9.BE.25(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
'Larnite'9.AD.05Ca2SiO4
'Lorenzenite'9.DB.10Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
'Magnesio-arfvedsonite'9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Magnesio-hastingsite'9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Monticellite'9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
'Natrolite'9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
'Nepheline'9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
'Nosean'9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
'Pargasite'9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Pectolite'9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
'Phlogopite'9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Schorlomite'9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
'Sodalite'9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vishnevite9.FB.05(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Dunite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Hornblende-peridotite'-
'Lamprophyllite-2M'-
'Lamprophyllite-2O'-(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Olivine-pyroxenite'-
'Pyroxenite'-
Uncompahgrite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Larnite51.5.1.1Ca2SiO4
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Barytolamprophyllite56.2.6c.1(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Lamprophyllite56.2.6c.4(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Lorenzenite65.1.6.1Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Eckermannite ?66.1.3c.6NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Xonotlite66.3.1.1Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Vishnevite76.2.5.15(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Cebollite78.1.1.1Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinohumite
var: Titanclinohumite
-Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Dunite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Ferro-katophorite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
'Hornblende-peridotite'-
'Lamprophyllite-2M'-
'Lamprophyllite-2O'-(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Olivine-pyroxenite'-
'Pyroxenite'-
'Uncompahgrite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
H Lamprophyllite-2O(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
H XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
OOxygen
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnataseTiO2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BaryteBaSO4
O Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O HematiteFe2O3
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
O Lamprophyllite-2O(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
O LarniteCa2SiO4
O Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
O LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O TenoriteCuO
O Clinohumite (var: Titanclinohumite)Mg9(SiO4)4F2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
O XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
F Lamprophyllite-2O(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
F Clinohumite (var: Titanclinohumite)Mg9(SiO4)4F2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Na Lamprophyllite-2O(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
Na Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Na LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Clinohumite (var: Titanclinohumite)Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Al Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
SiSilicon
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Si EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Si Lamprophyllite-2O(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
Si LarniteCa2SiO4
Si LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si Clinohumite (var: Titanclinohumite)Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Si XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
S NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
K Lamprophyllite-2O(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca LarniteCa2SiO4
Ca Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ti Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Ti Lamprophyllite-2O(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
Ti Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ti LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Mn Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Mn Lamprophyllite-2O(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
FeIron
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fe Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Fe Lamprophyllite-2O(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TenoriteCuO
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Sr Lamprophyllite-2O(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
Sr Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
ZrZirconium
Zr CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Ba Lamprophyllite-2O(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2[O|(O,OH,F)|Si2O7]2
CeCerium
Ce Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
ThThorium
Th Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Eocene : 51.7 Ma to 48.9 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Paleogene
   Eocene
ⓘ Sphalerite (youngest age)48.9 Ma
ⓘ Apatite (youngest age)48.9 Ma
ⓘ Sphalerite (oldest age)51.7 Ma
ⓘ Apatite (oldest age)51.7 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Nielson, T.F.D. (1980) The petrology of a melilitolite, melteigite, carbonatite and syenite ring dike system, in the Gardiner complex, East Greenland. Lithos: 13: 181-197.
Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993) The minerals of Greenland (Gardiner). Mineralogical Record: 24 (2): 1-65.
Nielsen, T. F. D., Solovova, I. P. Veksler, I. V. (1997) Parental melts of melilitolite and origin of alkaline carbonatite: Evidence from crystallized melt inclusions, Gardiner complex. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 126–124: 331–344.
Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998) Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39 (11-12): 2015-2031
Johnsen, O. (1999): Gardiner komplekset i Østgrønland: en spænende mineralforekomst. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 5-9 (in danish)
Mineralogical Magazine: 61: 197–212.

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