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About CannizzariteHide

Stanislao Cannizzaro
S may be replaced by minor Se (or Se may even be essential). The structure solution (Topa et al., 2010) gave Pb48Bi56(S124Se8)sum132.
White to silvery gray
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named by F. Zambonini, O. de Fiore, and G. Carobbi in 1924 in honor of Stanislao Cannizzaro (13 July 1826, Palermo, Sicily, Italy – 10 May 1910, Rome, Italy), chemist. He is best known for the Cannizzaro reaction and his work on atomic weights.
Wittite may be identical with cannizzarite.

Compare Unnamed (Cd-Pb-Bi Sulphide Selenide II) and so-called "cannizzarite-B" (UM1975-13-S:BiPb).

Classification of CannizzariteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb

6 : 2 < ø < 2.49

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone

Physical Properties of CannizzariteHide

White to silvery gray
Iridescent tarnish
VHN20=132 kg/mm2 - Vickers
somewhat malleable and elastic, prone to twisting and bending
6.7 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.95 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CannizzariteHide

Strong from blue to gray

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 53.7%.
R1 shown in black, R2 shown in red

Chemical Properties of CannizzariteHide


S may be replaced by minor Se (or Se may even be essential). The structure solution (Topa et al., 2010) gave Pb48Bi56(S124Se8)sum132.
IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of CannizzariteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 38.86(3) Å, b = 4.090(3) Å, c = 39.83(3) Å
β = 102.30(3)°
a:b:c = 9.501 : 1 : 9.738
Unit Cell V:
6,185.16 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Thin laths, felted masses, stellate groups. Crystals to 2 mm.
Stellate trillings and simple V-shaped twins.
(Cd,In)-rich cannizzarite has a 15.4172(9), b 4.0582(2), c 20.8071(12) Å, β 98.031(2)°, V 1289.05(12) Å3 (Borisov et al., 2012). Previously assumed to be a = 4.13, b = 4.13, c = 15.48 Å, beta 99° (Graham et al., 1953).

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.82 (100)
3.01 (60)
2.68 (60)
2.87 (50)
2.22 (50)
2.03 (50)
1.910 (40)
some preferred orientation occured

Type Occurrence of CannizzariteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
very thin single laths, up to 2 mm, often warped but also found straight; may have frayed ends; also as felted masses and stellate groups
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
(1) University of Florence, Florence, Italy, 14398/G; Natural History Museum, catalogue no. 128.28; (2) National School of Mines, Paris, France
Geological Setting of Type Material:
deep fumarolic activity
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for CannizzariteHide

