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A10 Highway tunnel, Katschberg, Schellgaden, Murwinkel, Lungau, Salzburg, Austria

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Name(s) in local language(s):A10 Autobahntunnel, Katschberg, Schellgaden, Murwinkel, Lungau, Salzburg, Österreich
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 4' 44'' North , 13° 35' 44'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.07889,13.59556
GeoHash:G#: u23ev67yr
Locality type:Tunnel
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


Minerals recovered from rocks excavated during the construction of the tunnel in the early 1970s. At distances of 335 m and 500 m south of the northern entrance, mineralizations similar to those in the gold mines near Schellgaden were found. Since the tunnel joins Salzburg and Carinthia, specimens can be labelled as coming either from Salzburg or from Carinthia. The minerals found on the Carinthian side, however, are not included here, but listed separately.

The tunnel was originally built as a single tube only. A second tube is built since 2005.

The coordinates mark the northern entrance to the tunnel.

Regions containing this locality

The Alps, Europe

Mountain Range - 2,240 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: peter neschen collection
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: PUTZ, H. & STRASSER, A. (2004): Baryt, Coelestin, Hamlinit (Goyazit), Zinnober und Zinkblende vom Katschberg-Autobahntunnel (Talröhre), Lungau. Mineralogisches Archiv Salzburg 10, 220–224.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: PUTZ, H. & STRASSER, A. (2004): Baryt, Coelestin, Hamlinit (Goyazit), Zinnober und Zinkblende vom Katschberg-Autobahntunnel (Talröhre), Lungau. Mineralogisches Archiv Salzburg 10, 220–224.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: PUTZ, H. & STRASSER, A. (2004): Baryt, Coelestin, Hamlinit (Goyazit), Zinnober und Zinkblende vom Katschberg-Autobahntunnel (Talröhre), Lungau. Mineralogisches Archiv Salzburg 10, 220–224.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Clinochlore var: Nickeloan Clinochlore
Formula: (Mg,Ni)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: PUTZ, H. & STRASSER, A. (2004): Baryt, Coelestin, Hamlinit (Goyazit), Zinnober und Zinkblende vom Katschberg-Autobahntunnel (Talröhre), Lungau. Mineralogisches Archiv Salzburg 10, 220–224.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: J.Metzger (1973)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: peter neschen collection
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: PUTZ, H. & STRASSER, A. (2004): Baryt, Coelestin, Hamlinit (Goyazit), Zinnober und Zinkblende vom Katschberg-Autobahntunnel (Talröhre), Lungau. Mineralogisches Archiv Salzburg 10, 220–224.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: peter neschen collection
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Altaite'2.CD.10PbTe
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cinnabar'2.CD.15aHgS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Celestine'7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
'Clinochlore'9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Nickeloan Clinochlore9.EC.55(Mg,Ni)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Nacrite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Clinochlore
var: Nickeloan Clinochlore
-(Mg,Ni)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Nacrite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Clinochlore (var: Nickeloan Clinochlore)(Mg,Ni)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
OOxygen
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O CelestineSrSO4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Clinochlore (var: Nickeloan Clinochlore)(Mg,Ni)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Clinochlore (var: Nickeloan Clinochlore)(Mg,Ni)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Clinochlore (var: Nickeloan Clinochlore)(Mg,Ni)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
SiSilicon
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Clinochlore (var: Nickeloan Clinochlore)(Mg,Ni)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S CelestineSrSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
NiNickel
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
Ni Clinochlore (var: Nickeloan Clinochlore)(Mg,Ni)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag SilverAg
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te MeloniteNiTe2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous - Jurassic
66 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3130861
Bündner Schiefer (Schistes Lustrés)

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 201.3 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{phyllite}, Minor{serpentinite,quartzite,carbonates, consolidated}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187961
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Paar, W.H. + Chen, T.T.(1982): Telluride in Erzen der Gold-Lagerstätte Schellgaden und vom Katschberg-Autobahntunnel Nord. Der Karinthin, 87, 371-381.
- A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)


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