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Mashamba West Mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba, DR Congoi
Regional Level Types
Mashamba West MineMine
Kolwezi DistrictDistrict
LualabaProvince
DR CongoCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 10° 44' 26'' South , 25° 22' 32'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -10.74083,25.37556
GeoHash:G#: kw44cktyj
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Aw : Tropical savanna, wet
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kolwezi418,000 (2016)10.4km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Katanga Copper Crescent; Zaïre


Opencast mine started in 1978. The mine is called Mashamba West since there is another open cut working further east (Mashamba East mine). The latter is much less interesting from a mineralogical point of view.

When the Kamoya II South Mine was still a secret location, many specimens of its Carrollite crystals have been falsely attributed to this locality as well as to Kamfundwa and other places.

The report of some of the uranium minerals at this location seems to be a mistake for the Musonoi Mine located to the North of this locality.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate
Central AfricaRegion
Katanga, DR CongoProvince (Historical)
Katanga Copper Crescent, Haut-Katanga, DR Congo

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


26 valid minerals. 6 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record 22: 13-20, 28.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Colour: white
Reference: http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Calcite var: Cobaltoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Co)CO3
Reference: www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 22: 13-20, 28.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Description: The source specimen for this report was most certainly from Kamoya South II mine. Because of a period of secrecy before the Kamoya locality was revealed, suppliers told customers that the locality for the new Carrollites was Kamfundwa or Mashamba West, but no carrollite has come from these localities to date. Up-coming article in MR By Gauthier, King, and Morgan explaining the issue.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: [MinRec 22:13-20,28]
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Habit: Very fine needles clustered together in urshin-like aggregates.
Colour: Grassgreen
Fluorescence: No
Description: Analysed with EDS and Raman at the Belgian Natural History Museum by H. Goethals, curator of the mineral collection.
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: [MinRec 22:13-20,28]
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 20(5): 348.; Rocks & Minerals: 64: 505.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Cuprosklodowskite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Description: Incorrectly attributed based on a mislabeled photograph
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 22: 13-20, 28.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: [MinRec 22:13-20,28]
Dolomite var: Cobaltoan Dolomite
Formula: (Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 22:13-20,28]
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Khorixasite
Formula: (Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Vincent Bourgoin collection
Kolwezite
Formula: (Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record 22: 13-20, 28.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: "primary" style crystals.
Reference: Mineralogical Record 22: 13-20, 28.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Incorrectly attributed based on a mislabeled photograph
Metatyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 22: 13-20, 28.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 22:13-20,28]
Mottramite var: Duhamelite
Formula: (Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Reference: Mineralogical Record 22: 13-20, 28.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Neotocite ?
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Description: Cobalt-bearing. No data. Probably should be labeled heterogenite until verified.
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens.
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Y.Okazaki
Rutherfordine
Formula: (UO2)CO3
Description: Incorrectly attributed based on a mislabeled photograph
Reference: Rob Lavinsky specimen
Saléeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Schoepite
Formula: (UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Description: Incorrectly attributed based on a mislabeled photograph
Reference: Rob Lavinsky specimen
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 22:13-20,28]
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Description: No specimens known.
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Min.Rec.: 22:13-20,28; Rocks & Min.: 64:505; Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Carrollite ?2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Metatyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Schoepite ?4.GA.05(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Tyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Cobaltoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Co)CO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Cobaltoan Dolomite5.AB.10(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Kolwezite5.BA.10(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rutherfordine ?5.EB.05(UO2)CO3
Spherocobaltite5.AB.05CoCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Metatorbernite ?8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
var: Duhamelite8.BH.40(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Saléeite8.EB.05Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Vésigniéite8.BH.45BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cuprosklodowskite ?9.AK.10Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Neotocite ?9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Shattuckite9.DB.40Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Uranophane ?9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Khorixasite-(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite ?2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO3·xH2O
Schoepite ?5.2.1.3(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rutherfordine ?14.1.4.1(UO2)CO3
Spherocobaltite14.1.1.5CoCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Kolwezite16a.3.1.7(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Metatorbernite ?40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metatyuyamunite40.2a.26.2Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Saléeite40.2a.11.1Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Tyuyamunite40.2a.26.1Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Vésigniéite41.5.13.1BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Cuprosklodowskite ?53.3.1.4Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Uranophane ?53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Shattuckite65.1.7.1Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Neotocite ?71.1.5.4(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Calcite
var: Cobaltoan Calcite
-(Ca,Co)CO3
Dolomite
var: Cobaltoan Dolomite
-(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Khorixasite-(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite
var: Duhamelite
-(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Kolwezite(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
H MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
H ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
H VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
H TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Khorixasite(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
H Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Kolwezite(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Dolomite (var: Cobaltoan Dolomite)(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
C SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
C Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3
OOxygen
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Kolwezite(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
O MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
O ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
O VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
O Dolomite (var: Cobaltoan Dolomite)(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
O SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
O TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O Khorixasite(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
O Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3
O Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Cobaltoan Dolomite)(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Mg SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Mg Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Si CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
PPhosphorus
P SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
KPotassium
K CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Ca MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Ca Dolomite (var: Cobaltoan Dolomite)(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Ca TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
VVanadium
V CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
V Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
V MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
V VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
V TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V Khorixasite(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
CoCobalt
Co Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
Co Kolwezite(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
Co Dolomite (var: Cobaltoan Dolomite)(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Co SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
Co HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
NiNickel
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CopperCu
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Cu Kolwezite(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Cu VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu Khorixasite(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
AsArsenic
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
PbLead
Pb Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
BiBismuth
Bi Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Bi Khorixasite(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
UUranium
U CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
U MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
U TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
U SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3
U Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran
541 - 635 Ma



ID: 3311623

Age: Ediacaran (541 - 635 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3192935
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mineralogical Record (1989) 20(5): 348.
Rocks & Minerals (1989) 64: 505.
Lhoest, J.J., Gauthier, G.J., and King, V.T. (1991) Famous mineral localities: the Mashamba West Mine, Shaba, Zaire. Mineralogical Record: 22(1): 13-20, 28.
Lapis (1992) 17(3): 13-40.

External Links

http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf (information on a number of mines in Katanga, in Dutch)


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