Simplified Chinese:卡辉铋铅矿

Varieties of CannizzariteHide

Common AssociatesHide

BursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)
Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Bismuthinite1 photo of Cannizzarite associated with Bismuthinite on
Challacolloite1 photo of Cannizzarite associated with Challacolloite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JB.Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.JB.05DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.10CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.15FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.15MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.25aJunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25dProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25bFelbertaliteCu2Pb6Bi8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25jRouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25fÁngelaiteCu2AgPbBiS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.JB.25iCuproneyiteCu7Pb27Bi25S68Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.30aGeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30aJordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30bKirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.35cPillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35aZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
2.JB.35bScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35dPellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35fTubuliteAg2Pb22Sb20S53 Mon. m : Pb
2.JB.35eChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bAschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aBursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)Orth.
2.JB.40aFizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aGustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40aLillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40aRamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40dSchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.JB.40eUstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
2.JB.40aVikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
2.JB.40aAndorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
2.JB.55GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
2.JB.60MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide,Se)27Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
5.6.20VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.27GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CannizzariteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Zambonini, F., de Fiore, O., Carobbi, G. (1924) Su un solfobismutito di piombo di Vulcano (Isole Eolie). Annali dell'Osservatorio Vesuviano: 1: 31-36.
Zambonini, F., de Fiore, O., Carobbi, G. (1925) Su un sulfobismutito di piombo di Vulcano (Isole Eolie). Rendiconto dell'Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche (sezione della Societa reale di Napoli): 31: 24-29.
Foshag, W.F. (1926) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 11: 194-194.
Wolfe, C.W. (1938) Cannizzarite and bismuthinite from Vulcano. American Mineralogist: 23: 790-798.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 472.
Graham, A.R., Thompson, R.M., Berry, L.G. (1953) Studies on mineral sulpho-salts: XVII - Cannizzarite. American Mineralogist: 38: 536-544.
Matzat, E. (1979) Cannizzarite. Acta Crystallographica: B35: 133-136.
Fleischer, M., Chao, G.Y., Pabst, A. (1979) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 64: 241-245.
Mozgova, N.N., Kuzmina, O.V., Organova, N.I., Laputina, I.P., Borodaev, Y.S., Fornaseri, M. (1985) New data on sulphosalt assemblages at Vulcano (Italy). Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia: 40: 277-283.
Hawthorne, F.C., Bladh, K.W., Burke, E.A.J., Grew, E.S., Langley, R.H., Puciewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Schedler, R.A., Shigley, J.E., Vanko, D.A. (1987) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 72: 222-230.
Mozgova, N.N., Organova, N.I., Borodaev, Yu.S., Ryabeva, E.G., Sivtsov, A.V., Getmanskaya, T.I., Kuzmina, O.V. (1988) New data on cannizzarite and bursaite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 158: 293-309.
Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J. (1989) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 74: 1399-1404.
Borodaev, Y.S., Garavelli, A., Garbarino, C., Grillo, S.M., Mozgova, N.N., Organova, N.I., Trubkin, N.V., Vurro, F. (2000) Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. III. Wittite and cannizzarite. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 23-34.
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Dittrich, H. (2010) The crystal structure of 7K:12Q cannizzarite from Vulcano, Italy. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 483-495.
Borisov, S.V., Pervukhina, N.V., Magarill, S.A., Kuratieva, N.V., Bryzgalov, I.A., Mozgova, N.N., Chaplygin, I.V. (2012) The crystal structure of (Cd,In)-rich cannizzarite from Kudriavy Volcano, Iturup Island, Kuriles, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 50: 387-395.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. (2016)

