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Cullowhee Mine, Cullowhee, Jackson Co., North Carolina, USAi
Regional Level Types
Cullowhee MineMine
Cullowhee- not defined -
Jackson Co.County
North CarolinaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 35° 15' 47'' North , 83° 9' 17'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 35.26293,-83.15475
GeoHash:G#: dnkbeg2t3
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Forest Hills372 (2017)5.2km
Cullowhee6,228 (2017)6.0km
Glenville110 (2017)10.2km
Webster375 (2017)11.0km
Sylva2,617 (2017)13.9km


A former Cu occurrence/mine.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: USGS Professional Paper 179
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: USGS Professional Paper 179
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: USGS Professional Paper 179
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Mineral Commodity Files, Asheville Regional Office, North Carolina Geological Survey
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: USGS Professional Paper 179
'Biotite'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: USGS Professional Paper 179
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Dana 6:1077.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Dana 6:1077.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: USGS Professional Paper 179
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: USGS Professional Paper 179
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: U.S Geological Survey Professional Paper 179
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: USGS Professional Paper 179
'Hornblende'
Reference: Dana 6:1077.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: USGS Professional Paper 179
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Dana 6:1077.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: USGS Professional Paper 179
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Dana 6:1077.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: USGS Professional Paper 179
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region: USGS Professional Paper 179
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Dana 6:1077.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mineral Commodity Files, Asheville Regional Office, North Carolina Geological Survey

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O TenoriteCuO
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
SSulfur
S ChalcociteCu2S
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 2957196
Ashe Metamorphic Suite and Tallulah Falls Formation; Muscovite-biotite gneiss

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Ashe Metamorphic Suite; Tallulah Falls Formation

Description: Locally sulfidic; interlayered and gradational with mica schist, minor amphibolite, and hornblende gneiss.

Comments: Original map source: The North Carolina Dept. of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Land Resources, NC Geological Survey, in cooperation with the NC Center for Geographic Information and Analysis, 1998 (updated 2007), Geology - North Carolina (1:250,000)

Lithology: Major:{gneiss,mica schist}, Minor:{amphibolite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3186696
Mesoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Comments: Blue Ridge

Lithology: Paragneiss; paragneiss/metavolcanic gneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1077.
ROSS, C.S. (1935), ORIGIN OF THE COPPER DEPOSITS OF THE DUCKTOWN TYPE IN THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN REGION: U.S. GEOL. SURVEY PROF. PAPER 179, 165 P.
LARSEN, L.T., POTOSKY, R.A., AND RIBBE, P.H. (1968), GEOCHEMISTRY OF COBALT AND NICKEL.
MURDOCK, T. G. (1948), THE MINING INDUSTRY IN NORTH CAROLINA FROM 1945. NORTH CAROLINA DEPT. OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC PAPER NO. 65, PP. 8-10.
North Carolina Geological Survey, Mineral Commodity Files, Asheville Regional Office, Asheville, North Carolina.


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