Internet Links for CannizzariteHide

Localities for CannizzariteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Scheelite deposit
Eur. J. Mineral. 13:961-972
  • Hainan
    • Ledong Co.
Bin Shu, Ping'an Wang, Faxian Dong, and Zhongjian Li (2006): Geological Bulletin of China 25(6), 745-755
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
Dequan Zhang, Yunfen Lei, Taiyang Luo, Xiupo Bao, and Shengli Wang (1991): Mineral Deposits 10(3), 204-216
  • Jiangxi
    • Ganzhou
      • Anyuan Co.
Yingchen Ren (1998): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 13(4), 1-17; Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38; American Mineralogist 85, 629 (2000)
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Isère
      • La Mure
BRGM (1981)
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Saint-Yrieix-la-Perche
Patrice Queneau Collection
  • Pest
    • Börzsöny Mts
Zajzon N, Szakáll S, Kristály F, Hartai É, Fehér B (2014) Pb-Bi-(Ag)-sulphosalts from Nagybörzsöny, Hungary. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 136
Szakáll, S., Fehér, B., Kristály, F. and Zajzon, N. (2012): Minerals of the Rózsa Hill ore mineralizations, Nagybörzsöny. Geoda, 22/3, 16-47 (in Hungarian).
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Pellice Valley
        • Luserna Valley
- Finello, G., Ambrino, P., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G., Bracco, R. (2007): I minerali della “Pietra di Luserna”, Piemonte, Italia nord-occidentale. I. Alcune cave di gneiss della Val Luserna. Micro (località), 2/2007, 181-226.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
ZAMBONINI F., DE FIORE O., CAROBBI G. (1924): Su un solfobismutito di piombo di Vulcano (Eolie). - Annali del Reale Osservatorio Vesuviano - serie III - 1, 1-6; 31-36.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Gini, C., Bargellini, C., Gamucci, C., Marinai, V., Nannoni, R. (2013). Botro ai Marmi. I minerali delle miniere Maffei e Montorsi. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 63-83.
      • Elba Island
        • Campo nell'Elba
          • San Piero in Campo
Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, F. (1997). Minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. Edizioni Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 249 pp.
        • Capoliveri
P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
  • Niigata
    • Uetsu
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
  • Yamagata
Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
  • Yamaguchi
    • Hagi City
      • Asahi-son
Nakashima, et al (1981) Jour. of the Jap. Ass. of Min., Petr. and Econ. Geologists, 76, 1-16.
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • District of Kosovska Mitrovica
    • Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
Kołodziejczyk, J., Pršek, J., Melfos, V., Voudouris, P. C., Maliqi, F., & Kozub-Budzyń, G. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the Stan Terg deposit (Trepça, Kosovo). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(3), 317-333.
  • Lower Silesia
    • Szklarska Poręba District
Kozłowski, A., & Matyszczak, W. (2018). Oxygenic bismuth minerals in the NE part of the Karkonosze pluton (West Sudetes, SW Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, 68(4).; Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
  • Bihor
    • Nucet
www.minerals-of-the (2009)
  • Kamchatka Krai
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1312–1324, 2009; American Mineralogist, Volume 91, pages 21-–28, 2006
  • Primorsky Krai
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Iturup Island
Curator, Fersman Museum, Moscow.; Chaplygin, I.V., Mozgova, N.N., Magazina, L.O., Kuznetsova, O.Yu., Safonov, Yu.G., Bryzgalov, I.A., Makovcký, E., Balić-Žunić, T. (2005): Kudriavite, (Cd,Pb)Bi2S4, a new mineral species from Kudriavy volcano, Iturup Island, Kuriles. Canadian Mineralogist, 43, 695-701.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Podrinje District
Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Ana S. Radosavljević-Mihajlović, Vladan D. Kašić (2013): Polymetallic mineralization of the Boranja orefield, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: zonality, mineral associations and genetic features. Periodico di Mineralogia, 82, 61-87.; Radosavljević, S. A., Stojanović, J. N., Pačevski, A. M., Radosavljević-Mihajlović, A. S., & Kašić, V. D. (2016). A review of Pb-Sb (As)-S, Cu (Ag)-Fe (Zn)-Sb (As)-S, Ag (Pb)-Bi (Sb)-S and Pb-Bi-S (Te) sulfosalt systems from the Boranja orefield, West Serbia. Geološki Anali Balkanskog Poluostrva, 2016(77), 1-12.
Radosavljevic-Mihajlovic, A. S., Stojanovic, J. N., Dimitrijevic, R. Z. & Radosavljevic, S. A. (2007): Rare Pb-Bi sulfosalt mineralization from the Boranja orefield (Podrinje district, Serbia). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 184, 217-224.
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Medel Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 101
Nowacki, W., Stalder, H.A. (1969): Zwei Wismutsulfosalze von Sta. Maria, Val Medel, Kt. Graubünden. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt.: 49: 97-10l; in: Fleischer, M. (1970): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 55: 533-535
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Leventina
      • Bedretto Valley
        • Ronco
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 101
  • Uri
    • Reuss Valley
      • Rien Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 101
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Lötschen valley
Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Lonza Valley
        • Mittal
Schweizer Strahler 4/2001 p 19-23
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Graeser S., Reuse G. (2005) - Minéraux provenant du tunnel routier de Martigny. Le Cristallier Suisse, n°1, pp: 23-32
  • Arizona
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa District
        • Santa Teresa Mts
          • Aravaipa
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 154.
  • New Mexico
    • Doña Ana Co.
      • Organ Mts
        • Organ District
Collection of the New Mexico Bureau of Geology Mineral Museum
    • Grant Co.
      • Pinos Altos District
Northrup, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
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